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Report Says 54 Countries Offered Rendition Support

Among other things, a new report claims that several countries allowed planes carrying suspects detained by the CIA to overfly or transit their territory. (file photo)
Among other things, a new report claims that several countries allowed planes carrying suspects detained by the CIA to overfly or transit their territory. (file photo)
By Charles Recknagel
An international human rights group says 54 foreign governments participated in the U.S. intelligence agency's secret detention and rendition operations following terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001.

The new report, prepared by the New York-based Open Society, is the most extensive description yet prepared by a nongovernmental organization concerning a highly classified program run by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

The report details the fates of 136 known victims of the CIA's program to detain suspected terrorists and transfer them without legal process across national borders.

Many of the suspects were transferred to foreign governments that used torture or sent to clandestine sites operated by the U.S. intelligence agency itself.

The report, which comes more than 10 years after the 2001 attacks, says the CIA's goal was to place the detained suspects "beyond the reach of law" where they were subject to human rights abuses.

Amrit Singh, the author of the report, suggests the foreign governments' involvement in the secret program means they share responsibility along with the United States for its abuses.

"The report shows that 54 governments were complicit in various ways," she says, "including by hosting CIA secret prisons on their territory, by capturing detainees, by transferring them to different locations, by providing intelligence that led to their capture, and numerous other ways that basically made them complicit in a web of torture operations around the world."

Singh, speaking from New York, says she found evidence that 25 countries in Europe, 14 in Asia, and 13 in Africa lent some sort of assistance to the CIA in addition to Canada and Australia.

'Still No Redress'

According to the Open Society report, Afghanistan and Romania were among the countries where there were secret prisons run by the CIA.

The report says that Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Macedonia, Romania, and Uzbekistan were among the countries that allowed planes carrying suspects detained by the CIA to overfly or transit their territory.

It also claims that Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, and Macedonia were among the countries that themselves detained suspects and turned them over to the CIA.

Moreover, the report maintains that Iran was involved in the capture and indirect transfer of individuals to the CIA. It says that "in March 2002, the Iranian government transferred fifteen individuals to the government of Afghanistan, which in turn transferred 10 of these individuals to the U.S. government."

Syria, Egypt, and Jordan were the most common destinations for rendered suspects, according to the report. Pakistan "captured detained, interrogated, tortured, and abused individuals subjected to CIA secret detention," as did Afghanistan.

Singh says that the United States and most of its partner governments have yet to meaningfully acknowledge their role in perpetrating violations or to provide appropriate redress to the victims.

She calls it their moral obligation to do so.

"As a matter of law and as a moral obligation, it is incumbent on the United States and all of its partner governments to own up to the truth of what they did and to provide redress for the human rights violations that they committed," she says. "It is important not only as a matter of justice but also to ensure that this does not happen again."

Fierce Debate

The CIA's secret operations remain a subject of fierce debate in the United States, where members of the former administration of President George W. Bush say they helped to safeguard the United States against further terrorist attacks.

U.S. President Barack Obama banned the use of what the Bush administration termed "enhanced interrogation techniques." But Obama rejected calls for a national commission to investigate the practices when he took office in 2009, saying he wanted to look forward, not backward.
John Brennan, U.S. President Barack Obama's nominee as head of the CIAJohn Brennan, U.S. President Barack Obama's nominee as head of the CIA
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John Brennan, U.S. President Barack Obama's nominee as head of the CIA
John Brennan, U.S. President Barack Obama's nominee as head of the CIA

Human rights activists say he has revived the controversy by nominating John Brennan to be the new head of the CIA.

Brennan, whose Senate confirmation hearing is on February 7, was the director of the CIA’s National Security Counterterrorism Center under Bush. He defended rendition practices on the PBS “Newshour” program in 2005

“I think it’s an absolutely vital tool," he told the TV broadcaster. "I have been intimately familiar now over the past decade with the cases of rendition that the U.S. government has been involved in and I can say without a doubt that it has been very successful as far as producing intelligence that has saved lives.”

In a 2007 interview with CBS News, Brennan said enhanced interrogation tactics have produced “a lot of information...that the agency has in fact used against the real hard-core terrorists. It has saved lives."

He has since distanced himself from the Bush-era policies by saying he never supported the controversial practice of waterboarding to extract information from detainees.

According to Singh, the exact application of policies today is uncertain.

"There have been some reports that renditions into the United States for purposes of criminal prosecution are continuing," she says. "The precise details of those cases are not fully known, but that apparently is still ongoing. Whether or not the transfers [to foreign countries] are taking place for the purposes of detention and interrogation is unclear."

Convictions And Lawsuits

Congress launched its own investigations into the CIA's secret programs after the September 11 attacks but the results remain classified.

The new report is almost sure to add fuel to the debate in the United States as well as in some of the countries that participated in the program.

In recent years, several victims of the program have successfully filed lawsuits over their abduction or abuse.

On February 1, an appeals court in Milan reversed a lower court's acquittal of a former CIA station chief in Italy and two other Americans in the 2003 abduction of Egyptian cleric Osama Hassan Mustafa Nasr from a Milan street.

The decision means the three, who had previously been acquitted on the grounds of diplomatic immunity, now join 23 other Americans convicted for the abduction in absentia by Italy in 2009.

And in December, the European Court of Human Rights ruled that Macedonia violated the rights of German citizen Khaled el-Masri before he was forwarded to a secret CIA detention facility in Afghanistan.

The court ruled that his ill-treatment at the Skopje airport, where he was held incommunicado and abused, amounted to torture.
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Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Bill Webb from: Phoenix Arizona USA
February 06, 2013 13:35
There is no purer torture that can be devised than that which will convince a suicide bomber to voluntairily give up their own life in advance to commit mass murder. Compare that to "held incommunicado and abused." Need I add Islam?
In Response

by: Anonymous
February 12, 2013 20:27
When it comes to hateful individuals like you - hearing you talk one could feel so much hatred for such as you that one wouldn't mind giving up one's own life if one could have the satisfaction to get them. The only reason I'm not doing it is because I haven't yet arrived to the point where I'd feel I have nothing left to lose. And that I just hate the idea of taking along someone innocent. But such hateful individuals like you should never have been born and do not deserve to walk this Earth. And I'm not saying this out of spite and hatred or to insult you but because of the damage, the thousands of innocent lives such as you put in danger and have no qualms about snuffing out. As if suicide bombing was exclusive to Mooslims. Other peoples with other religions have done that too. Yet like Goebbels you single us out as the enemy of Mankind.
In Response

by: Darko from: Peja
February 15, 2013 23:57
Brave talk from someone who goes by the moniker of "Anonymous". When your bravado grows then perhaps you will have the right to comment. Until then remain silent like the coward you are.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 02, 2013 19:30
Brashing off bickering by assets of CIA and their opponents here,
That is just a departmental argumernt of killers technicalities,
Provoking each other to reveal their files of identificalities,
Important is that both entities are criminals and liers.

They have no legitimacy even with their own nations,
Forcing people to accept the murderous inclinations,
As CIA and Russa "Third Force" intimidate on people
To help them, from fear of vandeta, to kill and cripple.

The CIA and Russian agencies goal against me clear,
In 1947, I was 4, Russians sentenced me and mother,
To death, as I refused create, be plagiarized by others.
Russia invited US and Brits, for party of usurping quire.

All life, in USSR andf USA, same assassination games,
As mother and I immobilized, as her memory destroyed
CIA was killing her, blackmailing me be plagiarized slave.
About a year ago they said they'll ask Saakashvili for OK
To use "recroutment" to brake me and to steal my works.

Not unlike during CIA boss enaguration, Darell Gates said
That their goal steal all creativety from art through science
That meant using any crime it would take. Isn't it too sad?
Race of part Neanderthals send criminals steal, in silence,
Calling itself "inelligence" for plagiarizing intelligent people?

They decided together to kill mother, Russia to silence me,
For internet comments and letters to UN and governments,
And, along with USA and Levites, plagiarize a greedy spree.
They are evil, they killed her 7/7/2012, chocked her to death.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 03, 2013 08:39
P.S. :

Even before my comment above was published here,
I was followed, as retaliation, by USA "intelligence",
Insulted by me calling them plagiarists - for sure.
Telepaths inflicted pain on my bladder with hate.

But I looked at the car, a pair finally entered too.
They read my mind and drived away, quite fast.
I went after them and wrote license: "6PIR905".
Is it "Fed-PI-Red-Y-O-English!" - race war bust?
Cleaver rose-but macaques. "How Do You Do"?

Another car replaced the previous car, with NSA
In its license number. National Security Agency?
Security of plagiarist right usurp as the "Masters"
On blessed of the World and all of us, by stinks?

One never knows. It could be Russian or British,
CIA or Bechtele, FBI or Shmektele, or Obamish,
To brake me for new ideas, as killing my mother
And squeezing for devidents, or all of the above...



In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 05, 2013 22:16
Esterday I left the apartment, the same thing,
I had to awoid cars, following me with "NLW"
And telepats, black large car "no license" trick,
Instead of "NSA", another car, I got at his back,
With "PIV" in his number - "Pi Victory"? Sick.

Maybe this time they were a helping team?
Who knows. Psychology games again?
No victory over being strait, anywhere.

Russians started race war to enslave,
Consorting with British, since the Czars.
In 1947-49 telepaths were coming by waves
To non-Russian children bedrooms with glasses
To run water and program heir brains, life-long leashes.

I propose UN to retaliate.

A rephrased joke:
An airport officer asks another one:
- "How to catch terrorist among this group of 200 passengers?"
Another officer answered:
- "Ask CIA-NSA hypnotise all run to restroom, than shot the one that is left."
- "What if he is slave of Russia and will run too?"
- "Don't worry boss, KGB use different spells."
- "Maybe not, we both were trained by Brititsh."

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