The clash took place near the village of Ishkoi-Yurt in Chechnya's Gudermes district.
Chechnya's Interior Ministry said police clashed with a group of rebels who were hiding in a deserted house.
Police said they had seized weapons at the scene and were in the process of identifying the slain militants.
The Chechnya Conflict
The aftermath of a December 2002 Chechen resistance attack on the main government building in Grozny (epa)