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A dog makes his getaway in this file photo from Tehran.

The Iranian Society for the Prevention of Cruelty Against Animals (SPCA) says that 20 pet dogs were recently arrested in a park in Tehran.

The dogs were reportedly being walked by their owners in the Pardisan Park last week when security forces took the canines away and transferred them to what appears to be a detention center.

The SPCA has posted on its website a video of the arrested dogs inside a cage. The group warns that the dogs are being kept in “unhygienic and difficult conditions” and that their owners have not been yet able to secure their release.

Reza Javalchi, the SPCA spokesman, told RFE/RL’s Radio Farda that the dogs will likely be kept in the detention center for a while and then released after their owners sign a written document promising not to walk their dogs in public.

But every day in confinement is dangerous for the animals, Javalchi says.

“Unfortunately, because these dogs are being kept together, they often become sick and they’re not being given enough food. There have been some cases where some of the dogs have died during their detention."

This isn't the first time that security forces have cracked down on dogs and their owners in the Islamic republic, where dog ownership has always been a sensitive issue. In 2007, a number of dogs in the Iranian capital ended up in a “dog prison" after police forces took them away from their owners who were walking them in the streets.

Dogs are considered dirty by Iranian clerics, who have denounced dog ownership as morally corrupt. In recent years, police officials have issued warnings against dog owners. Dog owners and their pets have been harassed, detained, and forced to pay fines. That hasn't stopped Iranians in Tehran and other big cities from keeping dogs as pets, however.

Javalchi says there are no legal prohibitions in Iranian law against it.

“We’ve asked police forces not to act against the laws in many cases. We’ve written many letters and we’ve also prepared a complaint. It is due to be processed in the name of some of those people whose pets have been hurt as the result of these actions. We‘d like to ask the judiciary to prevent security forces from breaking the law," he said.

One woman who owns a small terrier told RFE/RL that dog ownership is becoming increasingly difficult in Iran.

“It’s ridiculous,” she said. “Instead of solving people’s economic problems, the [authorities] harass us for having dogs.”

-- Golnaz Esfandiari with Radio Farda's Mohammad Zarghami

A computer engineer checks equipment at an Internet service provider in Tehran. (file photo)
Iran’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology is apparently seeking domestic partners to help with its Internet-filtering efforts.

According to a Request For Information (RFI), the ministry-affiliated Research Institute for Information and Communication Technology has called on Iranian companies to offer ideas and pilot projects for “purifying” the Internet.

The RFI, in Persian, was discovered by Washington-based Internet researcher Collin Anderson, who made it available to a few media outlets, including RFE/RL.

The document was translated into English by Ars Technica.

The document says the Internet has been polluted with “immoral sites” that can lead to “major cultural and societal problems.”

“Propagation and creation of local content purifying systems are part of the country’s plans and targets in the area of information technology," it says.

Despite the ominous language, Anderson said he believes the document suggests that Iran is not planning to cut off its citizens' access to the web in the near future.

“What country [that] was just about to pull off Internet access is going to invest more in infrastructure?" he says. "To me, it says that they’re not going to cut off access to the outside.”

National Internet Planned

Iranian officials have said that a national Internet will be launched in the near future, without providing details about its scope. The project has led to concern over whether Iranians will still be able to access the Internet.

Earlier this week, however, Reza Taghipour, Iran's minister of communication and information technology, dismissed rumors that Tehran is planning to shut down the Internet and replace it with a domestic network.
A woman surfs the Internet at a cybercafe in central Tehran. (file photo)
A woman surfs the Internet at a cybercafe in central Tehran. (file photo)
The semi-official Fars news agency quoted Taghipour as saying that Iran does have plans to establish a "national information network" that would function like a sort of intranet for the Islamic republic.

"The main function of this network is that the information produced in Iran -- which is on the increase each day -- and transferred [to a recipient] inside the country will not need to go through international bandwidth to avoid unnecessary costs," Taghipour said.

Internet experts have told RFE/RL that Iran appears to be moving into a dual Internet system that would include a fast national network and a heavily filtered and slow Internet.

Last week, the French media watchdog Reporters Without Borders reported that Mohammad Solimaninya, an Internet and social network expert who has been detained for the past three months, is under “intense” pressure by the Iranian government to work on the national Internet project.

Filtering Troubles

Anderson, who closely watches Iranian cyberspace, believes the document posted by the research institute could also indicate that Iran is having trouble in its filtering efforts.

“Iran isn’t a country that has open bidding and open access laws," Anderson says. "I find it extremely strange that, if they didn’t have to, they would have some kind of open request for bid on a censorship system.

"My feeling is that in any national security project, pretty much every country has its own preferred list of vendors which they turn to without having open calls or anything like that. So the idea that they would have this profoundly open request for help is indicative of the idea that the parties that they’ve turned to in the past [have] not worked out.”

He also said the RFI suggests a desire to increase the capacity of bandwidth and services that exist inside the country and more intelligently filter sites that are deemed immoral or against Iran’s national security.

The research institute, which describes itself as “the mother consultant” to Iran’s Ministry of Communications, has called on companies to submit their bids by April 19.

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About This Blog

Persian Letters is a blog that offers a window into Iranian politics and society. Written primarily by Golnaz Esfandiari, Persian Letters brings you under-reported stories, insight and analysis, as well as guest Iranian bloggers -- from clerics, anarchists, feminists, Basij members, to bus drivers.


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