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Newsline - November 9, 2005


POLL SAYS MAJORITY FAVOR LENIN BURIAL
A majority of Russians favor burying the embalmed body of Soviet leader Vladimir Lenin and less than 10 percent would protest such a move, RIA-Novosti reported on 8 November citing a poll by the government-supported All Russian Center for Public Opinion Research (VTsIOM). According to the poll, 52 percent favor burying Lenin and 37 percent are opposed. But just 9 percent said they would take to the streets to oppose such a move. The survey of 1,600 respondents in 153 towns and cities across Russia was conducted on 22-23 October and had a margin of error of 3.4 percent. The emotional issue of removing Lenin's body from its Red Square mausoleum has been raised recently by politicians close to President Vladimir Putin, suggesting that the Kremlin is considering such a move (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 29 September, 3, 6, 11 and 18 October 2005). BW

ITALY ISSUES ARREST WARRANTS IN DECADE-OLD RUSSIAN CORRUPTION CASE
Prosecutors in Trento, Italy have issued arrest warrants for eight Russian citizens suspected of kickbacks and money laundering, RIA-Novosti reported on 8 November. The case involves financial machinations surrounding the restoration of historic buildings in the Moscow Kremlin during the 1990s, Prosecutor Stefano Dragone said. Arrest warrants have been issued for ex-KGB General Yevgenii Ananev, the former head of the Russian arms export company Rosvooruzhenie, and Yekaterina Siletskaya, the daughter of former Kremlin property manager Pavel Borodin. Warrants have also been issued for Viktor and Radida Bondarenko, Viktor Machitskii, Andrei and Margarita Nerodenkov, and Milena Novotorzhina. "We launched a probe into the case about two years ago after the Russian national Beltsova received a large amount of money transferred into her account at Raiffeisen Bank in Vigo di Fasa," Dragone said. According to the prosecutor, the group laundered $62 million in kickbacks from a Swiss firm that was awarded contracts to refurbish the Kremlin in 1996. BW

UPDATE: On May 29, 2008, an Italian judge ruled that there were no grounds for proceeding against Ananev, Beltsova, Bondarenko, Machitskii, Nerodenkov, Novotorzhina, and Siletskaya. ​

RUSSIAN FOREIGN MINISTER SAYS EU TALKS WITH IRAN SHOULD RECOGNIZE RIGHT TO PEACEFUL NUKES...
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on 8 November that further negotiations between Iran and the European Union (EU) should recognize Tehran's right to develop peaceful nuclear technology, Interfax reported the same day. "Iran has been speaking about it for a long time," Lavrov told journalists in Podgorica, Montenegro. The United States and the EU have warned Iran it will be referred to the Security Council unless it complies with a September resolution of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) urging it to suspend all nuclear fuel work. Talks between Iran and the EU -- represented by Germany, France, and the United Kingdom -- seeking to freeze Tehran's nuclear activities in exchange for economic and political concessions broke down in the summer. Iran said last week it wants to resume negotiations. BW

...AND CALLS FOR DIRECT TALKS BETWEEN SERBIA AND KOSOVA
Lavrov also said on 7 November that the final status of Kosova should be determined by direct talks between Belgrade and the province's leaders, not through international bodies, RIA-Novosti reported the same day. "A final decision as to Kosova's status mustn't be imposed from the outside, but can only result from direct agreements between Belgrade and Prishtina. It is necessary, however, that Belgrade specify its approaches to solving the issue," Lavrov said at a press conference in Belgrade after talks with his Serbia and Montenegro counterpart, Vuk Draskovic. United Nations-sponsored talks on Kosova's final status are scheduled to begin later this month. Lavrov also said the UN needs to be more pro-active in securing security and freedom of movement in the province. BW

RUSSIAN NUCLEAR CHIEF SAYS BUSHEHR PLANT WON'T LEAD TO IRANIAN WEAPONS
Aleksandr Rumyantsev, the head of Rosenergoatom Federal Agency for Atomic Energy, said Moscow's assistance to Iran in building a nuclear power plant is in strict compliance with international law and will not result in a weapons program, ITAR-TASS reported on 9 November. Rumyantsev said the project to build a nuclear power plant in the southern Iranian province of Bushehr could be a model for Moscow's future assistance to other countries. Rumyantsev noted that according to the agreement, Iran has 0agreed to return all spent nuclear fuel to Russia. BW

FSB OFFICIAL SAYS BANKS, FIRMS, AND ISLAMIC ORGANIZATIONS FUNDING TERROR IN RUSSIA
An official with the Federal Security Service (FSB) said on 8 November that approximately 60 Islamic organizations, 100 firms, and 10 banking groups are financing terrorism in Russia, RIA-Novosti reported the same day. "The FSB has information on approximately 200 foreign nationals involved in terrorist activities in Russia," FSB spokesman Nikolai Zakharov said at a conference on terrorism in Vienna. Zakharov added that the statistics were from the early 1990s and some of those on the list have since been killed or jailed. "Recent events graphically show that no nation, however strong it may be financially or socially, is immune to manifestations of terrorism on its territory," he said. BW

AGRARIAN COMMITTEE CHAIR IN UPPER HOUSE CALLS FOR MORE BIRD FLU FUNDS...
The chairman of the Federation Council's Agrarian Policy Committee called on the Russian government on 8 November to provide additional funds to combat bird flu, RIA-Novosti reported the same day. "The government could draft a proposal to repay damages to people and enterprises for the elimination of poultry and livestock and to allocate money from the reserve fund," the Agrarian Policy Committee's Chairman Gennadii Gorbunov said. He noted that specific regions -- the Altai Krai and the Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tyumen, Kurgan, and Tula oblasts -- were specifically in need. Gorbunov added that Russia needs a federal target program to monitor dangerous diseases of animals and birds for 2006-2010. BW

...AND RUSSIA'S TOP EPIDEMOLOGIST SAYS FLU INOCULATIONS ARE A 'CIVIC DUTY'
Russia's chief epidemiologist Gennadii Onishchenko said it is citizens' "civic duty" to get flu inoculations and decried as "immoral" the rise in the cost of vaccines, ITAR-TASS reported on 8 November. "I have heard terrible news that the price of flu inoculation reached 1,200 rubles (about $40). This is immoral as the vaccine costs 60-80 rubles," Onishchenko said. Speaking at a bird flu conference in Geneva, Onishchenko said inoculation is especially important in light of the possible dangers of a bird flu mutation and a potential pandemic. "The most optimistic forecast for the development of a vaccine against a new flu type is six months after the appearance of the strain," he said. BW

RUSSIA DOWNPLAYS IRREGULARITIES IN AZERBAIJANI ELECTIONS
The Russian Foreign Ministry said on 8 November that violations in Azerbaijan's parliamentary elections were minor and should not call into question the vote's legitimacy, RIA-Novosti reported the same day. "The elections on the whole were held in accordance with the acting Azerbaijani legislation. There were violations. There are always violations in elections. They were registered by Russian observers as well. However, the scale of the violations does not call for questioning the legitimacy of the election results," the ministry said in a statement quoted by Russian news agencies. On 7 November, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said the 6 November elections failed to meet some international standards. The United States and European Union have also called the elections flawed (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 7 and 8 November 2005). BW

RUSSIA PLANS AMNESTY IN 2006 FOR EX-SOVIET MIGRANT WORKERS
Russia's Federal Migration Service is planning to grant an amnesty next year for some citizens of ex-Soviet states working illegally in Russia, Russian news agencies reported on 9 November. "The experiment will be conducted in eight regions of Russia and it is expected that about 1 million citizens of CIS countries will be amnestied," Vyacheslav Postavnin, head of the Federal Migration Service's Foreign Labor Migration Directorate said, according to RIA-Novosti. "The beneficiaries of the amnesty will be those citizens of the member states of the CIS who are living and working in Russia illegally, thereby committing administrative offences, but who have no criminal record," he added. Postavnin said that no timetable has been set for the amnesty, and that the legislative details are being worked out. BW

UNIFIED RUSSIA ASSAILS NATIONALIST RALLY
The pro-Kremlin Unified Russia party on 8 November sharply condemned a rally held by several nationalist organizations during last week's People's Unity Day holiday, ITAR-TASS reported on the same day. "We would like to draw the attention of the authorities of Moscow and other federation constituents to the fact that the action organizers flagrantly breached the Russian Law on Assemblies, Rallies, Marches, and Pickets by using hitherto undeclared slogans," a statement by Unified Russia said. "The law stipulates that this is a reason for the future denial of authorization of actions for the same organizers." The 4 November march by nationalists has also drawn criticism from State Duma Speaker and Unified Russia member Boris Gryzlov (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 8 November 2005). BW

SPOKESMAN DENIES PLANS FOR CHECHEN SECURITY FENCE
Fedor Shcherbak, spokesman for presidential envoy to the Southern Federal District Dmitrii Kozak, has denied that Kozak has discussed with Israeli leaders erecting a barrier along Chechnya's border comparable to Israel's security fence on the West Bank, kavkazweb.net reported on 9 November, citing kommersant.ru. Shcherbak said that Israel's experience in combating terrorism cannot under any circumstances be transposed to Russia. "The Jerusalem Post" reported on 8 November that Kozak met the previous day with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and Internal Security Minister Gideon Ezra to discuss the proposed security fence and other antiterrorism measures, and that he is also scheduled to meet with Mossad head Meir Dagan. In 1997, both Stavropol Krai and Daghestan considered digging trenches along their respective borders with Chechnya (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 7 November 1997). North Ossetia has increased the number of border posts and patrols along its border with the Kabardino-Balkaria Republic to prevent the infiltration of militants, regnum.ru reported on 8 November. LF

CHECHEN FOREIGN MINISTRY PROTESTS EU STANCE ON ELECTIONS
Pro-Moscow Chechen Central Election Commission head Ismail Baikhanov told journalists in Grozny on 8 November that the European Union will send observers to Chechnya to monitor the 27 November parliamentary election there, regnum.ru reported. The Foreign Ministry of the Chechen Republic Ichkeria (ChRI) responded to that announcement by posting a statement the same day on the website chechenpress.org reminding the EU that the ChRI leadership has not scheduled elections or invited observers to monitor them. The Chechen statement further condemned what it termed statements by individual unnamed leaders of EU member states who seek to justify Russia's policy of "state terrorism" against the Chechen people. LF

ARMENIA'S KARABAKH WAR VETERANS FORM NEW ORGANIZATION
Several former dozen commanders of informal Armenian detachments that fought in the Karabakh war in the early 1990s announced on 8 November their intention to found a new union that will seek to alleviate the poverty in which many war veterans live, Noyan Tapan and RFE/RL's Armenian Service reported. One of those former commanders, Manvel Yeghiazarian, told journalists on 8 November that the new union "will rally around the idea of patriotism and brotherhood." He denied any differences of opinion with the powerful Yerkrapah union of war veterans that was instrumental in the forced resignation in February 1998 of then-President Levon Ter-Petrossian. Yeghiazarian likewise denied any connection between the planned new organization and the referendum on proposed constitutional amendments scheduled for 27 November. LF

AZERBAIJANI AUTHORITIES SEEK TO AVERT PROTEST MARCH
Police detained an unspecified numbers of members and supporters of the Azerbaijan Popular Front Party (AHCP) on the morning of 9 November, apparently in an attempt to prevent them attending a planned protest in Baku at 3 p.m. local time that day to demand the annulment of the 6 November parliamentary elections, Turan reported. Police also set up road blocks at approach roads and on four major regional highways leading to the capital. Leading members of the opposition Azadlyq election bloc, of which the AHCP is a member, predicted on 8 November that 50,000 people would attend the 9 November protest against the perceived falsification of the election, echo-az.com reported on 9 November. Azadlyq plans a further protest on 12 November. LF

ELECTION OUTCOME ANNULLED IN TWO AZERBAIJANI CONSTITUENCIES
The results of the 6 November parliamentary election have been annulled in two constituencies (Nos. 9 and 42), as have the results from six of a total of 28 polling stations in a third constituency (No. 31), Azerbaijan Central Election Commission (MSK) Chairman Mazahir Panahov told journalists on 8 November. The Prosecutor-General's Office has opened a criminal investigation into violations in the former two constituencies. Opposition Democratic Party of Azerbaijan First Deputy Chairman Sardar Djalaloglu thus stands a chance of winning in constituency 9, AHCP candidate Flora Kerimova in constituency 42, and AHCP Chairman Ali Kerimli in constituency 31. Reported "serious shortcomings" in three further constituencies where prominent oppositionists were candidates are still being investigated, Panahov said. LF

AZERBAIJANI RULING PARTY DOMINATES NEW NAKHICHEVAN PARLIAMENT
Magerram Aliyev, chairman of the Central Election Commission (MSK) of Azerbaijan's Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic, said on 9 November that the 6 November elections to the exclave's new parliament were held "at a high level" and no complaints have been received, Turan reported. He said that the ruling Yeni Azerbaycan Party won 37 of the 45 seats, nonpartisan candidates six, and the AHCP two. The AHCP office in Nakhichevan announced even before the ballot that it would not recognize the outcome as fair and valid, zerkalo.az reported on 4 November. The AHCP alleged that the republic's MSK is formed exclusively from YAP members, and that opposition parties were not allowed to stage pre-election rallies. LF

ABKHAZ OFFICIALS WARN AGAINST REVIVAL OF GEORGIAN GUERRILLA FORMATION
Otar Khetsia, who is the unrecognized Republic of Abkhazia's interior minister, warned on 9 November that Abkhaz police will take "appropriate measures" if Georgia's White Legion guerrillas resume their activities in the Abkhaz conflict zone, apsny.ru reported. White Legion commander Zurab Samushia has said he will mobilize his men to protect Georgians living in Abkhazia's southernmost Gali Raion as the CIS peacekeepers deployed there are incapable of doing so (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 8 November 2005). Over a 12-year period, the White Legion and its companion force, the Forest Brothers, killed over 100 Russian peacekeepers and some 1,000 Abkhaz civilians, including more than 300 policemen. Meanwhile, Abkhaz Foreign Minister Sergei Shamba accused the Georgian parliament, which on 8 November observed one minute's silence to honor a Georgian reportedly beaten to death for his refusal to serve in the Abkhaz army, of making a "martyr" of a common criminal, apsny.ru reported (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 7 and 8 November 2005). LF

ABKHAZ PRESIDENT ACCEDES TO DEMAND FOR CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM
In response to a demand by the Aytayra political movement (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 27 October 2005), Abkhaz President Sergei Bagapsh has decreed the creation of a commission, which he will chair, to draft amendments to the unrecognized republic's constitution and the government apparatus, apsny.ru reported on 8 November. LF

GEORGIAN PARLIAMENT TAKES FIRST STEP TOWARD EXPANDING ARMED FORCES
Parliament approved on 9 November in the first reading a draft bill that would increase the combined personnel of the Georgian armed forces, Caucasus Press reported. The draft sets the maximum number of personnel at 31,868 persons, of whom 26,000 are subordinate to the Defense Ministry, and 5,868 to the Georgian State Border Defense Department. According to the present law, the combined total strength of the Defense Ministry and State Border Department must not exceed 29,703. The Defense Ministry's troops currently number 21,468 men, according to Caucasus Press on 8 November. The Georgian armed forces were downsized in the early 1990s with the aim of creating a highly trained, highly mobile army of between 13,000-15,000 active duty personnel in line with NATO standards. However, those reductions have since been reversed (see "RFE/RL Caucasus Report," 22 July 2005), fuelling suspicions that Tbilisi plans military action to restore its hegemony over the breakaway republics of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. LF

JORDANIAN KING MEETS WITH KAZAKH LEADER
King Abdullah II met with Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev in Almaty on 8 November to discuss bilateral relations, Kazinform reported. Nazarbaev stated that the two countries' views on international and regional politics coincide, but noted that bilateral trade needs to be improved. Bilateral trade in 2003 totaled $43 million, with Kazakh exports accounting for $42.7 million of the total, Interfax-Kazakhstan reported. King Abdullah said, "In the political sphere, we have always had good, close ties. But for our two countries to grow closer for real, we need to develop cultural and economic ties." The meeting witnessed the signing of a cultural cooperation agreement and an agreement naming Astana and the Jordanian capital Amman as sister cities. DK

KAZAKH ANTIDRUG OPERATION NETS OVER 16 TONS
Kazakhstan's Poppy-2005 antidrug operation, which ran from 20 May to 20 October, resulted in the confiscation of 16.5 tons of various narcotics, Interfax-Kazakhstan and "Kazakhstan Today" reported on 8 November citing information from the Interior Ministry. The reports did not provide an exact breakdown of the confiscated drugs, but noted that total seizures for January-October came to 19 tons, including 130 kilograms of heroin. Poppy-2005 uncovered 4,607 drug-related crimes, as compared with 2,134 crimes recorded during last year's operation in the same time period, and resulted in the arrest of 3,803 people. DK

KYRGYZ PARLIAMENT CONFIRMS PROSECUTOR-GENERAL, NIXES DEPUTY PREMIER
Kyrgyzstan's parliament voted on 8 November to confirm Kambaraly Kongantiev as prosecutor-general but rejected the candidacy of Daniyar Usenov for the post of deputy prime minister, RFE/RL's Kyrgyz Service reported. Fifty-nine of 75 deputies took part in the voting, with 57 casting votes in favor of Kongantiev and two opposed. Usenov garnered the support of only 17 deputies. The report noted that while Usenov continues to occupy the post of acting deputy prime minister, it is not known whether President Kurmanbek Bakiev will resubmit his candidacy for the deputy premiership. DK

KYRGYZ COURT CLEARS FORMER ELECTION COMMISSION HEAD
A court in Bishkek on 8 November acquitted Sulaiman Imanbaev, former head of Kyrgyzstan's Central Election Commission, on charges that he abused and exceeded his authority during his tenure from 1996 until earlier this year, akipress.org reported. The court found insufficient evidence of a crime. Galina Skripkina, a lawyer representing Imanbaev, added that the Pervomaiskii District prosecutor did not support the accusation. The charges stated that Imanbaev used his position to help Bermet Akaeva, the daughter of former President Askar Akaev, gain a seat in parliament during the spring 2005 elections. DK

KYRGYZSTAN, U.S. AGREE TO RETHINK BASE AGREEMENT, PAYMENTS
Rear Admiral Robert T. Moeller, director of plans and policy at U.S. Central Command, met with Kyrgyz Foreign Minister Alibek Jekshenkulov in Bishkek on 8 November to discuss revisions to the agreement on the U.S. air base in Kyrgyzstan, RFE/RL's Kyrgyz Service reported. Jekshenkulov noted that Kyrgyzstan wants the United States to pay a higher rent for the base. The first round of talks on the issue produced an agreement to review the technical and financial aspects of the current arrangement. Jekshenkulov told journalists: "As you know, in 2001 we made a very quick decision on opening this base [at Manas Airport near Bishkek], and we had no time to look carefully at the conditions of that agreement. That's why the conditions for using this base were very privileged. And now Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiev has obliged us to reconsider that agreement and we just started working on it." DK

CANADIAN OIL FIRM RENEWS INTEREST IN TURKMEN SECTOR OF CASPIAN SEA
Roger Haynes, the head of Canada's Buried Hill Energy, met with Turkmen President Saparmurat Niyazov in Ashgabat on 7 November, Turkmen state television reported. The two agreed to sign a production sharing agreement (PSA) for the development of energy resources in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea. Reports did not specify the resources involved or the timeframe for signing the PSA. Previous negotiations between Turkmenistan and Buried Hill Energy on the possible development of the disputed Serdar/Kyapaz field (see End Note, "RFE/RL Newsline," 2 February 2005) -- which is claimed by both Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan -- strained ties between the two littoral states (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 3 February 2005). Former Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien accompanied Haynes to Ashgabat on 7 November. DK

EUROPEAN UNION ISSUES STATEMENT ON UZBEK RIGHTS SITUATION
In a statement made public on 8 November by the United Kingdom, which currently holds the European Union presidency (www.eu2005.gov.uk), the EU expressed alarm over the human rights situation in Uzbekistan in the wake of violence in the eastern city of Andijon on 12-13 May. The EU asked the Uzbek authorities to allow an "independent assessment" of the condition of jailed opposition leader Sanjar Umarov, and voiced concern "at the circumstances of the arrest and detention of [rights activists] Mukhtabar Tojibaeva and Saidjahon Zainabitdinov." Urging adherence to international standards, the EU called on the Uzbek authorities to "protect freedom of expression by bringing to an end the harassment and detention of those including human rights defenders, journalists and others who exercise these fundamental rights." DK

TWO BELARUSIAN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPERS EXCLUDED FROM STATE SUBSCRIPTION CATALOGUE
Belarus's state postal service, Belposhta, has not included the private newspapers "Narodnaya volya" and "Salidarnasts" in its list of periodicals that can be subscribed to in 2006, Belapan reported on 8 November. "Narodnaya volya" Editor in Chief Svyatlana Kalinkina said the move is the continuation of an official harassment campaign against her daily. "They have put forward absolutely absurd grounds [to justify the subscription stoppage]," Kalinkina said. " For instance, they charged that we failed to notify Belposhta that we had changed the printer. It is unclear how this concerned the distributor, as the schedule of publication did not change and the volume remained the same." In September, a court ordered "Narodnaya volya" to pay nearly $50,000 in libel damages, while a state printing plant and distributor refused to print the daily and distribute it through a state monopoly network of kiosks and newsstands (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 29 September and 6 October 2005). "An era of the Internet and samizdat has begun for the non-state media," "Salidarnasts" Editor in Chief Alyaksandr Starykevich said. JM

BELARUSIAN LAWMAKER DENIED U.S. VISA
Mikalay Charhinets, chairman of the Committee for International Affairs and National Security in the Council of the Republic, Belarus's upper house, has been denied a visa to travel to the United States to attend the current session of the UN General Assembly, Belapan and RFE/RL's Belarus Service reported on 8 November. Charhinets told journalists that the U.S. State Department explained through the U.S. Embassy in Minsk that he behaved improperly while staying in the United States in 2004. Charhinets said the U.S. State Department objected to his being an observer of the U.S. presidential election simultaneously with representing Belarus at the then UN General Assembly. He asserted that he had been invited to observe the election by the U.S. State Department as an official representative of the OSCE. According to Charhinets, the U.S. authorities denied him a visa because of his criticism of the U.S. electoral system. JM

BELARUSIAN TOURIST FIRMS PROPOSE EXCURSION TO LUKASHENKA-LINKED SITES
Several tourist firms in Orsha, Vitsebsk Oblast, are offering a tour of places connected with the life of Belarusian President Alyaksandr Lukashenka, RFE/RL's Belarus Service reported on 8 November. In particular, the proposed tour route includes the town of Kopys where Lukashenka was born and the village of Aleksandryya where he spent his childhood. However, the offer does not include a prison in Orsha where Lukashenka had a short stint as a deputy warden. The cost of the tour depends on the size of a touring group but does not exceed $20 per head. JM

EUROPEAN COURT FINES UKRAINE OVER MURDERED JOURNALIST
The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg on 8 November ruled in favor of Myroslava Gongadze, the widow of Ukrainian journalist Heorhiy Gongadze who was slain in 2000, RFE/RL's Ukrainian Service reported. Myroslava Gongadze filed a suit in 2002, accusing the Ukrainian authorities of failing to protect her husband and subsequently to investigate the case in a coherent and effective manner (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 1 April and 2 June 2005). The court ruled that the Ukrainian authorities failed to protect Heorhiy Gongadze's life, failed to investigate his death, treated Myroslava Gongadze in an inhuman and degrading manner, and in the absence of an effective criminal investigation, prevented her from receiving compensation. The court awarded Myroslava Gongadze, who fled to the United States after her husband's death, 100,000 euros ($118,000) in damages. Ukraine has three months to appeal the decision. "This is...a precedent for other people like myself, who have suffered from the Ukrainian authorities, to file such complaints. And this shows that we can win and this will teach the Ukrainian authorities to really respect their citizens," Myroslava Gongadze told RFE/RL. JM

UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT SACKS TWO GOVERNORS
President Viktor Yushchenko on 8 November dismissed Zaporizhzhya Oblast Governor Yuriy Artemenko and Luhansk Oblast Governor Oleksiy Danilov, Interfax-Ukraine reported. "Mr. Artemenko and Mr. Danilov will be offered other positions in the government," presidential spokeswoman Iryna Herashchenko commented on the dismissals. "The dismissals in Luhansk and Zaporizhzhya Oblasts should be viewed in the context of the [upcoming] parliamentary elections," opposition Party of Regions leader Viktor Yanukovych said. "The governing party needs its own people in the regions, and if somebody fails to understand that, he has to leave." JM

EU HELPS UKRAINE FIGHT ILLEGAL MIGRATION
The European Union has allocated $3.8 million euros ($4.5 million) to help Kyiv fight illegal migration and create an efficient system of managing migratory movement through the country, Ukrainian media reported on 8 November, quoting Deputy Interior Minister Hennadiy Moskal. In particular, the money will be spent on the establishment of two detention centers for illegal migrants, one in Volyn Oblast and the other in Chernihiv Oblast. Moskal explained that Ukraine has no such centers at present, and detained migrants are kept jointly with vagrants and homeless persons, which is against international law. JM

KOSOVARS PREPARE FOR STATUS TALKS...
Kosovar President Ibrahim Rugova said in a statement on 8 November that the negotiating team that will represent the ethnic Albanian majority in the upcoming status talks will accept nothing less than independence, and called on the Serb minority to support them, dpa reported (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 14 September and 2 November 2005, and "RFE/RL Balkan Report," 20 May 2005). The statement noted that the committee "was authorized to start work immediately...[on] a political platform for an independent and sovereign Kosova." Rugova stressed that the "platform for the talks is independence and, as such, is not negotiable." The work of the negotiating team, which includes leaders from the four main political parties, has been held up by public feuding between some of the individuals involved. The talks are expected to begin soon under the mediation of former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, who is a veteran negotiator in Kosova and several other international trouble spots. PM

...AND REJECT HALF MEASURES...
Kosovar Prime Minister Bajram Kosumi told RFE/RL's South Slavic and Albanian Languages Service in Prishtina on 8 November that Kosova must become fully independent as is the case with other countries in the region. He added that the upcoming talks will center on three crucial issues: the right of Kosova's citizens to have their own state, the functioning of the new state and its institutions, and the establishment of peace in the region. Several proposals, notably from within the EU, have called for "conditional independence" for Kosova, which would not enjoy full sovereignty until it joined the Brussels-based bloc and had adopted its rules and restrictions (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 24 October 2005). PM

...AS U.S. DIPLOMATS MAKE SOME POINTS
U.S. Undersecretary of State Nicholas Burns told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on 8 November that "the Kosovo Albanians...have to prove to...the international community...that they can govern democratically, that they can govern effectively, and that they can design a future Kosovo that will protect the rights of the minority population," RFE/RL reported (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 20 October 2005, and "RFE/RL Balkan Report," 7 October 2005). He said that NATO is prepared to use force to prevent any attempt to influence the status question through violence and warned Belgrade against urging the province's Serbian minority to boycott the talks. Former U.S. Balkan envoy Richard Holbrooke told the same hearing that the Kosovar Albanians must give the Serbs "iron-clad guarantees" regarding the protection of their rights and cultural sites. Holbrooke stressed that it is important for the United States to remain active in Kosova, saying that "we must finish the job. And if we don't, the subsequent costs will be even higher. War could resume, and what was done so far will have been wasted." PM

MONTENEGRIN LEADER OUTLINES REFERENDUM QUESTIONS
Montenegrin Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic said in Vienna on 8 November that the planned referendum on independence will consist of two questions: "Are you in favor of Montenegro becoming an independent and internationally recognized state?" and "Do you agree that Montenegro remains in a joint state with Serbia?" RFE/RL's South Slavic and Albanian Languages Service reported (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 8 November 2005). He stressed that these formulations will enable the voters to express their will clearly. PM

FACTION LEAVES MOLDOVAN OPPOSITION TO FORM NEW PARTY
Former Moldovan Prime Minister Dumitru Braghis and seven lawmakers have formally left the Our Moldova (AMN) opposition alliance to form their own party, ITAR-TASS reported on 8 November. "The new party will advance European values, principles of a rule-of-law state and market economy, protection of human rights and liberties, and will aim to enhance the well being of Moldovan citizens," Braghis said the same day. The new party's organizing committee includes some 70 people. Braghis shared the leadership of AMN with former Chisinau Mayor Serafim Urechean. But in late October, Braghis and 30 others withdrew from the party's Central Political Council, accusing Urechean of "dictatorial" practices in running the party (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 25 October 2005). BW

AZERBAIJANI ELECTION CANDIDATES BENEFITED FROM INCREASED TV ACCESS
Among the improvements registered in the 2005 Azerbaijani parliamentary campaign in comparison to previous elections over the past decade, the International Election Observation Mission noted in its preliminary assessment the allocation to opposition candidates of more free airtime on state-controlled media. But that improved access to free airtime was not complemented either by increased objectivity on the part of the state-controlled media in their coverage of the opposition, or by a reduction in the enormous quantitative discrepancy between the coverage afforded to the ruling Yeni Azerbaycan (New Azerbaijan) Party as compared to the opposition.

The revised election law stipulated that only parties or blocs that nominated more than 60 candidates could qualify for free airtime. Those that did were each to receive a total of 4 1/2 hours of free exposure -- parceled out into 90 minute allotments on state television, state radio, and the new Public Television channel, which began broadcasting in late August. Only four parties or blocs met that criteria: Yeni Azerbaycan, the Azadlyq and Yeni Siyaset (YeS) opposition election blocs, and the opposition Liberal Party. In line with a 10 September ruling by the Central Election Commission (MSK), each of the four parties/blocs was allowed a daily "slot" six times weekly, Mondays through Saturdays.

That commitment was, by and large, honored, although MSK secretary Vidadi Makhmudov claimed in late September that state television and Public Television were offering selected candidates additional unpaid airtime. The sole major infraction registered was the suspension by state television of live election broadcasting, both paid and unpaid, by Azadlyq on 17 October -- the evening of former parliament speaker Rasul Quliyev's abortive attempt to return to Azerbaijan from exile to participate in the election as an Azadlyq candidate. That ban was lifted on 20 October after international organizations protested, according to zerkalo.az on 21 October.

In addition, all candidates were entitled to purchase airtime on state television, Public Television, or on private television channels. But the Central Election Commission (MSK) set limits on both the amount of free and paid airtime state television and Public Television could broadcast per week: 135 minutes per week free airtime and 270 minutes paid airtime, and not more than 45 minutes paid airtime on any given day. Each registered candidate was entitled to 1 million manats ($217.72) from the state budget to cover the costs of his/her media campaign, but just one minute of paid television advertising cost between $420-$850 on the private television station ANS, between $295-$590 on Azerbaijan TV, and between $420-$640 on the privately owned Space TV, according to zerkalo.az on 9 September, citing mediaforum.az. Public Television General Director Ismail Omarov announced on 5 September that his channel's rates were to be set lower than those on private channels, but he did not say what the tariff would be. The maximum a candidate could spend on campaign advertising was 412.5 million manats ($88,000), MSK spokesman Azer Saryev told echo-az.com of 26 August.

But paradoxically, in trying to treat all candidates equally, some television channels ended up inadvertently infringing on the legal limit on the maximum amount of election-related programming that could be aired each week, zerkalo.az reported on 27 October. The National Television and Radio Council had to caution state television that it was violating the election law by broadcasting between two and three hours of paid election-related programming per night. Such efforts to provide all eligible candidates with the maximum airtime to which they were entitled, and which they could afford, are laudable. But they may have had a possibly unintended negative effect: even the most politically engaged viewers are likely to lose interest after several weeks of election-related programming. That is not, however, to deny the importance of maximum coverage -- given that the electronic media, rather than newspapers, continue to be the primary source of information for most of Azerbaijan's population.

That public reliance on television for information renders all the more crucial the need for objectivity and balance. A Code of Conduct for media coverage of elections prepared by the Council of Europe and intended to promote those qualities was adopted in July, but monitoring of some 40-50 media outlets -- both electronic and print -- during the election campaign showed that, as in previous elections, several television channels continued to give disproportionately extensive and almost exclusively favorable coverage to candidates from the ruling Yeni Azerbaycan party, while their coverage of opposition parties tended to be cursory and largely negative. That monitoring identified Azerbaijan state television as the main offender, followed Lider and Space television, both of which are privately owned, reportedly by persons close to the ruling elite. Public Television proved to be less tendentious and more objective than either of those latter three channels, but was still far from entirely free of bias.

FORMER AFGHAN PRESIDENT TO CONTEST POST OF SPEAKER OF PARLIAMENT
Burhanuddin Rabbani, leader of the Jami'at-e Islami (Islamic Society) party and president of Afghanistan in the 1990s, said he will run for the post of speaker of the Afghan National Assembly, Hindukosh News Agency reported on 8 November. Mohammad Shafi, head of Rabbani's office, told Hindukosh that the former president has begun discussing his strategy with members of his party. Former Education Minister and head of the New Afghanistan Party, Mohammad Yunos Qanuni; the leader of the Islamic Unity Party of the People of Afghanistan, Mohammad Mohaqeq; and Kabul representative Shokria Barakzai have also announced that they want to be the speaker. Rabbani won a seat in the National Assembly from Badakhshan Province in northeastern Afghanistan with 26,422 votes, while Mohaqeq (52,586 votes), Qanuni (31,225 votes) and Barakzai (2,021 votes) have all won seats from Kabul Province. AT

PAKISTAN ASKS AFGHAN REFUGEES TO LEAVE NORTH WAZIRISTAN
The political administrator of the North Waziristan tribal agency issued a 24-hour deadline on 7 November for those Afghan refugees still in the area to leave, the Islamabad daily "The News" reported on 8 November. Afghan refugees in North Waziristan, bordering Afghanistan, were asked in August to leave the area for other areas of Pakistan or return to their country. Sayyed Zahir al-Islam, a political agent for North Waziristan, told "The News" that Afghan refugees still "hiding" in the area were helping the Al-Qaeda-linked foreign militants in their attacks on Pakistani military installations. AT

KABUL'S FIRST FIVE-STAR HOTEL OPENS
The Kabul Serena Hotel has opened, AP reported on 8 November. The hotel project near the presidential palace is backed by Agha Khan, the spiritual leader of the Ismaili branch of Islam. At the hotel's opening, which was attend by Afghan President Hamid Karzai and other dignitaries, Agha Khan called Serena's opening an "important milestone in Afghanistan's reconstruction and its reengagement with the world community." The hotel, with rooms ranging from $250 to $1,200 per night, is obviously mainly for foreigners, as an Afghan government employee earns around $50 per month. AT

EU IDENTIFIES 'RED LINE' FOR TALKS WITH IRAN
Christina Gallach, spokeswoman for EU High Representative for Common Foreign and Security Policy Javier Solana, described the outcome of a 7 November EU foreign ministers meeting in Brussels in an 8 November interview with Radio Farda. "The discussion had a very clear message: We warned Iran to play its full role in the international community of nations," Gallach said. "But the Iran we want to play a role in the international community of nations is one that respects the state of Israel, is one that negotiates on the question pertaining to [the uranium conversion facility at] Isfahan, and gives up all projects to have nuclear weapons, and we want an Iran which moves [toward] the path of democracy." Turning to Supreme National Security Council Secretary Ali Larijani's request that the EU resume nuclear talks, Gallach said the EU's "red line" is that Iran suspend uranium enrichment activities, in line with the November 2004 Paris agreement. Asked about that in Tehran on 8 November, Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Assefi accused the Europeans of ignorance about world affairs, state television reported. He explained, "I thought that the first subject that the declaration would refer to would be the crimes committed in the Palestinian and occupied lands." BS

WASHINGTON DESCRIBES RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATION IN IRAN
The U.S. State Department's Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor released its "International Religious Freedom Report 2005" on 8 November (http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/irf/2005/51599.htm). The report highlights the difficulties in Iran for these minorities: Sunni and Sufi Muslims, Baha'is, Zoroastrians, Jews, and Christians. It describes their problems as: "reported imprisonment, harassment, intimidation, and discrimination based on their religious beliefs...a threatening atmosphere for some religious minorities, especially Baha'is, Jews, and evangelical Christians." BS

IRANIAN BANK DIRECTORS REPLACED
The managing directors of Iran's state-owned Keshavarzi, Mellat, Melli, Saderat, Sepah, and Tejarat banks were replaced in early November, "Iran" reported on 5 November. "Iran" provided only the surnames of the prospective directors -- Ansari at Melli Bank, Eskandari at Tejarat Bank, Borhani at Saderat Bank, and Divandarei at Mellat Bank. Nurbakhsh replaced Jalal Rasulof as the head of Keshavarzi Bank. BS

TEHRAN OBJECTS TO OPPOSITION GATHERING IN BRUSSELS
Iranian Ambassador Ali Ahani said in Brussels on 8 November that the EU stance on terrorism is not serious because it allows rallies of the Mujahedin Khalq Organization (MEK), an Iranian opposition group based in Iraq, to take place on its territory, IRNA reported. MEK supporters staged a demonstration the previous day as EU foreign ministers met in the Belgian capital. MEK is listed as a foreign terrorist organization by the U.S. State Department, Canada, and the EU, but members still in Iraq were granted "protected status" under the Geneva Convention in July 2004. Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister Ahmad Chalabi, who ended a three-day visit to Tehran on 6 November, said that Iran has a "legitimate concern" regarding the MEK, the "Financial Times" reported on 7 November. "We should enforce the article in our constitution that Iraq should not be a transit point or base for destabilizing neighbors," Chalabi said. "We should deal with these issues humanely and fairly, but firmly." BS

IRANIAN INVOLVEMENT IN IRAQI AFFAIRS TAKES VARIOUS GUISES
The third conference and trade exhibition on reconstruction in Iraq began in Tehran on 8 November, Mehr News Agency reported. More than 280 companies are participating in the four-day event. Reconstruction is not Iran's sole interest in Iraq. Iraq's National Security Council learned on 30 October that Iran is backing a campaign to assassinate Iraqi pilots who flew in the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War, Baghdad's "Al-Zaman" newspaper reported on 31 October. Citing anonymous representatives in the Iraqi National Assembly, the daily noted allegations of an Iranian role in attacks on multinational forces in Iraq. BS

IRAQI GOVERNMENT SPOKESMAN ON OPERATION STEEL CURTAIN
Laith Kubba told Al-Jazeera television in an 8 November interview that Operation Steel Curtain has dealt very strong blows to terrorist Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi's network in Al-Qa'im. Kubba said the operation seeks to cut insurgent supply lines, and noted that the hardest part of the operation -- taking control of the city -- has been achieved. He said more than 160 foreign fighters were captured. Asked about al-Zarqawi's threat against the Iraqi government (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 8 November 2005), Kubba said: "I do not believe it can strike any governmental body, because the majority of its past operations targeted civilians.... Therefore, nobody pays attention to what this organization says because Iraqis see it as a group of criminals and mentally-ill people who come from outside to kill themselves in Iraq." KR

IRAQI COALITION ANNOUNCES PLATFORM
The National Forces Parliament announced its platform for the 15 December parliamentary elections on 8 November in Baghdad, Al-Sharqiyah television reported the same day. Da'ud Hashim Da'ud, media spokesman for the coalition, told reporters that the parliament calls for opening dialogue with the "Iraqi resistance," rejecting sectarian and ethnic quotas in government, and abolishing decisions issued by previous governments that have negatively influenced Iraqi society. The parliament vowed to address the security situation and strengthen security services. KR

IRAQ'S AL-HAKIM COMMENTS ON DEFECTIONS FROM UIA
Ammar al-Hakim, spokesman for the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq (SCIRI), told Al-Jazeera television in a 7 November interview that some groups left the Shi'ite-led United Iraqi Alliance (UIA) ahead of elections because they wanted more seats in the future parliament. Parties such as Deputy Prime Minister Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress demanded more representation on the list, a demand the UIA could not meet while trying to accommodate similar demands from other parties to the list, al-Hakim said. Through negotiation, parties on coalition lists are given a certain number of ranked slots on the electoral lists. Parliamentary seats are then distributed according to the candidate names on the ranked list up to the number of actual seats awarded to the list, which is based on the percentage of votes that list garnered in the elections. Al-Hakim denied that there was any kind of political problem between Chalabi and the UIA. Chalabi has said he left the UIA because of its Islamic stance. The UIA includes some 16 prominent parties and dozens more independent candidates, al-Hakim said, adding: "The entry of [Muqtada] al-Sadr's followers lends significant weight to the UIA." KR

CAR BOMB DETONATES NORTH OF BAGHDAD
Seven policemen were killed and six wounded when a suicide car bomber targeted police patrols in Ba'qubah on 9 November, international media reported. Three civilians were also wounded in the attack. Meanwhile, Japanese Self-Defense Force troops stationed in Samawah, northwest of Al-Basrah, were attacked twice on 8 November, Al-Sharqiyah reported the same day. No Japanese troops were hurt in the attacks, which left an Iraqi policeman and a taxi driver wounded. Iraqi police in Babil Governorate arrested 11 suspected insurgents following a two-hour gun battle there on 8 November, the news channel reported. Four gunmen and three policemen were wounded in the fighting. KR

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