UN Security Council (file photo) (CTK)
May 6, 2006 -- Russian news agencies quote Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Kislyak as saying a draft resolution on Iran's nuclear program, under debate at the UN Security Council, needs "major changes."
Members of the UN Security Council are continuing talks today on the resolution, submitted by the United Kingdom and France, demanding that Iran halt its uranium-enrichment activities. The draft falls under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, which allows for sanctions and even military action, although either of those actions would require a separate resolution.
Permanent council members Russia and China have expressed objections to the draft's use of Chapter 7.
The U.S. ambassador to the UN, John Bolton, has said the United States is ready to listen to Chinese and Russian ideas on how to revise the draft.
On 2 February, the 35-member Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency began discussing a draft resolution aimed at referring the matter of Iran's nuclear program to the United Nations Security Council. The key section of the resolution is Section 1, which states that the Board of Governors:
Underlines that outstanding questions can best be resolved and confidence built in the exclusive peaceful nature of Iran's program by Iran responding positively to the calls for confidence building measures which the Board has made on Iran, and in this context deems it necessary for Iran to:
- reestablish full and sustained suspension of all enrichment-related and processing activities, including research and development, to be verified by the Agency;
- reconsider the construction of a research reactor moderated by heavy water;
- ratify promptly and implement in full Additional Protocol;
- pending ratification, continue to act in accordance with the provisions of the Additional Protocol with Iran signed on 18 December 2003;
- implement the transparency measures, as requested by the Director General, which extend beyond the former requirements of the Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol, and include such access to individuals, documentation relating to procurement, dual use equipment, certain military-owned workshops and research and development as the Agency may request in support of its ongoing investigations.
THE COMPLETE TEXT: To read the complete text of the resolution, click here.
THE COMPLETE PICTURE: RFE/RL's complete coverage of controversy surrounding Iran's nuclear program.
An annotated timeline of Iran's nuclear program.