Friday 1 July 2005
July 01, 2005
Moldova: Chisinau Tables Stabilization Proposals For Transdniester
The Transdniester government headquarters in Tiraspol Moldova presented a list of proposals on 30 June intended to stabilize the situation in the country's security zone -- a long, narrow strip of land along the Dniester River separating the secessionist region of Transdniester from the rest of the Republic of Moldova.
June 27, 2005
OSCE: Helsinki Report Finds Human Rights Problems Plague Entire Region
The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) promotes democracy and assists its 55 participating states in building democratic institutions. It also acts as an instrument of conflict prevention, crisis management, and postconflict rehabilitation. But its member states must do the hard work of actually implementing reforms. And according to the annual report of the International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, a lot more remains to be done to firmly establish democracy in many parts of the OSCE region. (For a country-by-country fact sheet, see below.)
June 21, 2005
East: Judiciary In Former Communist Bloc Lagging Behind Market Reforms
The World Bank is worried about the state of judiciary in the former Soviet bloc A new report from the World Bank finds that judicial reform remains slow and incomplete throughout the former communist region of Eastern Europe and Central Asia. A review of 27 countries in the region finds that poorly performing legal systems have created deep frustration among citizens and entrepreneurs. Even in countries with judicial independence, the study found, there is a lack of accountability and efficiency.
May 27, 2005
EU: French 'Non' On EU Constitution Would Threaten Hopefuls' Membership Chances
There is little doubt in Brussels that the widely predicted French "no" to the new EU constitution on 29 May would mean at least a temporary halt to the enlargement process. Even Bulgaria and Romania -- which have both signed their accession treaties -- may still prove vulnerable. However, for more distant EU neighbors with no membership ambitions, the bloc's soul-searching may yet result in clearer policies.
May 18, 2005
Moldova: Chisinau, Tiraspol Welcome Ukrainian Plan, But Settlement Remains Far Off
Transdniestrian leadership's headquarters (file photo) A recently proposed plan for the resolution of the conflict between Moldova and its breakaway region of Transdniester was met with moderate optimism by both sides during a two-day meeting in Ukraine this week. The Ukrainian proposal raised hopes that negotiations to resolve the frozen conflict could be restarted. The plan provides for expanding the negotiations framework to include the European Union and the United States alongside Russia, Ukraine, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). But doubts still persist about the separatists' commitment to the plan, which also envisages the initiation of a democratization process in Transdniester.
May 04, 2005
EU: Brussels Says No Point In Near Neighbors Seeking To Join Union Now
European Union External Relations Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner says there is no point in Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia seeking to start the process of joining the union, because they will not be accepted. Ferrero-Waldner called for realism, and said it is clear that a great amount of work is needed to prepare these countries for EU membership. But she foreshadowed closer relations with the near-neighbors, which would bring them some of the advantages of membership.
April 27, 2005
GUUAM: Ukraine Aspires To Leadership Role In Revitalized Organization
How much has GUUAM's face changed since this 2002 summit, which included (from left)Azerbaijan's Heidar Aliyev, Georgia's Eduard Shevardnadze, Ukraine's Leonid Kuchma, and Moldova's Vladimir Voronin? 27 April 2005 (RFE/RL) -- Following Viktor Yushchenko's election late last year as Ukrainian president and Moldovan President Vladimir Voronin's espousal of an unequivocally pro-Western foreign policy orientation, many observers anticipated that the long-awaited summit of the GUUAM alignment in Chisinau on 22 April would herald a new era in that body's activities.
April 23, 2005
World: OSCE Debates Its Election Monitoring
The OSCE -- Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe -- has come under sharp criticism from Russia on the criteria it uses and conclusions it reaches in monitoring elections. Russia charges that the process is politically weighted. Leaders of the organization have just completed a two-day review in Vienna. Debate was lively but few minds appear to have been changed about the way the OSCE decides whether elections are fair and democratic.
April 22, 2005
East: GUUAM Summit In Chisinau Focuses On Separatism, Regional Cooperation
Ukraine's Yushchenko was active in Chisinau (file photo) The presidents of Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova gathered today in the Moldovan capital of Chisinau for a summit of the regional grouping GUUAM (Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, and Moldova). It's the group's first gathering since "velvet revolutions" brought pro-Western leaders to office in Georgia and Ukraine, and Moldova shifted its foreign policy priorities toward the West. EU and NATO expansion have also altered the European political landscape. This evolving perspective laid the groundwork for today's gathering, which focused on separatism, regional cooperation, and promoting GUUAM's geopolitical profile.