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A Look Back At The Political Life Of Hosni Mubarak


An undated photo of Mubarak as a young Royal Egyptian Air Force lieutenant.
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An undated photo of Mubarak as a young Royal Egyptian Air Force lieutenant.

Egyptian vice president at the time, Mubarak with the late President Anwar Sadat. - Both dressed in military honor uniforms, Mubarak and Sadat attend a military parade on October 6, 1981, in Cairo during which Sadat was assassinated by a group of Islamist fundamentalists.
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Egyptian vice president at the time, Mubarak with the late President Anwar Sadat. - Both dressed in military honor uniforms, Mubarak and Sadat attend a military parade on October 6, 1981, in Cairo during which Sadat was assassinated by a group of Islamist fundamentalists.

Mubarak votes in an October 13, 1981, referendum on whether he will succeed the slain President Anwar Sadat.
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Mubarak votes in an October 13, 1981, referendum on whether he will succeed the slain President Anwar Sadat.

Mubarak takes the oath of office as Egypt's new leader on October 14, 1981.
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Mubarak takes the oath of office as Egypt's new leader on October 14, 1981.

Mubarak shakes hands with jet pilots in April 1991. - Mubarak joined the Air Force Academy in 1950 and received instruction in the Soviet Union, moving up the chain of command from pilot to instructor to squadron leader to base commander. He was appointed director of the Air Force Academy and chief of staff of the Egyptian Air Force during the War of Attrition between Egypt and Israel (1967-72) and by 1973 had been promoted to the rank of air chief marshal.
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Mubarak shakes hands with jet pilots in April 1991. - Mubarak joined the Air Force Academy in 1950 and received instruction in the Soviet Union, moving up the chain of command from pilot to instructor to squadron leader to base commander. He was appointed director of the Air Force Academy and chief of staff of the Egyptian Air Force during the War of Attrition between Egypt and Israel (1967-72) and by 1973 had been promoted to the rank of air chief marshal.

Mubarak meets with U.S. Vice President George Bush at the Presidential Palace in Cairo in August 1986.
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Mubarak meets with U.S. Vice President George Bush at the Presidential Palace in Cairo in August 1986.

Mubarak meets with U.S. President Ronald Reagan at the White House in January 1988.
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Mubarak meets with U.S. President Ronald Reagan at the White House in January 1988.

 Mubarak meets Libyan Leader Muammar Qaddafi at the Egyptian border city of Mersa in October 1989.
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Mubarak meets Libyan Leader Muammar Qaddafi at the Egyptian border city of Mersa in October 1989.

Mubarak looks on as Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (left) shakes hands with PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat. - Mubarak hosted the historic signing ceremony as Arafat signed the PLO-Israeli peace accords on limited Palestinian self-rule for the Gaza Strip and Jericho in Egypt on May 4, 1994.
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Mubarak looks on as Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (left) shakes hands with PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat. - Mubarak hosted the historic signing ceremony as Arafat signed the PLO-Israeli peace accords on limited Palestinian self-rule for the Gaza Strip and Jericho in Egypt on May 4, 1994.

Mubarak and U.S. President Bill Clinton during a joint press conference at the White House in July 1999.
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Mubarak and U.S. President Bill Clinton during a joint press conference at the White House in July 1999.

Mubarak and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak shake hands before a meeting in Paris in November 1999.
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Mubarak and Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak shake hands before a meeting in Paris in November 1999.

Mubarak shakes hands with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat on March 9, 2000.
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Mubarak shakes hands with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat on March 9, 2000.

Mubarak meets with U.S. President George W. Bush in Washington in April 2001.
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Mubarak meets with U.S. President George W. Bush in Washington in April 2001.

Mubarak meets with UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in Alexandria in September 2006.
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Mubarak meets with UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in Alexandria in September 2006.

Mubarak attends a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow in November 2006.
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Mubarak attends a wreath-laying ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Moscow in November 2006.

Mubarak holds talks with U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House in September 2010.
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Mubarak holds talks with U.S. President Barack Obama at the White House in September 2010.

Mubarak addresses the nation on state TV on February 1, announcing he would not seek reelection.
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Mubarak addresses the nation on state TV on February 1, announcing he would not seek reelection.

Mubarak in Cairo on February 8, amid massive protests calling for his resignation.
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Mubarak in Cairo on February 8, amid massive protests calling for his resignation.

Mubarak speaks with Vice President Omar Suleiman in Cairo on February 10 during the crisis.
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Mubarak speaks with Vice President Omar Suleiman in Cairo on February 10 during the crisis.

Mubarak addresses the nation again on February 10 but doesn't announce his resignation, as had been expected.
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Mubarak addresses the nation again on February 10 but doesn't announce his resignation, as had been expected.

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