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Brigadier General Patrick O'Reilly in Qabala today (Turan) September 18, 2007 (RFE/RL) -- U.S. military experts have visited the Russian-operated Qabala (Gabala) radar station in Azerbaijan, which Moscow has offered to share with the United States to counter rogue missile threats.

After Russian military officers gave the six-member U.S. delegation a tour of the facility, Brigadier General Patrick O'Reilly, the head of the U.S. delegation and deputy director of the U.S. Missile Defense Agency, said that no formal negotiations had taken place. "The purpose of our visit to Qabala was to gain insight into the radar's capabilities and to fully understand the Russian proposal," he said.

A Possible Compromise?

Russia, which is leasing the radar station from Azerbaijan until 2012, proposed in June that the United States share use of the facility -- providing Washington abandon earlier plans to deploy parts of a missile shield in Poland and the Czech Republic.

The U.S. antimissile plans have deeply divided Moscow and Washington. Washington says it needs the missile shield to counter threats from states such as Iran and North Korea. Moscow has said that it believes the U.S. plans are aimed at Russia and at destabilizing the global strategic balance.

The issue has soured a relationship additionally strained by talk of a "new Cold War" and Russia's decision to pull out of the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty, a key arms pact that limits the deployment of heavy weapons.

Some U.S. experts have expressed skepticism about using the Qabala radar, saying the station's Soviet-era technology would not be compatible with the U.S. system. The Russian military, however, has said that it would be willing to upgrade the technology.

"These are, again, complex radars," O'Reilly said today. "The systems are complex. We've proven that they work, but the analysis required to see how well they work together [with a proposed U.S. system] is [still] work to be done."

Azerbaijan Walks A Fine Line

In the middle of the Moscow-Washington standoff is a third player -- Azerbaijan. Baku is attempting to tread a delicate diplomatic path between advancing its own interests and protecting its relations with Russia, the United States, and Iran.

Speaking to RFE/RL on September 18, Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry spokesman Khazar Ibrahim said that Azerbaijan was not an intermediary, but was taking an equal part on the issue. He said Baku is in favor of a more stable and secure regional and international environment.

"We have a strategic partnership today with the United States. We have rapidly growing relations, friendly and neighborly [relations], with both Russia and Iran, and therefore we don't want to see any conflict situations between any of these nations," Ibrahim said. "And in general, we want to have the region more stable and secure because unfortunately for quite a long time our region has been overwhelmed with conflicts."

The Qabala radar station was built in 1984 in the foothills of the Caucasus Mountain range in northern Azerbaijan and was the one of the Soviet Union's most powerful missile-detection early-warning systems.

The radar has a range of 6,000 kilometers with the power to monitor missiles launched from Asia and Africa. The station is staffed by 900 Russian troops from the Federal Space Forces.

Missile-defense talks between top U.S. and Russian officials are provisionally scheduled for October.

(with material from AFP, AP)
'Equal, Not An Intermediary'

Azerbaijani Foreign Ministry spokesperson Khazar Ibrahim spoke to RFE/RL's Azerbaijani Service acting Director Kenan Aliyev ahead of a meeting on September 18 between military experts from Azerbaijan, Russia, and the United States.

RFE/RL: What is Azerbaijan's position in these negotiations and in what capacity is Azerbaijan participating?

Khazar Ibrahim: As you know, the Qabala [Gabala] [radar] station is owned by Azerbaijan and is leased to Russia for 10 years. The agreement was signed in 2002 and Azerbaijan's stance on this issue is quite clear and it has been aired repeatedly. Azerbaijan is in favor of a more stable and secure regional and international environment and therefore any steps toward this goal are welcome and Azerbaijan will do its best to contribute to this end.

RFE/RL: What does Azerbaijan hope to gain from acting as an intermediary between the United States and Russia on this issue?

Ibrahim: I wouldn't call Azerbaijan an intermediary because Azerbaijan is taking part as an equal on this issue and, as I mentioned already, the Qabala station is under Azerbaijan's ownership and Azerbaijan's only goal is to contribute to regional and international peace, security, and stability and therefore whatever the outcome we hope that it will be for the good of the people of the region and the world.

RFE/RL: How does Azerbaijan balance its interests between Russia, the United States, and Iran without aggravating anyone? For example, we know that Iran is concerned about this possibility that the radar station will be used jointly by Russia and the United States.

Ibrahim: Azerbaijan has always stated that its foreign policy is truly based on its national interest and therefore every step, we very much think about our national interest and also regional and international security is very important for us. We have strategic partnerships today with the United States. We have rapidly growing relations, friendly and neighborly, with both Russia and Iran and therefore we don't want to see any conflict situations between any of these nations. In general, we want to have the region more stable and secure because unfortunately for quite a long time our region has been overwhelmed with conflicts.

RFE/RL: Azerbaijani Defense Minister Safar Abiev said on September 10 that Azerbaijan will find a way to use Qabala if Russia doesn't extend its lease after 2012. What would Azerbaijan use it for?

Ibrahim: Well, right now, we have this agreement with Russia until 2012 and after that, of course, it will stay under the ownership of Azerbaijan and whatever the decision will be, it will be used for that purpose. I can't clearly say for what purpose and in cooperation with which country, but definitely if it's owned by Azerbaijan -- and it is owned by Azerbaijan -- then Azerbaijan will find the right use for this station and of course will try our best to use it as much as possible for the interests of the region and of the world.

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