Russian President Vladimir Putin and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbaev have met to discuss ties between their two countries and signed an agreement defining bilateral relations in the 21st century.
The two presidents were attending an annual interregional forum in Yekaterinburg.
There were no immediate details on the agreement of neighborly relations and alliance for the 21st century Putin and Nazarbaev signed on November 11.
On the sidelines of the forum, officials from Rosneft, KazMunaiGaz, and KazTransOil signed a deal to bring oil to China via Kazakhstan's pipelines.
Officials from Gazprom and KazMunaiGaz also signed a deal on developing the Imashevsky field that straddles the two countries' border.
Bilateral trade between Kazakhstan and Russia amounted to $22.4 billion in 2012.
Based on reporting by ITAR-TASS and Interfax