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Google Loses Appeal In Russia Over Android Bundling

Google has failed to overturn a Russian ruling that said it broke competition laws by having its services bundled on Android-based devices.

The Moscow Arbitration Court announced on March 14 it "fully supported" an earlier decision Russia's antimonopoly agency, saying Google's actions “led to prohibition of pre-installation of apps of other producers."

In October, Russia’s Federal Antimonopoly Service ordered Google to reword its contracts with manufacturers that it said disadvantage third-party applications on devices running the Android operating system.

The regulator said Google may face a fine of up to 15 percent of the revenue from the services where the violation occurred.

The ruling followed a complaint from Russian search engine provider Yandex.

The California-based firm can lodge a further appeal against the latest ruling.

Based on reporting by the BBC and