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Stalin's Legacy: Ethnic Time Bombs That Continue To Tick

Investigators work at the scene of a bomb blast in Georgia's volatile breakaway region of Abkhazia. Much of the ethnic tensions that pervade the post-Soviet space can be attributed to Stalin-era nationalities policies.
Investigators work at the scene of a bomb blast in Georgia's volatile breakaway region of Abkhazia. Much of the ethnic tensions that pervade the post-Soviet space can be attributed to Stalin-era nationalities policies.

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By Robert Coalson
Eighty-one-year-old Nikolai Khasig was born in Sukhumi in 1932. It was just one year after Soviet dictator Josef Stalin stripped Abkhazia of its short-lived status as a full-fledged republic of the U.S.S.R. and made it a region of Soviet Georgia.

At the end of 1936, Lavrenty Beria -- at that time the head of the Transcaucasia region and later the sadistic head of Stalin's secret police -- invited the popular Abkhaz leader Nestor Lakoba to dinner at his house in Tbilisi. Lakoba died suddenly -- officially, of a heart attack, but it was widely believed that the former revolutionary comrade of Stalin's had been poisoned.

In the repressions that began in 1937, the entire Abkhaz government was arrested and subjected to show trials. Soviet archives later revealed that Beria had ordered them all executed before the trials even began.

Collectivization came to Abkhazia with a vengeance. Soviet publications began arguing that the Abkhaz were actually of Georgian origin in the first place.

"Such violence, such humiliation, such abuse, such genocide,” Khasig recalls. “Our people never experienced such things before."

In a sense, World War II was something of a respite, but the work begun in the 1930s continued as soon as the war was over. By that time, Khasig was in high school.

SPECIAL REPORT: 60 Years After Stalin

"In 1945, after the end of the war, Abkhaz schools were shut down and the policy of forced assimilation was begun,” he says. “Our children -- we ourselves -- studied in the Georgian language and didn't know a single word [of Abkhaz]. We were simply cut off."
The late Soviet leader Josef StalinThe late Soviet leader Josef Stalin
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The late Soviet leader Josef Stalin
The late Soviet leader Josef Stalin

When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, all this old resentment and more surged to the surface.

In 1992, war broke out in Abkhazia -- with Abkhaz separatists joined in their struggle by representatives of other aggrieved Caucasus nations such as Chechens, Circassians, Ossetians, and Cossacks.

The Abkhaz were also actively supported by the Russian military. An estimated 8,000 people were killed and as many as 240,000 ethnic Georgians were displaced.

After the 2008 war between Russia and Georgia, Abkhazia's de facto independence was recognized by Russia and a handful of other countries. Georgia and most of the international community says the region is occupied by Russia. Khasig, despairingly, describes Abkhazia as "a Russian colony."

Bizarre Border Policies, Wholesale Deportations

The guns of war flared elsewhere as well in the former Soviet Union in the early 1990s. And these similar ethnic conflicts, many of which were exacerbated by Soviet polices six decades earlier, have come to be called "Stalin's time bombs."

Such conflicts, spanning from Central Europe to the intricate patchwork of exclaves that comprises the borders of Central Asia, are in many ways direct legacies of the shifting nationalities policies that were often brutally implemented during the nearly 30 years that Stalin towered over the Soviet Union.

These disputed places include the ethnic-Armenian region of Azerbaijan called Nagorno-Karabakh, Russia's North Caucasus republic of Chechnya, its neighboring republics, and the breakaway Moldovan region of Transdniester.
An Armenian soldier on the Nagorno-Karabakh front line
An Armenian soldier on the Nagorno-Karabakh front line

From bizarre border policies and the wholesale deportation of ethnic groups to the mass importation of ethnic Russians to various regions, Stalin's policies created or aggravated conflicts that remain central to understanding Eurasia today.

Under Soviet founder Vladimir Lenin -- and later in the early years of Stalin's rule -- the Soviet government argued that nationalism was the bane of the imperial system. They tried to develop policies that would transform the multinational Eurasian space into a unified Soviet, socialist state.

"It was only by transforming the economic and social bases -- and the cultural basis, because [Stalin] paid a lot of attention to that -- of the nationalities that they would become fully integrated into a single socialist state,” says Stephen Blank, a professor of national security studies at the U.S. Army War College and the author of a book on Stalin's time as Soviet nationalities commissar. “And the overwhelming thrust of his policies [was] to create that centralized, socialist system and that, he believed, would answer the nationalities problem."

Terry Martin, director of the Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies at Harvard University and co-author of "A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Building in the Age of Lenin and Stalin," agrees, but adds that the Soviets created problems from the beginning by trying to draw borders too precisely along ethnic lines in places where ethnic identities were still evolving.

"If they did anything that created ethnic conflict, they created ethnic conflict by trying to draw the borders too precisely,” he says. “That is, they created a lot of ethnic mobilization around borders in the 1920s as people lobbied to get one border and lobbied various people to identify with their nationality and not with another in areas where nationality was very fluid, like Central Asia. Most of the modern nationalities that we have [today] hadn't even been formed yet."

According to Martin, as the Stalin era wore on and the Soviet Union embarked on a phase of intense, centralized economic modernization, the nationalities policy shifted.

"In the mid-1930s you start to get the notion of Russians as being the first among equals,” he says. “And you get this kind of formalized under the slogan of the 'friendship of the peoples.' So, at this point, there is a friendship in which Russians are the big brother or the dominant player."

Less Bloody Than Previous Collapses

Historians are still arguing about many of the fateful decisions of the Stalin era. Consider Nagorno-Karabakh, the ethnic-Armenian region nestled in the heart of Azerbaijan. Paul Goble, who served as an adviser on Soviet nationalities to U.S. Secretary of State James Baker, says the region was given to Azerbaijan as a way of cementing Moscow's role as arbiter between Baku and Yerevan.

Martin believes the decision to give the territory to the Turkic Azerbaijanis was made in part to mollify neighboring Turkey at a time of Soviet geopolitical vulnerability.

And Russian ethnographer Anatoly Yamskov has argued the decision was made so that shepherds could move between highland and lowland grazing grounds without crossing a republican border.

Whatever the logic of its origins, Karabakh continues to be an intermittent flashpoint in the Caucasus and has defined relations between the South Caucasus countries (and their relations with Russia) since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Likewise, conflicts in the Georgian regions of Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Ajara have crippled Georgia's post-Soviet development. The same is true of Moldova's Transdniester region and Russia's restive North Caucasus.

The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe has spent a great deal of time and effort at resolving the conflicts since its establishment as a permanent organization in 1994.

Although the conflicts stemming from Stalin's time bombs have left tens of thousands dead and hundreds of thousands displaced and have drained the political and economic resources of many post-Soviet countries, Martin points out that the collapse of the Soviet Union, so far at least, has been less bloody and less violent than the collapse of many other empires.

"If you compare it to the collapse of the British Empire in India, again, the question is why were things so calm?” he asks. “If -- as I did once for a conference -- you compare the collapse of the Russian Empire in Kazakhstan to the collapse of the Soviet Union in Kazakhstan, the question again was why did things go so calmly in Kazakhstan?"

Such arguments are little comfort to people like Ludmila Cusariov.

In 1992, she was a teacher in the village of Cocieri. Although living on the eastern bank of the Dniester River, Cocieri's inhabitants fought against the separatist forces of Transdniester. Cusariov's husband and uncle were killed in the fighting.

"My mother was also injured during this conflict,” she says. “They bombed us and shot at us from two directions -- from the villages of Dubasari and Roghi. When the firing stopped from one direction, it started from the other."

RFE/RL Moldovan Service correspondent Valentina Ursu contributed to this story from Chisinau

How Much Do You Know About Josef Stalin?


Robert Coalson

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by: Jack from: US
March 01, 2013 20:35
yeah, good chunk of usual RFE/RL CIA propaganda.. In all truthfulness, the legacy of Comrade Dzhugashvilli (Stalin) pails in comparison with what US government left behind in Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Libya, etc, etc. That goes both for the amount of destruction and number of killed and displaced. Just in Iraq, US invasion led to 600,000+ killed and country virtually destroyed. Now big part of Iraq are under controlled of Al Qaeda-affiliated Sunni militants, just like Syria becomes, with the help of ever-smartest US government
In Response

by: Mamuka
March 01, 2013 22:28
Oh Jack, just have a little vodichka and calm down! 100g will make it all better.
In Response

by: Truth from: Moscow
March 02, 2013 00:24
@Jack; good piece of FSB/GRU junk propaganda. Of course you are making a sick joke that only a mentally ill person even consider to be valid. To even dare to compare the two in the same logic is patently ridiculous. On one hand you have the deliberately planned and systemmatic murder and butchery of 20 million Soviet citizens, elderly men, women and children, through the Great Terror by Stalin's NKVD regime to the deliberate herding and expulsion of entire "enemy" nationalities in the late 1940s. Totally innocent people murdered, starved and otherwise culturally destroyed by the soviet government.

On the other hand, you have a mix of good and bad policy decisions by the US government; but no planned and systematic slaughter of people. We can debate the merits and causes of each case you listed above any time. I'd argue that we saved lives in many circumstances. But even if you assumed a one for one proportionality and culpability (which you can't) the sheer numbers murdered by Comrade Dzhugashvili 20:1 times more.

We'll never agree on which one of us is the superior or better political entity. Right now we are engaged in more political struggles on the international stage. But hopefully we can agree that killing under all circumstances is wrong and that we all want a better world for our all our people today and in the future. How we manage that is the question.
In Response

by: Camel Anaturk from: Kurdistan
March 03, 2013 20:58
`no planned systematic murder of people`-thats right-injuns are no people but primeval savages.Can you argue with Mark Twain on American imperialism in the Philippines and elsewhere or with Zinn`s `A People`s History of the USA`,or with Genocide Watch showing the Genocidal results of american policy in Iraq ,Afghanistan and elsewhere.Forget abut Jackgb-hes just a product of bad samogon/moonshine,American empire like all empires was and is based on blood,even the name comes from one of the biggest mass murderers and plunderers in history-Amerigo Vespucci.Shame on all super duper powers!!!
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 15, 2013 18:38
Lying "Truth from Moscow", like "historians around the world",
appointed since 1954-56 by secret pact of Russia, Brits and Bechtel?
To blaim crimes of Russia on their own victims, non-Russian nations, Parliament of Nationalities, victims of Nazi Germany
and Russian pogromers, using rediculous lies about Stalin?
Relying on multiplied huge industry of lies in the West, since Khrutchevians started burn books in 1956?
1.
Russia was a despotic country, since 9 Century AD,
decentisized during lenin's "Red Terror", Civil war and
invading lenin's red armies into non-Russian countries,
like Georgia, were some areas were genocidicly
cleansed by Russians.
2.
Lenin's madness failed with Russia starving and freezing.
Georgians in exile and South Caucasus Federation
asked Europe and USA to help save dying Russia.
They helped, that confused Lenin to real madness, he got sick.
Bolshevics offered Stalin, the only educated and intelligent
man they knew, to advise them as "Socialist Leader".
He had a taugh bargain for Russians to accept:
Independence of nations;
Authonomies for nationalities;
Free democratic elections;
Build the best possible democracy;
Industrialize and improve standard of living;
Create in mutually beneficial areas "Common Wealth".
3.
Despotic Russians, Monarchists and Bolsheviks alike,
West and East, didn't like the aspect of freedom and dignity
for non-Russians, even more so for Russian people at large.
They retaliated, plotting secret purges and pogroms and
conspiering with British and the rising nazi Germany.
4.
Russians directly controlled Russia, Siberia with far East,
Belorussia and influxed by ethnic Russians areas in
non-Russian countries.
Russia indirectly controlled secretly all territories, sniching,
spying and often grabbing and assassinating people.
Stalin had only limmited authority through non-Russian
Parliament of Nationalities and power of intellectual prove
over Russians, for their own good.
If Russians didn't think so, they did what they intended to do:
Like in 1930-th secret pogroms;
Like muteny before and at beginning of WW2;
Like at the and of the War setting for kill non-Russian units;
Like puting Stalin under house arrest in 1947;
Like starting with Brits and USA era of plagiarizm;
Like reversing CIS restoration and starting influx in 1949;
Like overturning Eastern Europe governments, provoking
the "Cold War"...
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 17, 2013 04:34
Your truth is "hampty-dampty" supported by pseudo-historians, appointed since 1954-56 by secret pact of Russia, Brits and Bechtel, to blaim for crimes of Russia against non-Russian nations and Parliament of Nationalities (all victims of Russian pogromers) the very victims, using tailes about Stalin.
Huge industry of lies created in the West for the last 57 years.
Real truth silenced since Khrutchev burned books in 1956.

Russia was a despotic country, since 9 Century AD,
Totally decentisized by lenin's "Red Terror", Civil war and invading lenin's red armies into non-Russian countries.
Hole parts of Georgian "Common Wealth" were cleansed,
From Sochi and North Abkhazia through Northern Osetia.

When Russia was starving and freezing, Georgians in exile and South Caucasus Federation asked Europe and USA help save dying Russia.
They helped, confusing Lenin to real madness, he got sick.
Bolshevics offered Stalin, the only educated and intelligent
man they knew, to advise them to be new "Socialist Leader".
He had taugh bargain and made Russians accept:
Independence of nations;
Authonomies of nationalities;
(some Authonomies, like South Osetia and Abkhazia were
overstated because Russians already genocidized
Georgians and resettled by many Russians by Lenin)
Free democratic elections;
Build the best possible democracy;
Industrialize and improve standard of living;
Create in mutually beneficial areas of life "Common Wealth".

Despotic Russians, Monarchists and Bolsheviks alike, West and East, didn't like the aspect of freedom and dignity for non-Russians, even more so for their own Russian people.
They retaliated, plotting secret purges and pogroms and
conspiering with British and the rising nazi Germany.
(Where did you get your numbers?)

Russia directly controlled Russia and Siberia with far East,
Belorussia and influxed by ethnic Russians areas in
non-Russian countries.
Russia indirectly controlled, secretly, all territories, sniching,
spying and often grabbing and assassinating people.
Stalin had only limmitted authority through non-Russian
Parliament of Nationalities and power of intellectual convincing,
for Russian's own good, over Russian deeds.
If Russians didn't think so, they did what they intended to do:
Like in 1930-th secret pogroms;
Like before and at beginning of WW2;
Like at the and of the War to non-Russian units;
Like puting Stalin under house arrest in 1947;
Like starting with Brits and USA era of plagiarizm;
Like reversing CIS restoration and starting influx in 1949;
Like overturning Eastern Europe governments, provoking
the "Cold War"...

The guilt is a relative think.
I will feel guilty for the rest of my life for my mother that Russia
and CIA murdered 7/7/2012, I failed to save her lasts day...
They were killing me and my mother all life, to silence freedom
of speech and plagiarizing my creativety and blessing...
Stalin was feeling guilty for failing to save many people from
Russian pogroms, to save his first and second wife from being
canningly killed by Russia...

I was setup by two short meetings with Stalin, I was 4.
During first, I offered Contract with the People, that he
supported, to help suffering humanity.
Second was in park alley, few minutes. Because I said "Why",
he said:
"I know who you heard it from, a son of shot by Russians
Buharin. Russians always lied to us that they were "enemies
of the people". Sometimes I new in advance, demanded open trials, but they forged it anywhere.We had many enemies, but now, in retrospect, I don't believe it anymore. Russians saying
that you are also "enemy of the people", because you refuse
be plagiarized by them. They didn't go around me now, because of "Contract with the people", but they say you refused be a "visionary" and find the enemies. How a child can know?"
How anybody can find enemies using gessing?"
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 14, 2013 21:43
Jack in his usual "amplua",
Gloating "bad West" - for Russ.
He knows not, he is righ, but "wuala",
For wrong reasons. It was Russia-Pruss.

Shwartckov, instigated by Litvak, kill in Iraq,
In 2 days 200,000, Civilians and the desarmed,
Tried kill 2 Millions, but media blocking got a crack.
That precided by Russia, ordering "Husik" Kuveit attak,
Using also proxy in US, Cohen. Precedent hit CIS created.

Sure, USA ran by greedy and bombastic, specially republicans
That remaned since staffed by nazis CIA, Eizenwouer and rest.
Sertainly they are canning, but not as canning as a 1954 stant,
Talks of Russians, Brits and Bechtel imperio-colonial resurrect
Followed by wars, annexing and proxies - dworfing USA stand.

It is the reason for all last "bombs", not National policy of Stalin,
That is still perfect in theory. And practice was ~ 11 Milleniums,
Perfect too, as pre-Georgian settlements, in Caucasus cantine,
Moved-out to Asia Minor and beyound, inviting few local clans,
New friendly ethnoces appeared, creating Common Wealthes.

The problem started as exclusion of the rule betrail by inferrior,
Obsessed with envy and hate Neanderthals, starting in Sumer,
Building empires by genocide and intimmidation of the smaller,
They brought centuries of devide and rule. Now again, gutter,
Barbarians, raped local girls to procreate Quislings-Gauliters.

The smaller nations, invaded by Superpower and "Spetcnaz",
Using children of WW2 killers and criminal, dressed as "local",
Quislings of rape and Gauliters, following resurrectors "prikaz"
Over-crowd-lie with "eternal national hate" propaganda fecals.
USA is also lead-on lie "national hate", deviding Asia-Europa.




by: American Troll
March 02, 2013 00:26
This reminds me of when the United States deported entire nations to Central Asia and Siberia, then exterminated the intelligentsia among dozens of ethnic groups, all of it justified by a peace treaty with Hitler that consigned Eastern Europe to our sphere of influence. I'm pretty sure that was us.
In Response

by: Alex from: LA
March 04, 2013 02:21
No it was the USSR that did that in North America with the Native Tribes, like so few of those tribes still survive as nomads in modern world... Double standardized, one-sided selective justice and law for the world that serfs MY needs...

by: Alex from: LA
March 02, 2013 01:16
"the ethnic-Armenian region nestled in the heart of Azerbaijan"

I didn't know that Artsakh is in the heart of Axerbaieshistan, I thought heart is Baku.
If you gonna talk about a conflict don't forget to mention the reasons and when the transfers happened, right after Armenian Genocide, or that's not an important factor, that just, you know, not important, genocides are usual thing, a righteous act to defend themselves of imaginary threats...(sarcasm for those that don't have the brain capacity to get it)

by: Aftab Kazi from: Washington DC
March 02, 2013 05:55
"If you compare it to the collapse of the British Empire in India, again, the question is why were things so calm?” he asks. “If -- as I did once for a conference -- you compare the collapse of the Russian Empire in Kazakhstan to the collapse of the Soviet Union in Kazakhstan, the question again was why did things go so calmly in Kazakhstan."
I suggest the author to learn about the downfall of British Indian Empire. Things were not so certainly calm, as claimed. Central Asian states in fact wanted more rights, but never wanted the see the break-up of the former USSR. Under USSR, despite the creation of enclaves and ex/out-claves USSR also invested heavily in education and industry, unlike the British Raj in India and other European colonial powers elsewhere in the world. Problems these powers created and left still continue to haunt the state-building processes all over Asia and Africa. Of course Stalin rewarded Georgia more by adding nearby regions of Abkhazia, South Ossatia, etc and the entire USSR system was a ne experience in world history. Let us be honest and objective in the sense that USSR made several mistakes, but also has some important achievements, related to issues that the UN and its subsidiaries have not been able to resolve worldwide, such as literacy, health management and 24 hour long running drinking water. With kind regards.

by: Ben
March 02, 2013 11:23
The 60year jubilee article on the theme that is the fundamental for the RFERL activity.We have to wait for the next almost-truthful article for extra 60 years?

by: Eugenio from: Vienna
March 02, 2013 17:02
"Bombs ticking" :-))). Very frankly, the only bomb which is currently ticking is the US sovereign debt bomb, and when it goes off the Beavuses are going to have a lot of fun :-).
As far as places like Abkhazia or Transdniester are concerned - what is ticking there? Back in August 2008 Putin made it clear to every potentially hot head that trying to make any of those "bombs" go off will have the only possible result. You don't believe me? Just ask Mischa, he will tell you the same thing :-)).

by: Anonymous
March 02, 2013 21:04
stalin for sure is resposible for some conflicts.
yet, in many conflicts in these areas multiethnic societies were fighting before stalin and even during his youth.

turks and arabs fought and killed georgians long before stalin lived.
turks and arabs fought over the caucasus.
turks perpetrated progroms against armenians way before the russian revolution.

abkhasians, georgians, azeris and other people in the soviet union have also been thinking in terms of "ethnicity" and "religion" way before stalin lived.
still, there is some truth in some responsibility.
but the people who kill and fight each other could also live in peace.
just recently, in south africa black police tortured and killed a guy from mozambique. these killings are not rare. around 200 people day in police custody every year.
some congolese rape women in congo (systematically, it's a number roughly about 20.000 annually; in south africa rape happens on a daily basis: 140 women and children daily)
so, some might again try to argue with colonialism, etc.

this seems very distorted and biased.

or again if shia are killed by sunni (in pakistan, iraq, afghanistan), tutsi by hutu, kurds by turks, armenians by azeris (and viceversa), if kirgiz kill uzbek, muslims - hindus (in india) and viceversa,
it's really strange that some people come up with the russians and the british as the only reason.
it's obviously more complex.

in some places arabs have enslaved blacks way before some europeans had any idea about slavery, african tribes slaughtered other african tribes way before europeans had slaughtered native americans.
(this, of course, is none the less no attempt of mitigating the responsibility and the repercussions of european and russian dominion and conquest.)
still, bear in mind, it was only in 1963 that saudi arabia officially banned slavery, mauretania in 2007, still there are thousands of slaves in these countries.
In haiti, haitians (women) use children of the age of 5 and a little older to work for them as slaves, yet, they call them "guests". no nothing, they are treated worse than animals, little food, little water, working more than 12 hours a day.
few people care.

so, sorry, but to blame russians (a georgian called stalin) and inherently maybe colonial powers as such for injustice, exploitation, (maybe genocide) and pogrom killings, racial/ethnic and religious hatred in some places is simply incredible.

some peoples (!) have to take/bear responsibility themselves, they have to cope with certain realities, try to find common ground, try to live a just, peaceful and harmonious life within their respective societies. they have to accept other people as equal, regardless of any ethnic and religious background.

seems to be the only chance apart from continuous wars, ethnic cleansing, expulsion, racism, fear, revenge, etc. and radically homogenous societies.

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 03, 2013 06:11
1.
Abkhazia status was always one of pre-Georgian Kingdoms,
Since some 11-12 milleniums ago, later part of alliences,
Like Colhis, Iberia, lazika, Hetia, Iveria and Sakartvelo.
Abkhazia was populated by West Georgian "ethno":

1/5 South-West - Ozurgeti, 1/5 South-East - Lazi,
1/5 North- and Middle-East - Svans, City Suhumi
And West-Center - all above and other Georgians,
For about last 6-7 Milleniums of United Kingdoms.

Only 1/5 territory and population at the very North,
Also pre-Georgians, Russia calling "Abkhazians",
Are in question here - by Russia expanding borsh,
Genocide - cleanse-repopulate by breeding-wosh.

1/5 was known as "Sinigian" and "Apsilian" tribes,
Since pre-Georgians invited locals to settlements
From Black to Caspean Seas, intermarried there
And made them known since 5-3 milleniums B.C.

In 8 Century A.D. tribes of "Gad" and Pechenega,
Known as Adyga, invaded North of Abkhazia land
And butchered Georgian Sochi and North-Osetia.
In 120 years "Abkhazia" and Sochi were liberated.

After Mongol catastrophy in 13 A.D. the Ottomans
Spread their influence in N. Abkhazia, Adyga tried,
As usual, to influx in - but only since Russian men
Pushed, specially when invading Lenin went "wild".

Red Cossacks and Red Army enspired "Adygas"
And some North Osetin homeless to move South,
Unleashing genocide from Sochi and "Abkhazias"
Through Osetia against Georgians - breed Russ.

Naturall brothers from South Osetia and Abkhazia
Became part of new "United Georgian Kingdoms",
Except few, forged by lenin and Hrutchev "okazia",
Like lie-Khasyga, new Russian Empire's "durdom".

Stalin only gave back to people and nations health,
Damaged by treasons of Varag Empire and Lenin,
That at present the new "imperial-resurrect" belch
Is forging again - expand the borders of Russians.


In Response

by: Camel Anaturk from: Kurdistan
March 03, 2013 14:16
Aaah,Con.Stained teen,now we see why the rashkas banned the import of adulterated georgian wine in Mother Russia,or is it the Bechtels finally got you for good or for bad??? And whatever happened to good old Vakhtang??? Was he adopted by americans just to be....aaah,the mind boggles...
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
March 03, 2013 18:41
"Stained", or rather sentenced like Jesus Christ, as little child,
By your "Mother Russia" - shaime on you, Camel of Anush!
She ran from adulterated Hachik's wine for Georgian wine.
Bechtel is a Russian proxy - staffed by Russia's "Pruss",
As Petuher-Gruber pledged plagiarize property of mine.

Wahtang sounded like "adapted" by Russia moscovite,
Which isn't sure whether hate evil-doers to his people,
Or live with gun in his mouth, hold by imposing "white"
Barbarian Russia's Varagas-Prussakas heavy dupas.
Urart, Varag, Germanic lived in bogs - why "boggles"?

by: Jack from: US
March 03, 2013 16:01
the "bombs" left behind by British and other NATO minions are not ticking, they are exploding perpertually all over Asia and Africa. All the conflicts in Africa are the legacy of British minion's rule. The slaughter between Pakistan and India in 1948 is the legacy of British rule. On the other hand, Comrade Stalin left behind a godly lasting legacy - State of Israel which costs US taxpayers tens of billions of dollars every year and keeps Arabs angry at US. Comrade Stalin was a smart man - he knew who the real enemy of freedom is - Big Brother US government. And he made is so that most of the people in the world hate US government. Hillary added to this too because she is also very bright

by: Norbert Strade from: Denmark
March 03, 2013 17:32
How can an article about Stalin's legacy so completely sidestep the two post-Soviet Russian-Chechen wars?
The marauding colonial armies of Yeltsin and Putin murdered 250,000 civilians (25% of the population), among them 40,000 children, left 20,000 children disabled and another 20,000 Chechen citizens unaccounted for in Russian concentration camps. They forced 200,000 Chechens to flee and placed the remaining population under the yoke of Putin's murderous satrap Ramzan Kadyrov, who, besides owning a couple of racehorses, tigers and Western celebrities runs a private torture dungeon in his fortified complex at Hosi-Yurt. Less bloody?
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