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Larijani Says Iran Seeking 'New Opening' With U.S. --> Iran’s chief nuclear negotiator Ali Larijani (file photo) (epa) May 8, 2006 -- Iran's top nuclear negotiator Ali Larijani says the letter Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has sent U.S. President George W. Bush could provide a "new diplomatic opening" in the nuclear crisis.

Larijani gave no clue to the contents of the letter, but he said in Ankara today that it does not represent a softening in Iran's position, namely that Iran has a right to develop a peaceful civil nuclear program.

Reports say the letter suggests "new ways" of defusing the crisis. The White House says it has not yet received the message, and cannot comment.

But U.S. intelligence chief John Negroponte said today the message may have been timed to influence the ongoing deliberations at the UN Security Council.

Envoys of the Security Council's five permanent members today held another round of inconclusive talks on a draft resolution designed to legally bind Iran to stop uranium enrichment.

China called for the threat of sanctions or military action to be deleted from the draft.

The United States and its European allies see that threat as necessary to stop Iran developing nuclear weapons.

(compiled from agency reports)

What Would Sanctions Mean?

Economic sanctions could further undermine Iran's already shaky economy (Fars)

MOVING TOWARD SANCTIONS: If the United Nations Security Council imposes sanctions on Iran, domestic support for Iranian President Mahmud Ahmadinejad will wane, according to ALEX VATANKA, Eurasia editor for Jane's Information Group.
Vatanka told a February 24 RFE/RL briefing that "economic sanctions will hurt the average Iranian" and, consequently, many "will blame the ruling clerics" for making life difficult and "impairing the country's long term development."
Vatanka said sanctions would be a serious challenge to the Iranian government. If harsh economic sanctions were imposed, Iran's poorest population will be hurt the hardest -- and might react "as they did in the 1970s and protest in the streets." Sanctions on travel, Vatanka said, would hurt a many Iranians because "Iran is a nation of small traders" who depend on the ability to travel to earn an income. According to Vatanka, unemployment in Iran is estimated at 30 percent, "so small trading is essential to survival." Although current U.S. sanctions "haven't worked," he said, "Iranians fear an oil embargo." He stressed that "oil revenues are a major part of the economy, so it is critical to look at this sector."
Should negotiations with the European Union and the UN fail, Vatanka believes that Iran would follow a "North Korea model," since Ahmadinejad's base of support among the "Islamist militias" has been "urging withdrawal from the NPT [Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty]." The Iranian government's "tactic" so far, Vatanka said, is governed by the belief that "by shouting the loudest, you'll get concessions [from the West]."


Listen to the complete panel discussion (about 60 minutes):
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THE COMPLETE STORY: RFE/RL's coverage of the controversy surrounding Iran's nuclear program.


An annotated timeline of Iran's nuclear program.