Friday, October 24, 2014


The Power Vertical

Judge Veklich's Rebellion

Opposition figure Garry Kasparov being detained by police on August 17.
Opposition figure Garry Kasparov being detained by police on August 17.
The authorities couldn't have scripted it better. The first high-profile test of a new law imposing stiff fines for unsanctioned public gatherings would involve none other than Garry Kasparov.
 
The former world chess champion turned opposition figure was detained outside a Moscow courthouse on August 17, the last day of the trial of three members of the feminist punk rock collective Pussy Riot. Kasparov said he was just speaking to journalists. Police said he was chanting "Down with the police state," "Russia without Putin," and other antigovernment slogans.
 
So they caught a pretty big fish. And few doubted, given Russia's servile courts, that Kasparov would be given a show trial. And few doubted that the show trial would result in a fine of up to $1,000 in accordance with the new law.
 
Enter Judge Yekaterina Veklich.
 
In the August 24 Power Vertical podcast, my co-host Kirill Kobrin, managing editor of RFE/RL's Russian Service, said the following:
 
We can't say all Russian bureaucrats are corrupt, spoiled thieves. There are a lot of honest people who support the idea of a strong state and their attitude to all these tricks [is that] they are getting disgusted. Any honest bureaucrat, or a local police officer or judge, what do they think of this process? It's just shameful. Don't forget about the moral element in this.
 
Timely words indeed. Hours later, Veklich found Kasparov not guilty.
 
“The facts recorded in the police report do not correspond to reality,” she said in acquitting him.

Kasparov is now seeking to have the police who detained him brought up on criminal charges. 
 
In preparing his defense, Kasparov gathered photographic and video evidence of the run-up to his detention to prove he wasn't shouting antigovernment slogans as police had alleged. He also used time stamps on photographs of his arrest to show that it took place more than an hour before the time listed in the police report -- bolstering his case that the police report was fabricated.
 
Moreover, journalists interviewing Kasparov when he was detained (including RFE/RL's Danila Galperovich) testified in his defense.
 
But none of that would have mattered if Veklich had acted according to the expected script. If she had not decided to issue her ruling based on the facts, rather than the political needs of the Kremlin.
 
As I have blogged here and the Russian media has covered extensively, there has long been a deep division in the elite between those who want to govern like it's 2007 and those who see a need to move on -- albeit slowly -- towards a more pluralistic approach. Most of this -- conflicts between shareholders and managers and between siloviki and technocrats -- has focused on the upper echelons.
 
Just last week, Gazeta.ru had a piece on a schism inside the Kremlin administration over the crackdown that followed Vladimir Putin's return to power. "Not everyone likes the harsh suppression of opposition and crude propaganda," the author, Yekaterina Vinokurova, wrote.
 
And the longer this split at the top persists, the more likely it will be reflected throughout the bureaucracy, in the law-enforcement community, and yes, in the courts.
 
"Those in Russian state bodies have a choice," Kobrin said during the podcast.
 
I suspect we will be seeing more and more officials like Judge Veklich surprising us in the future.
 
-- Brian Whitmore
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Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Mark from: Victoria
August 28, 2012 00:11
I don't mean to rain on your parade, but in what way is Garry Kasparov a "big fish"? If you meant a fish stood a better chance of getting elected in virtually any political contest in which Kasparov was a candidate, you're right. Otherwise, not so much. Kasparov has yet to break the electoral threshold, and usually withdraws, saying government obstruction prevents him getting a fair crack at winning.

Yes, Kasparov's victory in court was surprising, and will rightly cast doubt on police evidence in future, which is all to the good as the standard of proof will rise. If the preponderance of your Russia analysis is correct, Judge Veklich has maybe 48 hours to get out of the country before Putin's goons come and break down her door, jail her on trumped-up charges and eventually announce she died of an undiagnosed illness while in prison. Let's see if that happens, as it is bound to do considering Putin brooks no challenges to his authority, and he really wanted Garry Kasparov sent down the river for a long stretch. Or at least fined $1000.00.

Alternatively, Judge Veklich could lead a political revolt of all honest bureacrats, based on this "schism" you keep bringing up, and overthrow the government.

Somehow lost in the shuffle and the throwing of confetti is the fact that the justice system worked just as it is supposed to, and if it continues to do so a few police officers will be looking for new jobs by the end of the week. Which of course will be a victory against Putin, who didn't want that to happen.
In Response

by: Sergio from: The Netherlands
August 29, 2012 03:59
Kasparov is simply a famous person, since his chess years. This makes him automatically a big fish. If Pugacheva or Mikhalkov suddenly joined the anti-Putin opposition, they would also be 'big fish' by virtue of their fame.

I don't expect your mega-thug-scenario to come true, as Putin is already under pressure because of the Pussy Riot case. But keep your eyes open during the next few years. I would not be surprised if this judge met the fate of other Russian opposition members (despite the fact that this judge isn't one). Be honest: if she disappears or is jailed at some point in the next few years, will you be surprised?

Yes, the justice system in this case worked just as it was supposed to. If only that happened more frequently -- say, more than 1 in 10 -- when opposition activists are involved, there would be no need for confetti. It would simply be a normal state of affairs.

Who knows? Maybe this will happen in Russia's future. Weirder things have happened.
In Response

by: Mark from: Victoria
August 29, 2012 20:59
I could see that, if Kasparov had been arrested for bungling the Sicilian Defense or some related chess crime, but his arrest was related to his activities as an oppsition political figure, to which his fame as a chess player has no more relevance than if he were William G. Wepfer - a famous person in his own circles, as the inventor of the gas barbecue.

In point of fact Kasparov was arrested for nothing, since he was found not guilty, but I'm sure you see what I mean - I object to the characterization of Kasparov as a "big fish" in politics just because he was a great chess player. That doesn't help him command a political audience, and I'll bet not even all the competition-level chess players in Russia would vote for him. Similarly, opposition figures always wail that they were cheated if they make a poor showing. They are either unable to acknowledge they are just not that popular, or genuinely don't see it. Boris Nemtsov is a great example, losing the election for mayor of his home town of Sochi, and claiming it was because he did not get equal access to airtime and advertising media to market his candidacy. As I mentioned, he is from Sochi, and he had recently finished up a stint as Deputy Prime Minister of the entire Russian Federation. It's hard to imagine there was anyone in Sochi who did not know him.

Similarly, Kasparov's complaint that he was unable to rent a hall to hold his nominating convention is a weak appeal for pity. What are we to make of somebody who can't surmount that kind of obstacle, yet who proposes to lead the nation? Is he never going to have to confront a problem more difficult that that? Use your head, man: rent the hall through a third party. Rent the convention facilities of a major hotel chain. Hold it in a barn, for God's sake - the law says you have to have a verified 500 delegates in support, it doesn't specify the type of building. If he couldn't reason his way through that one, how would he deal with a credit crisis? Runaway inflation? Border disputes? Do I have to think of everything?

by: Eugenio from: Vienna
August 28, 2012 13:49
It's really sad to look at Kasparov: he was such a good chess player back in the 1980s. And now he needed to get into "politics" in order to make a clown of himself by biting (or not - after all, who cares?) some policemen on the street. He could have opened a chess academy instead and do something useful for the others (and for himself, of course).
In Response

by: Sergio from: The Netherlands
August 29, 2012 04:08
He still is, as far as I know, as good a chess player as he was in the 1980s. As Thérèse said in her comment, if you think Kasparov makes himself a clown in politics while being denied the right to hold public meetings or protest marches and having no access to the media (who, under P's authority, mechanically place him in the worst light possible), then pretty much every great Russian in history, from Lenin on, started out as a clown.

I don't think Kasparov will become politically important. But this is not the only measure of "clown"ness. For the latter, look at Zhirinovsky, and what he says.

by: Thérèse Obrecht Hodler from: Berne
August 28, 2012 19:29
Appalling comments, sorry to say. How do you think Russia will ever change if citizens (like Kasparov) open a chess academy and just try to make loads of money instead of going into politics? He makes a clown of himself? This is the kind of statement Putin probably loves to make to his pals. Have you ever imagined what it is like to be a candidate without ever appearing on TV or without even being able to hold a meeting, be in Moscow or the provinces. He will never be elected president, good or him, but he might get shot some day by a lunatic for trying to make his country a decent place to live. Why did Magnitsky feel the need to uncover a big corruption scheme? Why does Navalny go on protesting with the risk of being put behind bars for years? Why did Politkovskaya write about Chechnya when nobody was interested to read that stuff (is what many Russians - and probably you too - said after her death). Thanks judge Veklich for being brave, but maybe your phone had broken down before the judgment, so no chance for the telefonnoe pravo.
In Response

by: Andrew from: Auckland
August 29, 2012 04:49
Well said Therese, you make good points.

Unfortunately Mark and Eugenio often make such appalling comments.

BTW Mark, if you think the Russian justice system "worked just as it is supposed to", a better example is the imprisonment of the wife of an activist for 8 years for "drug possession" despite eye witnesses (who had passed lie detector tests) stating they had seen the police planting the drugs (a not uncommon occurrence in Russia). THAT is the system working the way it was intended by Putin.
In Response

by: Eugenio from: Vienna
August 29, 2012 05:00
Thérèse, who told you that "Russia needs to change"? When one looks at a number of European states going bankrupt, while Russia is growing at the rate of more than 4 % per year, one gets the impression that a number of EU member states need to change and not anyone else.
You are saying: "trying to make his country a decent place to live". This is a comment that some ignorant "individual" from the US would make: sitting in his/her bankrupt Detroit, having no idea abour the world and thinking that s/he needs to tell others how to live. Did you, Thérèse, by any chance graduate from the Condoleezza Rice School of Politics?
All your "retorical" questions starting with "why" are very easy to answer: Magnitsky, Navalny, Politkovskaya and Pussy Riot do what they do for one sole reason - they are (were) paid by the US Embassy in Moscow and related structures to try to somehow destabilize Russia. But you know, people there are not as stupid as you would wish them to be: they know that the nation of Beavuses and Buttheads and their lakeys are the major enemy of the humankind.
And they also know that the US and EU are going bankrupt and this is the major reason why they so desperately try to somehow destabilize others. But - the example of Syria is vividly showing every day - the US/EU/NATO losers are that inept that they can not even get rid of Bashar, let alone presenting any kind of serious challenge to Putin.
Cheers from Vienna, Thérèse!
In Response

by: Alex from: USA
August 30, 2012 17:03
I usually try to ignore comments by Mark and Eugenio since they are such reliably anti-Western trolls on this site, but Eugenio's latest claim that the Russian opposition is paid by the US Embassy is just beyond the pale in its stupidity and falseness. The Russian opposition does what it does because they love Russia and hate what Putin is doing to their country, and I could not agree with them more.

Eugenio, you are a pathetic far-left extremist, apparently jobless since you leave your poison pen comments every day - either that or YOU are paid by the Russian Embassy in Vienna to troll for them.

You and your ideology are on the ash heap of history, you've lost and America won, and if you can't accept that, that's not our problem. Stop your disgusting and pointless America-hatred and go learn some English, your comments are full of basic grammar errors and misspellings... not surprising, considering the basic errors in your ideology and worldview.

Keep rocking, Brian, don't let leftist idiots like E. get you down.

by: Vakhtang from: Moscow
August 30, 2012 00:39
All of this suggests that Mr.Whitmore. does not understand Russian judicial system.

The situation today is... that in such cases the judge did not make their own decisions this was a direct order of the Moscow City Court, more precisely the order of Egorova-Chairman of the Moscow City Court,more precisely Putin's order...

Those who say that Kasparov "small fish" and Putin too busy with "great deeds", to spend time on such trifles are agents of the KGB or lie.
Putin is vindictive and mean-spirited man who does not miss a single detail вut at the same time, he wants everyone to believe in the opposite and that the courts that he controls not only suppress but can acquit...court decision on Kasparov - part of the game of Putin that such as Mr.Whitmore wrote naive articles about "objective" russian judges-)))..

So Mr.Whitmore!!.. when you see that in the room a woman enters in a gown.. you need to know-Yegorovа called her on the order of Putin-make the "right" decision...

by: Mark from: Victoria
August 31, 2012 17:29
"The Russian opposition does what it does because they love Russia and hate what Putin is doing to their country, and I could not agree with them more."

Is that a fact? Well, how Russian is Kasparov, really? He's a U.S. citizen, born in Azerbaijan to an Armenian mother and a Russian father, who died when he was only 7 years old. He is the recipient of the "Keeper of the Flame" award from the United States think tank Center for Security Policy (CSP), for his contributions to " the defence of the United States and American values around the world". In 2006 he and fellow dissident Mikhail Kasyanov lobbied to have Russia excluded from the G8 Summit, which was held in St Petersburg. Mmmmm....awkward. When he announced his intention to run for the Russian presidency in 2007, he traveled straightaway to the United States to appear on a variety of American talk-show platforms. Who was he trying to convince? Russians? All of his posturing is directed at a foreign audience.

Tell me that would fly, if the circumstances were reversed, in a country where a good quarter of the electorate is still suspicious that their own president is a closet Muslim who was born in Kenya. Uh huh. Imagine Green Party candidate Cheri Honkala - who probably polls about as much of the vote, proportionally speaking, in the USA as Kasparov does in Russia and who has been arrested many more times than Kasparov for civil disobedience - spent significant amounts of her adult life in Russia, had received the Order of the Red Banner from a Russian policy group for her service in the promotion of Russian security, and had lobbied to have the United States excluded from an international summit which was to take place in New York. Imagine she traveled to Russia to promote herself - in Russian - as a U.S. presidential candidate. Further imagine yourself trying to sell the view in the USA that she just loved America and was only trying to make it a better place, because the U.S. government was doing terrible things to it.

And expecting people to take you seriously.

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17:49

EVENING NEWS ROUNDUP

From RFE/RL's News Desk:

PUTIN ACCUSES UNITED STATES OF 'UNILATERAL DIKTAT'

Russian President Vladimir Putin has accused the United States of escalating conflicts around the world by imposing what he called a "unilateral diktat."

Putin made the remarks in a combative speech to political experts at the Valdai International Discussion Club, in Russia's Black Sea resort of Sochi.

Putin said the United States has been "fighting against the results of its own policy" in Iraq, Libya and Syria.

He said risks of serious conflicts involving major countries have risen, as well as risks of arms treaties being violated.

He also dismissed international sanctions over Russia's actions in Ukraine as a "mistake," saying they aimed at pushing Russia into isolation and would end up "hurting everyone."

We did not start this," he added, referring to rising tensions between Russia and the West.

(Based on reporting by Reuters, AP, Interfax, TASS)

MERKEL URGES PUTIN TO SOLVE UKRAINIAN GAS DISPUTE

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has urged Russian President Vladimir Putin in a telephone call to push for a quick resolution of the ongoing gas dispute with Ukraine as winter looms.

The call by Merkel to Putin on October 24 comes as representatives of the EU, Russia, and Ukraine are due to meet again next week in EU brokered talks aimed at solving the gas dispute between Kyiv and Moscow.

Merkel also underlined that upcoming elections in areas of eastern Ukraine controlled by Russian-backed separatists must respect Ukrainian national law.

Pro-Russian insurgent leaders are boycotting a parliamentary snap poll on October 26 in Ukraine and are holding their own election in the Lugansk and Donetsk regions, home to nearly three million people, on the same day instead.

(Based on reporting by AFP and Reuters)

UNHCR SAYS MORE THAN 800,000 DISPLACED IN UKRAINE CONFLICT

By RFE/RL

The United Nations says the conflict in Ukraine has forced more than 800,000 people from their homes.

Around 95 percent of displaced people come from eastern Ukraine, where government troops have been battling pro-Russian separatists.

UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, told a briefing in Geneva that an estimated 430,000 people were currently displaced within Ukraine -- 170,000 more than at the start of September.

It said at least 387,000 other people have asked for refugee status, temporary asylum, or other forms of residency permits in Russia.

Another 6,600 have applied for asylum in the European Union and 581 in Belarus.

The agency said it was "racing to help some of the most vulnerable displaced people" as winter approaches.

It also said the number of displaced people is expected to rise further due to ongoing fighting in eastern Ukraine.

THREE ALLEGED MILITANTS KILLED IN NORTH CAUCASUS

Three alleged militants have been killed by security forces in Russia's volatile North Caucasus region.

Russia's National Antiterrorism Committee says that two suspects were killed in the village of Charoda in Daghestan on October 24 after they refused to leave an apartment and opened fire at police and security troops.

One police officer was wounded.

Also on October 24, police in another North Caucasus region, Kabardino-Balkaria, killed a suspected militant after he refused to identify himself, threw a grenade towards police, and opened fire with a pistol.

A police officer was wounded in that incident.

Violence is common in Russia's North Caucasus region, which includes the restive republics of Daghestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Ingushetia, and Chechnya.

Islamic militants and criminal groups routinely target Russian military personnel and local officials.

(Based on reporting by Interfax and TASS)

MOSCOW LAWYER IN HIGH PROFILE ORGANIZED CRIME CASE KILLED

A lawyer, who represented an alleged victim of the notorious Orekhovo criminal group in Moscow, has been assassinated.

Police in the Russian capital say that Vitaly Moiseyev and his wife were found dead with gunshot wounds in a car near Moscow on October 24.

Moiseyev was representing Sergei Zhurba, an alleged victim of the Orekhovo gang and a key witness in a case against one of the gang's leaders Dmitry Belkin.

Belkin was sentenced to life in prison on October 23 for multiple murders and extortion.

Last month, another of Zhurba's lawyers, Tatyana Akimtseva (eds: a woman), was shot dead by unknown individuals.

The Orekhovo group was one of the most powerful crime gangs of the Moscow region and in Russia in the 1990s. Its members are believed to be responsible for dozens of murders.

(Based on reporting by TASS and Interfax)

17:27

LITTLE GREES VOTERS, ANYONE?

17:26

SPY VS. SPY

08:29

MORNING NEWS ROUNDUP

From RFE/RL's News Desk:

UKRAINIAN PM WARNS OF RUSSIAN DESTABILIZATION OF ELECTIONS

Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk is warning that Russia could attempt to disrupt Ukraine's parliamentary elections scheduled for October 26.

Yatsenyuk told a meeting of top security officials and election monitors on October 23 that "It is absolutely clear that attempts to destabilize the situation will continue and will be provoked by Russia."

Yatsenyuk said "we are in a state of Russian aggression and we have before us one more challenge -- to hold parliamentary elections."

The prime minister said Ukraine needs the "full mobilization of the entire law-enforcement system to prevent violations of the election process and attempts at terrorist acts during the elections."

Interior Minister Arsen Avakov said authorities have ordered some 82,000 policemen on duty for election day.

He said 4,000 members of a special reaction force would be among those maintaining order during polling hours and would be concentrated in "those precincts where there is a risk of some terrorist acts or aggressive actions by some...candidates."

The warning by Yatsenyuk comes on the heels of three violent attacks on parliamentary candidates in the past week.

The latest, against Volodymyr Borysenko, a member of Yatsenyuk's People's Front Party, occurred on October 20 when Borysenko was shot at and had an explosive thrown at him.

He allegedly survived the attack only because he was wearing body armor due to numerous death threats he had recently received.

Elections to the Verkhovna Rada, the parliament, will be held despite continued fighting in the eastern part of the country between Ukrainian government forces and pro-Russian separatists.

Voting will not take place in 14 districts of eastern Ukraine currently under the control of the separatists.

Those separatist-held areas -- in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions -- are planning on holding their own elections in November.

Additionally, Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea in March means the loss of 12 seats from the 450-seat parliament.

Polls show President Petro Poroshenko's party leading with some 30 percent of respondents saying they would cast their vote for the Petro Poroshenko Bloc.

It that percentage holds on election day it would mean Poroshenko's bloc would have to form a coalition government, likely with nationalist groups who oppose conducting peace talks over fighting in the east.

(Based on reporting by Reuters and Interfax)

RUSSIA DENIES ESTONIAN AIRSPACE VIOLATIONS

By RFE/RL

Moscow has denied claims of an incursion by a Russian military plane into Estonia's airspace.

A Russian Defense Ministry spokesman told Interfax news agency on October 23 that the Ilyushin-20 took off from Khrabrovo airfield in the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad on October 21.

The spokesman said the reconnaissance plane flew "over neutral waters of the Baltic Sea" while on a training flight.

On October 22, Estonia’s Foreign Ministry summoned the Russian ambassador in Tallinn, Yury Merzlakov, after the Estonian military said the Russian plane had entered its air space.

In a statement, NATO said the Ilyushin-20 was first intercepted by Danish jets when it approached Denmark, before flying toward non-NATO member Sweden.

Intercepted by Swedish planes, the alliance said the Ilyushin entered Estonian airspace for “less than one minute” and was escorted out by Portuguese jets.

NATO has stepped up its Baltic air patrols and Moscow has been accused of several recent border violations in the region amid heightened tensions between Russia and the West over the Ukraine conflict.

Last month, Estonia accused Russia of abducting one of its police officers on the border.

Russia claims Eston Kohver was seized inside Russia on September 5, while Estonian officials say he was captured at gunpoint in Estonia near the border and taken to Russia.

The European Union and United States have called for the immediate release of the Estonian security official, who is facing espionage charges in Russia.

Meanwhile, the Swedish Navy has been searching for a suspected submarine sighted six days ago some 50 kilometers from the capital, Stockholm, although it said on October 22 it was pulling back some of its ships.

Swedish officials have not linked any particular country to the suspected intrusion and Moscow has denied involvement.

(With reporting by Interfax, TASS, and the BBC)

RUSSIAN COURT POSTPONES RULING ON OIL FIRM BASHNEFT

A Moscow court postponed to next week a ruling on a move to take control of Bashneft, an oil company from tycoon Vladimir Yevtushenkov.

The judge said on October 23 that the next hearing will take place on October 30 after the prosecution requested more time to prepare its case.

Prosecutors filed the suit in September to regain state ownership of Bashneft, citing alleged violations in the privatization and subsequent sale of the company to AFK Sistema investment group.

Yevtushenkov, the main shareholder of the conglomerate, is under house arrest on suspicion of money laundering during the firm's acquisition in 2009.

Yevtushenkov, 66, was arrested on September 16.

He is ranked Russia's 15th richest man by U.S. magazine Forbes, with an estimated fortune of $9 billion.

(Based on reporting by Reuters and TASS)

11:11 October 23, 2014

THERE IS NO RUSSIA WITHOUT PUTIN?

According to a report in the pro-Kremlin daily "Izvestia," deputy Kremlin chief of staff Vyacheslav Volodin told a meeting of the Valdai Discussion Club in Sochi that Western politicians "do not understand the essence of Russia."

"Volodin stated the key thesis about the current state of our country: As long as there is Putin there is Russia. If there is no Putin, there is no Russia," Konstantin Kostin, head of the Foundation for the Development of Civil Society, told "Izvestia."

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The Power Vertical is a blog written especially for Russia wonks and obsessive Kremlin watchers by Brian Whitmore. It covers emerging and developing trends in Russian politics, shining a spotlight on the high-stakes power struggles, machinations, and clashing interests that shape Kremlin policy today. Check out The Power Vertical Facebook page or