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Qishloq Ovozi

Tuesday 22 October 2019

How far has Uzbekistan gone on ending forced labor in its cotton fields, and how far do the authorities there still need to go?

It is cotton-harvesting time and in fields in Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan that means tens of thousands of people are out picking cotton -- whether they like it or not.

The difference between Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan is that the Uzbek government has been making very public efforts to stop the use of forced labor in Uzbekistan's cotton fields.

There have been changes to the Uzbek government's long-standing policies on picking cotton since Shavkat Mirziyoev took over as Uzbekistan's leader in late 2016. But how far has Uzbekistan gone on ending forced labor in its cotton fields, and how far do the authorities there still need to go?

RFE/RL's media-relations manager, Muhammad Tahir, moderated a discussion on what is happening in the cotton fields of Uzbekistan this harvest season.

Joining the talk from Tashkent was Jonas Astrup, chief technical adviser in Uzbekistan for the International Labor Organization.

From Germany, Umida Niyazova, director of the Uzbek-German Forum for Human Rights (which is also part of an international coalition called the Cotton Campaign), took part.

From RFE/RL headquarters in Prague, Laziz Omilov of RFE/RL's Uzbek Service, known locally as Ozodlik, who runs the special project Pakhtagram for Ozodlik, also participated.

I had a few things to say as well.

Majlis Podcast: A Reality Check On Uzbekistan's Cotton fields
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Listen to the podcast above or subscribe to the Majlis on iTunes.

Roza Otunbaeva (right), a former Kyrgyz president, at a memorial service in Bishkek in April 2012.

This latest episode of the Majlis podcast was taped at the Central Eurasian Studies Society conference at George Washington University. A panel of scholars was assembled to discuss the role of women in politics in Central Asian countries.

RFE/RL's Media-Relations Manager Muhammad Tahir moderated a discussion that looked at the challenges that women face to obtain and keep posts in government -- and their disproportionate representation in ministerial posts, parliaments, and provincial and local councils.

Participating on the panel were Jennifer Murtazashvili, a veteran traveler through Central Asia and Afghanistan and currently a political-science professor at the University of Pittsburg; Mohira Suyarkulova, a Bishkek-based researcher, feminist, and LGBTQ activist; Umida Hashimova from the Strategic Studies division of the Center for Naval Analysis; and Sarah Hummel, a visiting professor at Harvard University who specializes in governance. I mostly listened but did make a couple of comments.

Majlis Podcast: The Role Of Women In Central Asian Governments
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Listen to the podcast above or subscribe to the Majlis on iTunes.

Note: Because this session was taped in a conference room, the audio is of a lower quality than usual.

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About This Blog

Qishloq Ovozi is a blog by RFE/RL Central Asia specialist Bruce Pannier that aims to look at the events that are shaping Central Asia and its respective countries, connect some of the dots to shed light on why those processes are occurring, and identify the agents of change.

Bruce Pannier
Bruce Pannier

Content draws on the extensive knowledge and contacts of RFE/RL's Central Asian services but also allow scholars in the West, particularly younger scholars who will be tomorrow’s experts on the region, opportunities to share their views on the evolving situation at this Eurasian crossroad.

The name means "Village Voice" in Uzbek. But don't be fooled, Qishloq Ovozi is about all of Central Asia.

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Majlis Podcast: A Reality Check On Uzbekistan's Cotton fields
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Podcast: Majlis
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Majlis Podcast: A Reality Check On Uzbekistan's Cotton fields
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