Monday, August 29, 2016

North Caucasus

Daghestan Becomes Hotbed Of North Caucasus Insurgency

Daghestan suffers almost daily bombings or shootings, and Russian President Vladimir Putin recently confirmed what many suspected -- that the military is involved in battling the Islamist insurgency there.
Daghestan suffers almost daily bombings or shootings, and Russian President Vladimir Putin recently confirmed what many suspected -- that the military is involved in battling the Islamist insurgency there.
By Tom Balmforth
MOSCOW -- Suicide bombings in police stations. Muslim clerics gunned down in broad daylight. Shoot-outs between insurgents and security forces. These have become run-of-the-mill headlines in Russia's troubled North Caucasus region of Daghestan.

Last week, unidentified gunmen shot dead an imam and two of his male relatives as they drove to morning prayer in the Daghestani town of Derbent. He is at least the fifth Muslim leader slain this year.

Analysts say Daghestan has unquestionably deteriorated into the most unstable republic in the North Caucasus, a region wracked by conflict and insurgency. But why Daghestan? What are the factors that set the republic apart?

Like Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, and to a lesser extent Chechnya, Daghestan is a hotbed for the militant Islamist insurgency led by Doku Umarov that seeks to create a so-called pan-Caucasus Islamic caliphate.

Widespread unemployment, poor living standards, rights abuses, and resentment of local and federal authorities have spurred new generations to join the insurgency -- or "to go to the forest," as locals say.

The difference in Daghestan's case, however, is the cachet that Islam wields in the republic. Analysts say more radical Islamic ideologies such as Salafism have gained a greater foothold in Daghestan than in other North Caucasus republics.

This, according to Aleksei Malashenko, a Caucasus expert at the Carnegie Moscow Center, sets Daghestan apart from its neighbors. "The difference consists in the [presence of] very strong nonofficial Islam and very strong Islam within the opposition," he says. "There is also a difference in the level of Islamization. Daghestan is the most Islamized republic in the region."

This distinction aggravates many of the rifts in Daghestan. It cuts directly along the fault lines that divide adherents of traditional from nontraditional Islam; the Islamic opposition from the local administration; and the adherents of Shari'a law from the population that opposes cultural and social drift from Russia's orbit.

Tit-For-Tat Violence

The killing of the Salafi imam on October 30, for example, illustrated the tensions between the Sufi and Salafi communities. Analysts say it appears to have been a revenge attack by powerful Sufi groups.

Kalimulla Ibragimov, 49, was well known locally as an imam who worked at an unregistered mosque in Derbent that was dedicated to the Salafi branch of Islam, which is considered more radical than Sufism and is shunned by the authorities as extreme.

Mairbek Vatchagayev, a North Caucasus analyst for the think tank Jamestown and head of the Paris-based Center for Caucasus Research, says Ibragimov's assassination had all the hallmarks of a revenge attack. He notes that Ibragimov's assassination fell only days after Sufi groups marked one year since Sufi Sheikh Sirajuddin Israfilov was killed.

"I think we can talk about an element of revenge here from proponents of Sufi who decided a year after the death of their imam to carry out a strike on those for whom they believe their sheikh may have been killed," Vatchagaev says.

These kinds of attacks are likely to radicalize more moderate Salafists and stymie any reconciliation with adherents of the more mystical Sufi branch of Islam.

Ibragimov, in turn, was dubbed a "martyr" by the Kavkaz Center website, which is widely viewed as a rebel mouthpiece.

Admitting Failure?

Analysts say imams make for attractive targets because they are high-profile public figures and also physically vulnerable to attack.

In contrast with those in Chechnya, imams in Daghestan, Ingushetia, and Kabardino-Balkaria do not receive official armed guards. Malashenko estimates that in the last six years, over 37 imams and muftis have been killed across the North Caucasus from Karachai-Cherkessia to Daghestan.

On October 16, President Vladimir Putin called on Russia's security and law enforcement officials to work "as decisively as possible" to quash the insurgency ahead of key events like the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi.

Putin also confirmed what many analysts have long claimed -- that the Russian military is involved in the "counterterrorist" operations in Daghestan.

Malashenko speculates that the use of the army will not alleviate the situation. He says the move instead underlines the failure of Kremlin policy in the republic. "The only way that exists in Putin's brain is to fight -- to send more and more military men," he says. "It leads to nothing. They have done this so many times and in practice it proves that there is a civil war in Daghestan."

Putin estimated that Russian special operations have caught 479 "bandits" and killed 313 "terrorists," including 43 insurgency "leaders" in the North Caucasus.

But Vatchagayev says these operations are not having a noticeable impact in Daghestan. "If we look at Ingushetia or Kabardino-Balkaria, then we can see an element of stagnation -- the authorities are trying to counteract and are carrying out very serious blows on the insurgents. Even if the situation is not under control there, the authorities have managed to stop the increase in the actions of the insurgents," he says.

"But in Daghestan for the last four years all we have seen is an increase," he continues. "We have not reached the peak. I think there is a long way to go till the peak."

Tom Balmforth

Tom Balmforth covers Russia and other former Soviet republics.


This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
by: michael from: iowa, usa
November 05, 2012 14:17
I think you meant"cachet"....early in the story.
Otherwise, this is nothing but history repeating itself.
Daghestan is more than likely irreparably messed up for the rest of it's history. Russian military and Dagh religion has never and will never mix well.
In Response

by: RFE/RL editors
November 05, 2012 16:08
Indeed, "cachet" it is. Thanks for bringing it to our attention.
In Response

by: Echo from: USA
November 05, 2012 16:41
Russian and anything never mixes well. Name me one mixing well with Russia.
In Response

by: Camel Anaturk from: Kurdistan
November 05, 2012 21:01
Wealthy shamericans and poor russian Natashkas,Russian vodka and selyodka,Vakhtang from Georgia with the Mosscow circus,Eugenio from Vienna and his politcommissar from lubyanka to name but a few.The list goes on forever!!!
In Response

by: Vakhtang from: Moscow
November 09, 2012 07:57
'm not from Georgia,I was born in Moscow...
Do you think people here are invents their place of birth and residence as you?
Your list is not exhaustive..You forgot to include in this important list,of the main character of Kurdistan-camel...
In Response

by: American Troll
November 05, 2012 17:49
Sorry to jump in. Also, I'm guessing it's "rifts" in paragraph 8. Unless their club DJs are radicalized too.
In Response

by: William from: Aragon
November 05, 2012 22:38
Doku Umarov is very good on the komuz, and not half-bad on the zurna as well, or so I hear.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 10, 2012 02:36
They all are the Russian "milittary", or rather "karateli",
The ones in uniforms and the ones in Spetcnaz turbans.
The people they usually kill - assassinated as "predateli",
If they knew "karateli" - but deviated to meaningfull Koran
And Mullas and kids that ran from pigs, to village syrenity.

Russia conquering all Caucsus, including Georgian vine,
Azerbaijany oil, breed in cleansed lands Russian swines,
Expands empires by 1954 pact with Brits-"Bechtel" main
Headquarters in both Norfolks, hypnotized by Ivans-spies,
And build plathdarms for Russian invade-voshkas to gain.

Terrorism is a legend-neskladuha, used in name of a few,
Dressing Spetcnaz "turbans", as Osetia, North and South
Murdered children in Beslan, by Russian version of "Pew",
(Geller's serial teach justify crimes), covered-up for killers,
Invaded North Osetia and install government of "Quislings".

Than 58 army and many other Russian invaders came, too,
Infiltrating Georgia battalions of Yamadaev and Timmerman
And finally invaded Shida Kartli - using China Olimpics "flue".
Russia said they defending victims of Georgia, the Osetians,
But from all former USSR they couldn't find a few musicians:

Coarsed "Gad" or Afro-Pecheneg of orchestra of soviet army
Dancing pseudo-Osetin "Tumba-Lumumba", helping dammy
Played tamburin, like a Gipsy "Buben", helping Russian prist
Apploed with his thre-leaps face, as his wife aploed "bubyami"
And Osetins with angry-bitter faces ignored the Russian bists.

In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 11, 2012 17:11
Your habit of speaking in rhymes is really bizarre,
Especially living in LA where God is a car,
Other gods exist there, for instance, a talking horse,
I am referring to the eternal Mr. Ed, of course.

Lots of Armenian Christians live in New York,
As well as Jews and Muslims who don't eat pork,
But LA's drivers continually damage their ears,
Listening to nasty rap and that deep thinker, Britney Spears.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los angeles
November 12, 2012 08:29
No more "bizarre" than your name "Soucy mug wamp".
I only dragged to LA by conspiracy of Russia and USA,
Be immobile in apartment pearced by "non-letal arms",
Telepaths and plagiarists - as Russia did in the USSR.
My rhymes are not poetry, effective way to block harm,
Done by Russia and imperio-resurectors lying "korsars"

To many lies running blood of the blessed and nations,
The 1954 pact and Russia betraying - prose is borring,
Shorten versus of consentrated truth stops "bizarrers",
I usually end trends, beside their barking-bitter horrings.
In Response

by: William from: Aragon
November 12, 2012 22:57
"He is at least the fifth Muslim leader slain this year." Before every following commentor became distracted with a spelling competition and revisiting ancient history, I think you were right Konstantin - this is Black Ops!

by: Not funny.
November 06, 2012 04:30
OK lets play a spelling bee.
The word Dagestan is spelled Dagestan not Daghestan.
The word Sharia is spelled Sharia not Shari'a
Words Karachay-Cherkessia are spelled Karachay-Cherkessia not Karachai-Cherkessia
In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 07, 2012 23:30
Congratulations on demonstrating your ignorance so completely. First, Wikipedia is not remotely the definitive source for anything. Second, if you spoke Russian -- and you clearly do not -- you would know that "Karachai" is the best transliterated English spelling from the original Russian. Third, Dagestan/Daghestan is a little tricky because the 'e' is actually pronounced 'ye' so either Daghestan or Dagyestan would be accurate transliterations, though I favor the latter; most people ignore the 'y' sound in transliterations and that is why Dagestan is also commonly seen.
In Response

by: Anzhi from: Dagestan
November 09, 2012 04:56
OK, I did Google searched for DagHestan and instead of DagHestan it showed me Dagestan: "Showing results for dagestan" Then I went to Microsoft Word 2010 and tried to type DagHestan, the Word 2010 corrected my writing to Dagestan. Then I stopped questioning the world and realized that RFE/RL is a very unprofessional news service with Russian (Nazi) speaking editors.
In Response

by: Anonymous
November 09, 2012 06:53
Dagestan = DAGHestan = DAXAE = the land of golden throne.

Takh, Dakh, Daxha... words are meanings in Daghestan highlanders' languages as = Throne.
In Response

by: Anzhi from: Dagestan
November 09, 2012 14:55
"Daghestan highlanders' languages as = Throne"
40 languages. Some of them Caucasian, others Turkic, the rest Iranian languages. Of course those Russians (Nazis) think they speak the same language. "Throne"
In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 10, 2012 15:36
Anzhi from Dagestan wrote "RFE/RL is a very unprofessional news service with Russian (Nazi) speaking editors"

This is not remotely fair. It is often difficult to determine the best transliterated spelling of a word. I remember a Russian woman telling me that she could not hear the difference between how English-speakers say "woman" and "women." Even though I studied Russian, I do not hear much difference between the two Russian letters which follow 'che' in the alphabet. Most people in the West say "Lukashenko" to name Belarus' dictator, even though a better form would be "Lukashenka." And countries/split-offs like Moldova and Kosovo are never pronounced correctly in the West; the different pronunciations in the nominative/accusative/etc cases have a lot to do with that.

And then you have people from England (and I do mean England) who sneer when Americans pronounce "Moscow," insisting that their pronunciation is the best even though the American one is slightly closer to the way it is pronounced in the Russian nominative case.

And then you have people in the USA, even ones working for classical radio stations, who insist on naming the Russian composer from St. Petersburg "Peter Tchaikovsky" when they take the time to pronounce Spanish and French words correctly, e.g. they never say "Joe Carreras."
In Response

by: Anzhi from: Dagestan
November 10, 2012 21:39
"Most people in the West say "Lukashenko" to name Belarus' dictator, even though a better form would be "Lukashenka.""
RFE/RL editor a.k.a. saucymugwump from: Russia. Apologies are NOT accepted.
In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 11, 2012 14:06
Anzhi from Dagestan wrote "RFE/RL editor a.k.a. saucymugwump from: Russia. Apologies are NOT accepted."

I wish I was an editor or any kind of employee of RFE/RL; it looks like a fun job.

I have 0% Russian blood in me. And I live in the USA, not Russia.
In Response

by: Anonymous
November 12, 2012 07:33

At Daghestan, there was a Christian kingdom which was demolished at 11th century by Muslim Arabs, its name was Serir = the Throne. Yes, Daghestan means = Golden Throne. Thronen Reich of Albans ( Albans = The Highlanders ).
In Response

by: Anzhi from: Dagestan
November 13, 2012 02:06
Dagestan was never Christian. There is a substantial number of mountain Jews who live here but no Christians. Arabs killed all Christians and left Jews behind? Nah! That is why your Islamobobic lies are not going to work here. If you want to know who were Christians its Ingushetia and part of Chechnya. However, both of the countries became Muslim not because of Arabs but because of the light of Islam coming from Dagestan.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 10, 2012 12:50
I wouldn't argue about different spelling of the name,
But intentions of Russia "Club veselyh i nahodchivyh Shtaby",
Not without help of Karabah-Dgavagh, Caucasus is maimed
To sound like "Dagh","Vainagh", "Trah-Bah - operathiya Y",
Not because some of it might be valid, but to re-name
Ibero-Caucasian civilizations from Sea to Sea -
Repopulate as Rashka-voshka game.
In Response

by: Anonymous
November 10, 2012 14:57
I agree we need to re-establish our civilization the Caucasians Albania (Alania) from sea to sea.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 10, 2012 20:35
Another "Anonymous" provoking remark from GRU,
And telepaths arround - instead of "How Do You Do?",
They hope I will write something rude, like "Tak-Man-Do".
If not "Trah-Bah - operatciya Y", than Beslan's "operatciya U"
Used "zamorochka". Isn't it Iberia-Albania-Colhis, mister "Pew"?
In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 11, 2012 13:59
Anonymous wrote: "I agree we need to re-establish our civilization the Caucasians Albania (Alania) from sea to sea."

Please explain to us exactly what you are implying here.

Do you desire a region where Russia's influence is minimalized and where the Kavkaz peoples are allowed to live as they wish, to celebrate their Russian Orthodox faith, Islam, or any other religion in peace, and where women are free to dress as they please?

Or, like many Islamists, do you desire a region which operates under sharia law, in other words, a religious dictatorship as we see in Iran?
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 11, 2012 17:31
Sausymugwamp from USA, your question to Anoinymous,
Thought more reasonable than your name, Saucy-mug-wamp,
Is placing wrong accent on the problem, maybe "co-imperious"
USA, as you - see no Russian "Plantagenot's" lying swamps,
As they, nation by nation cleanse-repopulate, bloody pump?

As Russia and their proxies lie in USA and World at large:
"Sharia law" dictatorship - versus "freedom of religions"
Is as relevant in Caucasus to the "oboroten's" charge
For Spetcnaz shtaby, as during the nazi occupation
Were SS-Gestapo in France, infiltrating population.
In Response

by: Andrew from: Auckland
November 12, 2012 08:24
Actually Saucy, the vast overwhelming majority of Christians in the Caucasus are either Georgian Orthodox or Armenian Apostolic.
And no, neither are 'basically the same" as the Russian Church.
In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 12, 2012 22:31
To Andrew from Auckland:

Never did I write anything remotely similar to ""basically the same' as the Russian Church." I wrote "Russian Orthodox faith, Islam, or any other religion" which includes any form of Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism, and even crazy people who worship Satan.

I think you are confused by Konstantin's pseudo-poetry.
In Response

by: Mi
November 13, 2012 23:30
saucymugwump from: USA you are very ignorant like majority of your Russian brothers. First of all Americans never write "Kavkaz". Second, Iran is not a sharia state it’s a republic like the USSR-Russia, or the USA. Their form of government is not even near sharia government system.
The voting system of sharia: let’s say there are 1000 men in Islamic country named Kavkaz. Those people vote in first election 10 men chose one best out of every 10 one is chosen that means 100 are chosen from 1000, then the 100 vote again 10 men teams one winner, final 10 chosen the last top 10 men chose the best among them, and he is the ruler. It’s very different from Russian republic system of appointing a corrupt leader or from the US republic system where majority 50%+1 chose the leader, yet minority, the electorate college, beats them and puts a corrupt leader. Iranian republic system is based on belief that the ruler should be from one family its called kingdom just like US occupied Kingdom of Saudi Arabia but they appoint the leader Russian style. There is no true sharia system in this world it was demolished by neo-Nazis: Arabs, English, Turks, and many others.
The North Caucasians are trying to get rid of neo-Nazis: inside and outside enemies. Yes the battle is going to be bloody and over 60% will die but the victory is granted. Every person from North Caucasus knows the prophecy and it must be fulfilled.

by: Jack from: US
November 11, 2012 20:24
my mother is Chechen and my father was Russian soldier during 1990-ies. My father says CIA and Saudi Arabia supplied peaceful Wahhabi activists with suicide vests and detonators.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 12, 2012 08:07
What also your father could say, but Russian propaganda.
One Chechen and two Chechen women asked in Beslan,
Whether they came there to kill children, an answer done
By Umarov, commander of oboroten's "Spetcnaz banda"
Secret units - he killed the both at the spot - your father,
Probably the same, married to Chechen, your mother,
Be killed along with family, for deviating from "lazha".
You, Jack, with Russian lies, Anychar - like father.

Saudies obligated to guard Mecca and respond
To Muslim movements, or be invaded by bands,
Orchestrated by 1954 pact of Russia, Germans
And Brits imperio-resurect - pay for Russ-"volk".
In Response

by: Jack from: US
November 12, 2012 16:18
my father says Chechens were good fighters, not cowards like "republic of Georgians" or Arabs. My father says he preferred to kill Arabs and Turks, not Chechens. He has a lot of Chechen friends who became Christian because they saw how retarded Islam is
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 12, 2012 17:58
Sure Chechens are brave, so is everybody, also.
There is no reason for Russia-Jack to insult and to lie.
"Republic of Georgians" and Arabs are the centers
Of regional and even World civilizations - nice try,
Russia, turn Tbilisi and Mecca ash and ambers.

Smart Russian Jack. As different tmes events
Bring death and destruction, so people acting.
As Chechnia, invaded by Vlasov army and SS
Was forced change sides, or be exterminated,
As "Jews", as Russians to Germans then said.

Kantemirov, in 1947, stopped Russian purges
And fought on Soviet side, to be expelled later
By Russian army of death in Chechnia urges.
Russia using it all too well by sweet and bitter.
Quin Tamar's mother was Chechen princess.

In 12 and in 13 A.D. Russians lied to Mongols,
Kill Georgia. As their Million army was defeited,
Another, lied too Mongol army, killed almost all.
Chechens found a way out, Muslim conversion.
Courage must be Justice - not a Russia's hole.

Being Christian, I don't see evil in a next religion,
But missguided propaganda - resurect-Empires
And some remnants of such older interpretation,
Like breeding Chaldean dervishes or pop Gapon,
Or heasing at Jews and Polls pop from Filadelfia.

Cut-off Jack, your redirect from sick Russia-head
To a healthy - is help to Rusian-voshkas to invade.
In Response

by: saucymugwump from: USA
November 12, 2012 22:40
Jack from US wrote "my father was Russian soldier during 1990-ies. My father says CIA and Saudi Arabia supplied peaceful Wahhabi activists with suicide vests and detonators"

The CIA did indeed supply the future Taliban with weapons during the Soviet invasion, but the tactic of suicide bombs was home-grown.

Jack from US wrote "My father says he preferred to kill Arabs and Turks"

Your father never fought in Korea. Turkish fighters were some of the best fighters because of their up-close-and-personal tactics. Their patrols often returned with ears to prove that they encountered the enemy.
In Response

by: Konstantin from: Los Angeles
November 15, 2012 21:24
Saucymugwump is right, althgought CIA is evil, its evil instigated
And masterminded by Russian evil. CIA murdered my mother,
Blackmailing me to be plagiarized slave or else, being gated
By Russians on RFE and other forums - writing bad sewer,
Accusing me writing it in their names, as "US-enemy-hate".

Russians infected her with bad pnemonia in our apartment
As lied by Russians CIA - kidnapp her for a killing hospital.
I tried to save her, but they said: "turn slave or she is dead".
Heads of operation looked like Russian-Brits-Germans files
And "color" half-bread nurses - they chocked her 7/7/2012.

Reasons - plagiarized already and to plagiarize more of me,
Kill my mother as possible absticle - not much help to them,
Replace her with other possibilities, get economy ideas free,
For Obama be elected, evenge my role stopp Russian hams
In 2008, with help of McCain and UN, exite sudistic CIA dams.

Is is obvious what power evil Russians have in occupied land
And Russia itself, in all over former "Easterm block" countries
And even in USA and UK. Sure NATO and USA brass are bad,
It is their job be ready for wars, but participate in persecutions,
Like my mother's and my death, "NLWeapons", and "Lemurs".

Last almost killed my mother in "Santa Monica", her memory,
Russia-CIA destroyed by injections, was lost. They raptuered
My retina and made five surgeries to indebth me to USA tirany,
All was railroaded by evil Russia and German-Austrian, spyed,
Lied and plagiarized my intellectual property - so in Caucasus.

And so USA involvment in some countries, NATO cannot even
Leave, because of invisible hand of evil - ready to invade again
And unleash genocide, as before, this time total and for keepen.
Interesting move, Kadyrov, blaim Ingushetia "terrorist' burrials?
Ingush Leader is former GRU, Kadyrov is ally of Putin-imperial.

I don't get it. Is he talking about GRU oboroten's, that facilitated
Russia cleanse-repopulating Caucasus? Dog'd death to dogs?
Or he is talking about children, youngsters and young executed
For having dignity, free souls and pain be debased that wolked,
Out of occupied towns to grandparents in Mountanous woods?

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