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Russian political activists Ivan Gaponov (left) and Artyom Breus sit in the dock during a court hearing in Minsk on February 22.
MINSK -- The trial of two Russian citizens arrested following December protests questioning Belarus's presidential election has begun in Minsk, RFE/RL's Belarus Service reports.

Artyom Breus and Ivan Gaponov pleaded not guilty to participation in "mass disorder" on Minsk's Independence Square on election night, December 19.

The two were arrested along with hundreds of Belarusian opposition activists who gathered to protest the initial results of the vote, in which incumbent President Alyaksandr Lukashenka was the runaway winner. Several opposition presidential candidates were also arrested and jailed.

Breus and Gaponov were released on December 29 but rearrested the same day and officially charged with participation in "mass disorders."

The Russian Embassy in Minsk alleged earlier this month that Belarusian secret services "exerted pressure" on Breus and Gaponov during their investigation.

Gaponov's mother, Sabira Atakishieva, told RFE/RL that although she is concerned about her son, she is "very proud of him and other defendants who remain in Belarusian jails."

In all, 42 men and women have been officially charged with organizing and/or participating in the "mass disorders in Minsk on December 19." They include five opposition presidential candidates, three of whom are still in custody.

Opposition activist Vasil Parfyankou was found guilty earlier this week of participation in the "mass disorders" and sentenced to four years in jail.

Read more in Belarusian here and here
Nikita Tikhonov and fellow defendant, wife Yevgeniya Khasis
MOSCOW -- A defendant charged in the 2009 murders of journalist Anastasia Baburova and lawyer Stanislav Markelov says her husband has been framed as the main suspect in the case, RFE/RL's Russian Service reports.

The trial of Nikita Tikhonov and his wife, Yevgeniya Khasis, started in Moscow on February 21.

She told the court that she will testify at the end of the trial.

Khasis added that her husband was framed by officials "so that the truth about Markelov's murder would be buried once and forever."

Markelov was involved in defending victims of arbitrary police violence in the North Caucasus. He and Baburova were gunned down in downtown Moscow in broad daylight.

Tikhonov is an active member of an ultranationalist group.

Marches were held in several Russian cities on January 19 to mark the two-year anniversary of the slayings.

Read more in Russian here

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"Watchdog" is a blog with a singular mission -- to monitor the latest developments concerning human rights, civil society, and press freedom. We'll pay particular attention to reports concerning countries in RFE/RL's broadcast region.

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