RFE/RL welcomes the re-use, republication, and redistribution of text content published on this website. We also welcome the reposting of RFE/RL text content to websites, mailing lists, newsgroups, and databases on a regular basis. The sale of RFE/RL content, however, is strictly prohibited.
As noted below, before using any RFE/RL products containing Third-Party Content, you must first obtain permission not only from RFE/RL but from the owner of the rights to the Third-Party Content.
When re-using RFE/RL content, we require that you credit RFE/RL by including:
* a permanent link, placed before the text of the article, to the original article on www.rferl.org,
* the following information with each article:
Copyright (c) 2016. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave NW, Ste 400, Washington DC 20036.
If choosing excerpts from an article, we require that you note that the material is an excerpt and refrain from altering the meaning or integrity of the product. RFE/RL reserves the right to revoke permission for use of its content at any time.
To inquire about the re-use of RFE/RL text content, including the establishment of syndication relationships, please send an email to:
zvanersm [at] rferl [dot] org
Re-Use of Audio, Video & Photo Content
Internet-based live and archived broadcasts of RFE/RL and its 18 broadcast services are intended solely for the personal use of our audience. No broadcast, rebroadcast or other use of these programs is permitted without the express, written authorization of RFE/RL, Inc.
Permission to re-use RFE/RL audio, video, and/or photo content must be requested in advance.
When using RFE/RL material, the applicant must comply with RFE/RL's Brand Standards, which are set forth at branding.rferl.org.
RFE/RL photos must be credited using the text that appears in the lower right corner of the photograph as it is displayed on the respective RFE/RL website; RFE/RL video content must be visibly credited to "Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty" for a period of at least five (5) consecutive seconds.
To request permission to re-use RFE/RL photo, audio, graphic, or video content:
1) Complete and sign this form: LICENSE AGREEMENT - multimedia content
2) Send it to zvanersm [at] rferl [dot] org
3) Once it is confirmed that the requested material belongs to RFE/RL, the form will be countersigned and returned to you.
Some RFE/RL news products contain content created by individual photographers and/or outside parties ("Third-Party Content") such as Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse, ITAR-TASS, and so on. Before using any RFE/RL products containing Third-Party Content, you must first obtain permission not only from RFE/RL but from the owner of the rights to the Third-Party Content.
Links to External Sites
RFE/RL occasionally provides on its websites links to sites maintained by persons or entities not affiliated with RFE/RL. In deciding whether or not to allow a link to an external site on its own websites, RFE/RL gives preference to non-profit, non-partisan entities devoted to public service. RFE/RL has no control over these external sites and does not endorse their content, operators, products or services. Furthermore, RFE/RL is not responsible or liable for the content, operators, availability, accuracy, quality, advertising, products, services or other materials on or available from such sites. RFE/RL shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, products or services available on or through such sites.
When using RFE/RL material for scholarly work, please be sure to include a citation. For citation guidelines, see these websites:
APA Formatting and Style Guide (Purdue Online Writing Lab, 2013)
Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide (The Chicago Manual of Style Online, 2010)
Reference Desk (historymatters.gmu.edu)
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Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) believes Internet users have a right to personal privacy and to unmonitored access to and navigation of the Internet.
In the course of our providing the best Internet news service possible to our users, we collect two types of information about and from our visitors: e-mail addresses provided to us by visitors wishing to subscribe to RFE/RL publications via e-mail, and aggregate statistical data used to track site usage.
Subscribers to RFE/RL e-mail newsletters voluntarily supply their e-mail addresses to receive newsletters. RFE/RL will under no circumstances make e-mail addresses used for this purpose available to any third party, nor will subscriber lists be shared internally for any purpose other than distributing the newsletters. Newsletter subscribers may unsubscribe from any newsletter at any time by following the directions published in the newsletter and posted on the website. If they experience problems unsubscribing, they may contact a staffer via an e-mail address published in each newsletter or by contacting the Internet Department at email@example.com
Like most publishers of websites, RFE/RL aggregates data when users visit the RFE/RL website. The purpose of this data collection is simply to count how many people come to the site, which countries they come from, which pages they view, etc. This data collection process does not enable RFE/RL to discern who you are, only that a computer with a specific number is accessing the web server. The software we use to create reports from this data relies on a standard browser feature called a cookie to track which webpages visitors view on the site. These cookies are assigned at random with each newly created visitor session, and are deleted after the visitor leaves the site. Reports generated by this data collection are used internally to improve the site and provide better value to our users based on their news consumption patterns.
Please direct questions or comments to firstname.lastname@example.org
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