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NATO Chief Urges Russia Not To Leave Arms-Control Treaty --> De Hoop Scheffer (right) with Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov in Noordwijk (NATO) October 25, 2007 (RFE/RL) -- NATO Secretary-General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer says the alliance would "deplore very much" if Russia decided to leave a key arms-control agreement.

De Hoop Scheffer said today that NATO members had some understanding for Russian worries about the adapted Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty, which limits military deployments on the continent.

Russian President Vladimir Putin in April signed a decree suspending Russia's participation in the 1990 treaty, which was amended in 1999.

De Hoop Scheffer told a news conference after a meeting of the NATO Russia Council today that he hoped Moscow would not make any "irreversible moves."

The NATO allies consider the amended CFE Treaty to be "one of the cornerstones, if not 'the' cornerstone of European security," he said. "So, the allies and I would deplore, very much, if the Russian Federation would, at a certain stage, decide to suspend or to leave the CFE Treaty."

De Hoop Scheffer described today's meeting with Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov as "constructive" and said it was the right forum to discuss differences over Kosovo and U.S. plans to install missile defenses in central Europe.

(with material from news agency reports)
Conventional Forces In Europe

A Russian soldier watching Russian armaments leave Georgia in 2006 (epa)

AGREEMENTS ON CONVENTIONAL FORCES IN EUROPE. The CFE treaty is an arms-control agreement originally negotiated between NATO and the Warsaw Pact as a guarantor of European security in Europe in the waning days of the Cold War.

  • The original CFE Treaty took 10 years to negotiate, was signed by 30 states ** in November 1990, and came in to force in 1992. Its aim: to reduce stockpiles of conventional armaments between the Atlantic Ocean and the Ural mountains.

The blocs limited themselves to:

20,000 tanks
20,000 artillery pieces
30,000 armored combat vehicles
6,800 combat aircraft
2,000 attack helicopters

  • The CFE-1A, a 1992 addendum, has resulted in the withdrawal of more than 700,000 troops from Europe since 2001 and the destruction of 50,000 pieces of military equipment by 1995.
  • The CFE-II, negotiated in Istanbul in 1999, reflected the new, post-Soviet landscape by setting arms limits for individual countries, rather than zones. The agreement aided NATO's expansion efforts by allowing signatory states to allow foreign forces on their soil.
  • NATO states have not ratified the CFE-II due to concerns over Russia's failure to comply with commitments it made during the negotiations. Under the Istanbul Accords, Russia pledged to set a timetable for closing its remaining military bases in Georgia and to completely withdraw its forces from Moldova.
  • The CFE-II will come into force once ratified by all 30 CFE signatories. Thus far only Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Ukraine have ratified the CFE-II.
  • In ratifying the agreement in June 2004, Russia called on the signatories not to delay in ratifying the document. Russia expressed concern that Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia, as nonmembers of the treaty, could possibly harbor NATO troops near its western border.

(** Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Luxembourg, Moldova, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovak Republic, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. )