Closing up with some key takeaways:
-- The Bishkek Declaration on Syria uses Moscow's language in supporting the plan for ridding Syria of chemical weapons. In a clear reference to the U.S., it opposes "illegal actions aimed at further militarization of the internal conflict in Syria."
-- This was Hassan Rohani's first foreign trip since becoming Iran's president in early August. In bilateral meetings with Putin and Xi, he pushed for help finding a diplomatic solution
to the Iranian nuclear crisis and received words of support from both leaders. He also emphasized Tehran's role in finding a solution to the crisis in Syria.
-- The sides agreed to an international conference on Afghanistan to be held in Bishkek on October 10. Security following the pullout of U.S. troops from Afghanistan is a major concern
of member states, but China and Russia, the two major SCO players, have competing interests in Afghanistan. There is no common security infrastructure between member states.
-- Chinese President Xi Jinping preceded the summit with a tour of Central Asia, signing a series of billion-dollar
agreements on natural resources and infrastructure.
-- India asked for permanent member status in the organization, but there is currently no mechanism for adding members.
-- SCO member states are China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Afghanistan, India, Iran, Pakistan, and Mongolia have observer status, while Belarus, Turkey, and Sri Lanka are dialogue partners.
-- Glenn Kates