OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 203, 18 October 1995
TURKEY AND GEORGIA.
A third Turkish-Georgian border gate is scheduled to
be opened on 31 October. Speaking at a press conference the day before,
Georgian Customs Minister Guram Mamalishvili denied allegations that Georgia is
not ready for the opening; on the contrary, he said Turkish officials had yet
to sign the agreement on the new border gate at Aktas, the Turkish Daily
News reported on 18 October. Total revenue from the existing two gates is
estimated to be $1 billion; the new gate is expected to be popular with cargo
carriers as it is shorter by 300 kilometers than the first gate at Sarp. --
ANOTHER OPPOSITION PARTY BARRED FROM AZERBAIJAN ELECTIONS.
On 17 October
Azerbaijan's Central Electoral Commission banned the opposition Musavat Party
from participating in the 12 November parliamentary elections on the grounds
that some 5,000 signatures collected in support of its registration bid were
allegedly forged, AFP reported. Party chairman Isa Gambar said he will appeal
the ban, Turan reported. -- Liz Fuller
KYRGYZ MOVEMENT DEMANDS THAT PRESIDENT STEP DOWN.
The Human Rights
Movement of Kyrgyzstan has demanded that Kyrgyz President Askar Akaev step
down, according to Res Publica on 10 October, as cited by the BBC. The
article claimed free thought is being persecuted, opposition newspapers are
being shut down, journalists criticizing the government are barred from their
professional activity, and there have been physical attacks on members of the
opposition. Referring to the president's election in 1990 and again after
independence in 1991 the movement claims Akaev is now running for a third term,
which is prohibited by the constitution. The movement's leader, Medetken
Sherimkulov, is a candidate for the presidency. -- Bruce Pannier
SOLDIERS TAKEN HOSTAGE IN TAJIKISTAN.
Interfax reported that 48
government troops were captured on 14 October near the village of Tavil-Dara
about 280 kim east of Dushanbe. The Tajik opposition confirmed the capture but
claimed they have at least 54 soldiers. The situation began when government
troops and opposition forces found themselves in close proximity to one
another. In an attempt to avert bloodshed, the commander of the government
troops agreed to talk with opposition representatives but was taken hostage at
the meeting and forced to call others to the area, according to ITAR-TASS. --
TAJIK OPPOSITION TO VISIT TURKMENISTAN.
In a further twist involving the
dispute over the venue for the fifth round of inter-Tajik talks, Radio Voice of
Free Tajikistan reported that Tajik opposition leaders would travel to Ashgabat
to hold talks with Turkmen President Saparmurad Niyazov. The chairman of the
Islamic Renaissance Party, Said Abdullo Nuri, has rejected the Tajik
government's efforts to hold the postponed talks in Ashgabat; it appears that
his deputy, Akbar Turadzhonzoda, will nevertheless go to Turkmenistan for talks
with Niyazov. -- Lowell Bezanis
MEMBERS OF CRIME FAMILY SENTENCED TO DEATH IN UZBEKISTAN.
of a family charged with 25 crimes have been sentenced by an Uzbek court to be
executed, Reuters reported on 17 October. Sharafutdin Zakirov, his two sons and
two grandsons were found guilty of crimes ranging from murder to theft. In
addition, Zakirov's daughter and daughter-in-law were found guilty of lesser
charges and each sentenced to 14 years in prison. No word was given as to the
full extent of the family's criminal history. -- Roger Kangas
MEDIA SHAKE-UP BY NAZARBAEV.
Kazakhstani President Nursultan Nazarbaev
has abolished the Press and Mass Information Ministry, replacing it with a new
body called the National Agency for Press and Mass Information, Kazakhstani TV
reported on 14 October. Altynbek Sarsenbaev, who headed the now defunct
ministry, has been appointed chairman of the new agency. This newly-created
agency, along with another new body created by the president, the Observation
Council on the State Mass Media, will work directly under Nazarbaev's
supervision. The two bodies are to offer "objective information to the citizens
of the republic" and "grant citizens their constitutional rights to freedom of
speech and implement public control state mass media," according to the report.
-- Bhavna Dave
TWO DIFFERENT VIEWS ON CIS MILITARY BLOC.
Georgian Defense Minister
Vardiko Nadibaidze declared on 17 October that a CIS military bloc is
"inevitable" while Ukrainian President Leonid Kuchma the same day said that
Ukraine "resolutely opposes Europe's split into two camps" and would not enter
a CIS military bloc, according to ITAR-TASS. Nadibaidze also said Georgia's
military doctrine has been approved and would be made public in November.
Kuchma, speaking to a delegation from the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council
of Europe, told the delegates Ukraine would be "unhappy" if it became a buffer
between NATO and the CIS. -- Doug Clarke
BLACK SEA FLEET CAUSES LOSSES FOR SEVASTOPOL.
A draft program prepared
by Sevastopol's local executive committee claims the city loses 12.1 trillion
karbovantsy ($69 million) every year due to the presence of the Black Sea
Fleet, Interfax reported on 17 October. The document attributed the losses to
unpaid energy supplies, lost tourist trade, and other expenditures. -- Ustina
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 203, 18 October 1995
UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT ACCEPTS PROSECUTOR-GENERAL'S RESIGNATION.
Leonid Kuchma has accepted the resignation of Prosecutor-General Vladyslav
Datsiuk, Ukrainian TV reported on 17 October. Datsiuk submitted his letter of
resignation on 10 October, claiming persistent interference by the parliament
had made it impossible for him to remain in this post. He was also the subject
of a prolonged political battle between lawmakers and the president, with
deputies twice voting to dismiss him. Kuchma supported his efforts in battling
corruption, including several high-profile inquiries into top legislators, who
claimed his actions were politically motivated. Kuchma is expected to nominate
Hryhoryi Vorsinov, the chief prosecutor in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, to replace
Datsiuk. -- Chrystyna Lapychak
UKRAINE'S MEMBERSHIP IN COUNCIL OF EUROPE IMMINENT?
Kuchma met with a delegation from the Council of Europe in Kiev on 17 October,
Ukrainian Radio reported. Kuchma assured the delegation that Ukraine will carry
out all obligations demanded of council members. The same day, it was announced
that the death penalty has been suspended to fulfill membership requirements,
making Ukraine the first former Soviet republic to take this step. Deputy Prime
Minister Vasyl Durdinets said the relevant clause will be removed from the
criminal code within two to three years. An RFE/RL correspondent reported on 18
October that officials from the Council of Europe anticipate that Ukraine will
be formally accepted as a member that day. -- Ustina Markus
UKRAINIAN-POLISH STATEMENT ON BORDERS.
The Ukrainian and Polish
embassies in the U.S., responding to a statement by Senator Kay Hutchinson,
issued a joint statement denying there were any border problems between the two
countries, Ukrainian Radio reported on 17 October. Hutchinson had told the U.S.
Senate a week earlier that the Polish-Ukrainian border is a potential hot spot
and that border disputes between Poland and Ukraine continued. Poland and
Ukraine categorically denied there are any border disputes whatsoever. --
UKRAINE NOT TO MEET CFE DEADLINE.
Ukraine cannot meet the 16 November
deadline to destroy its excess conventional weapons, according to a Foreign
Ministry official in charge of disarmament, ITAR-TASS reported on 17 October.
Vladimir Balashov said that the treaty covers naval infantry and coastal troops
equipment and that Ukraine does know what its share of this equipment is
because it has not yet agreed with Russia on the division of the fleet. A
Ukrainian Defense Ministry official last month said Ukraine will have no
trouble meeting the Conventional Forces in Europe treaty deadline. Balashov
also said Ukraine was ready to agree to the "temporary basing of the Russian
Fleet on its territory until the Russian Federation creates its own base." --
VAHI RENOMINATED FOR ESTONIAN PRIME MINISTER.
President Lennart Meri on
17 October nominated Tiit Vahi as his candidate for prime minister, BNS
reported. Vahi resigned on 11 October after the dismissal of Center Party
Chairman Edgar Savisaar as interior minister. Vahi has two weeks to form a
government, which must then be approved by the 101-seat parliament. He leads
the Coalition Party and Rural Union alliance of 41 deputies and is expected to
seek a coalition with the Reform Party, which has 19 deputies, and perhaps the
Rightists (five). He has no plans to continue the coalition with the Center
Party, which had five ministers in the previous government. Meri is unlikely to
play a role in the formation of the new cabinet because he leaves on 18 October
for a two-week trip to the U.S. and Mexico. -- Saulius Girnius
LATVIA, CHINA PLAN TO INCREASE TRADE.
The head of the Europe section of
the Chinese Ministry of Economic Cooperation and the director of the Latvian
Foreign Ministry Multilateral Relations Department, signed in Riga on 17
October a protocol to increase the volume of trade, BNS reported. The document
also provides for transit through Latvian ports, developing tourism, and
improving business relations between entrepreneurs in the two countries. Volume
of trade between the two countries was more than $27 million in 1994 but fell
to only $6 million in the first half of 1995. -- Saulius Girnius
MASS PRIVATIZATION TO START EARLY IN POLAND.
The Polish government on 17
October announced that the mass privatization program will begin on 22
November, one week earlier than planned. Minister for Ownership Transformation
Wieslaw Kaczmarek said that certificates for participating in the program will
cost 20 zloty ($8.2). A document outlining the course of privatization in 1996
was approved by the government. It provides for the privatization of, among
others, large chemical enterprises, Polish Copper, Polish Airlines LOT, and
Polish Baltic Shipping Lines, Polish dailies reported on 18 October. -- Jakub
CZECH HARD CURRENCY RESERVES AT RECORD HIGH.
Czech hard currency
reserves stood at close to $15 billion early this month, Mlada fronta
dnes reported on 18 October. The paper quoted Czech National Bank (CNB)
spokesman Martin Svehla as saying the CNB held $11.8 billion of the total sum.
He added that in the first half of this year, 30% of the bank's reserves were
accounted for by short-term or speculative capital. A further overwhelming
influx of such funds has been braked by measures introduced by the Bank since
then, he noted (see OMRI Daily Digest, 23 June 1995). The bulk of the
$500,000 increase in the reserves from September to October resulted from a
Dutch-Swiss consortium's partial payment of a $1.32 billion stake in the
communications company SPT Telecom. -- Steve Kettle
24 KILOS OF SEMTEX STOLEN FROM CZECH DEPOT.
Police in Brno said on 17
October that they are seeking two men who stole 24 kilos of red Semtex a week
ago from a storage depot run by the explosives manufacturer Synthesia Semtin,
Czech media reported. The thieves broke into the depot and escaped without an
alarm being raised, despite the fact that it is guarded by soldiers. Meanwhile,
the Justice Ministry in Prague was evacuated on 17 October after an anonymous
bomb threat. The same happened a day earlier at one of Prague's biggest
hospitals, while an amateur letter bomb, which proved to be harmless, was sent
to Prime Minister Vaclav Klaus last week. -- Steve Kettle
OFFICIAL INVESTIGATING ABDUCTION OF SLOVAK PRESIDENT'S SON IS DISMISSED.
Bratislava regional prosecutor Robert Vlachovsky, who is overseeing the
investigation into the abduction of Michal Kovac Jr., has dismissed Maj. Peter
Vacok, who was working on the case, TASR reported on 18 October. Vacok is the
second investigator to be fired from the case. His predecessor, Maj. Jaroslav
Simunic, was removed in September and later resigned from the police force. In
late September, Slovak Information Service director Ivan Lexa, a close
political ally of Prime Minister Vladimir Meciar, filed criminal charges
against Simunic, Vacok, and Vladimir Lamacka, who was removed as director of
the police investigation department on 9 October. Lexa accused the police of
"using criminal methods" in their investigation and of applying "psychological
pressure" against SIS agents. Police investigators have found evidence that the
SIS was involved in the abduction, but political involvement in the case could
delay its resolution. -- Sharon Fisher
BRITAIN WARNS SLOVAKIA ABOUT DEMOCRACY.
British Foreign Secretary
Malcolm Rifkind on 17 October issued a warning to Slovak Foreign Minister Juraj
Schenk, who is in Britain for a three-day official visit. Expressing concern
about political developments in Slovakia, Rifkind said the country will win
entry to the European Union only if it meets basic democratic standards,
Reuters reported. A British official said Britain is helping Slovakia prepare
for EU entry, but he stressed that "a great deal" of work remains to be done.
"The EU partners, including the UK, have been very concerned about the trend of
recent political development in Slovakia," he said. Schenk told reporters that
Slovakia would like to join NATO "as soon as possible" and that the legal and
economic conditions for EU entry should be fulfilled by 2000. -- Sharon
SLOVAK CABINET UNEASY ABOUT "DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGN."
The government on
17 October expressed "serious concern" about the "massive disinformation
campaign" aimed at Slovakia's "international isolation," Slovenska
Republika reported. Agriculture Minister Peter Baco called attention to a
recent article in The Economist on the abduction of President Michal
Kovac's son. Baco accused the opposition of contributing to "the liquidation of
our state on international soil." Kovac's recent visit to Germany was also
criticized, since he traveled there "without the knowledge" of the foreign
minister and at the invitation of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation, which
"cooperates with the opposition Christian Democratic Movement." The cabinet
delayed discussion of the controversial state language law until next week. --
HUNGARIAN PREMIER ON VISIT TO CROATIA, SERBIA.
Gyula Horn told the
parliament on 16 October that the purpose of his visit to Zagreb and Belgrade
is to help start economic reconstruction efforts there, Hungarian media
reported. He noted that this is of primary importance for Hungary because its
economy has suffered significant losses since the outbreak of war in the
region. He also commented that as acting head of the OSCE, Hungary will do
everything in its power to secure the earliest possible resolution to the
Yugoslav crisis. Horn the next day met with leaders of four parties
representing Croatian and Vojvodina Hungarians to discuss how his visit can
help the situation of ethnic Hungarians in the region, according to Hungarian
media on 18 October. Vojvodina Hungarians said they asked the premier to
pressure Belgrade to move most Serb refugees out of the Vojvodina region to
other parts of Serbia. Representatives of Hungarians in Croatia told reporters
they want to take part in any negotiations on the future of eastern Slavonia.
Hungary and Croatia have signed a basic treaty and an accord on the mutual
protection of minorities, but Budapest's links with Belgrade are rather tense
at present. -- Zsofia Szilagyi
OMRI DAILY DIGEST
Vol. 1, No. 203, 18 October 1995
BOSNIAN SERBS REOPEN CONCENTRATION CAMP--FOR THEIR OWN PEOPLE.
Guardian on 17 October reported that the notorious Omarska prison camp
complex is full again, this time with Serbian refugees. As when Muslim and
Croat inmates were held in 1992, there is little food or shelter, the guards
are abusive, and men are beaten and taken away--this time to be press-ganged.
Refugees said they were robbed by paramilitaries commanded by the
internationally wanted war criminal Zeljko Raznatovic "Arkan." The British
daily echoed the refugees' sentiments in noting that "the Arkanovci have proved
themselves to be far more efficient looters than fighters." -- Patrick Moore
GANIC SAYS SERBS WILL RECEIVE LESS TERRITORY.
on 18 October reported that Prijedor is half empty as its Serbian
inhabitants flee before advancing allied forces. It added that Croatian
soldiers in Mrkonjic Grad have discovered the corpses of six Muslims whom
Serbian soldiers used as human shields. Nasa Borba quoted Bosnian Vice
President Ejup Ganic as saying that the Serbs will no longer be able to claim
49% of the republic's territory in view of their recent losses on the
battlefield. Reuters on 17 October noted that the U.S. has selected the
Wright-Patterson Air Force Base outside Dayton, Ohio, as the site for the
planned peace talks involving the presidents of Serbia, Bosnia, and Croatia.
American officials claimed it was difficult to find equal accommodations
elsewhere for three heads of state. -- Patrick Moore
BOSNIAN SERB "PATRIOTIC FRONT" DEMANDS PURGE.
Bosnian Serb opposition
parties have joined to form the Patriotic Front, Nasa Borba reported on
18 October. Calling the recent sacking of four generals and the prime minister
"cosmetic," they demanded that "the main guilty parties" be fired and that
there be "radical changes" in the leadership. In a letter to civilian leader
Radovan Karadzic, they did not specify exactly whom they meant. Reuters said
the Bosnian Serb military leadership has rejected the firing of the four
generals and blamed the civilian authorities for the recent monumental losses.
A statement issued in Belgrade pointed to "the failures of state policy and
especially [the civilians'] incapability to assert the results of our struggle
at the international level, [including] determining the borders of the
Republika Srpska." SRNA noted that Bosnian Serbs have appealed to Serbian
President Slobodan Milosevic to "protect the Republika Srpska and its people."
-- Patrick Moore
INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATORS IN BELGRADE.
International media on 18 October
report that U.S. representative Richard Holbrooke, EU envoy Carl Bildt, and
Russian negotiator Igor Ivanov are in Belgrade. According to Reuters, the
purpose of their visit is "to brief Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic on the
accelerating Bosnia peace process." -- Stan Markotich
TUDJMAN REELECTED PARTY LEADER.
Hina on 15 October said Croatian
President Franjo Tudjman was reelected president of the governing Croatian
Democratic Community (HDZ) at the party's third congress. He ran unopposed and
took 1,199 out of 1,247 votes. Mate Granic, Gojko Susak, Jadranka Kosor, Ivic
Pasalic, and Franjo Greguric were elected vice presidents. Tudjman stressed
that the party must shun extremes, but the common denominator among his
deputies appears to be personal loyalty rather than any ideological position.
The Croatian Peasant Party (HSS) also held its convention, which was addressed
by leaders of some other opposition parties, including the Liberals and the
Independent Democrats. They stressed that Croatia must not become a one-party
state. The HSS is challenging the HDZ for the 12 seats reserved for Croats
living abroad. -- Patrick Moore
MONTENEGRIN-ALBANIAN FLOUR SMUGGLING.
Shkoder police and customs
officials on 16 October confiscated 200 tons of flour from Montenegro bound for
Albania, Gazeta Shqiptare reported. The smugglers were arrested in a
village near the checkpoint between Shkoder and Ulcinj. The Albanian daily said
smuggling flour from the rump Yugoslavia has begun because of the low price of
flour in Vojvodina and on the Kosovo plains. Elsewhere, Montena-fax on 16
October ran a report alleging that Montenegrin authorities initially failed to
disclose information on, and later tried to play down, the sinking of a tanker
carrying 30 tons of bitumen in the Bay of Hoti in Lake Shkoder on 24 September.
-- Fabian Schmidt
STUDENTS PROTEST IN BUCHAREST.
Thousands of students on 17 October
marched in downtown Bucharest to protest plans to implement new university
fees, Radio Bucharest reported the same day. The rally followed strikes over
the past few days at universities in the provinces protesting the new charges,
which range from $100 to $2,300, depending on which courses are taken. The
students are also calling for amendments to a controversial education law
recently adopted by the parliament and demanding that the internal affairs
minister be summoned to the parliament to account for the actions of policemen
at previous student demonstrations. Several opposition parties, including the
Liberal Party `93, have expressed support for the students. -- Dan Ionescu
ROMANIA MARE ATTACKS SECRET SERVICE CHIEF.
In its latest issue,
the weekly of the chauvinistic Greater Romania Party (PRM) has published a
letter, allegedly written by a group of senior SRI officers, accusing Virgil
Magureanu, head of the Romanian Intelligence service (SRI), of "gross
interference in politics" and of appointing his close associates to top
positions within the service, Mediafax reported on 17 October. The accusations
were made in the form of 15 questions to Magureanu. The anonymous authors of
the letter threatened to published "irrefutable proof" supporting their charges
should the SRI chose to ignore the criticism and leave the questions
unanswered. Romania Mare in June published a similar letter from 300
army officers accusing President Ion Iliescu of having "liquidated" the
Romanian army under pressure from NATO. -- Dan Ionescu
MOLDOVAN GOVERNMENT BACKS INITIATIVE FOR POLITICAL FORUM.
government on 17 October said it supported an initiative by the Social Progress
Party (PPS) to hold a round-table conference of all political forces in the
country, Infotag reported. The president, prime minister, and parliamentary
chairman are also invited to attend the conference, whose aim is to overcome
Moldova's current political crisis. The PPS was founded this summer by a
splinter group from the ruling Agrarian Democratic Party of Moldova. It is
considered the brainchild of parliamentary chairman Petru Lucinschi, a former
Central Committee secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. -- Dan
BULGARIA TO PROMOTE SILKWORM INDUSTRY.
Reuters on 17 October reported
that Bulgarian officials plan to deal in part with the problems of unemployment
and economic demands imposed by the "needy and landless" by encouraging such
people to take part in the revival of the country's ancient silkworm industry.
The idea is to revive a tradition that can be "a major means of earning a
livelihood in various regions," Social Minister Mincho Koralski said.
Meanwhile, Bulgarian media on 17 October reported that the first
six-kilometer-long section of Sofia's underground rail system made a trial run
on 17 October. This part of the system is slated to begin operating in early
1996. -- Stan Markotich
[As of 1200 CET]
Compiled by Victor Gomez and Jan Cleave