Wednesday, August 31, 2016

North Caucasus

Amnesty Says North Caucasus Authorities Threaten Security As Much As Militants

Police officers at a checkpoint near the border of the province of Ingushetia where a suicide bomber blew himself up (file photo)
Police officers at a checkpoint near the border of the province of Ingushetia where a suicide bomber blew himself up (file photo)
By Ron Synovitz
Rights group Amnesty International has warned that the threat to security for many residents of Russia's North Caucasus region comes as much from law-enforcement agencies as it does from armed groups.

In a new report called "Circle Of Injustice," the international watchdog investigates alleged abuses by state agents in the region that include enforced disappearances and extrajudicial executions. It also examines the failure of authorities to properly investigate and prosecute such cases.

"You have individuals trapped between armed groups that represent a serious threat, that's true, but also a security force that is operating outside of and beyond all control by accountability mechanisms," says John Dalhuisen, director of Amnesty International's Europe and Central Asia program.

Lack Of Accountability

Dalhuisen says it is the complex and "opaque" structures of law-enforcement agencies in the North Caucasus that allows authorities to abuse human rights with impunity.

"What one sees across the North Caucasus is a range of different security services and law-enforcement agencies operating from federal level forces within the Ministry of Interior to local-level, republic-level forces within the Ministry of Interior. There is the FSB and there is a range of other special services that are operating," Dalhuisen says. "There is nominal cooperation between these forces by regional and federal-level counterterrorist committees that would ostensibly supervise and coordinate the activities of all these agencies. But it's clear that many of them don't cooperate very well with each other [and] don't disclose operations that they are engaged in to other agencies for competition reasons because often there is criminality involved."

The June 21 report (see summary here) describes how masked security agents in unmarked vehicles raid homes without wearing any insignia to identify their agency. When investigators or prosecutors try to determine responsibility for rights abuses, they are unable even to establish which agency was involved.

"This is clearly a very convenient system for perpetuating impunity because it is very difficult for prosecutor or an investigator to make any further progress in an investigation in a great many cases," Dalhuisen says. "So this is a situation of institutional, organizational chaos that might have evolved unintentionally but is clearly being perpetuated by design. It is a system that allows for, indeed very much encourages, human rights violations by ensuring effective impunity for those who engage in them."

Ingushetia As A Microcosm

Amnesty's "Circle Of Injustice" report focuses on the situation in Ingushetia as a reflection of the entire North Caucasus region.

"Essentially we focused on Ingushetia. It's not the republic with the worst problems. In some respects, it has improved a little in recent years. But the problems there are very much typical of the problems in the wider region," Dalhuisen says. "It has enabled us to identify some of the structural concerns -- structural issues -- that are feeding human rights abuses and perpetuating impunity. Elsewhere, Daghestan is perhaps a worsening situation in the last few years. It remains a very unstable, deeply fractured society with many different groups and interests and very high levels of corruption, often with widespread human rights violations. Other republics, again, it is a very similar scenario."

Amnesty concludes there can be "no peace or lasting stability" in the North Caucasus until there is political will in Russia for bringing to justice those officials who violate human rights.
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Comment Sorting
by: Jack from: US
June 21, 2012 12:22
"Amnesty International" is operated by CIA and promotes US government agenda. This agenda is pretty obvious just from the heading of this article. They could have done a better job masquarading for independent organization.

by: Anonymous
June 21, 2012 13:36
"Essentially we focused on Ingushetia. It's not the republic with the worst problems. In some respects, it has improved a little in recent years."

The situation in Ingushetia is nowhere near "improved a little". For the past day in the news from Ingushetia:

The head of Ingushetia Yevkurov tremendously loosing trust among the Ingush,
Dosh journal page 11.

Toriev abducted by Russian security forces:

Russians executed two Ingush men who they abducted in May 2012: Aushev and Gukhoev:

Three Ingush men abducted by Russians: Makhauri, Zhukalaev and Bazgiev:

Putin deporting 51% of jobless Ingush to Siberia:

The population in Ingushetia is only 400,000 people. Unemployment 51%. If they deport 200,000 Ingush to Siberia Russians hope to slow down the rebellion. The strategy which showed to be unsuccessful even when 100% of Ingush were deported in 1944.
On the other hand Dagestan has 3,000,000 people. Comparing to Dagestan rate wise Ingushetia is not improving.
In Response

by: Jack's greengrocer from: Berlin
June 21, 2012 20:47
Ingushes and Chechens are the autochtone people of Siberia. Putin wants happiness of citizens. Putin gave promise to make Russians happy. Now our great leader, send Ingushes to Siberia. And after Chechens will go, our great skilled president will reach his aims. Putin is the most, is the best. İts very good thing, that native people will go their homeland. We are happy for İngushes and Chechens, that they will return their fatherland, Siberia. Wellcome on you Chechens ! You will find bread and water in you fatherland Siberia ! United Russia creates solutions, not problems, we are erasing problems.

But what about that future "blank" İngusheti and Checheni lands ? We will need Cossacks to sit there. Do you hear any homeless people, who are talking about genocide ? Lets call them here. Putin knows his work ! Caucasus is a guesthouse, only paid customers can sit.
In Response

by: Anonymous
June 22, 2012 12:25
50% of unemployment can be explained:
"According to the UN, for every citizen of Ingushetia, one refugee arrived from Ossetia or Chechnya. "

The unemployment of 50% is not that bad:
"the approach to the traditional Ingush society shouldn’t be measured with the "European" yardstick. 50% unemployment rate in Ingushetia is not that terrible. “We are not like you Europeans: we have better relative ties. Successful relatives support. Even if you are unemployed they won’t live you in poverty” – commented Abdulmalik."

by: Anonymous
June 21, 2012 14:05
Jack from Russia. Your grade is D-. Your instructors at the FSB suck.
“"Amnesty International" is operated by __ CIA and promotes __ US government agenda. This agenda is pretty obvious just from the heading of this article. They could have done a better job ___ masqu_rading for independent organization.”
Correct your mistakes boy.
In Response

by: William from: Aragon
June 21, 2012 23:55
Hello Anonymous,

Perhaps you should not have been so hard on Jack, who may not have had the benefit of English as his first language. My correction to your deficiencies appear in capitals below:

"Amnesty International" is operated by __ CIA and promotes __ US government_'S agenda. This agenda is pretty obvious just from the heading of this article. THE CIA could have done a better job ___ masqu_rading AS AN independent organization.”

There is always room for improvement - for all of us. Regards, William of Aragon.
In Response

by: Anonymous
June 22, 2012 16:33
1. English is my fourth language.
2. You have mistakes in your corrections too.
3. I am not claiming to be from the US.
In Response

by: William from: Aragon
June 23, 2012 01:06
Hello Anonymous, as I am a bit backward, I will respond to you in the reverse order of your comments:

3. At no time did I say, nor assume, that you were from the US. (Further, I do not assume that "Jack from US" is currently living in the US, nor even born there.) You might benefit from focussing more on what people have written rather than what you have assumed that they wrote.

2. I am always happy to have my mistakes pointed out to me so that I can improve, just as long as you are prepared to accept the Oxford English Dictionary and the Oxford English Grammar (Cambridge, UK) as the deciding authorities.

1. Congratulations, it is not an easy task, and you can appreciate how hard learning English can be. Therefore, perhaps you might now refrain from judging a person by their use of English and focus more on judging the ideas that they present for your reply.

Regards, William of Aragon
In Response

by: 2daNoobster
June 23, 2012 18:04
The US "government's" agenda says a lot about your Oxford "English". If I were you I'd shut up … Argon the bloating.
In Response

by: William from: Aragon
June 25, 2012 00:33
Hello 2daNoobster,

you will find the use of the possessive singular apostrophe in the Oxford English Grammar, and not in the Dictionary. You might like to look it up some time to confirm this for yourself and be instructed by its use.

PS: I won't be silenced because I am told to do so by an anonymous individual, 2daNoobster, and I am hopeful that you can particapate more constructively in the discussion in the future - I wish you good luck with that.

Regards, William of Aragon

by: john from: canada
June 21, 2012 19:25
Ingushetia 4 March presidential vote turnout 76%, Putin vote 91% (not as devoted as in Chechnya with its 99% Putin vote, but still very good for the pro-Putin trolls). With its 47% unemployment and 91% of budget from federal subsidies, survivors in Ingushetia who didn't risk death or disappearance from police knew who to vote for to try stay alive a little longer.
In Response

by: Anonymous
June 22, 2012 12:01
john, these numbers are not true. The opposition and Russian journalists on the poll station registered only 10% of voters. Maybe 91% of them voted for Putin, but these people are most likely Russian police workers and Russian army soldiers who are stationed there. These guys are slaves and cannot vote any different.
In Response

by: john from: canada
June 22, 2012 14:36
Anonymous: I agree that the numbers may not be true, or accurate, but they were what appeared to be reported for the presidential election turnout and vote in Ingushetia by several sources, including:

However, your comment about the Russian police and army being slaves and thus forced to vote for Putin, suggests that the vote was not secret nor free from interference. Some examples of such interference appeared on the internet, with the help of the $200 millions of webcams, such as the widely-seen ballot-box stuffing in Dagestan:

by: Anonymous
June 22, 2012 16:19
The FSB veteran and self-proclaimed human rights "defender" Lyudmila Alexeyeva "leaves" Putin's human rights "defense" organization.
"The oldest human rights activist leaves Putin's Human Rights Council."

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