Sunday 1 May 2005
April 24, 2005
Armenia: Armenians Mark 90th Anniversary Of Start Of Massacres
Armenians in Yerevan commemorating the victims of Turkish massacres (epa) Armenians from around the world today commemorated the 90th anniversary of what they call "Genocide Day" -- the start of mass deportations and killings of their ethnic kin during the final years of the Ottoman Empire. For decades, survivors of those events and their descendants have lobbied for international recognition that "genocide" occurred. But successive Turkish governments have denied the kllings were aimed at exterminating the Christian Armenian population.
April 22, 2005
Armenia: Tragedy Remains On Europe’s Political Map
An Armenian woman mourning the death of a boy during the deportation (epa) Prague, 22 April 2005 (RFE/RL) -- On 24 April, Armenians worldwide will commemorate the 90th anniversary of the mass deportations and killing of hundreds of thousands of their ethnic kin during the final years of the Ottoman Empire.
April 15, 2005
CIS: Weakest States Show Strong Growth But Experts Urge Expanded Reforms
CIS leaders at the Astana summit in September 2004 Reports issued by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) ahead of their spring meetings on 16-17 April show continued strong growth in some of the poorest states of the former Soviet Union. These economies were bolstered in part by high prices for oil, metals, and other commodities they possess. But experts at the World Bank and IMF stress that countries in the region must enact institutional reforms in order to sustain this growth.
April 14, 2005
Armenia: Yerevan Appears Unmoved At Turkey’s Genocide-Study Offer
Yerevan showed little response today after Ankara’s proposal to conduct a joint investigation into the mass killings and deportations of Armenians during World War I. Turkish leaders yesterday suggested that both countries set up a joint commission of historians to determine whether the massacres carried out between 1915 and 1917 constituted genocide. Armenia insists it will continue to seek international recognition and condemnation of what it says was a deliberate attempt at exterminating an entire people. RFE/RL correspondent Jean-Christophe Peuch reports.
April 08, 2005
Nagorno-Karabakh: OSCE To Unveil New Peace Plan
8 April 2005 -- The foreign ministers of Armenia and Azerbaijan, Vartan Oskanian and Elmar Mammadyarov, will meet in London on 15 April to discuss new proposals drafted by the OSCE Minsk Group for resolving the Karabakh conflict, a Moscow correspondent for RFE/RL's Armenian Service reported on 5 April quoting Yurii Merzlyakov, the Russian Minsk Group Co-chairman. Merzlyakov did not give details of the new peace plan, other than to warn that it will require mutual concessions from both sides. Armenian Defense Minister Serzh Sarkisian warned last week that "painful" concessions are unavoidable (see "RFE/RL Newsline," 31 March 2005). The London talks will also determine whether Armenian President Robert Kocharian will meet with his Azerbaijani counterpart Ilham Aliev in Moscow next month on the sidelines of a Council of Europe summit in Warsaw.
April 07, 2005
U.S.: Key Cold War Legislation Still Plays Role In Trade
Ukranian President Viktor Yushchenko has called on Washington to "tear down the wall" of Jackson-Vanik The U.S. Congress passed the Jackson-Vanik amendment 31 years ago as a measure aimed at permitting the emigration of Jews from the Soviet Union. It was extraordinarily successful. But long after the collapse of the Soviet Union it has remained in force for a number of former Soviet states, preventing them from gaining permanent normal trade relations with Washington. Its importance has resurfaced this month as U.S. and Ukrainian officials move to strengthen ties. Ukraine appears ready to join a dozen other former communist states freed from its restrictions.
April 07, 2005
UN: World Health Day Report Focuses On 'Invisible Crisis' In Maternal, Infant Mortality
The UN's World Health Day is being observed today The UN's World Health Organization (WHO) calls it the "invisible health crisis" -- the preventable deaths of millions of mothers during childbirth, and of newborns and small children due to disease and other factors. The theme of this year's World Health Day -- observed today -- is the well-being of mothers and children around the world.
March 31, 2005
Kyrgyzstan: Are Further Revolutions Inevitable In The CIS?
Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev has concentrated power in his extended family. (file photo) Following uprisings in Georgia and Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan's President Askar Akaev last week became the third post-Soviet leader in recent months to be felled by a popular uprising. The speed of Akaev's demise surprised many observers, prompting questions about what made his regime so fragile. Some are now asking who will be next in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)?
March 25, 2005
Central Asia: Regional Officials Cautious As Oppositions Rejoice At Events In Kyrgyzstan
Putin (in file photo) broke a virtual silence among regional leaders on events in Kyrgyzstan The official response in Central Asia has been muted to the swift ouster of President Askar Akaev's administration on Thursday. Such caution is to be expected in a region populated by regimes with notoriously spotty records on democracy and human rights. Russian President Vladimir Putin stepped into that void during a visit to Armenia on Friday, condemning what he described as "illegitimate" efforts to overthrow the Kyrgyz government. But he also hastened to say that Moscow knows the Kyrgyz opposition well and wants to maintain relations with Bishkek.