Tuesday, July 29, 2014


Pakistan

Spate Of Pakistani Killings Suggests 'Humanitarian Space' Ignored

  • Rukhsana Bibi weeps next to the body of her daughter Madiha, a slain polio-eradication worker, in an ambulance outside Jinnah Hospital in Karachi on December 18. (Reuters/Akhtar Soomro)
  • The bodies of two female polio-eradication workers lie in the morgue of Jinnah Hospital in Karachi on December 18, when six killings and a further attack all targeted such volunteers. (Reuters/Akhtar Soomro)
  • A rescue worker inspects blood-stained paperwork that was being carried by Nasima Bibi, who was shot and killed by gunmen in Karachi on December 18. (Reuters/Athar Hussain)
  • The feet of a slain antipolio worker are tied by rescue workers after her body was brought to Jinnah Hospital morgue in Karachi on December 18. (Reuters/Akhtar Soomro)
  • Women wait with their children for polio vaccinations on the second day of a vaccination campaign in western Afghanistan in October. Attackers have targeted health workers there, too, including a deadly shooting in eastern Afghanistan on December 1. (AFP/Aref Karimi)
  • Antipolio worker Hilal Khan receives treatment at a Peshawar hospital after he was shot and gravely injured by unidentified gunmen on December 19. (Reuters/Khuram Parvez)
  • Pakistani polio-vaccination workers demonstrate against the recent killings of their colleagues in Islamabad on December 19. Militants suggest "infidels" are behind polio-eradication efforts. (AFP/Aamir Qureshi)
  • A polio worker gives polio vaccine drops to a child at Lady Reading hospital in Peshawar on December 19. (Reuters/Fayaz Aziz)
  • A polio-vaccination worker gives polio vaccine drops to a young girl in Peshawar, Pakistan on December 19. (AFP/A. Majeed)
  • A woman from the All Pakistan Lady Health Workers Welfare Association defaces a poster that condemns the polio-eradication drive during a protest in Islamabad against the recent killings. (Reuters/Faisal Mahmood)

PHOTO GALLERY: The Islamist terrorist group Jundullah has claimed responsibility for a series of attacks on volunteers working to provide basic life-saving care and help eradicate polio in Pakistan through vaccination. There have been occasional attacks on health workers in the region in the past, but eight killings in several days sparked calls for central and regional Pakistani officials to better guarantee the young volunteers' safety. (WARNING: graphic images)

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2 More Pakistanis Die In Polio Attacks

United Nations agencies have suspended a campaign against polio in Pakistan after deadly attacks on vaccination teams.
By Ron Synovitz
Aid workers have warned for years that they must operate independently from military forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan or risk being seen by locals -- and by militants -- as part of the counterinsurgency campaign.

With a rising number of targeted attacks against medical aid workers in both Pakistan and Afghanistan, those warnings appear increasingly relevant and justified.

In the past week, eight polio-eradication workers have been targeted and killed in Pakistan by gunmen.

Scores of foreign and Afghan humanitarian aid workers have also been killed in Afghanistan in recent years -- most recently, the December 1 shooting death in Kapisa Province of a 20-year-old Afghan woman who distributed polio vaccinations in the village of Kohistan.

Concerned about the safety of health workers,  the World Health Organization, UNICEF, and Pakistan's government have halted their field immunization campaigns -- including a three-day immunization drive aimed at vaccinating millions of Pakistani children.

Health workers in Afghanistan and Pakistan tell RFE/RL they feel increasingly threatened as a result of counterinsurgency operations in the areas where they operate. They say militants increasingly are linking aid workers to intelligence agents and military forces.

'Sacred' Space

Sarah Crowe, a spokeswoman for UNICEF, says the best protection for aid workers is for their "humanitarian space" to remain independent from armed forces. "Health workers or aid workers -- in this particular case, polio vaccinators -- must be protected at all times, and [that means] the space in which they operate must remain safe and free of any political interference whatsoever," she says.

"So that humanitarian space is sacred and must remain so, because it is not just about the health and lives of those polio workers and the health workers concerned; it is also about the children they serve," Crowe adds. "That is why it is all the more important that this humanitarian space remain sacred."

But Mustafa Qadri, a researcher for Amnesty International, says military operations in both Afghanistan and Pakistan have blurred the line of distinction between humanitarian workers and soldiers.

"The line has been blurred, certainly in Afghanistan, since there has been this push for a civilian surge where, quite deliberately, there has been an attempt to use aid workers to promote objectives in a conflict," Qadri says. "The practical impact on the people can be devastating."

In Pakistan, meanwhile, some Islamic clerics have announced opposition to immunization programs since a Pakistani CIA informant created a fake hepatitis-immunization campaign to locate Osama bin Laden.

"With the doctor who helped the CIA to track down bin Laden, that move to use a fake vaccination campaign has had a very big negative impact on the much-needed vaccinations and health needs of Pakistanis," Qadri says. "Even before that secret campaign was disclosed, groups like the Taliban and others would claim that polio and other kinds of vaccinations were actually an attempt to sterilize the population and to get information. So, in a way, they've exploited that revelation."

Double-Edged Damage

Indeed, militants in Pakistan say the immunization drives are a scheme by Western and Pakistani intelligence agencies to spy on them.

Suspected Taliban fighters have more frequently kidnapped or killed aid workers since the May 1, 2011 raid by U.S. forces that killed bin Laden in Abbottabad, Pakistan.
But it's not just the fake immunization program in Abbottabad that has raised aid workers' concerns.

A Swedish aid organization, the Swedish Committee for Afghanistan, is in the midst of talks with NATO officials in Afghanistan after NATO and soldiers from the Afghan National Army occupied an Afghan health clinic in Wardak Province in late October.

The aid group says NATO used the clinic as a detention and interrogation center for three days -- as well as for a combat operations hub and a strategic position to launch mortars.

Andreas Stefansson, the country director of the Swedish Committee, says such incidents cause patients and staff to lose confidence that medical centers are a neutral zone respected by warring parties.

"We're not going to let this go," Stefansson says. "We're going to keep the pressure up together along with other health actors to ensure that they actually improve, because repeatedly there are breaches around the country toward health facilities and hospitals."

Meanwhile, World Health Organization spokesman Tarik Jasarevic says the cancellation of the immunization programs in Pakistan threatens to reverse recent gains toward eradicating polio in Pakistan -- where 56 polio paralysis cases were reported this year, down from 190 cases in 2011.

Afghanistan and Nigeria are the only other countries where the debilitating disease is endemic.
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Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Daniel Conway from: Glendale CA
December 19, 2012 18:35
You can do good only when the recipient is willing to accept the grace. They want nothing from Infidels. LEAVE!

DEC
Glendale CA

by: Nish from: US
December 19, 2012 18:49
I am sorry to see that Pakistan is turning into an evil state where bad things are celebrated by most of the population and good people and ideologies are attacked. Shameless psople should change the way they think, they attack little girls, give guns to innocent kids and make them terrorists, they kill anybody who might have said that was intruppted as against some prophet and also kill who may support them, they spread terror in the negihbouring countries. I wonder what good they do for humanity, they are always in the news not just for bad but for all the evil reasons. I am not sure how to bring these people on board with current civilized people. Whole world is getting sophisticated, civilized and honest, these people are moving in oposite direction.
In Response

by: Curly from: USA
December 19, 2012 20:41
The UN and every NGO and every other nation should pull out of Pakistan and let the Taliban have it. Also maybe an embargo on all imports and exports would be wise. Then If the Taliban attacks out side of their area destroy them to the last person. Take no prisoner.

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