OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 117, 16 June 1995
CHECHEN SEPARATIST COMMANDER LEADS BUDENNOVSK ATTACK.
The gunmen who
attacked the Stavropol Krai town of Budennovsk are led by Chechen separatist
commander Shamil Basaev, Russian and international agencies reported on 15
June. Basaev, a well-known field commander in the forces of Dzhokhar Dudaev,
and a group of at least 50 pro-Dudaev fighters have barricaded themselves in
the local hospital with a large number of hostages, estimated by a Russian
Radio correspondent to number 2,000. Dudaev, however, continued to deny
responsibility for the attack. Defense Minister Pavel Grachev said at least 74
people died in the fighting, including numerous civilians, although Russian
journalists on the scene claimed the final death toll would be much higher.
Russian television broadcast footage of burning buildings and rows of bodies
lying on the streets on 15 June. Army and interior troops, under the command of
Interior Minister Viktor Yerin and FSB Chief Sergei Stepashin, have surrounded
the hospital and re-established control over the rest of the town. -- Scott
Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
NEGOTIATIONS BEGIN IN BUDENNOVSK.
At a press conference in the
barricaded hospital, Basaev demanded the withdrawal of federal troops from
Chechnya, negotiations between Yeltsin and Dudaev, and amnesty for all Chechen
fighters, Russian and Western agencies reported on 15 June. He threatened to
shoot hostages, beginning with "servicemen and local officials," if those
conditions are not met. Basaev claimed to have already shot five Russian
officers in retaliation for a delay in allowing journalists to enter the
hospital and begin the press conference. Sergei Medvedev, a spokesman for
President Yeltsin, said in an interview that negotiators "will do everything
possible to try to convince the terrorists, but it seems unlikely they will
give in." Izvestiya reported on 16 June that the elite "Alpha" commando
team was preparing an assault on the hospital, but Federation Council Speaker
Vladimir Shumeiko told Interfax that military experts estimated that storming
the hospital would result in 100 deaths. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
YELTSIN TO AVOID CHECHNYA ISSUE AT G-7 TALKS.
President Boris Yeltsin
does not intend to "render an account" of current developments in Chechnya at
the upcoming G-7 talks in Halifax, a senior Russian official told Interfax. The
official said it would be "against the interest" of the meeting to spend too
much time on the issue. On the eve of his departure, AFP reported, Yeltsin
denounced the Chechen attack on Budennovsk, saying it demonstrates that "the
slogans of a struggle for national liberation are merely a cover for criminals
who have managed to lay their hands on arms." Elaborating on those comments, a
high-ranking Russian diplomat told Interfax that the Budennovsk attack proves
federal forces in Chechnya are fighting against "bandit formations" and
"terrorists," not against the armed Chechen people as the West contends. The
events in Budennovsk, the diplomat added, should compel the West to revise its
stance towards Russian actions in Chechnya. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
FEDERATION COUNCIL REVERSES ITSELF ON DUMA ELECTORAL LAW.
Council decided to accept the compromise agreement on the Duma electoral law,
by a vote of 113-9, one day after rejecting it, Western agencies reported. The
Federation Council members changed their votes after the speaker, Vladimir
Shumeiko, told them the Duma intended to override their veto and Yeltsin was
planning to sign the law even though they opposed it. After the vote,
presidential adviser Georgy Satarov told Interfax the president would sign the
law as promised. Now the parliament and the president must agree on the law for
forming the Council. Any decision must wait until the Constitutional Court
irons out apparent inconsistencies in the constitution. According to Duma
member Viktor Ilyukhin, the constitution calls for a division of power between
the legislative and executive branches, but also states that the upper house of
the legislature is partly formed from local representatives of the executive
branch. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
MORE ON LEBED AND HIS SUCCESSOR.
Lt. Gen. Alexander Lebed said on 15
June that he would continue to command the 14th Army until he received official
word that President Yeltsin had removed him. Lebed told Interfax that the
president likes to send out trial balloons and it is possible that Yeltsin will
not actually sign the documents to release him from the command. On 15 June,
Segodnya characterized Yeltsin's apparent intention to remove Russian
troops from Moldova as "political suicide." Maj. Gen. Valery Yevnevich, Lebed's
replacement, supported Yeltsin in his October 1993 battle with the Russian
legislature and he has the backing of Federation Council Speaker Vladimir
Shumeiko, ITAR-TASS reported. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
PROKHANOV CALLS FOR THE OPPOSITION TO UNIFY.
Alexander Prokhanov, the
editor of the extremist newspaper Zavtra, called on opposition parties
to unite their strength to secure victory in the upcoming parliamentary
elections in a declaration published on 15 June in Sovetskaya Rossiya.
Prokhanov invited Communist Party leader Gennady Zyuganov, Liberal Democratic
Party leader Vladimir Zhirinovsky, former Vice President Alexander Rutskoi,
Agrarian Party leader Mikhail Lapshin, and Congress of Russian Communities'
leader Yury Skokov to set aside their differences and form an alliance. He
argued that "the people want to be sure that Yeltsin's 'temporary occupational
regime' will be eliminated." He believes that the appearance of Viktor
Chernomyrdin's bloc represents the greatest threat to the opposition's chances
in the elections. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
PLANS FOR NEW YOUTH LEAGUE.
About 1,000 representatives of various youth
organizations will hold a meeting on 23 June at the offices of the presidential
administration in Moscow to announce the creation of the Russian Youth League,
according to Moskovsky komsomolets on 14 June. The paper commented that
several attempts have been made recently to set up a powerful youth movement
and that this latest initiative reflects the authorities' interest in youth in
the run-up to the elections. -- Penny Morvant, OMRI, Inc.
DEFENSE INDUSTRY WORKERS HOLD ANTI-GOVERNMENT MEETING.
Workers from the
Severmorput defense plant staged a rally in Murmansk to demand that the Defense
Ministry pay delayed wages, Segodnya reported on 14 June. The protest
was supported by members of the Northern Fleet's Officers' Union and local
communist activists. The demonstrators called for the dismissal of the
government and early presidential elections. -- Penny Morvant, OMRI,
INCREASED SECURITY AT NUCLEAR SITES.
"All possible measures" have been
taken to ensure the security of Russian nuclear power stations and enterprises,
Nuclear Energy Minister Viktor Mikhailov told Interfax on 15 June. He said a
special conference on security had been held that day. Mikhailov said that last
December he ruled out terrorist attacks on nuclear sites as "an insane
possibility." Recent events in Budennovsk have changed his view and he has
called for the complete isolation of Chechnya "so that even a mouse cannot get
out of there." -- Doug Clarke, OMRI, Inc.
OSCE PRAISES IMPROVED RUSSIAN HUMAN RIGHTS RECORD IN CHECHNYA.
OSCE's special envoy to Chechnya, the Hungarian diplomat Istvan Gyarmati,
praised Russia's improved human rights record in that republic, Reuters
reported on 15 June. Speaking in Budapest, Gyarmati said Russia had taken steps
to limit civilian casualties and develop democracy in Chechnya "as good as
anywhere in Russia." He added that if the situation in the republic didn't
worsen, Chechnya could hold its elections in December with the rest of Russia.
"The rebels have to realize that they cannot get Russia to leave the republic,"
he said. "On the other hand, the Russians have to see that if they don't make
peace with Dudaev, they will face years of guerrilla fighting which would
continue to destabilize the region." -- Michael Mihalka, OMRI, Inc.
FRANKLIN/TEMPLETON GROUP LAUNCHES RUSSIA FUND.
Group, a U.S. pioneer in emerging market funds, announced its plan to raise $60
million with the initial sale of the Templeton Russian Fund, Western agencies
reported on 15 June. The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved
a plan in April allowing Franklin/Templeton to hold Russian securities using a
special custody arrangement with Chase Manhattan Bank. It was the first time
the SEC approved a U.S. based mutual fund to hold Russian stocks. Until now,
the typical American investor had little opportunity to invest in Russia. An
index of the 85 most actively traded Russian stocks has risen 15% since
mid-April. The same stock index is up 21% in dollar terms since April, although
the stock market has fallen 27% in dollar terms since the beginning of the
year. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI, Inc.
DUMA QUESTIONS BUDGET DECREE.
Members of the Duma have questioned
President Yeltsin's decree which permits only the president to reduce or
increase budget expenditures, Segodnya reported on 15 June. They claim
that the decree contradicts the constitution which states that budgetary issues
fall under the jurisdiction of the Federal Assembly. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI,
SECOND "BLACK TUESDAY" UNLIKELY TO OCCUR.
Deputy Economics Minister
Sergei Vasiliev said another collapse in the value of the ruble such as last
October's "Black Tuesday" is unlikely to occur this year, Segodnya
reported on 15 June. Vasiliev said hard currency reserves had risen from $2.5
billion to $8 billion, and by August will make up 8-10% of the Central
Bank of Russia's overall monetary funds. Under the agreement concluded last
week in Paris, Russia will only pay Paris Club creditors $1.1 billion this year
instead of the $8 billion initially due, Moskovskaya pravda reported on
10 June. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI, Inc.
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 117, 16 June 1995
GERMAN COMPANY TO LOOK FOR OIL IN KAZAKHSTAN.
The German company
Preussag Energy GmbH is the latest company to sign a deal to explore for oil
and gas in Kazakhstan. Kazakh Deputy Minister of Geology Marat Bitimbaev
announced the signing of a contract by the joint venture Aktobe Preussag Munai
Ltd. to work in the Aktyubinsk hydrocarbon fields in northern Kazakhstan,
according to Interfax. The company will prospect an 8,000 square km area for
the next six years, investing $110 million in the process. The German company
will control 50% of the charter capital with Kazakhstan's holding Tulpar and
joint-stock company Aktyubinskneft each controlling 25%. The Kazakh government
received a $1 million signing incentive from the company. The Kazakh government
had been working in the fields previously but a shortage of finances caused its
operation to close down. -- Bruce Pannier, OMRI, Inc.
COUNTERFEIT AFGHANIS PRODUCT OF UZBEKISTAN?
The Uzbek Foreign Ministry
protested charges that it was involved in producing counterfeit Afghanis and
smuggling them into Afghanistan, Interfax reported on 14 June. The charge was
initially made by the Deputy Director of the Afghan Central Bank, Abdikadir
Fitrat. -- Lowell Bezanis, OMRI, Inc.
GEORGIAN DEBTS TO BE RESCHEDULED.
On 14 June, Russia provisionally
agreed to reschedule $135 million debts that Georgia accumulated in trade with
Russia in 1992-93, Interfax reported on 14 June. The outstanding debts
will be repaid from 1998 to 2002. Last year, Turkmenistan agreed to postpone
for seven years the $400 million it is owed by Georgia for gas supplies from
1993-94. Georgia owes a total of more than $1 billion to foreign creditors, and
expects to be granted credits by the IMF later this month. -- Peter Rutland,
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 117, 16 June 1995
UKRAINE WARNS CHORNOBYL SHUTDOWN HINGES ON G-7 FINANCING.
Horbulin, a member of Ukraine's Security Council and a presidential adviser,
has warned that the shutdown of the Chornobyl nuclear power plant hinges on
financing by G-7 countries, Reuters reported on 14 June. G-7 leaders are
currently meeting in Halifax, Canada. Horbulin told a news conference that
Ukraine will reconsider its decision to close the plant by the year 2000 if the
G-7 leaders fail to increase the amount of aid offered. At the 1994 summit in
Naples, Italy, they pledged $200 million in assistance, but Ukraine says it
needs around $4 billion to construct a gas-fired electricity plant near
Chornobyl and to replace a cracking concrete sarcophagus entombing Chornobyl's
No. 4 reactor. Ukrainian officials have emphasized that assistance should be
offered in the form of grants rather than credits. -- Chrystyna Lapychak, OMRI,
CRIMEAN LAWMAKERS CALL OFF PLEBISCITE ON SLAVIC UNION.
legislators have formally called off a regionwide plebiscite on union with
Russia and Belarus after the government refused to finance it, Reuters reported
on 15 June. The Crimean government is loyal to Ukraine. Crimean lawmakers had
planned to hold the legally non-binding poll during local elections on 25 June
but pledged to scrap it after Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma rescinded his
decree giving him direct control over the Crimean government. Local officials
refused to fund and organize the referendum. -- Chrystyna Lapychak, OMRI,
BELARUS MOVES TO KEEP BELARUSIAN RUBLE STABLE.
The National Bank of
Belarus has ordered all commercial banks in the republic to sell their charter
hard currency positions to the NBB or on the currency exchange at the official
rate by 1 July, Interfax reported on 15 June. The NBB said it would dump some
$50 million onto the Belarusian market, thereby enabling the Belarusian ruble
(BR) to preserve its value against the dollar while allowing the bank to issue
an additional 500 billion Belarusian rubles. The decision was criticized by
Eduard Verenich, manager of a Minsk branch of Ukraine's INKO bank. Verenich
said the move lacked "common sense" because the commercial banks' charter
capitals would then be in Belarusian rubles and could devalue if the dollar
rose. -- Ustina Markus, OMRI, Inc.
Estonian Prime Minister Tiit Vahi on 15
June met with opposition leaders--former Prime Ministers Mart Laar and Andreas
Tarand as well as Reform Party Chairman Siim Kallas--to discuss the
ratification of agreements signed by the Estonian and Russian presidents in
July 1994, BNS reported, The accords, dealing with the withdrawal of the
Russian army from Estonia and social guarantees for Russian military retirees,
were successfully implemented without formal ratification, It seems doubtful
that two-thirds of deputies will vote for the ratification, since the
agreements imply that the border between the two countries is not determined by
the 1920 Tartu Treaty, as stated in the Estonian Constitution. -- Saulius
Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
IRAN SEEKS CLOSER TIES WITH LITHUANIA.
Iranian Ambassador to Lithuania
Rez Astaneparast held talks with Prime Minister Adolfas Slezevicius on 14 June,
BNS reported the next day. Astaneparast invited Slezevicius to pay an official
visit to Iran and urged the opening of a diplomatic mission in his or a
neighboring country. Trade between the two countries totaled a little more than
$500,000 in 1994 but is expected to increase. Astaneparast mentioned the
possibility of Iran's participation in the construction of the oil terminal at
Butinge and subsequent sales of Iranian oil to Lithuania. -- Saulius
Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
POLISH DIPLOMATIC ACTIVITIES.
Chinese Foreign Minister Li Peng's visit
to Poland, initially scheduled for next week, will not take place, according to
Polish dailies on 16 June. But Li Peng will visit Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia.
Rzeczpospolita on 16 June noted that at the Human Rights UN Commission
in Geneva, Poland recently voted for a resolution condemning human rights
abuses in China. Polish Foreign Minister Wladyslaw Bartoszewski, opening the
new Polish Consulate General in Grodno, Belarus, on 15 June, said Poland would
like to balance the "western and eastern options" in its foreign policy. The
same day, German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel met with the representatives of
German minority associations in Poland as well as German minority Sejm deputies
and senators, Polish dailies reported. -- Jakub Karpinski, OMRI, Inc.
VOTING INTENTIONS IN POLAND: "ANYBODY BUT WALESA."
According to an
opinion poll conducted on 26-29 May and published by Gazeta Wyborcza on
16 June, every second Pole is adamant that he will not vote for President Lech
Walesa in the upcoming presidential elections. Walesa is first on the list of
negative choices, followed by the Confederation of Independent Poland leader
Leszek Moczulski (43%) and the leader of the liberal Real Politics Union,
Janusz Korwin-Mikke (32%). -- Jakub Karpinski, OMRI, Inc.
CZECH RAIL UNIONS CALL INDEFINITE STRIKE.
Czech rail unions on 15 June
called an indefinite strike beginning 21 June to demand higher wages, Czech
media reported. The government has proposed a 10% rise for public sector
employees (see OMRI Daily Digest, 15 June 1995), but rail workers say
their wages have fallen behind other groups. A meeting between union leaders
and Transport Minister Jan Strasky is planned for 20 June. Strasky said the
strike call was an act of pressure. Other ministers said the government would
not give in to ultimatums. Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus told Lidove
noviny that while production has grown in other sectors, turnover in
transport services fell by 15% in the first four months of this year. The rail
unions should try to explain how their wages can rise as demanded in such
circumstances, Klaus said. -- Steve Kettle, OMRI, Inc.
SLOVAKIA'S RULING PARTY TO MEET ETHNIC HUNGARIANS.
on 16 June reports that the ruling Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (HZDS)
has sent letters to the three parties representing the Hungarian minority in
the parliament requesting discussions on Slovakia's political situation.
Hungarian Civic Party Chairman Laszlo Nagy said his party offered to hold talks
with the HZDS in January and has been waiting for an answer ever since. He
recommended that discussions focus on problems in Slovakia's democratic
development and strengthening of executive power, financing of Hungarian
culture and press, Hungarian education, and preparations for a law on the state
language. Meanwhile, Foreign Minister Juraj Schenk said the first item on the
agenda of the next session of the parliament will be the ratification of the
Council of Europe framework agreement on ethnic minorities. This will create
conditions for the ratification of the Slovak-Hungarian treaty. -- Sharon
Fisher , OMRI, Inc.
SLOVAKIA, UKRAINE SIGN AGREEMENTS.
Slovak and Ukrainian Premiers
Vladimir Meciar and Yevhen Marchuk on 15 June signed agreements on
international road and railway transport, telecommunications, border crossings,
and customs issues. An agreement was also signed on cooperation between the two
countries' economic ministries. Meciar was in Ukraine on a two-day official
visit, accompanied by a number of top Slovak officials and businessmen. It is
expected that an agreement on the prevention of double taxation will be
concluded soon. Meciar also mentioned that the two countries may set up a
common capital market, Slovenska Republika reported. -- Sharon Fisher,
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 117, 16 June 1995
BOSNIAN GOVERNMENT LAUNCHES BIG OFFENSIVE.
International media on 16
June reported that Bosnian government forces launched a major drive at dawn to
break the Serbian siege of Sarajevo. The move was rumored for days because of
the buildup of 15,000-30,000 troops north of the capital. Both Serbian and
government troops have taken many of their heavy weapons from UN storage
depots, and the Serbs fired on Sarajevo with their six captured French light
tanks. Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic, in a TV address hours before the
offensive began, said supply routes would be reopened to "prevent further
strangulation of the city." Intense fighting is reported both to the north and
south of Sarajevo, and government forces have moved up from the Mostar area. In
central Bosnia, they are attacking around Telsic on the Doboj-Banja Luka road.
-- Patrick Moore , OMRI, Inc.
WILL THEY BREAK THE SIEGE?
The mainly Muslim army is strong on manpower
but lacks sufficient arms, especially heavy weapons. But it now appears that
the Bosnian Croats are helping by bringing up their big guns against the Serbs.
Croatian TV estimates that the joint campaign could take up to 20 days and
involve 3,000 casualties, while the BBC said that the government will probably
need up to 50,000 men to dislodge the 12,000 Serbs. A correspondent in the city
said that people are preparing for random Serbian shelling of civilian targets
but that Sarajevans have stopped hoping for help from the international
community. The VOA added that the government has placed all territory under its
control on "unprecedented special alert" and that police patrols outside public
buildings have been beefed up. -- Patrick Moore , OMRI, Inc.
KARADZIC CALLS THE CAMPAIGN "A LAST TRY."
Bosnian Prime Minister Haris
Silajdzic on 14 June cut short a visit to Washington, saying that his
government was taking "countermeasures" to protect Sarajevo. News agencies
quoted Mayor Tarik Kuposovic as adding that liberation is at hand. Foreign
Minister Muhamed Sacirbey said the offensive was prompted by the UN's failure
to enforce the heavy weapons exclusion zone. UN special envoy Yasushi Akashi
stated on 15 June that he is worried by the offensive, but "at the same time .
. . can well understand the anxiety of the government about Sarajevo." Nasa
Borba on 16 June quotes Karadzic as calling the offensive "a last try to
change the situation on the ground." The local Bosnian Serb army commander,
Major-General Dragomir Milosevic, told SRNA that his soldiers would smash any
attempt to break the siege. He also warned that the activities around Sarajevo
could be a ploy to distract attention from attacks elsewhere. -- Patrick Moore,
SECURITY COUNCIL BACKS RAPID REACTION FORCE.
The G-7, meeting in Halifax
on 15 June, urged the combatants in Bosnia and Croatia to cease all military
activity and pursue a negotiated settlement. Meanwhile at the UN, the Security
Council approved the RRF in a 13-0 vote on Resolution 998, with Russia and
China abstaining. The question of financing has been postponed in view of
uncertainties about whether the U.S. will pay for part of the costs. The troops
will wear national uniforms and not have white vehicles, but otherwise it seems
that the RRF will be just an arm of UNPROFOR. In Bosnia itself, the Serbs
continue to hold 26 peacekeepers hostage, including two of the three Czech
officers originally taken captive. -- Patrick Moore, OMRI, Inc.
KRAJINA REFUGEES IN SERBIA PRESS-GANGED.
Serbian authorities have begun
a new wave of rounding up ethnic Serbian refugees from the Serb-held Krajina
regions of Croatia for military service, Reuters reported on 15 June. This
latest wave began on 11 June with police and army night raids on refugee
centers and residences housing refuges. It is the biggest such operation since
January 1994. AFP observes that the operation, in contravention to both the
United Nations and UN High Commissioner for Refugees charters, specifically
targets ethnic Serbian refugees in Serbia's northern Vojvodina region. Some men
press-ganged for service in the armed forces of the self proclaimed Republic of
Serbian Krajina have "jumped off moving buses to escape," AFP noted. -- Stan
Markotich, OMRI, Inc.
MACEDONIAN NATIONALISTS AND ETHNIC ALBANIANS DISCUSS COALITION.
Negotiations on a coalition between the nationalist Internal Macedonian
Revolutionary Organization-Democratic Party for Macedonian National Unity
(VMRO-DPMNE) and the ethnic Albanian Party for Democratic Prosperity (PPD) and
the Democratic People's Party (PDP) took place in Skopje on 15 June. The
VMRO-DPMNE needs the PPD and PDP votes to elect a new mayor for the Macedonian
capital. The PPD leadership has reportedly given the green light to its
legislators. In exchange, it would gain the post of vice president at the Town
Hall, until now held by the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary
Organization-Macedonian National Democratic Union (VMRO-MNDS). Negotiations
between the VMRO-DPMNE and the VMRO-MNDS reportedly ended "in total disaster,"
MIC reported on 15 June. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
EU AND SLOVENIA INITIAL ACCORD.
The EU and Slovenia on 15 June initialed
an association agreement on trade and political cooperation, international
agencies reported. But Italy said it will sign the document only after Slovenia
changes those parts of its constitution dealing with restitution to Italians
who left the country after World War II. The Slovenian government has
introduced the necessary legislation but the parliament has not yet approved
it. If the dispute is settled, Slovenia will become the 10th East European
country to conclude an association accord with the EU. -- Michael Mihalka,
ROMANIAN TRADE UNIONS STAGE RALLY.
Some 5,000 people on 15 June attended
a rally staged by Romania's main trade union organizations in Bucharest's Union
Square, Romanian media reported. The leaders of the National Confederation of
Romania's Free Trade Unions-The Brotherhood, the National Labor Bloc, and Alfa
Cartel expressed disappointment over the low turnout at the meeting, blaming
pressure from the authorities. Alfa Cartel chairman Bogdan Hossu, in a press
release, accused some labor leaders of "betraying" union members' interests. He
said his organization was determined to continue the protests. Workers' rallies
were staged in several other Romanian towns, including Resita, Hunedoara, Deva,
Constanta, and Botosani. -- Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.
ROMANIAN PRESIDENT DISCUSSES EDUCATION LAW WITH HUNGARIAN PREMIER.
Hungarian Prime Minister Gyula Horn, in a telephone conversation with
Romanian President Ion Iliescu on 15 June, expressed concern over the adoption
by Romania's Senate the previous day of an education bill, Radio Bucharest
reported. Horn said the law was contrary to European norms. Iliescu replied
that the new legislation had still to be approved by the parliament's other
chamber, adding that he had no prerogatives to intervene in parliamentary
procedures. Horn also commented that at talks over the basic Hungarian-Romanian
treaty beginning in Bucharest on 19 June, an agreement such as that between
Hungary and Slovakia could be reached if the political will existed. According
to a communique issued by the Romanian Presidency, Iliescu shared Horn's
optimism. -- Dan Ionescu, OMRI, Inc.
MOLDOVAN OFFICIALS ON LEBED'S REPLACEMENT.
Moldovan Parliament Chairman
Petru Lucinschi on 15 June was quoted by ITAR-TASS as saying he hoped Russian
President Boris Yeltsin's decision to accept Lt. Gen. Alexander Lebed's
resignation would not provoke tension in Moldova's Dniester region. Lucinschi
also said that he was confident that the newly appointed commander of the 14th
Russian Army headquartered in Tiraspol, Maj. Gen. Valeriy Yevnevich, would be
able to maintain order and discipline within the troops and prevent the
plundering of the army's arsenals. He added that Moldova wanted Russia to
respect the provisions of the agreement, initialed in October 1994, on the
withdrawal of the 14th army from the region. In related news, Moldovan Defense
Minister Pavel Creanga, who is visiting Bulgaria, said Lebed's replacement
should not affect the schedule of the 14th army's withdrawal. -- Dan Ionescu,
BULGARIAN OPPOSITION AGREES TO SIGN ELECTION MEMORANDUM.
The Union of
Democratic Forces (SDS), the People's Union, and the ethnic Turkish Movement
for Rights and Freedoms (DPS) have agreed to sign a memorandum on joint action
in the forthcoming local elections, Demokratsiya reported on 16 June.
The memorandum allows opposition local organizations to nominate joint
candidates for the post of mayor. The SDS leadership initially said it will not
sign an agreement with the DPS on a national level, but the deputy chairmen of
the three formations on 15 June agreed on a common text. The document is to be
signed on 16 June by the leaders of the three parties. -- Stefan Krause , OMRI,
UPDATE ON GREEK EARTHQUAKE.
International agencies on 16 June reported
that the death toll in the earthquake that hit Central Greece the previous day
has risen to at least 16. More than a dozen people are still unaccounted for,
while 73 were transferred to hospitals in Aigion and Patras. Authorities
declared about 500 buildings uninhabitable. In Aigion alone, almost 900 houses
were damaged. President Kostis Stephanopoulos and government members went to
the area, while Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou issued a letter of
condolence. French and Swiss rescue teams arrived in Greece to assist local
authorities in the search for survivors, while Japan also offered its help.
Meanwhile, MIC reported that Macedonia was hit by a quake on 14 June measuring
4 on the Mercalli scale. No damage or injuries were reported. -- Stefan Krause,
ALBANIAN WHO SHOT AT U.S. SOLDIERS SENTENCED.
The Albanian who shot at
two U.S. soldiers during the first joint military exercises between Albania and
NATO in January has been sentenced to one year in prison, Reuters reported on
15 June. The man, who wounded the soldiers after a bar brawl, was convicted of
illegal possession of arms. Charges of homicide were dropped after the court
ruled he was mentally "irresponsible" when he fired the shots. The man claimed
the Americans had molested his fiancee while he was celebrating his engagement
with friends. He has a previous record of mental disorders. -- Fabian Schmidt,
Compiled by Victor Gomez and Jan Cleave
Copyright(c)1995 Open Media Research Institute, Inc. All rights