The Dubai Partnership

November 21, 2019
By Kloop, OCCRP, and RFE/RL

The wife of Raimbek Matraimov, a powerful former Kyrgyz customs chief, has a joint investment in Dubai with a shadowy Uyghur family, the Abdukadyrs. Back in Central Asia, that family built a cargo empire that has thrived thanks to corruption in the customs service.

There are many reasons investors from around the world might flock to the luxury property market in Dubai. But for some, a key draw is the secrecy the emirate offers, since land records there are not available to the public.

Among the recent investors is the wife of Raimbek Matraimov, a powerful former deputy head of Kyrgyzstan’s customs service. Reporters have found that she is an investor in a five-story, mixed-use building under development in a fast-growing Dubai district.

Her co-investors in the building include the Abdukadyr family, a shadowy Uyghur clan that has built an underground Central Asian cargo empire worth hundreds of millions of dollars.

These findings are part of a wider investigation by RFE/RL, OCCRP, and its Kyrgyz member center, Kloop, that details the functioning of this business and, in its reliance on bribes to customs officials, implicates Matraimov himself.

A central player in this story was a self-confessed money launderer who turned on his former employers, described the customs scheme to reporters, and provided corroborating documents. He was murdered in Istanbul earlier this month. Before his death, he also pointed reporters to Dubai, suggesting that Matraimov may have partnered with the Abdukadyr family in investments there.

Though he provided no documents to support this claim, reporters found the joint investment by Matraimov’s wife and the Abdukadyrs in the Dubai development — the first documented proof of the two families in a formal business partnership.

In addition to the mixed-use building, Matraimov’s wife, Uulkan Turgunova, also purchased the plot of land it sits on, another plot, and an apartment in the city. Turgunova acquired these properties for a total of at least $12.5 million sometime between 2015 and 2017, according to leaked property data.

The two plots of land Turgunova purchased are in Jumeirah Village Circle, a district of villas and townhouses, many still under development, that lies alongside the emirate’s main thoroughfare. The apartment she purchased is in a building due to be completed at the end of this year in the nearby Jumeirah Beach Residence community.

The leaked database of property and residency data was compiled by real estate professionals, obtained by the nonprofit group C4ADS, and provided to OCCRP. Though the data does not contain precise dates of purchase, it does show the properties’ locations, buyers’ contact details, and in many cases the price.

These properties, as well as Turgunova’s partnership with the Abdukadyrs, are of interest because the origin of the millions of dollars they represent is difficult to explain through Matraimov’s reported income. None of these possessions have ever appeared in his publicly available asset declarations, which are mandatory for Kyrgyz public servants (and also cover their immediate family members).

Despite repeated requests, the Kyrygz State Tax Service has not released Matraimov’s 2017 asset declaration. Since the leak does not show the exact date of Turgunova’s acquisitions, it is possible she bought the Dubai properties in 2017 and that they appeared on that declaration. However, Raimbek Matraimov’s 2016 declaration shows his family’s income that year to be just under $217,000, with only $12,530 of that from his official salary (the rest was from other sources). His declaration from the previous year shows only his official salary of $8,600.

Matraimov’s 2016 asset declaration does not paint a picture of a family that could afford a $12 million investment. Click to enlarge.
Matraimov’s 2016 asset declaration does not paint a picture of a family that could afford a $12 million investment. Click to enlarge.

Matraimov, who has worked as a public official for most of his life, is notorious in Kyrgyzstan for his rumored vast wealth, which has earned him the popular moniker “Raim Million.” A 2017 RFE/RL investigation found that his family’s lavish mansion in Osh is not commensurate with their declared income.

The ‘Habib Residences’

The evidence linking Turgunova to the building under construction on one of her plots goes beyond the leaked property data.

According to a report by the BNC Network, an industry group that maintains what it calls the largest construction intelligence database in the region, the development is a five-story, mixed-use building due to be completed by the end of this year. The report also lists the four entities behind the project and their unique roles. Turgunova is listed as an investor. Another is Maimatili Hadeer, one of four brothers known to be active in the Abdukadyr family’s business network. A third participant is AKA International, a company controlled by Khabibula Abdukadyr, the eldest brother and leader of the family.

Khabibula Abdukadyr’s relatives use several last names, including Hadeer, Palvan, and Aibibula. For simplicity, the family is referred to in this story as the Abdukadyrs because Khabibula Abdukadyr is the head of their business empire.

A second piece of evidence comes from one of the project’s contractors. A list of projects published on the company’s website lists Turgunova and Hadeer as the two owners of the project.

Having located the project site on a city-planning document, reporters paid a visit. Like many other places in Dubai, the site is separated from other buildings by empty expanses of desert, and is easily accessible only by car. The grounds are guarded by private security forces and police patrols, who eventually evicted reporters from the area.

An informational notice next to the mostly finished building lists three of the four participants also mentioned in the BNC Network report: Hadeer, AKA International, and Nakheel, a Dubai property developer. When reporters visited in August and September they found that a fourth name was obscured by tape.

The sign also features an architectural rendering of the finished building that is nearly identical to one included on the resume of Alexander Karmeinsky, a German architect who has done other work for the Abdukadyr family. The development is identified as Habib Residences Apartments building -- JVC Dubai, and is described as an 82-unit residential building with retail on the ground floor, a gym, “and rooftop pools directly facing the new Jumeirah Village Circle shopping mall.”

Karmeinsky lists the owner of the project as AKA International.

Raimbek Matraimov could not be reached for comment. Multiple members and representatives of his family did not respond to requests for comment, though an assistant of Raimbek’s brother, Iskender Matraimov, asked for more time. Due to security concerns involving the timing of publication, this request could not be honored. A lawyer who has represented Raimbek Matraimov said she no longer works for him and declined to comment.

Representatives of the Abdukadyr family, the customs service, and Kyrgyz law enforcement did not respond to repeated requests for comment.

Plunder And Patronage In The Heart Of Central Asia

Project Credits

“Plunder And Patronage In The Heart Of Central Asia” is a joint effort by Radio Azattyk, the Kyrgyz Service of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty; OCCRP; and OCCRP's Kyrgyz member center, Kloop. Over two dozen journalists from these organizations worked for months to make the investigation possible. Due to multiple threats received by reporters and editors over this period, their names are not disclosed.