Kabudvand, the head of the Human Rights Organization of Kurdistan, is serving a 10-year sentence in Tehran's Evin prison.
Considered to be a prisoner of conscience, Kabudvand was sentenced in May 2008 for "acting against national security by establishing the Human Rights Organization of Kurdistan, widespread propaganda against the system by disseminating news, opposing Islamic penal laws by publicizing punishments such as stoning and executions, and advocating on behalf of political prisoners."
Already in poor health, Kabudvand suffered a heart attack in prison last month and is in urgent need of specialized medical care, which the authorities have refused.
Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch, has said that Kabudvand’s experience is “harsh testimony to the plight of journalists, dissidents, and other peaceful critics in Iran today."
Each year, HRW awards Hellman/Hammett grants to writers punished by their governments for expressing opposition views, criticizing government officials or actions, or writing about topics that the government does not want reported.
The amount of Kabudvand's grant was not given.