OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 115, 14 June 1995
FEDOROV SATISFIED WITH GROWTH OF FORWARD, RUSSIA!
Forward, Russia! the
movement led by Boris Fedorov, has 30,000 members, Fedorov told a 13 June news
conference, Interfax reported. He said he is seeking to work with the Yabloko
movement and Democratic Russia, but that no parties are ready to sign a
cooperation agreement with his party. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
MVD PRAISES FBI FOR ARREST OF RUSSIAN MOBSTER.
First Deputy Interior
Minister Mikhail Yegorov praised the U.S. authorities on 13 June for arresting
Vyacheslav Ivankov, viewed as the top Russian mobster in the U.S., Western
agencies reported. Ivankov, a crime boss in Russia before he moved his
operations to the U.S. in 1992, was arrested last week on charges of
masterminding a $3.5 million extortion scheme. Yegorov also told reporters he
was concerned about potential attacks on Duma candidates during the election
campaign, according to an RFE/RL correspondent. He said the authorities had
failed to halt the rise in organized crime despite a widely criticized decree
signed by Yeltsin a year ago giving law-enforcement officers wider powers.
Commenting on the escape last week from the Matrosskaya Tishina prison of hired
killer Alexander Solonik, who bribed a police officer, Yegorov said, "we are
obviously not working hard enough to combat corruption in our own forces,"
Reuters reported. -- Penny Morvant, OMRI, Inc.
DEFENSE WORKERS RALLY TO DEMAND WAGE ARREARS.
More than 2,000 workers
from Vektor, a major defense plant in Yekaterinburg, blocked one of the city's
main streets on 13 June to demand the payment of wages owed since February,
Interfax reported. A city official said the police had been instructed not to
use force, and the rally proceeded without incident. Vektor employs more than
6,000 people and is one of the largest electronic air-defense manufacturers in
Russia. Its director says the government and contractors owe it about 39.5
billion rubles ($8.2 million) and 1,500 workers are on compulsory unpaid leave.
-- Penny Morvant, OMRI, Inc.
PRAVDA SEES NEW CIVIL WAR IN RUSSIA.
Pravda on 14 June
argued that a new type of civil war is happening in Russia similar to the
"individual and collective permanent terror" taking place in Egypt, Algeria,
Tajikistan, and Latin America. The paper asserts that Russia is on the eve of
the appearance of death squads that destroy criminals and then all who are not
satisfied with the system. Additional possible forms of social conflict,
according to the paper, include violent or suicidal religious cults, localized
conflicts about which other residents of the country are indifferent (as in
Chechnya), and criminal terror based on corruption. The paper blames these
problems on Western security services and asserts that the only way to prevent
the escalation of civil war is to remove the current incumbents from power and
strengthen the powers of the state. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
STALIN'S GRANDSON DEFENDS DICTATOR.
Yevgeny Dzhugashvili, a grandson of
Josef Stalin and communist Duma deputy, launched a movement on 13 June to
restore the image of the Soviet dictator and lay the ground for another "man of
steel," Western agencies reported. He and fellow deputy Omar Begov, the
movement's head, argue that only a strong ruler could cure the Russia's current
ills and insist that reports of Stalin's repression are false or exaggerated.
The Political Movement for Stalin's Legacy was registered in May and has 45
regional branches. It will back the Communist Party in the run-up to the
elections. -- Penny Morvant, OMRI, Inc.
HOLIDAY HEAT WAVE POSES HEALTH THREAT.
A heat wave in Moscow and
declining sanitary conditions have led to a sharp rise in acute intestinal
diseases such as dysentery, health officials said on 13 June. Chief sanitary
inspector Olga Aksenova, quoted by Interfax, said "insanitary conditions in the
street and the sale of foodstuffs by street vendors" are the major culprits.
Last week, Moscow health officials said two people in the city had been
diagnosed with cholera that may have been contracted in the city. If that is
the case, Moscow is in danger of being hit by an epidemic. -- Penny Morvant,
FEDERAL TROOPS CAPTURE SHATOY.
Following several days of heavy fighting,
federal forces captured the Chechen mountain village of Shatoy on the afternoon
of 13 June, Russian and international agencies reported. The village, described
by Russian officers as heavily fortified, was also reportedly the most recent
command post of Chechen President Dzhokhar Dudaev, whose whereabouts remain
unknown. Fighting continues in other areas of Chechnya. Also on 13 June,
Interfax reported that a parliamentary delegation from the Council of Europe
had completed a trip to the North Caucasus. The delegation will draft a report
to determine whether the council will reconsider Russia's application for
membership, which has been suspended since the military operation in Chechnya
began. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
CHECHNYA TO ELECT NEW PARLIAMENT.
Elections to a new parliament in
Chechnya are to take place on 5 November, Interfax reported on 13 June, quoting
a spokesman for the Committee for National Accord created by the Russian
government in March of this year. The existing parliament, which was suspended
by President Dudaev in 1993, is scheduled to hold a session "in the near
future," its chairman Yusup Soslambekov told Interfax last month. -- Liz
Fuller, OMRI, Inc.
KOZYREV: RUSSIANS IN BALTICS STILL SUFFER DISCRIMINATION.
Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev told Max van der Stoel, the OSCE High
Commissioner on National Minorities, that Russia remains concerned with
discrimination against ethnic Russians in the Baltic states, Interfax reported
on 13 June. Kozyrev gave van der Stoel a report on the situation of ethnic
Russians in Estonia, where an impending deadline for registration of
non-citizens has generated controversy. Kozyrev asserted that the OSCE should
"remain on the alert" for violations of minority rights in the Baltics. On a
related topic, the Duma Committee on CIS Affairs announced the formation of a
Council of Compatriots as an advisory body to the Russian parliament, Russian
Radio reported on 13 June. The council will monitor the problems of ethnic
Russians living in the former Soviet republics. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
SIPRI CONCERNED BY DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN FOREIGN POLICY.
In an advance
summary of its annual report for 1995, the Stockholm International Peace
Research Institute (SIPRI) expressed concern with "growing Russian political
and military assertiveness," Reuters reported on 13 June. The report, a
widely-used reference work on world conflicts and armaments levels, cites
Russian military actions in Chechnya and "increasing demands by Russia
regarding its...European and global status," as having damaged Russian
relations with other European countries and the U.S. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI,
ARMS EXPERTS: CLINTON SHOULD HAVE GONE FARTHER ON CFE ISSUE.
prominent American arms control experts on 13 June criticized President Bill
Clinton for not being more responsive to Russia's wish to modify the CFE treaty
during his recent Moscow meeting with President Boris Yeltsin. U.S. Ambassador
to Russia Arthur Hartman and Jack Mendelsohn, deputy director of the Arms
Control Association, criticized Clinton for insisting that Russia's objections
to the treaty's flank restrictions should be resolved at a May 1996 review
conference rather than before the limits come into effect in November of this
year, Reuters reported. Mendelsohn said if Clinton is ready to "help resolve
the issue in May , why isn't [he] prepared to resolve it in November
 and avoid six months of political warfare where people will be accusing
the Russians of...non-compliance." -- Doug Clarke, OMRI, Inc.
EBRD FUNDS RUSSIAN NUCLEAR SAFETY.
The EBRD has agreed to provide about
$100 million (76 million ECU) in credits to improve safety standards at the
Kola and Novovoronezh nuclear power stations
and to modernize units at
the Sosnovyi Bor station, Interfax reported on 13 June. Russia has agreed to
exempt Western companies participating in the overhauls from liability
associated with a nuclear accident. -- Michael Mihalka, OMRI, Inc.
RUBLE HITS TWELVE WEEK HIGH.
The Russian ruble hit a 12-week high
closing at 4,836 rubles to $1 on 13 June MICEX trading, Russian and Western
agencies reported. The ruble strengthened 45 points, up from 9 June's trade
close of 4,881 rubles to $1, its biggest one-day rise since the collapse of the
ruble on Black Tuesday last October. Some dealers attributed the continuing
rise in the ruble to the Central Bank of Russia's selling of dollars, and its
introduction of new ruble investments, such as treasury bills, which yield more
than dollar funds. Some observers argue that the strengthening ruble will lead
to panic among holders of dollar assets, such as exporters in the fuel and
energy sector who have been incurring huge losses. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI,
INVESTMENT DOWN 20% IN FIRST HALF OF 1995.
The Economics Ministry
announced on 13 June that total investment in Russia is estimated at 75
trillion rubles ($15 billion) for the first half of the year, down 20% from the
same period last year, ITAR-TASS reported. The ministry said investment for the
entire year is projected to run 230-250 trillion rubles ($46-50 billion), which
includes government investment of 18.8 trillion rubles ($3.76 billion). Thus
the government's efforts to bring down inflation have not yet been sufficient
to prevent the continuing fall in capital investment. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI,
FARM SECTOR WON'T MEET FOOD NEEDS IN 1995.
Russia's farm industry, which
has shrunk over the last four years, will not be able to provide enough food
for the country in 1995, according to Raisa Pankova, a department head in the
Russian State Trade Committee, Interfax reported on 13 June. Pankova told the
Federation Council Agrarian Policy Committee that Russia's output in 1995 will
fall short of its needs by 400,000 tons in meat products, 80,000 tons in
butter, and at least 1 million tons in sugar. Commenting on the upcoming food
tax hike, Pankova said import duties should be increased only during times when
Russian producers can fulfill market demand. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI, Inc.
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 115, 14 June 1995
AZERBAIJAN SETS DATE FOR PARLIAMENTARY ELECTIONS.
On 13 June, the
Azerbaijan People's Assembly scheduled new parliamentary elections for 12
November, Interfax and AFP reported. They are to be preceded, according to
President Heidar Aliev, by a nationwide referendum on a new election law (to be
adopted by the People's Assembly on 31 July) and a new constitution. Etibar
Mamedov, the chairman of the Azerbaijan National Independence Party, said the
election law is based on the proportional representation system, according to
the Turan News Agency on 10 June. Mamedov expressed doubts that the elections
would be democratic given existing restrictions on the media but said his party
will participate nonetheless. -- Liz Fuller, OMRI, Inc.
MORE ON RUSSIAN-UKRAINIAN RELATIONS.
The nationalist Ukrainian National
Assembly attacked the Ukrainian-Russian Black Sea Fleet agreement, saying it
surrenders the fleet and Crimea to Russia, Interfax reported on 13 June.
Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Yury Dubinin denied that Russia had "twisted
Ukraine's arm" over the agreement, and pointed out that the accord has paved
the way for the treaty on friendship and cooperation between Russia and Ukraine
to be finalized. Ukraine's national security adviser, Volodymyr Horbulin, told
Interfax that Yeltsin may visit Kiev as early as July to sign the friendship
accord. The two countries' prime ministers are preparing to sign a number of
economic agreements within the next month. Nonetheless, Ukrainian Foreign
Minister Hennadii Udovenko seemed defensive when Ukrainian radio reported on 12
June his statement that neither party was a victor or loser. That same day,
Ukrainian television reported that Western countries have greeted the agreement
favorably. -- Ustina Markus, OMRI, Inc.
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 115, 14 June 1995
HUNGARY RATIFIES TREATY WITH SLOVAKIA.
The Hungarian parliament on 13
June approved the Hungarian-Slovak treaty signed earlier this year by the two
countries' prime ministers, international media reported. A total of 244
deputies voted in favor of the treaty, 49 against, and 53 abstained. The Slovak
parliament has not yet voted on the document, which is opposed by some
politicians and groups in both countries. The controversy centers on the
Council of Europe's recommendations on minority rights, which the treaty
incorporates. Under the treaty, Hungary recognizes existing borders and both
countries guarantee minority rights. Some 600,000 ethnic Hungarian live in
Slovakia. -- Jiri Pehe, OMRI, Inc.
HUNGARIAN FIGHTER JETS GROUNDED.
The Hungarian Defense Ministry on 13
June announced that the country's fleet of MiG-29 fighter jets has been
grounded because of mechanical problems, Hungarian and international media
reported. Hungary last month suspended flights by its other war planes, the
SU-22s, after one of those planes crashed. Hungarian military officials noted
that the problems with the MiG-29s are only minor and that both the MiGs and
the SU 22s can be redeployed at short notice. Hungary received 22 MiG-29s last
year in partial repayment of Russia's $900 million debt. Hungary and Russia are
currently discussing more arms deliveries to settle another part of the Russian
debt. -- Jiri Pehe, OMRI, Inc.
UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT BEGINS GOVERNMENT RESHUFFLE.
Leonid Kuchma has begun
to form a new government by downsizing the acting cabinet, Ukrainian Television
reported on 13 June. The current government lost a confidence vote in the
legislature in April. Kuchma relieved Volodymyr Plitin from his duties as
deputy prime minister in an apparent effort to reduce the number of deputy
premiers from eight to three. Interfax-Ukraine reported on 13 June that Kuchma
presented newly appointed Prime Minister Yevhen Marchuk to cabinet members at a
government session on 12 June. Marchuk's appointment was Kuchma's first move
since securing greater executive powers in a 7 June political deal with the
parliament. Kuchma told the acting ministers that the majority of them would
continue working in the government. But he added that their work will be more
closely monitored. -- Chrystyna Lapychak, OMRI, Inc.
BELARUSIAN PARLIAMENT CHAIRMAN MEETS WITH NEW DEPUTIES.
on 13 June reported that Chairman of the Supreme Soviet Mechyslau Hryb called a
meeting with the newly elected parliament deputies the previous day. Only 45
out of the 119 deputies showed up, and most reportedly showed no interest in
the proceedings. Opinion was divided over the status of the new and old
parliament. Not enough deputies were elected in the May elections to form a new
parliament, but the old one's term should have expired in March. Some deputies
favored creating a commission to work out the legal status of the new and old
legislatures; others were opposed to the continued existence of the old
parliament, which they said had discredited itself by continuing to function.
The new parliament is to convene for the first time on 14 June. -- Ustina
Markus, OMRI, Inc.
BELARUSIAN PRESIDENT ON RUSSIA.
Alyaksandr Lukashenka, in an interview
with Russian TV on 12 June commemorating the anniversary of Russia's
declaration of independence, said Russia was not seeking to incorporate
Belarus. He defended his policy of forging closer Belarusian-Russian ties,
saying that during the 14 May referendum, almost 85% of the electorate voted in
favor of further integration with Russia. He also pointed out that the customs
union with Russia now allows Belarusian goods to flow freely between the two
states. The president concluded that Russia and Belarus were bound to live
together but that the question still to be answered was which politicians would
be able to bring them closer. Lukashenka said that to this end, the Russian
leadership's political will was necessary. -- Ustina Markus, OMRI, Inc.
ESTONIAN, FRENCH INTERIOR MINISTERS TO SIGN COOPERATION ACCORD.
Savisaar and Jean-Louis Debre, at a meeting in Paris on 12 June, agreed to
start work on the draft of a cooperation agreement between their ministries,
BNS reported the next day. The two ministries will exchange information on
suspected criminals and cooperate in police training. France is expected to
assist Estonia in the training of bomb squads and provide special equipment for
defusing bombs. -- Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
PRIVATIZATION OF LATVIAN AIRLINES.
The Latvian Privatization Agency on
12 June decided to draft new rules for privatizing the state-owned Latvian
Airlines, BNS reported. Four companies have expressed an interest in purchasing
the airline but did not accept the conditions that the buyer receive 46% of the
airline's shares for one lat ($1.90) if it agrees to cover the airlines $12
million debt to Banka Baltija, pay out salaries to its employees, and settle
more than $500,000 in fees to Riga's airport by 15 June. The airport is
demanding fines for late payments and has even threatened to end servicing the
airline's flights. -- Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
LITHUANIA APPROVES EXIMBANK LOAN.
The Seimas has instructed the
government to issue state guarantees and sign an agreement with Eximbank for a
$80 million loan to construct a floating oil terminal at Butinge, Interfax
reported on 13 June. It is expected that the loan will be granted for eight to
nine years with annual interest rates of 8-9%. The first payments will be due
only after the completion of the terminal in two years. The state guarantees
will allow Eximbank to extend a $5 million credit, while the balance will be
available only in September. Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius said that
Turkish, Belgian, Venezuelan, and other companies have also expressed an
interest in financing the project, which is expected to cost more than $200
million. -- Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
SALE OF POLISH ARMORED VEHICLES TO "AFRICAN COUNTRY."
Polish media on 14
June reported on the sale of armored vehicles to "one of the African countries"
(probably Angola) last fall. The transaction was apparently carried out by the
private Warsaw company NAT, without the knowledge of former Defense Minister
Piotr Kolodziejczyk. But according to Kolodziejczyk, chief of the State
Protection Office Gromoslaw Czempinski and Chief of Staff General Tadeusz
Wilecki cleared the way for the transaction, which deprived the Polish army of
its most modern equipment for half of the market price. -- Jakub Karpinski,
GERMAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN WARSAW.
Klaus Kinkel, meeting on 13 June with
Polish Prime Minister Jozef Oleksy and Foreign Minister Wladyslaw Bartoszewski,
said Germany will continue to be Poland's main advocate for joining NATO and
the European Union. Chancellor Helmut Kohl is scheduled to visit Poland on 6-8
July, Polish and international media reported. Meanwhile, the U.S. petroleum
and energy concern Amoco Corporation announced that it will invest $150 million
to develop a gas station network in Poland, its first outside the United
States. Amoco plans to build more than 150 stations in Poland over the next 10
years, with the first 15 completed in 1996, Polish and international media
reported. -- Jakub Karpinski, OMRI, Inc.
UPDATE ON POLISH PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.
St. Catherine's Convent, a group
of right-of-center political parties, disclosed on 13 June the names of seven
presidential candidates who are to compete for the group's support. The
candidates include former Premier Jan Olszewski, former Defense Minister Jan
Parys, and Polish National Bank President Hanna Gronkiewicz-Walz, Polish media
reported on 14 June. -- Jakub Karpinski, OMRI, Inc.
SLOVAK CABINET SESSION.
The Slovak cabinet on 13 June passed a proposal
to create a Slovak Information Agency (probably by 1 July) aimed at offering
information, mainly to foreign journalists, about the country. The agency will
be funded by 100 million koruny from the state budget. The cabinet also named
Stefan Luby as head of the Slovak Academy of Science, Slovak media reported. At
the press conference that followed the session, a Sme reporter requested
on behalf of four dailies that cabinet members rather than their spokesmen
appear to answer journalists' questions. The reporter pointed to the importance
of matters discussed during the last two government sessions (namely, changes
to the coupon privatization program). A majority of journalists left the
conference early after they were told that information will continue to be
released through spokesmen. -- Sharon Fisher, OMRI, Inc.
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 115, 14 June 1995
BOSNIAN SERBS KEEP SOME HOSTAGES.
At least 14 UN peacekeepers remain in
the custody of Bosnian Serb forces, despite Radovan Karadzic's announcement on
13 June that all would be freed. He said that "technical reasons" prevented the
immediate release of the 14, who were being held in scattered locations. It
nonetheless appears that either local warlords are refusing to give up their
captives or that Pale is deliberately holding onto the men as insurance against
further NATO air strikes, international media reported. The Serbs continue to
deny freedom of movement to UN troops, whom they have blockaded. The UN has
given up all attempts to deliver humanitarian relief in the conflict areas
following the Serbs' confiscation of an entire convoy last weekend. -- Patrick
Moore, OMRI, Inc.
DID KARADZIC SUCCEED IN BLACKMAILING THE UN?
Allgemeine Zeitung on 14 June quotes Bosnian Serb Foreign Minister Aleksa
Buha as saying that "people we trust" in the international community have
assured Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic that there will be no more air
strikes if the Serbs free their hostages. UN special envoy Yasushi Akashi
claimed, however, that nothing has been paid or promised to secure the men's
release. U.S. President Bill Clinton has, in any event, ruled out further air
strikes as long as the Serbs hold hostages, thereby giving Karadzic what he
wanted in the first place. The Los Angeles Times said on 10 June that
Clinton's decision specifically means there will be no moves to take out the
Serb SAM-6 battery that shot down Capt. Scott O' Grady on 2 June. -- Patrick
Moore, OMRI, Inc.
MASSIVE TROOP MOVEMENTS NORTH OF SARAJEVO.
Nasa Borba on 14 June
reported that some 20,000-30,000 Bosnian government troops have begun
massing in the Visoko-Breza area. A UN observer called it the biggest single
such action since the conflict began, and Serbian forces have begun gathering
in response. It appears that the government wants to break the siege of
Sarajevo and force open the main road leading into the capital. This would not
only have great political and strategic significance but could well be the only
way to end the current shortage of food in Sarajevo. -- Patrick Moore, OMRI,
IS THE BOSNIAN ARMY MOVING CLOSER TO GORAZDE?
AFP on 12 June said that
Bosnian government forces appear to have taken the highest point on Mt.
Treskavica, which puts them in a position to neutralize Serb forces in and
around Trnovo below. The situation for the mainly Muslim enclaves in eastern
Bosnia--Gorazde, Zepa, and Srebrenica--has become increasingly bleak recently,
but the latest move puts government forces in a somewhat better position to
help Gorazde. Meanwhile, Bosnian Prime Minister Haris Silajdzic, during his
visit to Washington, rejected comments by White House spokesman Michael McCurry
and apparently Vice President Al Gore as well to the effect that the Bosnians
are warmongers because they want weapons to defend themselves. Silajdzic said
that the Bosnians have no choice but to present their case directly to the
American people. -- Patrick Moore, OMRI, Inc.
ITALIAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN BELGRADE.
Susanna Agnelli arrived in the
rump Yugoslav capital on 13 June for meetings with Serbian President Slobodan
Milosevic and her rump Yugoslav counterpart, Vladislav Jovanovic. Nasa
Borba reported the next day that at the top of the agenda were discussions
about the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. Milosevic repeated his stance
that the issue of regional peace is tied inextricably to the lifting of
sanctions against Belgrade. Agnelli was invited to visit Serbia by Milosevic,
who wanted to meet with the foreign minister before she attended the upcoming
G-7 economic summit in Halifax, Canada. -- Stan Markotich, OMRI, Inc.
MACEDONIAN FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS "NO SECRET TALKS WITH GREECE."
Crvenkovski on 13 June denied that Macedonia is holding secret negotiations
with Greece in order to solve the dispute between the two countries, Nova
Makedonija reported the following day. He was reacting to a report by a
private Macedonian TV station that Greek General Nikos Grilakis is in Macedonia
on a "secret negotiating mission." Crvenkovski said that no date for another
meeting with the international mediators has so far been set but that he did
not rule out that a meeting with Cyrus Vance will take place soon. No date has
been set for direct talks between Athens and Skopje, either. The reason for the
delay is that the question of lifting the Greek embargo on Macedonia before
negotiations begin remains unresolved. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.
ETHNIC ALBANIAN PARTY DENIES CHARGES OF BEING ANTI-MACEDONIAN.
ethnic Albanian Party of Democratic Prosperity (PPD) has denied charges of
being "anti-Macedonian," Flaka reported on 14 June. The party was
criticized recently for a letter it sent to the Council of Europe claiming that
Macedonia does not meet the criteria to be accepted as a member of the council
(see OMRI Daily Digest, 13 June 1995). PPD Secretary-General Naser
Zyberi said the party supports Macedonia's accession to the council but only if
it meets "high standards." Meanwhile, the Polish UN diplomat Henrik Sokalski
has been appointed head of the UNPREDEP mission in Macedonia, MIC reported on
13 June. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
ROMANIAN-NATO SEA EXERCISES END.
Romanian-NATO maneuvers in the Black
Sea ended on 13 June, Western media reported. The six-day exercises, known as
"Cooperative Rescue 95," were staged as part of the alliance's Partnership for
Peace Program. Romanian, Dutch, Greek, Italian, and Turkish warships simulated
rescue operations in Romanian territorial waters. The maneuvers were the fifth
joint naval exercises in which Romania has participated since signing up for
PfP in January 1994. -- Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.
MOLDOVAN PREMIER ON TREATY WITH ROMANIA.
ITAR-TASS on 13 June quoted
Andrei Sangheli as saying that the signing of a basic treaty with Romania has
been delayed because of Romania's stance. Sangheli noted that Bucharest has
insisted on including a reference in the treaty to the Molotov-Ribbentrop
secret pact of 1939, under which Romania lost Bessarabia and North Bukovina to
the Soviet Union the following year. Sangheli added that Moldova was determined
to tackle the issue in accordance with European standards. Also on 13 June,
Sangheli met with Michael Wygant, head of the OSCE mission in Chisinau, to
discuss progress in negotiations with Moldova's breakaway Dniester region. --
Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.
BULGARIAN OPPOSITION WILL NOT SIGN NATIONAL AGREEMENT ON LOCAL
The Union of Democratic Forces (SDS) has said it will not sign a
memorandum providing for the opposition to take joint action in the forthcoming
local elections, 24 chasa reported on 14 June. The SDS National
Coordinating Council said that it supports common electoral platforms and
candidates but that agreements have to be reached at a local level. The
decision came after the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization said it
will withdraw its support from the SDS if it signs an agreement with the ethnic
Turkish Movement for Rights and Freedom (DPS). Meanwhile, the DPS and the
People's Union seem determined to secure such an agreement. -- Stefan Krause,
BULGARIA DENIES SELLING ARMS TO RWANDANS.
The Bulgarian government on 13
June issued a statement denying an Amnesty International charge that Bulgaria
has been supplying arms to the former Rwandan army and Hutu militias, Reuters
reported. The Amnesty International report, which was issued the previous day,
said cargo planes registered in Ghana, Nigeria, Ukraine, and Russia were
arriving regularly at Goma airport in Zaire with arms for the combatants.
Bulgaria and Albania were identified as two sources of these arms. The
Bulgarian statement, signed by Deputy Chairman of the Defense Industry Council
Ivan Kolev, said the Bulgarians realized that Rwanda was "a sensitive area and
we uphold our national interest in full compliance with international norms."
The statement added that there were "forces who have a strong interest in
ruining Bulgaria's defense industry." -- Doug Clarke, OMRI, Inc.
ALBANIAN ARMY HOLDS MANEUVERS.
The Albanian army held exercises on 12
June using experience it gained in joint maneuvers with NATO countries, Reuters
reported the following day. The exercises, in which Chinese-made T-54 tanks as
well as MiG-17 and MiG-19 jets, took part, were held near the northern-Albanian
border with Montenegro. The Defense Ministry said new anti-tank and
anti-aircraft weapons were also used. More joint exercises are planned in the
United States and in Italy later this year. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
FRENCH-ALBANIAN INVESTMENT PROTECTION AGREEMENT.
French Secretary of
State for Finance Herve Gaymard and Albanian Minister for Industry Albert
Brojka have signed an agreement to encourage and reciprocally protect
investments, AFP reported on 13 June. The document is aimed at creating a
stable legal framework for French and Albanian investors investing in the other
country. It will go into effect for a minimum of 10 years. Investments made
during this period will enjoy protection for 20 years. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI,
Compiled by Victor Gomez and Jan Cleave
Copyright(c)1995 Open Media Research Institute, Inc. All rights