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U.S., Afghanistan Sign Security Pact

  • RFE/RL

President Ashraf Ghani says the agreement is “for the good of our people, the stability of the region, and the world."

President Ashraf Ghani says the agreement is “for the good of our people, the stability of the region, and the world."

Officials from Afghanistan and the United States have signed a long-delayed security treaty that will allow U.S. troops to stay in the country after the end of the year.

National security adviser Hanif Atmar and U.S. Ambassador James Cunningham signed the bilateral security agreement in a televised ceremony at the presidential palace on September 30, one day after President Ashraf Ghani was inaugurated.

Ghani's predecessor, Hamid Karzai, had long refused to agree to the deal, souring his ties with the United States.

U.S. President Barack Obama hailed the move as a "historic day" in the partnership between the two countries.

Obama said the agreement "represents an invitation from the Afghan government to strengthen the relationship we have built over the past 13 years."

The bilateral security agreement (BSA) will allow nearly 10,000 U.S. troops to remain in Afghanistan after the international combat mission ends on December 31.

But the size of the force will be reduced by half by the end of 2015 before a complete pullout scheduled by the end of 2016.

Ghani -- who was present at the signing ceremony -- said the agreement is “for the good of our people, the stability of the region, and the world."

He added that it will allow continued U.S. funding for the 350,000-strong Afghan security forces.

Cunningham said Afghan security forces have demonstrated “their resolve and capability."

"This agreement will enable the United States to help [them] to build on this progress after the ISAF mission comes to a close," he said.

He said the deal would also open the way for further support in health, education, and women's issues in Afghanistan.

In a statement e-mailed to the media on September 30, the Taliban described the pact as a plot by the United States to control Afghanistan.

Kabul is expected to sign a similar agreement this week with NATO that would spell out terms to allow 4,000 to 5,000 additional troops -- mostly from Britain, Germany, Italy, and Turkey -- to stay in Afghanistan in a noncombat role after 2014.

EXPLAINER: Key Points In U.S.-Afghan Bilateral Security Agreement

The United States had threatened to pull out all its forces if the BSA were not signed.

On September 29, U.S. House Armed Services Committee Chairman, Representative Howard McKeon, a Republican from California, said that he hoped Obama will view the signing of the BSA as a "road map for a robust continued engagement, and not a path to a premature withdrawal."

Analysts say relations between Washington and Kabul should improve under Ghani, a 65-year-old technocrat who worked at the World Bank.

In his inaugural speech, Ghani said his priority is to bring peace to the country.

"We ask opponents of the government, specially the Taliban and Hezb-e Islami" -- another militant group -- "to enter political talks," Ghani said after being sworn in.

"Any problems that they have, they should tell us, we will find a solution," he added.

Ghani's first act in office was to swear in his defeated rival, Abdullah Abdullah, who became the country's first chief executive.

Creating the post was part of a power-sharing deal worked out between Abdullah and Ghani, ending months of uncertainty in Afghanistan following a disputed runoff vote.

Ghani was officially declared the winner of the presidential election on September 21, some three months after the second round of the election was conducted.

With reporting by AFP and AP
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