Thursday, August 25, 2016


What Is In The Pashtun Genes?

Recent stories in the Israeli and Western media report that an Indian researcher is studying blood samples from a Pashtun migrant community in northern India to see whether the Pashtuns of today's Afghanistan and Pakistan are linked to the lost tribes of Israel, who were scattered after an Assyrian conquest 2,700 years ago.

Various historians have sought to establish such links over the years, although most of them have been heavily contested.

It was a 17th century historian in the Mughal court who first established a link between Pashtuns and their possible Jewish ancestry. But modern-day Afghan scholars have rejected his writings as biased, as at the time the Mughals and Pashtuns were bitter rivals. (Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur, the founder of the Mughal empire in India, snatched his kingdom from a Pashtun king Ibrahim Khan Lodhi in 1526.)

One of the consequences of the Mughal writings on the Pashtuns' origins, was a Pashtun counterhistory in the 20th century, which emphasized their connection to Aryan tribes. Other scholars have argued that Pashtuns are the Aborigines of Afghanistan, reinforcing the notion that as a people they have mostly lived in the regions they populate today.

Regardless, evaluating Pashtuns' ethnic heritage is a minefield -- in all of their complicated history, the Pashtun people have lived in and around the Hindu Kush and Sulaiman mountains and have fought and absorbed legions of invaders and migrants. 

For war-weary Pashtuns today, such genetic research is of little consequence. What they would really like today are concerted efforts to establish peace and bring development to their ravaged homeland in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

They're more worried about preserving their cultural values of egalitarianism, individuality, and independence, and not being seen as perpetrators of extremist violence, especially when as a people they themselves have endured so much.

-- Abubakar Siddique
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Comment Sorting
by: Ivan from: Sofia
January 21, 2010 23:21
It might turn out that the Pashtuns are genetically connected not only to the Israeli, but to the Palestinians and Persians. So, all this bickering and fighting of "relatives" over land that is filled with dirt and rocks is simply ironic.

by: sajjad ali from: pakistan
January 22, 2010 07:42
when we go back to history there are two name were used for pashtun one is patan and other is pukhton the patan mostly use by the other languages but their is fact behind it in the historical books and review pukhtons use for those people who live in mountains and with their own traditions and forms and never defeated by any one and patans are those whose come down from mountain to change their lives and become modernization and mixed with plane area people but resident not accepted their rules and regulation by witch they stable in vacant area but not by violence.
on face of this comments we can memories the ideas and thoughts of the congregation and scholars they said that the pashtun (pakhtuns) are the twelve lost tribe of Israel on the presence of this they commented that if we see to the tactic of life mean marriage, death, war and other living style is just like them one of them is asking questions every time on any issue who they did not know and other is every time inquisitive mind but at the time Islamic revolution they all accepted Islam at once and spread in the wold.
From the literary side the scholars said that pashtun nation were 5 thousand year old and very loving people in the so for that they present a pashtun traditionally poetry that"spogmay sha prak waha rakhege yar me da gulo lao kawe gutee rebeene"mean that were that time their was a flower which name was Homa or Soma reaped by those boys and girls who have no marriage about 12 to 14 year so we can say that the pashtun are most poeple of the world.

by: Bilal Wardak from: Austin,tx
January 22, 2010 17:33
I dont agree with this misconception and unexpected myth that just took over the media. It's mostly because of the minorities calling out Pashtuns with bad nicknames such as "Jews". And, pashtun scholars and researchers have took this issue seriously. But, I doubt there is any connection between Pashtuns and the lost tribes of "Israel". Because, according to the people that back up this myth' the migration of those tribes took place 2700 years ago. There are alot of factors that come into play when talking about 2700s years. First, Pashtu was long spoken before 2700 years ago. Which gives us two things to believe, either this is just a myth or the tribes of Israel spoke pashtu (which is impossible) Another misconception that people have been going through is the idea of "Judaism" or "jews". There is not such thing as Pashtuns have a jewish background, Judaism is a religion. Everyone at a point before islam was beleiving in something' whether it was "atishparasti" "Zoroastrianism" , Buddhism or other monotheistic religions.
Some Afghans are worried about the results of the research that is being done on the genes right now. Either way there is nothing wrong with being from the children of Ibrahim(which even makes us believe that our forefathers were from the people of believers and not only that but from the children of Ibrahim) . People have managed to forget the fact that either way Pashtuns/Afghans are considered people with history and a pure blood lineage.

by: Yusaf bin Ruvin from: Beyond Tigris Euphretes.
January 22, 2010 22:17
It's simple people. Follow the path of the silk roads, the ancient trade routes. Study the placenames of the tribes of Pashtuns. They match the placenames of the tribes of ancient Israel. The customs of the Pathan tribes also reflect biblical customs such as 8th day circumcsion and wearing peyotim or sidelocks. The Paktshtun language of Urdu is also full of Hebrew or Israelite words. The names of sub tribes mirror Israelite lost tribes. Yusafzai, Daftali, Menashi, Efraidi, Rabbani, Zebullai, to name but some are clearly Joseph, Naftali, Mennasah, Ephraim, Ruven, and Zevulon. Gad, Asher, Dan and Binyamin amongst others may not be there. Dan were located in Sudan and Ethiopia about 20 years ago. Mennasah were confirmed as an ethnic group living in Myanmar formerly Burma, Northern India. Both now have members or most of their people resettled in Israel. There is a common Pakistani surname, Ashraf which has ripples of Asher. Who have I missed off the list?
Also at the end of the silk road lie the islands of Japan. The Israelie merchants settled there. The Shinto religion is based on Biblical Judaism. There is archaeolical evidence of Israelite style carts in Japan which are completely different to the indigeous models. There are also many words in Japanese and names which are Hebrew. Tokyo means Tekkiah, the shofar battle blast on the horn to denote victory in war. The Samuri cast of Warriors take their name from Sumer, the Ancient Israelites capital of the northern kingdom. Similarly named is Samarkand in Uzbekistsn in central Asia. Joshuah or Yoshuai is a common Japanese boys name. Need I go on?

by: Bita from: melbourne
January 28, 2010 01:34
Don't try to convince a Pashtun with a machine gun they are really Jewish and at the end of the day they're not so different from you next time you're stuck with them in Afghanistan. Not that it happened to me but just saying, it makes them angry.

by: Wonderer from: World
January 29, 2010 05:10
Yes, they are look alike Israelis!!! They have two legs, two eyes and a nose on their faces... And stragely though they have names!!! David, Davud, Dave, Davut... the lost tribe is really lost, therefore it is called "the lost tribe"... If there is ever exist... This is b...... It seems these people do not care whether they are "lost" in the past and/or "recently found" by the racist scientists. These people are hungry and needs to be looked after for a while, and not to be killed by the emperialists...

by: Robert Sampson from: Virginia USA
January 29, 2010 13:50
It is interesting that the Historian Neamatullah, writing in the Mughal court in Dehli recorded his version of Pukhtun history as being directly from the line of King Talut (King Saul of the Hebrew succession). Whether he made up the connection or was relying on real records is unknown.
It is also interesting how certain customs among the Pukhtuns are possible echoes of ancient Jewish rites. In the Afridi tribe, for instance, the blood of sacrificed animals is sprinkled on the door of the house - similar to the Jewish tradition at Passover.
I am not sure these things prove anything, but they do remind us of the common link between the customs of many Semitic groups and their wide influence.
Finally there is the language. The common use of Semitic words in Pukhto is fascinating. Kiffara - Barakat - qorban etc.

All this has little to do with the current struggles going on in Pukhtunkhwa, and the solution to the current problems has more to do with insaniyet than genetics, more to do with love and forgiveness than finding excuses for zulum and ziatay.
Khoday day Ukay

by: jack from: Canada
February 03, 2010 23:18
The Pashtuns wear a covering that resemble the clothing of Jews in prayer They also wear skull caps. Both types of apparel have been worn for millenia. There is mounting evidence of a genetic connection between Arabs and Israelis. Many patients needing transplants irrespective of whether they are Arabs or Jews are successful because there is a genetic connection. The war between them is more like the sibling rivalry between Cain and able

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