Monday, November 24, 2014


The Power Vertical

Putin's China Syndrome

Unlike China's leaders, Vladimir Putin has opted to hang on to power indefinitely.
Unlike China's leaders, Vladimir Putin has opted to hang on to power indefinitely.
The Moscow punditocracy has had China on its mind lately. In fact, one leading commentator even confessed to suffering from "China envy."
 
When the Chinese Communist Party elected the country's new top leaders earlier this month, with Hu Jintao relinquishing power to Xi Jinping, many in Russia's chattering classes noted how favorably the system stacks up to their own.
 
"The Chinese have managed to do something the Russians can never pull off: to stop relying on great and irreplaceable individuals, and instead put in place a system of regular change of [its] top leaders," Mikhail Rostovsky wrote in "Moskovsky komsomolets."

Since 1992 -- when Deng Xiaoping turned power over to Jiang Zemin -- the rule has been two five-year terms and out.
 
The contrast with Russia, where the political system revolves around the indispensible Vladimir Putin, was noted everywhere from the opposition tabloid "Novaya gazeta" to the business-oriented "RBK Daily," to the official government broadsheet "Rossiiskaya gazeta" -- which, quite interestingly, called the Chinese model "an instructive model for other countries."
 
In the daily "Kommersant," Aleksandr Gabuyev wrote that the Chinese leader is "only the first among equals in a sort of 'board of directors' for the PRC, which avoids a situation in which the country is ruled for too long by a sickly and aging leader who has stayed too long atop the power vertical."

Putin, of course, had the chance to implement something akin to the Chinese model last year. All he had to do was bless Dmitry Medvedev's bid for a second term as president, as the technocratic wing of the elite was urging him to do, and maintain his decisive influence behind the scenes -- as Deng Xiaoping did in his day.
 
But that, of course, did not happen. And by opting to return to the presidency for six -- and possibly 12 -- more years, Putin is being compared not to Deng but to Leonid Brezhnev.
 
"Both looked young and attractive at the beginning of their rule and both looked sickly and comical toward the end. Both let the right historical moment for their departure slip by, ran out of steam, and survived in politics," political analyst Stanislav Belkovsky wrote in Slon.ru.

The Brezhnev comparisons, which began in earnest about a year ago and enjoyed a revival with recent rumors about the state of Putin's health, have become a bit overdone and old hat by now.
 
But one aspect is very relevant to Russia's future. It wasn't only Brezhnev who looked old and sickly by the end of his rule but the entire Soviet elite. This cadre, known as the Class of 1937, rose to power in the wake of Stalin's purges -- and remained there until their deaths.
 
And many observers are now wondering whether the same will happen with the entire Putin team. This would keep the rising generation, which came of political age after the fall of the Soviet Union, eternally frustrated and on the outside.
 
"Putin has demonstrated a willingness to keep management of the state in the hands of his trusted people, who will soon be of retirement age, until the end of the decade," analyst Viktor Averkov wrote in "RBK Daily." "In order to avoid a generational conflict, he needs to study the mechanisms of succession and the transfer of power."

There is little evidence that he is doing so. In fact, as columnist Sergei Shelin illustrated in a recent piece in Gazeta.ru, Putin's much vaunted mini-purge of the elite after a series of corruption scandals amounted to little more than shuffling around some familiar faces into new posts.

"The purges at the Defense and Regional Development ministries, as well as in other departments and regional structures, seemed to promise the desired posts to those who have grown tired waiting for them," Shelin wrote. "But the paradox of Putin's personnel purge is that the reshuffles of the establishment are in full swing without any hint of upward mobility."
 
Shelin adds that "the Kremlin is shuffling one and the same pack of cards" with "heavyweights" and their "entire close-knit clans moving from place to place."
 
There was a time when many observers, myself included, thought Putin's long-term goal was to build an enduring and stable (albeit authoritarian) system that would endure beyond his time in office.
 
What is becoming abundantly clear is that no such strategic goal exists. There are only tactical maneuvers aimed at survival -- which, paradoxically, makes for the most unstable system of all.
 
-- Brian Whitmore
This forum has been closed.
Comment Sorting
Comments
     
by: Camel Anaturk from: Kurdistan
November 27, 2012 21:19
Well well well.we all thought Eugenio and Jack were top of the pops for writing crap posts,but now mr.Whitmore has dumped them both.`Vladimir Vladimirovitch is a `great and irreplaceable individual` and not the usual run-of-the mill kgb Sharik homunculus??? Ha,bloody ha-we dont have to wait for another 988 years-this is the joke of the last Millenium.Molodets,Brian-did you inspire Monthy Python`s Life of Brian???

by: Mark from: Victoria
November 28, 2012 18:17
Could this, finally, be the tipping point? Is Putin on his way out? Is he leaving long fingernail grooves on the floor of his office as bureaucrats swooning with China-love drag him out, while black-clad Kremlin PR flacks flutter about like crows as they cook up an implausible explanation for his abrupt departure - perhaps his health, comrade?

Ha, ha; no, come on, I was just kidding. No, really, I was just trying to lighten the mood - seriously, look, Brian has characterized this supposed abdication of Russia's present government in favour of a smart new Chinese model - which will presumably not include Putin - in his Twitter feed as "another indication of Putin fatigue".

Is there really a cresting wave of anything that could be described as "Putin fatigue"? Really? Oh, I don't mean in the west and among the miniscule liberal opposition in Russia, because they've been nursing Putin-fatigue since...mmm, about 2001. I mean among the Russian electorate, which actually put him into office and may well do so again. No, I would have to say not; his popularity figures have remained relatively stable and they are often framed as figures any western leader would sell his mother into bondage for, although of course they indicate failure in Putin's bloody-fanged dictatorship. No cause for celebration there.

Well, wait; maybe the economy is crashing to the ground! No, sorry; manufacturing orders have risen for 13 straight months according to HSBC analysts, new hires are up for 3 straight months and the banking sector has shown strong growth in the first half of 2012, with retail leading the way. Things look headed in the opposite direction from collapse, actually.

Well, then, let's look at the Chinese government's relationship with Russia, and see if we can get the real story.

http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/china/2012-09/06/c_131832674.htm

Oh, look. It's Russian Federation Council Speaker Valentina Matvienko, meeting with the Chairman of the Standing Committee of China's National People's Congress. On the occasion of the sixth meeting of the China-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, not to put too fine a point on it. China-Russia government cooperation is not only not new at all, but is part of a formalized process. Although there is nothing to suggest Russia is about to implement a wholesale adoption of the Chinese government model, I daresay areas of innovation in each country are noted by the other and implemented so as to best serve each country.

I imagine you noted, even without looking at the referenced article, that Russia's delegate to the China-Russia Parliamentary Cooperation Committee is a woman - not too many Russian men are named Valentina. But, just for fun, take a look at the photo on page 2 of that article. How many women do you see?

If you don't feel like looking, I'll save you the trouble. Two, one of which is Matvienko. I can tell you one group that is not anxious to see Russia adopt the progressive Chinese government model - Russian women. Women are sorely under-represented in the Chinese government, although they do quite well in business.

http://chinadigitaltimes.net/2012/03/china-still-a-mans-world/

By way of contrast, in Russia women make up more than 50% of federal administrative posts, range from 33% to 64% in all branches of power at the state level and are 11% of the General assembly.

http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2010/wom1812.doc.htm

I note that all the excited comments in the body of this post, which support the view of China's government as an instructive model for other countries, came from men.


by: Mark from: Victoria
November 28, 2012 18:27
Sorry; I went over the character limit and had to do a second comment to get my conclusion in.

Look; almost every government has its success stories, and there are doubtless valuable lessons to be learnt from China's government. But Russia is no more likely to adopt a Chinese government model owing to pressure from western governments or think-tanks than it is to adopt American-style government owing to pressure from western governments or think-tanks. Why not? Because both have the same short-term goal: get rid of Putin, pick someone else. And as long as the Russian economy continues to flourish under Putin after nearly sliding over the edge under the western-supported and western-encouraged Yeltsin, that is simply unlikely to happen. Despite the bi-weekly tipping point and regular injections of wistfully-hopeful doom for Putin, none of that is really happening.

On this blog, it's always the same time of day - sunset for Putin. The view is regularly advanced that he should have burnt out like a torch that consumes itself, at the height of his glory, like Jimi Hendrix, instead of a fat, peanut-butter-smeared travesty of his former self, like Elvis, who stayed far past his pinnacle. And that's a nice story.

Just as long as you don't confuse it with reality.
In Response

by: Anonymous
November 28, 2012 23:42
I actually don't disagree that Putin is unlikely to leave power till his mortal abode disintegrates into dust. That is indeed the most likely path for the future. What's more, I even think Brian above also thinks that.

I believe the main point you're missing is that it would be eventually better for Russia if Putin left, and someone more politically progressive took over. If, indeed, Russia could move towards becoming a democracy.

That is what fuels the, let's call it wishful thinking, that you detect in the blog: the idea that things would be better for Russia if Putin left, but that this is unlikely to happen. He'll probably stick around, Brezhnev style, for as long as he can. But if he did... what a big country like Russia could then become, with its resources and human capital, is mind-boggling.

Judging by the size of your comment, and the general tone, you disagree with this main point: that Putin is not good for Russia in the long run. Do you really think Russia is better off as an autocracy in the old South American style than it would be as a real democracy? Do you think Putin's way is really the way to go for this country whose history is so full of people who were convinced their personal views were the only solution to today's problems?
In Response

by: Marko from: USA
November 29, 2012 12:12
Politically progressive-- like Boris Yeltsin? How did that work out (not for the West mind you [for which Russia in the 1990s was a perfect result]) but Russia? There you have your answer as to what Western-style liberalism (aka progressivism) under Western management in Russia looks like-- that picture is far less pretty than the generally successful , albeit flawed, Putin era. Mark from Victoria masks some excellent points on that subject. Anonymous might have something of a point if there was a "patriotic liberal" option available in Russia today politically, but it is one of the paradoxes of Russian history that there never is such an option for governance there.
In Response

by: Mark from: Victoria
November 29, 2012 21:23
A lot of people seem to be under the impression that, because Vladimir Putin remains leader of Russia, Russia is not a democracy. I beg to differ. While he unquestionably desires the office, and likely will serve another term following the present one if he is elected, it is not up to him whether he stays or goes. It is up to the electorate, which is - by definition - democratic in that all eligible citizens share an equal right to self-determination. Is it your contention that, had Putin failed in the presidential vote, he would have mustered the guard and imposed his rule on Russia by force of arms? I highly doubt it. I imagine that had it shaken out like that he would likely have retired; at the very most he would have remained an influential member of his party and active in national politics. That possibility is not a serious consideration, as he was most decidedly elected by a majority of the people; a fact which was undisputed by democratic leaders, although many were clearly unhappy about it.

There's not enough space here to get into the prevalence of voter suppression in democratic countries, but suffice it to say that all incumbent governments use every trick at their command in order to remain in power. Moreover, many established references correctly point out that the "purity" of democracy is now blurred, as nearly all contemporary governments contain mixed elements of the oligarchic, monarchistic and democratic models. It hardly needs saying that all refer to themselves as democracies.

If the main point of the post was that Putin is not good for Russia in the long run, the author did a good job hiding it, although he clearly would like to see Putin removed by whatever means and a liberal reformer even more liberal than Medvedev installed in his place. I interpreted the post to mean that Russian bureaucrats are eyeing the Chinese model of government with a view to adopting it. I might as well say here that this is ridiculous, because China remains Communist while Russia would not go back to Communism even if the Communists were elected - they would have to run it as something of a democracy and it probably would not look much differently from what it does today, although the state would resume control over some things that have passed into the private sector. But there is much about the Chinese model that remains unatractive to Russia, while they have likely already adopted such elements as appealed to them; the two countries enjoy very close ties.

Nonetheless, yes; I do dispute it. Putin has been good for Russia thus far, continues to be good for Russia and will likely be removed by the electorate as soon as he convincingly is not. Never mind the red herring about whether I consider Russia to be better off as an old South-American autocracy, because it isn't.
In Response

by: Marko from: USA
November 29, 2012 00:00
On the whole well put. Putin, however, tends only to ameliorate problems instead of truly solve them and Russia isn't in the same global weight class as China these days. That said, the contrast between Russia in the Putin era and the Western-guided Yeltsin era could not be greater. This was I think, in large part because Putin's goal-- often fairly effectively pursued-- was to revive Russia. The goal of the preceding liberal era was to dismantle the country (like a bankrupt business) and divide up its assets; failure of Russia was the goal and its peole were treated like a nuisance.

by: Vakhtang from: Moscow
November 29, 2012 05:52
Mr. Whitmore decided to play a cunning game...Turning to the Russian press, and to a discussions of Russian journalists Mr.Whitmore on the subject prefers to remain silent.
He does not want to say that progrеss in China is primarily connected with the policy of the Communist Party with brutal repression and mass executions...

just imagine:

Luzhniki Stadium
100,000 spectators- the Russian workers and peasants (all drunk as usual)...in the middle of the pitch-Serdyukov, Vasilieva, Skrynnik and Smetanina on their knees..Bastrykin behind with a Mauser..with words:"For the Motherland! For Putin!"shoots in the heads of embezzlers and perverts..I am sure that after this, the number of brothels in the ministries will be reduced immediately.
All such acts, it is the norm for China, that is why there is progress.
Unfortunately Putin takes out his anger on the defenseless women...Mass executions of officials,torture by fire and water of officials,will lead to an economic breakthrough of Russia...
In Response

by: Camel Anaturk from: Kurdistan
November 29, 2012 12:44
Quite agree with the Vakhtang team of BS BW experts,however,we dont need mass executions-just one will do-that of the greatest georgian patriot who ran as far away from his motherland to the land of those he castigates daily-and that is his stepmother Russia.`Torture by fire and water says Vakhtangovitch`-too costly say I - just force them to drink a cuppa georgian wine - the results would be far more devastating-for just a fraction of the price.Then we may think of resettling all persons of Caucasian origin in Georgia,and if you want to punish them russians -well then you must resettle all St.Georgians there!!!

The Power Vertical Feed

In this space, I will regularly comment on events in Russia, repost content and tweets I find interesting and informative, and shamelessly promote myself (and others, whose work I like). The traditional Power Vertical Blog remains for larger and more developed items. The Podcast, of course, will continue to appear every Friday. I hope you find the new Power Vertical Feed to be a useful resource and welcome your feedback. More

19:16 November 21, 2014

POWER VERTICAL PODCAST: A YEAR OF LIVING DANGEROUSLY

On this week's Power Vertical Podcast, we use the one-year anniversary of the Euromaidan uprising to look at how it changed both Ukraine and Russia. My guests are Sean Guillory and Alexander Motyl.

09:14 November 21, 2014
09:11 November 21, 2014

AND AS TENSIONS RISE IN THE BALTICS...

09:09 November 21, 2014

MORNING NEWS ROUNDUP

From RFE/RL's News Desk:

UKRAINE MARKS START OF EUROMAIDAN PROTESTS WITH NEW HOLIDAY
By RFE/RL
Ukrainians are marking a new national holiday on November 21 -- the anniversary of the start of Kyiv’s Euromaidan protests that led to the ouster of the country’s former pro-Kremlin regime.
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko signed decree on November 13 that declared the holiday for annual “Day of Dignity and Freedom” celebrations.
The protests began with a few hundred people who met spontaneously on a vast square in central Kyiv of November 21, 2013 – disappointed by then-President Viktor Yanukovych’s rejection of a landmark deal with the European Union in favor of closer ties with Russia.
After that first night, as the protests quickly swelled to tens of thousands of demonstrators, brutal police efforts to disperse the crowds with batons and teargas backfired.
As the crowds got bigger, the protesters began to call for Yanukovych’s ouster – which came in February 2014 after more than 100 people were killed in clashes with police that failed to end the demonstrations.

BIDEN TO MEET UKRAINIAN LEADERS, ANNOUNCE NONLETHAL U.S. AID
By RFE/RL
U.S. Vice President Joe Biden was expected to announce an increase in nonlethal U.S. military assistance to Ukraine on November 21 as he meets in Kyiv with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko and Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk.
The talks come on the first anniversary of the start of the Euromaidan protests in Kyiv that toppled Ukraine's former pro-Kremlin regime.
As Biden arrived in Kyiv on the evening of November 20, U.S. officials told reporters that he will announce the delivery of Humvee transport vehicles that are now in the Pentagon’s inventory of excess supplies.
They said Biden also would announce the delivery of previously promised radar units that can detect the location of enemy mortars.
The U.S. officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, did not specify a dollar value for the assistance. 
Russia on November 20 warned the United States not to supply weapons to Ukrainian forces.
Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman Aleksandr Lukashevich cautioned against "a major change in policy of the (U.S.) administration in regard to the conflict" in Ukraine. 
He was commenting on remarks by U.S. President Barack Obama's choice to fill the number two spot at the State Department, Anthony Blinken, who told a congressional hearing on November 19 that lethal assistance "remains on the table. It's something that we're looking at."
The U.S. State Department's Director of Press Relations Jeffrey Rathke on November 20 told reporters that "our position on lethal aid hasn't changed. Nothing is off the table and we continue to believe there's no military solution."
He added, "But, in light of Russia's actions as the nominee mentioned [on November 19] in his testimony, as he indicated, this is something that we should be looking at."
The aid expected to be announced by Biden on November 20 falls short of what the Ukrainian president requested during a visit to Washington in September when he appealed for lethal aid - a request echoed by some U.S. lawmakers in response to what NATO allies say is Russia's movement of tanks and troops into eastern Ukraine.
In September, Washington promised Ukraine $53 million in aid for military gear that includes the mortar detection units, body armor, binoculars, small boats, and other nonlethal equipment for Ukrainian security forces and border guards in the east.
The United States and its European allies have imposed several rounds of economic sanctions on Russia for its seizure of Crimea and incursion into eastern Ukraine.
(With reporting by Reuters, AP, AFP, dpa, and TASS)

RUSSIAN OLYMPIAN CHARGED WITH SPOUSAL ABUSE IN UNITED STATES
Russian Olympian hockey player Slava Voynov – who plays with the Los Angeles Kings NHL hockey team – has been charged with felony domestic violence against his wife.
Voynov faces one felony count of spouse abuse with a maximum penalty of nine years in prison. If convicted, he also could be deported.
Prosecutors say Voynov “caused his wife to suffer injuries to her eyebrow, check, and neck” during an argument at their home in October.
Voynov has been suspended from the NHL since his arrest early on October 20 at a California hospital where he took his wife for treatment.
Voynov’s attorney, Craig Renetzky, says his client didn’t hit his wife.
Renetzky blames the charges on a misunderstanding between police and Voynov’s wife, who speaks very little English.
Voynov – who played on Russia’s team at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics -- faces arraignment on December 1.
(Based on reporting by AP and Reuters)

NATO: RUSSIAN ACTIVITY IN BALTICS POSES RISK
NATO says Russia's growing military presence in the skies above the Baltic region is unjustified and poses a risk to civil aviation.
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said in Tallinn on November 20 that the aircraft regularly fail to file flight plans or communicate with air controllers and also fly with their transponders off.
Speaking at the Amari air base, he said alliance fighters have intercepted planes more than 100 times in the Baltic region alone so far this year, a threefold increase over 2013. 
He did not say how many of the intercepted aircraft were Russian.
Stoltenberg also said that, overall, NATO aircraft have conducted 400 intercepts to protect the airspace of its European alliance members in 2014 -- an increase of 50 percent over last year.
(Based on reporting by AP and AFP)

 

16:55 November 19, 2014

MORE ON THE SOURCES OF RUSSIAN ANTI-AMERICANISM

Konstantin Eggert has a commentary in "Kommersant" on Russia's anti-Americanism. He opens like this:

"Sometimes I have this feeling that there are only two countries in the world - Russia and the United States. Of course, there is Ukraine, but it either to join us or the Americas. Russian politicians and state television are constantly in search of the 'American hand' in all spheres of our life. In Soviet times, the United States was formally considered to be our number one military and ideological enemy. But even then it didn't occupy such a large space in the minds of the political leadership and citizens. And the paradox is that, on one hand, officials and the media regularly talk about the decline of America as a great power, and on the other declare it to be the source of all evil in the world. This contradiction does not seem to disturb anybody."

And closes like this:

We still have not been able to use the opportunity that we were given with the collapse of the communist regime - to arrange our lives based on liberty and civic virtue. And today, we, as a people, want to go back to the starting point, to beat everyone. And the Soviet Union, with its absence of sausage and freedom, again suddenly seems sweet and dear. But it won't happen. I will put it banally: you can't go into the same river twice.

Read the whole thing here (in Russian, with audio)

15:53 November 19, 2014

UNDERSTANDING THE INFORMATION WAR

MIchael Weiss, editor-in-chief of The Interpreter magazine, appearing on Hromadske TV to talk about Russia's information war.

Michael and Peter Pomarantsev recently co-authored an excellent report "The Menace of Unreality: How the Kremlin Weaponizes Information, Culture, and Money." Both also appeared recently on The Power Vertical Podcast to discuss the report.

15:42 November 19, 2014

WHY IS PUTIN PICKING A FIGHT WITH THE U.S.?

Oleg Kosyrev has a snarky and clever blog post on the subject up on the Ekho Moskvy website. 

1) The United States is the ideal opponent. "It is big and strong and your self-esteem increases when you fight somebody really influential."

2) The United States is not fighting with Russia. "They aren't really interested. They have enough of their own problems and dreams. It's nice to fight somebody who is not fighting you."

3) It is a substitute for the authorities' inability to benefit Russians. "How convenient. Who is to blame for rising food and gas prices? The U.S.A.. Who is to blame for the fact that Russian has political prisoners? The U.S.A. Who is to blame for people demonstrating on the streets? The U.S.A. Who is to blame for the fact that independent international courts denounce the Russian court system? The U.S.A. You can even blame the U.S. for the fact that the light doesn't work in the entrance to your apartment building."

Read it all (in Russian) here.

15:23 November 19, 2014

UKRAINE SAYS MHI7 SHOT DOWN BY RUSSIAN CREW

14:47 November 19, 2014

AFTERNOON NEWS ROUNDUP: THE SEQUEL

From RFE/RL's News Desk:

KYIV, WEST SAY RUSSIA CANNOT BAR UKRAINE FROM NATO

Ukraine says it will not tolerate pressure from any other country over whether or not it seeks to join NATO.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Yevhen Perebyynis spoke made the remark to reporters in Kyiv on November 19, after the BBC quoted Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov as saying in an interview that Moscow wants "a 100 percent guarantee that no-one would think about Ukraine joining NATO."

Hitting back with a reference to Russia's annexation of Crimea and support for pro-Russian separatists in eastern Ukraine, Perebyynis said Kyiv would like guarantees that Moscow will not interfere in Ukraine's internal affairs, send in troops, or annex Ukrainian territories. 

The U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine, Geoffrey Pyatt, told journalists on November 19 that any decision on seeking to join NATO could be made only by the Ukrainian people, not by Russia, Europe, ar the United States.

The Canadian Ambassador to Ukraine, Roman Waschuk, made a similar statement on November 19.

(Based on reporting by UNIAN and Interfax)

PUTIN TELLS U.S. ENVOY TIES MUST BE BASED ON EQUALITY

President Vladimir Putin says that Russia is ready for cooperation with the United States as long as Washington treats Moscow as an equal, respect its interests, and refrains from interfering in its affairs.

Putin spoke November 19 at a Kremlin ceremony during which he received the credentials of foreign envoys including John Tefft, the new U.S. Ambassador to Moscow.

Putin said, "We are ready for practical cooperation with our American partners in various fields, based on the principles of respect for each other's interests, equal rights and non-interference in internal matters." 

The remark echoed a formula Putin set out in a foreign policy decree at the start of his third term in 2012.

Tefft, 64, is a career diplomat who previously served as U.S. ambassador to Ukraine, Georgia and Lithuania. 

His posting starts at a time when ties are badly strained over the Ukraine crisis. 

Tefft replaces Michael McFaul, who was ambassador from January 2012 until February 2014. 

(Based on reporting by Reuters and TASS)

RUSSIA SAYS 2010 NUCLEAR ARMS PACT STILL IN RUSSIA'S INTERESTS

By RFE/RL

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov has signaled that a landmark nuclear arms treaty with the United States is not in jeopardy despite severe tension over Ukraine.

Speaking to Russian lawmakers on November 19, Lavrov said the 2010 New START treaty "meets our basic strategic interests and, on condition of its observance by the United States, we are interested in its full implementation."

The treaty, one of the main products of President Barack Obama's first-term "reset" of ties with Russia, requires Russia and the United States to have their long-range nuclear arsenals under specific ceilings by 2018.

But Lavrov said the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty, which President Vladimir Putin suspended in 2007, is "dead" for Moscow. 

NATO has refused to ratify a revised version of the CFE treaty without a full withdrawal of Russian troops from Moldova and Georgia.

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The Power Vertical is a blog written especially for Russia wonks and obsessive Kremlin watchers by Brian Whitmore. It covers emerging and developing trends in Russian politics, shining a spotlight on the high-stakes power struggles, machinations, and clashing interests that shape Kremlin policy today. Check out The Power Vertical Facebook page or