OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 174, 7 September 1995
DUMA COUNCIL CALLS FOR YELTSIN TO SACK KOZYREV.
The NATO airstrikes
against the Bosnian Serbs continue to provoke political controversy in Moscow.
In response to a petition signed by more than 100 deputies, on 6 September the
Duma Council decided to convene a special session on 9 September to discuss the
situation in the former Yugoslavia, Western and Russian agencies reported. The
council also suggested that President Yeltsin immediately sign the law, passed
by the Duma on 12 August, calling for Russia to unilaterally withdraw from UN
sanctions against rump Yugoslavia, reconsider Russian membership in NATO's
Partnership for Peace program, and coordinate Yugoslav policy with Ukraine and
Belarus, who have also criticized the airstrikes. The council also recommended
that Yeltsin sack Foreign Minister Andrei Kozyrev, whose "many serious
mistakes" had led to a "humiliating defeat of Russian diplomacy in the
Balkans." Duma Speaker Ivan Rybkin told Radio Mayak that the council meeting
had been "hot," with several deputies calling for even more extreme measures,
such as withdrawing from the UN altogether. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
YELTSIN SAYS RUSSIA MAY SUPPORT BOSNIAN SERBS.
Responding to the Duma,
President Yeltsin complained to visiting Spanish Prime Minster Felipe Gonzales,
who currently holds the rotating EU presidency, and European Commission
President Jacques Santer, that NATO had unilaterally appointed itself "judge
and executioner" in the former Yugoslavia, Western agencies reported on 7
September. Yeltsin also charged NATO with employing a "double standard" by
punishing the Bosnian Serbs for attacks while doing nothing in response to
aggression by Croat and Muslim forces. He added, "it might come to the Russian
side taking an adequate response," suggesting some form of aid to the Bosnian
Serbs. Yeltsin also warned that if unilateral NATO action continues, Russia
would have to "reconsider relations" with the alliance, and noted that Russia
must be given a bigger role in ongoing discussions of a new pan-European
security system, saying that otherwise, Europe might "return to two camps which
are at war with one another." -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
FRENCH NUCLEAR TEST: RUSSIA CONDEMNS, ZHIRINOVSKY PRAISES.
press secretary Sergei Medvedev told journalists on 6 September that Russia
condemns the nuclear test carried out by France on the South Pacific atoll of
Muraroa on 5 September. The Russian Foreign Ministry described the test as a
"serious blow" to international negotiations on disarmament and
nonproliferation, ITAR-TASS reported. Vladimir Zhirinovsky, leader of the
Liberal Democratic Party, on the other hand, told Russian Public Television
that he had sent a letter to French President Jacques Chirac expressing support
for the French test. -- Scott Parrish, OMRI, Inc.
NEW COMPUTER SYSTEM WON'T COUNT VOTES IN COMING ELECTIONS.
automated vote-counting system "Vybory" will not be used in the upcoming
parliamentary or next year's presidential elections, according to Nikolai
Ryabov, chairman of the Central Electoral Commission, Segodnya reported
on 6 September. The system will be implemented slowly through 2000 and only a
few components will be tested in the 1995 and 1996 elections. Until now, Ryabov
had planned to use the system to quickly tally preliminary results, while the
official results would still be determined by hand. The use of the system has
aroused considerable controversy among groups critical of President Boris
Yeltsin, who charge that it could make voting falsification easier. Ryabov also
warned that local officials had formed only 34 of the 225 district electoral
committees and that if they were not formed by 15 September, the Central
Electoral Committee would do the job itself, Kommersant-Daily reported
on 6 September. According to current legislation, the local executive and
legislative branches should each form half of the committee, Ogonek
(issue #28) reported. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
CONSTITUTIONAL COURT FACES QUANDARY OVER FEDERATION COUNCIL.
Constitutional Court cannot resolve the dispute between the parliament and
Yeltsin over whether the Federation Council should be elected or appointed
because the constitution says that this decision is determined by law,
according to Constitutional Court Chairman Vladimir Tumanov. He said "the
Constitutional Court cannot take on the responsibility which the constitution
gave the legislature because then the Constitutional Court itself would be
violating the constitution," Ekho Moskvy reported on 6 September. Despite this,
Tumanov indicated that the court will probably decide in Yeltsin's favor, by
declaring the parliament's version of the law unconstitutional. The court has
tried to avoid becoming entangled in political questions, but, as in the case
of the Chechen war, has tended to favor the president. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI,
"HOT LINE" FOR JOURNALISTS OPENS.
Journalists will now be able to call a
"hot line" for information on President Yeltsin's daily program and on laws and
decrees he has signed, Izvestiya reported on 6 September. The gesture
reflects the president's campaign to win back the support of liberal
journalists. Opening the "hot line" was one of many promises Yeltsin made in
his 1 September address in Moscow to the Democratic Press Forum. -- Laura
Belin, OMRI, Inc.
AGRARIANS, COMMUNISTS FIGHT EACH OTHER IN BRYANSK.
The Bryansk Oblast
Communist Party has rejected cooperation with the local branch of the Agrarian
Party. The Agrarians had proposed to the Communists that they divide the
oblast's two Duma districts, nominating a Communist in one district and an
Agrarian in the other, and then uniting their campaign efforts, Radio Rossii
reported on 6 September. However, the Communists rejected the proposal and
nominated their candidates in both districts. Several of the local democratic
parties have united to avoid the mistakes of the last elections, Bryanskii
rabochii reported on 4 August. In 1993, Bryansk elected one Communist and
one Agrarian from the single mandate districts, although Vladimir Zhirinovsky's
party won 27% of the party list vote. -- Robert Orttung, OMRI, Inc.
INGUSH PRESIDENT SHUNS UNION OF MUSLIMS.
Ruslan Aushev, the president of
the Republic of Ingushetiya, refused offers to lead the party list of the Union
of Muslims of Russia (SMR), Ekho Moskvy reported on 6 September. Aushev's
rebuff is the latest sign of conflict within the union, which claims to
represent the interests of 20 million Muslims in the Russian Federation.
Moskovskii komsomolets noted that Federation Council Deputy Chairman
Ramazan Abdulatipov also has not joined the union's leadership. According to
the 3-10 September edition of Moskovskie novosti, protests at the SMR's
1 September conference in Moscow forced the union's organizer, Akhmet
Khalitov--who helped Vladimir Zhirinovsky create the Liberal-Democratic Party
of Russia--to give up his LDPR membership. -- Laura Belin, OMRI, Inc.
CHECHNYA MARKS FOURTH ANNIVERSARY OF INDEPENDENCE.
Some 3,000 to 5,000
people assembled in Grozny on 6 September to mark the fourth anniversary of the
violent dispersal by Dzhokhar Dudaev's supporters of the Chechen-Ingush Supreme
Soviet and concomitant declaration of independence, Russian media reported.
Participants in the demonstration carried banners praising Allah and Dudaev and
calling for those Russian officials responsible for the carnage in Chechnya to
be brought before a war crimes tribunal. Addressing the demonstration, Chechen
military commander Aslan Maskhadov warned against a new "fratricidal war"
between rival Chechen factions, according to Ekho Moskvy. -- Liz Fuller, OMRI,
SOBCHAK SEEKS TO EXPAND ST. PETERSBURG'S BORDERS AND HIS OWN POWER.
Petersburg Mayor Anatoli Sobchak introduced two draft laws to the legislative
assembly (city council) that would significantly alter the city's geographic
size and administrative structure, the paper Chas pik reported on 6
September. The first proposal would end the current administrative system based
on "raions" and replace them with districts more directly under the control of
the mayor's office. The second draft law would incorporate the suburbs of
Pushkin, Pavlovsk, Petergof, Kronshtadt, Lomonosov, and Kolpino into St.
Petersburg. These suburbs, which currently elect their own administrative
organs, would be made administrative districts of St. Petersburg and be placed
under the control of the mayor's office. -- Brian Whitmore, OMRI, Inc., in
CAMPAIGN TO BUY UP ILLEGAL ARMS IN TATARSTAN, TULA.
In an attempt
to reduce the number of crimes involving firearms, the Tatar government has
decided to pay people who hand in illegal weapons. Izvestiya reported on
7 September that those taking up the government's offer will be immune from
criminal proceedings and their names will not be revealed. A similar program
has also been introduced in Tula Oblast, home of a major weapons factory. But,
as NTV noted on 3 September, the campaign's prospects are poor, since the
150,000 to 200,000 ruble compensation ($33-44) being offered by the local
authorities is well below the sum the weapons would fetch on the black market.
-- Penny Morvant, OMRI, Inc.
YELTSIN CALLS FOR CIVIL SERVICE REFORM.
Speaking at the Government
Service Academy in Moscow on 6 September, President Boris Yeltsin called for
changes in the civil service, particularly in its personnel policy, to address
the perennial problem of corruption and ensure the successful implementation of
reforms. The president admitted that mistakes had been made in hiring in 1992
and 1993, when half the staff of federal administrative bodies and a third of
regional administrative personnel were replaced. He said some officials had
sacrificed the interests of the state to line their own pockets, leading to a
decline in efficiency. Yeltsin called for a clear delimitation of powers
between federal and regional structures and the introduction of a program to
attract young people into the civil service. A law on the fundamental
principles of state service was signed by the president about one month ago. --
Penny Morvant, OMRI, Inc.
NEW STRATEGIC MISSILE TESTED.
Russia's newest strategic intercontinental
ballistic missile was successfully launched from Plesetsk on 5 September,
ITAR-TASS reported. The Topol-M, a modernized version of the SS-25, is to be
the backbone of Russia's future land-based, strategic missile force. The first
test, a success, took place in December 1994, but the missile failed in its
second test in May 1995. -- Doug Clarke, OMRI, Inc.
DEFENSE WORKERS KEEP GRACHEV FROM SEEING NEW SUB.
Workers at the
"Vostok" shipyards in Vladivostok spoiled Russian Defense Minister Pavel
Grachev's World War II victory celebrations by not allowing a new
nuclear-powered submarine to take part in a scheduled review. According to the
paper Vladivostok of 6 September, the workers kept the new Akula-class
attack submarine "Dragon" blockaded in the shipyard for four days. They were
said to be indignant at not being paid for four months with the defense
ministry owing the shipyard 57 billion rubles ($13 million). The submarine was
released only after two high-ranking military officials visited the yard and
promised to settle the wage problem. -- Doug Clarke, OMRI, Inc.
NIZHNII NOVGOROD TO COMPENSATE DEFRAUDED DEPOSITORS.
Novgorod legislative assembly approved Governor Boris Nemtsov's proposal to
partially compensate defrauded depositors, Radio Rossii reported on 6
September. The decision only applies to the clients of two insolvent Nizhnii
Novgorod banks. Two other city banks, which are solvent, will start paying the
debts of these insolvent banks, provided that the regional administration
becomes a shareholder and contributes municipal property to their charter
capital. Nemtsov said that the pilot project will probably serve as a model for
the entire country to resolve the widespread problem of defrauded depositors.
The report suggested that some 200,000 Nizhnii Novgorod Oblast residents have
been swindled. -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI, Inc.
DROUGHT COMPENSATION FOR KALMYKIYANS.
Due to a drought which has cut in
half expected grain harvests of 600,000 tons, the Russian government plans to
issue a natural disaster decree which will allocate financial compensation to
Kalmykiyan residents for losses, Segodnya reported on 5 September. Agricultural
damage is estimated at 17 billion rubles ($3.8 million). -- Thomas Sigel, OMRI,
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 174, 7 September 1995
KAZAKH DEPUTY DEFENSE MINISTER ON TRIAL FOR CORRUPTION.
collegium of Kazakhstan's Supreme Court is examining charges of corruption "on
a particularly large scale" against Deputy Defense Minister Valerii Satbaev and
one of his subordinates, Kazakh TV reported on 6 September. The TV report
mentioned that the National Security Committee decided to conduct the trial
behind closed doors because the case pertains to the use of state military
secrets. Satbaev and one of his subordinates were detained in April after
Military Prosecutor Yurii Khitrin issued a report charging them with illegal
arms trading and negligence in carrying out official duties. Satbaev has now
challenged Khitrin's nomination as prosecutor, arguing that as Khitrin's
signatures appears on a number of documents related to the case, he could
appear as a witness, but not be a prosecutor. Satbaev's arrest is part of a
crackdown on crime and corruption launched in April. -- Bhavna Dave, OMRI,
BIDS ON TURKMEN OIL REFINERY.
The Turkmenbashi oil refinery, built
during World War Two and in need of upgrading, is reviewing modernization
offers from companies representing fifteen countries, ITAR-TASS reported on 6
September. The current capacity of six million tons will be increased by one
million tons after upgrading, and will be oriented towards high-octane fuels.
-- Bruce Pannier, OMRI, Inc.
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 174, 7 September 1995
POLISH ELECTION DATE SET.
The first round of the Polish presidential
elections will be held on 5 November, Sejm Speaker Jozef Zych announced on 6
September. A second round will follow on 19 November if--as is likely--no
candidate receives more than 50% of the vote in the first round. The scheduling
neatly sandwiches Independence Day (11 November, an occasion for military
ceremonies and speeches by state dignitaries) between the two rounds. In a
televised address, Zych noted that several presidential candidates have
threatened to dissolve the parliament should they win the elections. This was a
"dangerous theory," Zych said, as the constitution provides for no such
possibility. Zych also expressed doubt about how the state will continue to
function, given the number of high public officials who have entered the race.
To win a spot on the ballot, candidates must submit 100,000 supporting
signatures within 20 days of the publication of Zych's announcement in
Dziennik Ustaw. -- Louisa Vinton, OMRI, Inc.
WALESA STRESSES SUPPORT FOR NATO.
President Lech Walesa on 6 September
opened a series of weekly press conferences designed to sum up his Presidency,
Gazeta Wyborcza reported. The president denied that the sessions were
meant to help his re-election bid. Speaking on foreign policy, Walesa argued
that a NATO decision is overdue and that Poland already meets the criteria for
membership. "We are a country of a single nation, a single faith, and we have
no conflicts with our neighbors," the president said. Responding to remarks by
Deputy Defense Minister Andrzej Karkoszka questioning public support for NATO
(see OMRI Daily Digest, 6 September 1995), Walesa said he was convinced
that most Poles support membership and are prepared to bear the costs.
Karkoszka told reporters on 6 September that his remarks were taken out of
context and did not represent the Defense Ministry's views. -- Louisa
Vinton, OMRI, Inc.
CZECH SCREENING LAW TO BE EXTENDED.
The Defense and Security Committee
of the Czech parliament on 6 September recommended extending the country's
screening or "lustration" law by two years, Hospodarske noviny reported
the following day. The current law--which bars former senior Communist Party
officials as well as members of its now disbanded paramilitary force and the
communist-era secret police from holding various state offices--expires at the
end of 1996. The government supported a two-year extension but some committee
members urged that the law be extended to the year 2000. Proponents of
extending the law say the state administration is still unstable and needs to
be protected against possible infiltration by people connected to the former
communist regime. The government denies claims that the civil service contains
a large number of employees who should be removed under the screening law's
provisions. -- Steve Kettle, OMRI, Inc.
SLOVAK PRESIDENT ADDRESSES PARLIAMENT.
Michal Kovac on 6 September gave
his long-awaited annual report on the state of the republic, Slovak media
reported. Kovac began by discussing the change of government in March
1994--triggered by his last such speech--which has since been referred to by
Premier Vladimir Meciar's allies as a "parliamentary putsch" and
"constitutional crisis." He stressed that the change took place "within the
framework of the constitution" and with respect for "the unwritten rules of
parliamentary democracy." While welcoming the efforts of Meciar's party to
create a stable coalition government after the fall 1994 elections, Kovac
stressed that its policy has not been "consensual." He referred specifically to
its control over all parliamentary posts and commissions, doubts over the right
of the opposition to present its opinions in the parliament, and questioning of
Constitutional Court decisions. Neither Meciar nor any of the cabinet members
were present for the speech. The parliament later voted to reapprove a
privatization law canceling coupon privatization and introducing a bond
program. The law was first passed by the parliament in July but was vetoed by
Kovac. -- Sharon Fisher, OMRI, Inc.
SLOVAKIA, HUNGARY BEGIN GABCIKOVO TALKS.
Negotiations began in
Bratislava on 6 September on the long-term dispute over the Gabcikovo dam (see
OMRI Daily Digest, 6 September), TASR and Slovenska Republika
report. According to Gabor Gobolyos, foreign policy adviser to Hungarian
Premier Gyula Horn, Hungary is pushing for an out of court solution because it
is "unnatural" that a dispute between two neighboring countries be resolved by
a third party. Foreign Ministry State Secretary Jozef Sestak, who heads the
Slovak delegation, said the talks will focus on finding "a practical solution
to the technical, energy, financial, and environmental questions." Further
negotiations between specialists from both countries are expected. -- Sharon
Fisher, OMRI, Inc.
SLOVAK ROMA RECEIVE MIXED POLITICAL MESSAGES.
The United Romani Parties
organized a rally outside the presidential office in Kosice on 4 September to
protest Premier Meciar's minority policies, but skinheads blocked nearby
streets, preventing Roma from reaching the building, Narodna obroda
reported on 5 September. Meanwhile, Meciar made the symbolic gesture of
attending the laying of a foundation stone for a Romani settlement in
Nalepkova, eastern Slovakia, on 6 September. Roma make up half of the
unemployed in that area, where factories have been closing down or turning to
labor from Ukraine. The report did not say whether Romani organizations
considered the project to be a sign of support from the government or a
segregationist "solution." -- Alaina Lemon, OMRI, Inc.
HUNGARIAN COALITION NEGOTIATIONS TERMINATED.
After six weeks of
negotiations over disputes within the Hungarian ruling coalition, agreement was
reached that "the coalition has to remain intact, for the sake of the country
and in order to ensure the smooth future operation of the government,"
Hungarian newspapers reported on 6 September. Differences between the two
partners--the Hungarian Socialist Party and the Alliance of Free Democrats
(SZDSZ)--arose mainly over the suggestion to increase the number of ministerial
positions and Premier Gyula Horn's announcement that he would appoint
Association of Hungarian Trade Unions head Sandor Nagy as industry minister.
SZDSZ experts argued that giving Nagy control over economic policy would
threaten to block the controversial austerity measures of Finance Minister
Lajos Bokros, launched in March. -- Zsofia Szilagyi, OMRI, Inc.
HUNGARY APPROVES EXTRADITION OF FORMER UKRAINIAN SECURITY CHIEF.
is to hand over to Ukraine a former Ukrainian presidential security chief
wanted in his country, AFP reported on 6 September. Hungarian Justice Minister
Pal Vastagh approved the decision of Hungarian courts to grant the extradition
of Victor Palivoda, security head under former Ukrainian President Leonid
Kravchuk. He is wanted by both Interpol and the Ukrainian authorities for abuse
of power and misuse of funds. Palivoda was arrested in Budapest on 11 July. --
Zsofia Szilagyi, OMRI, Inc.
UKRAINE BANS RADICAL NATIONALIST GROUP.
Reuters on 6 September reported
that the Ukrainian Justice Ministry has outlawed the radical Ukrainian National
Assembly. Members of the group, however, said they will ignore the decision and
fight the ruling in court. A Justice Ministry spokesman said the UNA was
stripped of its registration and that it would be violating the law if it
continued its activities. Ukrainian officials had been threatening to ban the
controversial organization since July, when the funeral of a Ukrainian Orthodox
Patriarch turned violent. Ukrainian officials said that UNA and Church leaders
provoked riot police into attacking a crowd of mourners by attempting to bury
the patriarch in St. Sophia's Cathedral. The UNA and UNSO have repeatedly drawn
criticism by sending members to fight as armed mercenaries or offering other
forms of support to separatist groups in such hot spots as Chechnya and
Transdniester. -- Chrystyna Lapychak, OMRI, Inc.
KUCHMA APPOINTS FIRST DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER.
Ukrainian President Leonid
Kuchma has appointed Pavlo Lazarenko, the 42-year-old administrator of the
heavily industrial Dnipropetrovsk region, as Ukraine's first deputy prime
minister, Ukrainian Radio and ITAR-TASS reported on 5 September. Lazarenko will
be tasked with finding ways to reverse declining production in industry and
agriculture. The new first deputy prime minister will head eight other deputy
premiers who were named by Kuchma in July. -- Chrystyna Lapychak, OMRI, Inc.
LATVIAN PEACEKEEPERS NOT TO BE SENT TO CROATIA.
The Latvian platoon due
to travel to Croatia as part of the Danish UN peacekeeping battalion will not
be sent after all, BNS reported on 6 September. It was not given the UN
peacekeeping mandate because the Security Council plans to withdraw all
peacekeepers from Croatia by 30 November. Saeima Foreign Affairs Committee
Chairman Aleksandrs Kirsteins said that the parliament would have to approve
the platoon's participation in other peacekeeping duties, such as in Macedonia.
-- Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
PRIVATIZATION AGENCY FOUNDED IN LITHUANIA.
The Lithuanian cabinet on 6
September announced it will establish a State Privatization Agency, BNS
reported. Government consultant Aloyzas Duksa said a head of the agency will be
appointed in two weeks. The decision is the first step in implementing the law
on the privatization of state and municipal property, which was passed in July.
During the first stage of privatization, begun in September 1991, some 5,700
properties or 85% of government firms were sold on the basis of investment
vouchers distributed free of charge among the population. Beginning in January
1996, all new privatization projects will be conducted on a cash basis only. --
Saulius Girnius, OMRI, Inc.
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 174, 7 September 1995
NATO AIR STRIKES AROUND SARAJEVO CONTINUE.
International agencies on 7
September reported that NATO jets continued the air strikes they had resumed
the previous day. NATO targeted military installations around Sarajevo,
including barracks at Lukavica and Butila. NATO commander for Southern Europe
Admiral Leighton Smith said reports indicated "very successful results" but
gave no details. The UN. Rapid Reaction Force joined in the attacks with
artillery and fired rounds at a Serbian mortar that opened fire on traffic on
the Mt. Igman road. NATO insists on the complete withdrawal of Serbian weapons
from the 20 kilometer exclusion zone around Sarajevo, the reopening of the
airport, free movement for the UN and aid workers, and an end to all attacks on
the capital as well as three other "safe areas." More than 1,500 sorties have
been flown since 30 August, when NATO planes began their raids. -- Fabian
Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
SERBS REFUSE TO WITHDRAW HEAVY GUNS.
The Bosnian Serb Army is quoted by
Reuters as saying that NATO's "unscrupulous and barbaric" air strikes have
killed about 100 civilians in the past week and wounded hundreds more.
Meanwhile, Bosnian Serb chief of staff General Manojlo Milutinovic talked of
"minor losses" among his soldiers and "several" civilian casualties, BBC
reported on 7 September. UN spokesman Alexander Ivanko said that Bosnian Serb
military commander Ratko Mladic is in a "defiant mood" but that he hopes he
will start complying with UN demands. Bosnian Serb political leader Radovan
Karadzic called the raids a "terrible bombardment" of a magnitude that "hasn't
been seen since the Second World War." However, he proposed only reopening
Sarajevo airport to UN and humanitarian flights. Karadzic told reporters that
"we have withdrawn as much as we could. But we can't withdraw (all) what we
possess [since we have] to protect ourselves." The UN. says the Bosnian Serbs
have made no substantial withdrawals. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
IS THERE A RIFT BETWEEN KARADZIC AND MLADIC?
Karadzic has denied that
there is a rift between himself and Mladic, insisting that he is running the
self-declared "Republika Srpska." Karadzic is quoted as saying "I am in
control" after being absent since 1 September, Reuters reported on 7 September.
The Bosnian Serb leadership will meet in Pale the same day to discuss its
strategy, the BBC reported. Meanwhile, the search continued for two French
pilots shot down in the first round of the air strikes. NATO questioned Bosnian
Serb allegations that the pilots were captured. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
Representatives of the Conference of Islamic States
and the Contact Group will meet in Paris on 7 September, international agencies
reported. U.S. special envoy Robert Holbrooke will explain his peace proposal
to the diplomats. The foreign ministers of Bosnia, Croatia, and the former
Yugoslavia are preparing to meet in Geneva the following day for preliminary
peace talks. Holbrooke, continuing his shuttle mission, briefed Croatian
President Franjo Tudjman on 6 September. He denied that Washington was
deliberately using air power to bomb the Bosnian Serbs into taking their place
at the negotiating table. "This has nothing to do with peace negotiations. It
is related to the UN's attempt to enforce its mandate. . . . If it affects the
negotiations, that's not its intent," Reuters reported him as saying on 6
September. -- Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
ROMANIAN OPPOSITION CHALLENGES GOVERNMENT'S FARM POLICY.
international media on 6 September reported that Romania's opposition parties
has initiated a motion to discuss the government's mishandling of the bumper
1995 wheat crop. According to Chamber of Deputies' regulations, the debate must
be held within six days. The parties accuse the government of failing to end
state monopoly on grain trading and storage. They also say the lack of credits
for grain purchase is destroying private farming. The motion does not qualify
as a no-confidence vote and cannot unseat Premier Nicolae Vacaroiu's
government. An attempt by the Liberal Party `93 and the Democratic Convention
of Romania to hold a no-confidence vote failed to receive enough support from
among other opposition factions. -- Michael Shafir, OMRI, Inc.
ROMANIAN FOREIGN MINISTER IN TURKEY.
Teodor Melescanu on 6 September
ended a three-day visit to Turkey, Radio Bucharest announced. He conducted
talks with his Turkish counterpart, Erdal Inonu, on bilateral relations and the
Bosnian crisis. The two leaders signed agreements on cooperation and the
restoration of historical monuments. Melescanu was also received by President
Suleyman Demirel and other Turkish officials. -- Michael Shafir, OMRI, Inc.
CHOLERA IN ROMANIA, MOLDOVA.
Reuters, citing Health Ministry sources,
reported on 5 September that the number of cholera cases in the Romanian Danube
Delta has risen to 57 and that the disease is spreading upstream. In
neighboring Moldova, a fifth person has died from cholera and the number of
those infected has jumped to 220, Infotag reported the next day. The latest
death occurred in the breakaway Dniester region, whose authorities are blamed
by Chisinau for having failed to react promptly to the spread of the disease
from neighboring Ukraine. -- Michael Shafir, OMRI, Inc.
NEW JEWISH SCHOOLS IN MOLDOVA.
A Jewish school was opened on 3 September
in Chisinau and a Jewish college--the first of its kind in the countries of the
former Soviet Union--will begin operating in the second half of September,
BASA-press reported on 4 September. The school is the second Jewish educational
institution in Chisinau, where there are also two Jewish kindergartens and a
Jewish library. The college, named the Jewish People's University, was set up
with the support of the U.S. Jewish organization Joint, which has opened a
branch in Moldova. An international symposium on Jewish history and culture,
attended by delegates from the U.S., Israel, Russia, and Ukraine will take
place on 9-12 September at the Department for National Minorities. -- Michael
Shafir, OMRI, Inc.
BULGARIA, EU SET UP JOINT PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE.
Bulgaria and the
European Union on 6 September set up a joint parliamentary commission designed
to forge closer ties on economic and political issues, Reuters reported the
same day. The committee held its first session in Sofia that day, marking the
official beginning of Bulgaria's EU associate membership, which came into
effect on 1 February 1995. Bulgarian Foreign Minister Georgi Pirinski said his
country will draw up a national strategy for its integration into the EU, while
parliament chairman Blagovest Sendov said EU associate membership is a
"fundamental and irreversible priority of the country in line with its national
interests." -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.
WILL GREECE COMPROMISE ON NAME OF MACEDONIA?
Greek Foreign Minister
Karolos Papoulias on 6 September hinted for the first time that Greece may
compromise on the name of its northern neighbor Macedonia, AFP reported the
same day. Asked if he were ready to discuss names including the word
"Macedonia," Papoulias said "We have . . . some difficult negotiations in front
of us and I cannot prejudge the results." He said the Greek side continues to
be against the use of the name Macedonia but talks were continuing. Meanwhile,
the business community in the northern Greek town of Thessaloniki welcomed the
latest developments "with relief and satisfaction." Iordanis Adamidis of the
Union of Greek Industrialists put the annual losses caused by Greece's economic
blockade of Macedonia at $90 million. -- Stefan Krause, OMRI, Inc.
CONTROVERSY AT ALBANIAN SUPREME COURT.
Chief Judge Zef Brozi has
challenged Justice Minister Hektor Frasheri, who fired three Supreme Court
judges, arguing they were former agents of the communist-era secret police. The
three judges deny the charges; but on 5 September, police surrounded the court,
forcibly removed one judge, and prevented two others from entering. Brozi said
he sought to intervene and was himself pushed away by the police. He argued
that the justice minister cannot fire employees of the Supreme Court,
international agencies and Koha Jone reported on 6 and 7 September. --
Fabian Schmidt, OMRI, Inc.
[As of 1200 CET]
Compiled by Pete Baumgartner and Jan Cleave