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U.S. Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns (file photo) (epa)
March 7, 2006 -- A senior U.S. State Department official says the United Nations Security Council will have to get involved because Iran has unacceptably engaged in uranium-enrichment activity despite international opposition to such work.
Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns said Tehran has "crossed the international red line" with its activities to enrich uranium, and that unless Iran suspends all nuclear activities, the Security Council must get involved.
Burns did not say what the United States might ask the Security Council to do about Iran.
Washington has accused Iran of secretly trying to develop nuclear weapons, a charge that Iranian officials have consistently denied.
In separate comments on March 6 -- the same day that the UN's International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) board convened to discuss referring Iran to the Security Council for possible sanctions -- U.S. State Department spokesman Tom Casey said Iran should not be allowed to carry out even small-scale uranium-enrichment work.
Earlier the same day, the head of the UN nuclear watchdog agency, Muhammad el-Baradei, said he was still hopeful an agreement could be reached to ease the Iranian nuclear standoff.
(compiled from agency reports)
Economic sanctions could further undermine Iran's already shaky economy (Fars)
MOVING TOWARD SANCTIONS: If the United Nations Security Council imposes sanctions on Iran, domestic support for Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad will wane, according to ALEX VATANKA, Eurasia editor for Jane's Information Group.
Vatanka told a February 24 RFE/RL briefing that "economic sanctions will hurt the average Iranian" and, consequently, many "will blame the ruling clerics" for making life difficult and "impairing the country's long term development."
Vatanka said sanctions would be a serious challenge to the Iranian government. If harsh economic sanctions were imposed, Iran's poorest population will be hurt the hardest -- and might react "as they did in the 1970s and protest in the streets." Sanctions on travel, Vatanka said, would hurt a many Iranians because "Iran is a nation of small traders" who depend on the ability to travel to earn an income. According to Vatanka, unemployment in Iran is estimated at 30 percent, "so small trading is essential to survival." Although current U.S. sanctions "haven't worked," he said, "Iranians fear an oil embargo." He stressed that "oil revenues are a major part of the economy, so it is critical to look at this sector."
Should negotiations with the European Union and the UN fail, Vatanka believes that Iran would follow a "North Korea model," since Ahmadinejad's base of support among the "Islamist militias" has been "urging withdrawal from the NPT [Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty]." The Iranian government's "tactic" so far, Vatanka said, is governed by the belief that "by shouting the loudest, you'll get concessions [from the West]."
Listen to the complete panel discussion (about 60 minutes):
THE COMPLETE STORY: RFE/RL's coverage of the controversy surrounding Iran's nuclear program.
CHRONOLOGY An annotated timeline of Iran's nuclear program.