Tuesday, September 02, 2014


Ukraine

NATO Meeting Over Ukraine

People march on the street with a giant Russian flag in Simferopol, Crimea.
People march on the street with a giant Russian flag in Simferopol, Crimea.

Related Articles

In Crimea, A Simmering Cauldron

Tensions between ethnic Russians and Crimean Tatars dramatically escalated this week. RFE/RL correspondent Robert Coalson was in Crimea earlier this month and has this report on the potentially volatile relations between the two groups.

Ukraine's East-West Divide: It's Not That Simple

Ukraine is divided between a mainly Ukrainian-speaking West and a predominantly Russian-speaking south and east. Popular maps frequently have depicted this divide using one shade in the west and another shade in the east. But a detailed map of Kharkiv Oblast in the country's east shows a more complex picture.

Who's Who In Ukraine's 'Kamikaze' Cabinet

Ukraine's parliament has voted to approve a new cabinet that takes over a country still rocked by separatist clashes and spiraling into economic chaos. Acting President Oleksandr Turchynov referred to the current government as a "doomed" body that would have only three-four months to implement radical and deeply unpopular reforms.

Explainer: The Budapest Memorandum And Its Relevance To Crimea

With tensions rising in Crimea and pro-Russian forces controlling the peninsula's main airports, Ukrainian Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk has called on Russia to "not violate the Budapest Memorandum." So what is the Budapest Memorandum and what does it have to do with Crimea?

Video Bad Tenant: Ukraine Bristles At Lingering Presence Of Black Sea Fleet

Tensions are rising in Ukraine's Crimean peninsula, where officials say naval troops from Russia's Black Sea Fleet are blockading a military airport in the port city of Sevastopol. The Russian Navy has held a base in Crimea ever since the 18th century -- a toehold some Ukrainians fear Moscow may now use to annex the Black Sea territory. Many in Ukraine have long resented the Russian presence -- and blame ousted leader Viktor Yanukovych for the fact that they're still there.
By RFE/RL
BRUSSELS -- NATO is to hold an urgent meeting in Brussels to consider the situation in Ukraine.

The March 2 meeting of the North Atlantic Council, the alliance’s main political decision-making body, is at the request of Poland.

Warsaw has said it feels threatened by any potential Russian military intervention in neighboring Ukraine.

NATO Secretary-General Anders Fogh Rasmussen announced the meeting on March 1 on Twitter, saying: "Urgent need for de-escalation in Crimea."

“Russia must respect Ukraine's sovereignty, territorial integrity, & borders," he added.

A meeting of the NATO-Ukraine commission is to be held on March 3 in Brussels.

The NATO meetings come amid a flurry of Western diplomatic activity in response to the Ukranian crisis and fears Russia might intervene militarily.

Live Blog: Ukraine On The Brink

Those fears rose on March 1 after Russia's upper house of parliament gave President Vladimir Putin approval to deploy troops to protect ethnic Russians in Ukraine and Russian naval forces based in the country's Crimea region.

Diplomacy

Earlier, Ukraine's Defense Minister Ihor Tenyukh accused Russia of sending 6,000 troops and 30 armored personnel carriers into Ukraine's Crimea region since February 28 "without warning or Ukraine's permission."

British Foreign Minister William Hague will visit Kyiv on March 2.

He has called on Moscow to respect the independence of Ukraine in line with the 1994 Budapest Memorandum signed by Russia, the United States, and Britain.

Explainer: The Budapest Memorandum And Its Relevance To Crimea

The memorandum, agreed following the collapse of the Soviet Union, engaged all three powers to respect the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of Ukraine.

Meanwhile, the U.S. White House says that President Barack Obama had a 90-minute phone call with Russian President Vladimir Putin on March 1.

Obama said the appropriate way for Russia to address any concerns in Ukraine "is peacefully through direct engagement" with the Ukrainian government and international mediating bodies.

The U.S. president also warned that continued violation of international law by Moscow would lead to further "political and economic isolation."

The Kremlin said Putin told Obama that Moscow will reserve its right to "protect its interests and Russian-speaking populations" in Ukraine.

Both the United States and Canada have suspended their engagements in preparations for the G-8 Summit, currently planned for Sochi.

U.S. Ambassador to the UN Samantha Power accused Russia of violating its international commitments.

Addressing an emergency session of the UN Security Council, she called for the "immediate deployment" of OSCE and UN observers to Ukraine to try to defuse the tensions there.

"It is time for the Russian intervention in Ukraine to end. The Russian military must stand down, the aspirations of the Ukrainian people must be respected, and political dialogue must be allowed to continue," Power said.

Ukrainian Ambassador to the UN Yuriy Sergeyev called on the Security Council to “do everything possible” to stop Russian "aggression."

UN Deputy Secretary General Jan Eliasson called for dialogue among all parties.

"It is important to recall the mission of this organization: to always search for peaceful settlement of dispute. This is the essence of the UN Charter and should serve as our primary guide in this situation. Now is the time for cool heads to prevail," Eliasson said.

EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton has urged Moscow to follow its international obligations to keep forces out of Ukraine and to promote its views through "peaceful means."

The European Union said EU foreign ministers will hold urgent talks over Ukraine on March 3.

With reporting by Reuters, dpa, AP, and AFP

Most Popular