Published 13 December 2012
On December 16, 2011, deadly clashes broke out between police and protesters in the western Kazakh city of Zhanaozen. At least 16 people were shot dead by police, and more than 100 were injured. The riots were the bloody culmination of a prolonged strike by local oil workers, and raised international concerns about the state of labor rights in Kazakshtan's remote energy-rich regions. One year later, most of the damage from the riots has been repaired, and life has largely returned to normal. RFE/RL Kazakh Service correspondent Sania Toiken visited Zhanaozen and filed these photos of an uneasily quiet city.