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Kirill Zhukov (left) will be held in pretrial detention until September 27.

A court in Moscow has sent four activists to pretrial detention for taking part in an unsanctioned rally against the refusal by election officials to register independent and opposition candidates for Moscow city council elections scheduled for September 8.

The Presnensky district court on August 2 ruled that Ivan Podkopayev, Samariddin Radzhabov, Aleksei Menyailo, and Kirill Zhukov must be placed in pretrial detention center until September 27.

The four were charged with "taking part in mass disturbances" at the July 27 rally, while Zhukov and Radzhabov were also charged with assaulting police.

While dozens of protesters detained in Moscow on July 27 have since been fined or given jail sentences of up to 30 days for organizing and participating in the unsanctioned rally, the charges of mass disturbances are much more serious and can carry a prison sentence of up to 15 years.

Zhukov's lawyer, Svetlana Baiturina, said her client had begun a hunger strike to protest his arrest.

Also on August 2, an unregistered candidate to the Moscow city council, Yegor Zhukov, was charged with taking part in mass disturbances.

Another activist who took part in the rally, Yevgeny Kovalenko, was sent to pretrial detention for two months, on July 29. He was charged with taking part in mass disturbances and assaulting a police officer.

Moscow election officials said earlier in July that they barred some opposition candidates from the September 8 Moscow City Duma election because of insufficient signatures on nominating petitions. The decision had sparked several days of demonstrations last month, including one on July 20 in Moscow that drew an estimated crowd of 20,000.

The 45 members of the Moscow City Duma hold powerful posts -- retaining the ability to propose legislation as well as inspect how the city’s $43 billion budget is spent.

Nearly 1,400 demonstrators were held after the July 27 rally, independent political watchdog OVD-Info says, and security officials in Moscow have been condemned by rights groups and many Western governments and organizations for a "disproportionate" use of force in breaking up the demonstration.

The police crackdown was one of the harshest in recent years against an opposition that has grown more defiant while denouncing Russian President Vladimir Putin’s hold on power.

Nonetheless, opposition activists plan another rally on August 3.

With reporting by Mediazona and Dozhd TV
Ivan Zhdanov heads Russian activist Aleksei Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation. (file photo)

Ivan Zhdanov, the jailed chief of Russian opposition politician Aleksei Navalny's Anti-Corruption Foundation, has gone on a hunger strike.

Zhdanov, one of the opposition candidates to Moscow city council whose registration was denied by election officials, said on August 2 that he had stopped eating as a last resort in his protest against being jailed.

"I do not have any other ways and possibilities to express my position. As of today, I am starting a hunger strike and refusing food. I refuse to answer questions, I refuse to take part in this court hearing," Zhdanov said during the hearing into his appeal, on August 2.

Zhdanov's election campaign chief Boris Zolotarevsky posted on social media Zhdanov's statement in court, where he also decried the "lawlessness" of the decision by Russian authorities to refuse to register him and other opposition and independent candidates for September 8 municipal elections, He also denounced a police crackdown on protests over the move.

A court in the town of Zelenograd near Moscow sentenced Zhdanov on July 29 to 15 days in jail after finding him guilty of taking part in an unsanctioned rally that was violently dispersed by police two days earlier.

The July 27 police crackdown was one of the biggest in recent years against an opposition that has grown more defiant while denouncing Russian President Vladimir Putin’s hold on power.

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