Kazakhstan's naval chief, Rear Admiral Zhanarbek Zhanzakov, has concluded a visit to Iran, where he signed a Memorandum of Understanding on defense cooperation.
Iranian media reported on October 31 that Zhanzakov ended his visit by speaking at the Imam Khomeini Academy of Maritime Sciences in the northern city of Noshahr.
Zhanzakov met with his Iranian counterpart, Rear Admiral Habibollah Sayyari, on October 29 in Tehran to sign the memorandum, which included agreements on an exchange program for cadets and facilitating repairs and the servicing of vessels at each other's ports.
Kazakhstan and Iran are two of the five Caspian littoral states.
Despite pledges to make the Caspian a "sea of peace," all five countries, including Russia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan, are boosting their naval capabilities there.
Based on reporting by IRNA, Trend.az, Tasnim, and Fars