The multiple rape and robbery was so audacious and brutal it sent shock waves throughout a country accustomed to violence against women.
At least 10 men, wearing police uniforms, stopped a convoy of cars returning families from a wedding in the district of Paghman, outside the Afghan capital. The women, one of them pregnant, were pulled from their vehicles, beaten, robbed of their jewelry, and raped in a field by the side of the road.
One victim later died of her injuries, adding to the national outrage that erupted when the August 23 attack was reported a few days later.
Thousands of men and women took to the streets of Kabul and other cities across Afghanistan, demanding public hangings for the men responsible.
Under enormous public pressure, including demands from local elders, police swiftly detained seven of the suspects. On September 7, in a 2 1/2-hour trial broadcast live on national television from a Kabul courtroom, death sentences were handed down.
The swift justice was widely portrayed as a victory for women's rights, and some looked upon the ruling as a turning point in a country where it's the rape victims who often end up behind bars for moral crimes and adultery, while the culprits walk free.
The case, some argued, would encourage other victims of sex crimes to seek justice, rather than remain silent to avoid family disgrace.
Soraya Sobhrang, the commissioner for women's rights at the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission, believes the ruling sends a strong message to society. "This time the people of Afghanistan decided this case should become a strong warning to all those who perpetrate such crimes that we have laws and justice can prevail," she said.
When Is Rape A Crime?
The latest rape case has since received extensive coverage on national media, social websites, and has earned the hashtag #Paghman on Twitter.
"While there have been numerous cases of gang rapes in the country, the Paghman case was unprecedented and unheard of in its brutality. It happened less than 10 kilometers from the presidential palace and near a popular recreational area where people go for family picnics and leisure," says Aziz Rafe, the head of Afghanistan's Civil Society Association.
"Local leaders and elders demanded that authorities punish the attackers to restore the victims' honor and also as damage control to preserve Paghman's reputation as a safe area."
But while Rafe sees the reaction to the case as a positive sign, he is critical of the sentences handed down. In particular, he notes that the charges didn't include rape. "It's outrageous," Rafe says. "When someone attacks and rapes a woman it should be called 'rape' not 'adultery.'"
The perpetrators were charged with armed robbery and adultery, despite the existence of the Law to Eliminate Violence Against Women. The law, signed by President Hamid Karzai in 2009, stipulates that convicted rapists can receive the death penalty.
"I think the charges were aimed at securing a less severe punishment for the men, because according to Afghan laws adultery carries a maximum penalty of 15 years' imprisonment, while rapists can get capital punishment," Rafe says. "It's not a major turning point yet.... We still have a long way to go."
Concerns remain that the ruling was merely a show trial, and that the sentences could be overturned once the case is out of the public eye. The men are expected to appeal the court ruling, and the appeals process can take several weeks.