Tuesday, September 02, 2014


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Kyrgyz Writer's Historical Cottage Under Threat In Russia

Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov spent 20 years at this cottage in Peredelkino.
Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov spent 20 years at this cottage in Peredelkino.
By Natalya Dzhanpoladova and Claire Bigg
MOSCOW -- Chingiz Aitmatov's cottage in Peredelkino has changed little since the late Kyrgyz writer moved there in the late 1980s.

The pretty wooden villa, shaded by pines, maples, and silver birch trees, remains one of the gems of Peredelkino -- a cottage complex established by Josef Stalin in the 1930s as a literary retreat for the Soviet Union's top authors.

Aitmatov's relatives, however, say the historical building is under threat. The family is facing eviction and fears the cottage will be leveled to make way for one of the modern luxury villas that have mushroomed in Peredelkino since the Soviet collapse.

"I think the goal is to raze it and sell [the land]," Aitmatov's daughter-in-law, Gyuzel Aitmatova, says. "Chingiz Aitmatov was an eminent figure known worldwide; they were just waiting for memories of him to fade a little before making their move."

Aitmatov died in 2008 after having spent 20 years in Peredelkino.

The cottage and the plot on which it sits are currently owned by the International Literary Fund, a nongovernmental body that was appointed as Peredelkino's proprietor following the Soviet collapse.

The fund insists it has the legal right to reclaim the villa and claims Aitmatov agreed that his relatives would return the property after his death.

"The leadership of the International Literary Fund filed several court petitions to obtain the eviction of the relatives who, parasiting off the name of their family member, continue to live illegally in Peredelkino," fund head Ivan Pereverzin says. "One of these petitions was an eviction lawsuit concerning Chingiz Aitmatov, which we won."

But Aitmatova says the court ruling clearing the eviction was handed down without the family's knowledge. She also contests the fund's inherited ownership of the Soviet-era cottage complex.

It's All About Location

Moscow's rapid expansion has sent property prices soaring in Peredelkino, and a number of locals suspect the fund's leaders of colluding with corrupt officials to sell the cottages for personal gain.

A meadow close to the cottage once inhabited by Boris Pasternak has already been fenced up and turned into an elite villa settlement.

The fund's attempt to take possession of the Aitmatov villa is now fueling fears of an all-out property grab in Peredelkino.

The Aitmatov family, which has been renting the villa from the fund since 1991, has offered to vacate the villa on the condition that it be turned into a museum dedicated to the writer.

Although the fund has agreed to discuss the project in coming weeks, the Aitmatovs say they have already warded off several eviction attempts by fund representatives and crowbar-wielding bailiffs.

"When they came the first time, the bailiffs were quite aggressive -- they displayed bits of documents allegedly ordering the eviction," Gyuzel Aitmatova says. "We were told, 'We will now collect your belongings and take them away, and then you will run after us and implore us to give them back to you.'"

PHOTO GALLERY: A portrait of writer Chingiz Aitmatov
  • Novelist Chingiz Aitmatov in the city of Frunze (now Bishkek) in 1985
  • Novelist Chingiz Aitmatov with his daughter Shirin in 1985
  • Chingiz Aitmatov in 1978
  • Chingiz Aitmatov with his sons in 1980
  • Aitmatov in 1981
  • Chingiz Aitmatov's family gather for his funeral in Bishkek on June 14, 2008.
  • Aitmatov's cottage in Peredelkino, from Russian television
  • Chingiz Aitmatov in November 2007


Heritage Site?

The Public Chamber, a consultative body of academics and public figures created under President Vladimir Putin, has since stepped into the dispute after the Aitmatovs asked for help.

The chamber supports the idea of creating an Aitmatov museum and has sought to broker an agreement with the International Literary Fund.

But Public Chamber member Konstantin Mikhailov, who witnessed the latest eviction attempt on September 17, says fund representatives have turned a deaf ear to the proposal.

"On behalf of the Public Chamber, we asked them not to rush," Mikhailov says. "They left after our conversation [and] we invited them to the commission's session, which took place the next day, to begin a civilized dialogue. But none of them deigned to come."

The Public Chamber is now seeking to classify the cottage as a historical heritage site to shield it from destruction.

Several cottages have already been turned into museums dedicated to the cultural luminaries who once lived there -- Boris Pasternak, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, singer Bulat Okudzhava, and children's poet Korney Chukovsky.
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Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Isoruku from: US
September 23, 2012 11:54
The word you want in the above piece is "historic," not "historical." The latter refers to the practice of historiography, as in "My historical work into the influences of Gogol on the work of Chekov is almost finished." But the word "historic" is a synonym for "famous" or "celebrated" or "of great significance."
In Response

by: parvenu
September 23, 2012 14:56
I don't know about 'historic'. Maybe "History Heritage Site" would be more appropriate for the dacha.
But in my opinion the museum should be in Bishkek

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