The logo of the Islamic Iran Participation Front (Courtesy Photo)
January 6, 2007 -- Iran's largest reformist party, the Islamic Iran Participation Front, has called for a review of Iran's nuclear policy in order to prevent what it describes as a further deterioration of the nuclear crisis.
The party said in a statement that the country should return to international negotiations and create trust about its nuclear program and refrain from what it described as adventurist policies.
The UN Security Council approved limited sanctions on Iran in late December over its refusal to halt uranium enrichment.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has criticized Iranian officials for their failure to disclose key aspects of their nuclear efforts.
Iran has repeatedly rejected accusations, most consistently from Washington, that it is seeking to develop nuclear weapons.
INSIDE THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC: Iran is a theocratic Islamic republic governed under a 1979 constitution that was revised in 1989, when presidential powers were expanded and the prime minister's post was abolished.
Appointed -- not elected -- offices and bodies hold the real power in the government. The supreme leader, who serves as a chief of state would, is appointed for life by an Islamic religious advisory board that is called the Assembly of Experts. The supreme leader oversees the military as well as the judiciary and appoints members of the Guardians Council and the Expediency Council.
The Guardians Council -- some of whose members are appointed by the judiciary and approved by the parliament -- works closely with the government and must approve political candidates and legislation passed by the parliament. The Expediency Council is responsible for resolving legislative disputes that may arise between parliament and the Guardians Council over legislation.
The president, who is popularly elected for a four-year term, serves as the head of government. The legislative branch is made up of a 290-seat body called the Majlis, whose members are elected by popular vote for four-year terms...(more)
RFE/RL's coverage of Iran