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Pakistan's Beleaguered President Calls For Reconciliation


President Pervez Musharraf

President Pervez Musharraf

ISLAMABAD -- Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf, under mounting pressure to resign, has called for reconciliation to tackle economic problems and Islamist militancy.

But Musharraf's appeal apparently failed to check coalition government attempts to force him from power, with one senior official saying preparations to impeach the president if he refused to resign were on track.

Musharraf, speaking in a televised Independence Day address, did not refer to the plan to impeach him drawn up by a coalition government led by the party of assassinated former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto.

In his first public comments since the coalition announced its impeachment plan last week, the former army chief and firm U.S. ally also did not refer to the calls for him to step down.

"If we want to put our economy on the right track and fight terrorism then we need political stability. Unless we bring political stability, I think we can't fight them properly," Musharraf said.

Musharraf has been at the center of a political crisis since last year that has heightened concerns in the United States and among its allies about the stability of Pakistan, a nuclear-armed Muslim state that is also a hiding place for Al-Qaeda leaders.

Musharraf seized power in a 1999 coup but has been isolated since his allies lost in the February parliamentary elections. Speculation has been rife that he would quit rather than face impeachment, though his spokesman has denied that.

The uncertainty is unnerving investors, with the rupee setting a new low of around 75.05/15 to the dollar on August 13 and stocks hovering near two-year lows. Referring to the rupee, Musharraf said the flight of capital out of the country had to be stopped.

Financial markets were closed on August 14.

Era Of Repression Over

Musharraf, speaking just after midnight, when Pakistan marked the anniversary of its creation in 1947 upon the partition of British-ruled India, said differences should be buried.

"Political stability, in my view, can only be brought through a reconciliation approach as opposed to confrontation," he said.

Musharraf's popularity began to evaporate last year when he clashed with the judiciary and imposed a brief period of emergency rule to ensure another term.

Hours after Musharraf spoke, Prime Minister Yousuf Raza Gilani, a senior leader of Bhutto's party, said in his Independence Day address that his government believed in reconciliation between political parties.

Gilani did not mention Musharraf, or respond to his appeal, but in a veiled reference to him said: "The era of repression is over forever. Dictatorship has become a tale of the past."

Bhutto party spokesman Farhatullah Babar, who is also on a team preparing impeachment charges, said Musharraf had to go.

"For political reconciliation, General Musharraf has to quit. Reconciliation is not possible without it," Babar said.

"The impeachment process...is on the right track," he said

Gilani also spoke about the campaign against militancy, saying the problem had to be faced.

"The war against extremism and terrorism is a war for our own survival," he said.

Underscoring the threat, shortly before noisy Independence Day celebrations began, a suicide bomb attack on police killed seven people in the eastern city of Lahore.

Hundreds of people, including many members of the security forces, have been killed in a wave of attacks since last year.

As the pressure mounts on Musharraf, a crucial question is how the army will react.

Coalition leaders said on August 12 that the army, which has ruled for more than half the country's history, would not intervene to back its old boss.
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