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Architect Oscar Niemeyer's Modernist Legacy

The Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer has died at age 104 in his hometown of Rio de Janeiro. Niemeyer was a member of a team of architects who designed the United Nations building in New York and is credited with helping to reshape Brazil's identity with the civic buildings he designed for the country’s capital, Brasilia. His work is well-known for its futuristic and abstract forms. (13 PHOTOS)

Oscar Niemeyer at Alvorada Palace in Brasilia in 1960
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Oscar Niemeyer at Alvorada Palace in Brasilia in 1960

The National Congress building in the Ministries Esplanade in Brasilia, inaugurated in 1960
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The National Congress building in the Ministries Esplanade in Brasilia, inaugurated in 1960

The UN building in New York
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The UN building in New York

Brasilia's cathedral, the Metropolitana Nossa Senhora Aparecida, inaugurated in 1960
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Brasilia's cathedral, the Metropolitana Nossa Senhora Aparecida, inaugurated in 1960

The interior of the Metropolitana Nossa Senhora Aparecida
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The interior of the Metropolitana Nossa Senhora Aparecida

The French Communist Party (PCF) headquarters in Paris, designed in the 1980s. Niemeyer was well known for his support of communist ideals. His close friend Fidel Castro once joked that he and Niemeyer were "the last communists of this planet."
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The French Communist Party (PCF) headquarters in Paris, designed in the 1980s. Niemeyer was well known for his support of communist ideals. His close friend Fidel Castro once joked that he and Niemeyer were "the last communists of this planet."

The Foreign Ministry building in Brasilia
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The Foreign Ministry building in Brasilia

The cultural center Le Volcan (The Volcano), designed in 1982, in the western French town of Le Havre
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The cultural center Le Volcan (The Volcano), designed in 1982, in the western French town of Le Havre

 Ibirapuera Auditorium at Ibirapuera Park in Sao Paulo, Brazil
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 Ibirapuera Auditorium at Ibirapuera Park in Sao Paulo, Brazil

The ramp of Brasilia's National Museum, inaugurated in 2007
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The ramp of Brasilia's National Museum, inaugurated in 2007

The auditorium in the southern Italian town of Ravello on the Amalfi coast was inaugurated in 2009 after ten years of controversy over the design.
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The auditorium in the southern Italian town of Ravello on the Amalfi coast was inaugurated in 2009 after ten years of controversy over the design.

The Niemeyer Center in the northern Spanish city of Aviles, inaugurated in 2011
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The Niemeyer Center in the northern Spanish city of Aviles, inaugurated in 2011

Architect Oscar Niemeyer in his office above Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro in 2003
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Architect Oscar Niemeyer in his office above Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro in 2003

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