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U.S. Imposes Sanctions On 'Brazenly Corrupt' Bosnian State Prosecutor

Bosnian prosecutor Diana Kajmakovic (file photo)
Bosnian prosecutor Diana Kajmakovic (file photo)

The U.S. Treasury Department has announced sanctions against a Bosnian state prosecutor it said is "brazenly corrupt" with links to organized crime and whose actions have undermined the fledgling former Yugoslav republic's democracy and institutions.

U.S. Under Secretary for the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Brian Nelson said in a statement on September 26 that the Bosnian official, Diana Kajmakovic, "has continued to undermine democracy and the rule of law in Bosnia and Herzegovina."

The designation freezes the 56-year-old Kajmakovic's assets or property interests in the United States and bars U.S. nationals from transactions involving her without special permission from the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).

"Today’s designation reinforces the United States’ commitment to a stable and prosperous Bosnia and Herzegovina by targeting an individual who has played a central role in enabling corruption in the country.” Nelso said.

Kajmakovic was head of the Bosnian Prosecutor's Office's anti-corruption department until early August, when acting chief prosecutor Milanko Kajganic transferred her to the war-crimes department.

Kajganic told RFE/RL's Balkan Service on September 26 that the federal prosecutor's office had already launched a case based on accusations against Kajmakovic.

"Two prosecutors are working on the mentioned case and will continue to act in the case until they make a prosecutorial decision," Kajganic said.

The head of the Bosnian body that appoints judges and prosecutors, Halil Lagumdzija, told RFE/RL that he didn't know whether disciplinary proceedings would be initiated against Kajmakovic.

The U.S. Treasury Department cited criminals' references to Kajmakovic in decrypted conversations and said she "helped hide evidence, prevent prosecution, and otherwise assist criminal activity in exchange for personal gain" and "attempted to block an investigation into her apparent criminal affiliates."

It said her "destabilizing" activities took place "against the backdrop of [Bosnia's] most serious political crisis since 1995, as ethno-nationalist politicians and affiliated patronage networks continue to undermine the country."

Bosnia, composed of a Bosniak and Croat federation and a mostly Serb entity called Republika Srpska, has faced intensifying challenges from Bosnian Serbs led by Bosnian Presidency member Milorad Dodik, including the establishment of parallel institutions over the past six months.

Dodik has maintained close ties with neighboring Serbia and with Russia for diplomatic and other support to resist Bosnia's federal structure and international pressure.

The United States announced sanctions against Dodik in 2017 and again in January over his secessionist efforts.

Bosnian Croats have also long complained of being sidelined within the three-member presidency, citing grievances that have been acknowledged by European institutions, including the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR).

Bosnia's fractious leaders failed to agree on electoral reforms or a budget ahead of elections scheduled for October 2 for Bosnia's ethnically designated presidency, the parliaments within its entities, as well as leaders for 10 cantons.

The election dispute has largely centered around the ethnically based voting system and administration of the country stemming from the 1995 Dayton agreement that ended three years of brutal conflict in Bosnia.

The international community's high representative for civilian affairs and compliance with that peace deal, Germany's Christian Schmidt, said in June that he was allocating millions of euros to fund the voting so the balloting could go forward as planned.

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U.S. Recently Informed About Iranian Plot To Kill Trump: CNN

Former U.S. President Donald Trump
Former U.S. President Donald Trump

An informant told U.S. authorities recently that Iran was plotting to assassinate Donald Trump, CNN reported, citing multiple people familiar with the matter. In response, the U.S. Secret Service boosted security around the former president, the network reported. Thomas Matthew Crooks, who tried to assassinate Trump on July 13, does not appear to be connected to the Iranian plot, CNN reported. Former Trump administration officials, including his national-security adviser, John Bolton, and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had reportedly received threats from Iran. Qasem Soleimani, a former commander of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards Corps' (IRGC) elite Quds Force, was assassinated in January 2020 in an air strike by U.S. forces at Trump’s command. Iran had vowed revenge for the high-profile killing.

Russia Sentences Man To 26 Years For Setting Fire To Enlistment Offices

More than 500 people have been arrested in Russia since the 2022 full-scale invasion of Ukraine for vandalizing enlistment offices, police stations, city administration premises, and other buildings representing state authority to protest the war.
More than 500 people have been arrested in Russia since the 2022 full-scale invasion of Ukraine for vandalizing enlistment offices, police stations, city administration premises, and other buildings representing state authority to protest the war.

Russian-Ukrainian dual citizen Ivan Nedilsky was sentenced to 26 years in prison for treason, participation in a terrorist organization, and vandalism, Mediazona reported on July 16. The sentence was delivered in April by a Russian military court but had not previously been made public. Nedilsky was detained in October 2022 and accused of setting fire to two military enlistment offices and a cadastral service building. More than 500 people have been arrested in Russia since the 2022 full-scale invasion of Ukraine for vandalizing enlistment offices, police stations, city administration premises, and other buildings representing state authority to protest the war. Most are charged with terrorism, which carries a maximum sentence of life in prison. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Russian Service, click here

Romania Expects To Sign F-35 Purchase Contract With U.S. As Early As Autumn

Romania may sign a contract this autumn for latest-generation F-35 fighter jets.
Romania may sign a contract this autumn for latest-generation F-35 fighter jets.

Romania expects to sign an agreement with the United States to purchase latest-generation F-35 fighter jets as early as this fall, Defense Minister Angel Tilvar said on July 16. European countries have been ramping up defense spending amid concern about Russian aggression. Last September, Romania said it planned to buy 32 F-35s for $6.5 billion. The deal includes logistics and training services, flight simulators and ammunition, along with the jets. Tilvar has previously said the first planes would not be delivered before 2030. In the meantime, Bucharest has bought 32 secondhand F-16 fighter jets from Oslo, in addition to 17 acquired from Lisbon in 2016.

Serbian Government Restarts Rio Tinto's Contentious Lithium Mine Project

Demonstrators in Loznica, Serbia, a town near the planned mine complex, protest on June 28 against Rio Tinto's Jadar project.
Demonstrators in Loznica, Serbia, a town near the planned mine complex, protest on June 28 against Rio Tinto's Jadar project.

Serbia’s government has reinstated a spatial plan for a multibillion-dollar lithium mine and processing plant, days after the Balkan state’s Constitutional Court said a previous government acted improperly to halt the project amid public protests.

Anglo-Australian metals and mining giant Rio Tinto’s plans for a sprawling 250-hectare complex to exploit huge mineral deposits in a fertile western valley has pitted environmental and other local opponents of the so-called Jadar project against President Aleksandar Vucic and his ruling allies for years.

But a government session on July 16 adopted a decree to restart the project immediately, based on the Constitutional Court’s conclusion five days earlier that the government of then-Prime Minister Ana Brnabic had acted unconstitutionally when it withdrew permits for Rio Tinto.

The text of the Serbian government decree passed on July 16 restarting the Jadar project.
The text of the Serbian government decree passed on July 16 restarting the Jadar project.

"In order to implement the decision of the Constitutional Court…the Government…undertakes measures to restore the legal order to the state that existed before the adoption of the regulation that was declared unconstitutional,” the decree said.

The project is among the most divisive in recent memory in Serbia, where Vucic and his Serbian Progressive Party (SNS) have ruled since 2012.

Serbia and the Balkans suffer from some of the worst air pollution in Europe, and Rio Tinto faced criticism for failing to publish an environmental impact study even as it scooped up land and pledged to get the mine operational by 2026. Legislative and other moves seemingly easing the expropriation of land for development exacerbated fears.

Hundreds of thousands of Serbians signed onto an online effort to stop the Jadar project after it was announced nearly two decades after the discovery there in 2004 of lithium, boron, and jadarite, a new mineral.

But Vucic and other proponents point to the benefits of billions of euros from mined lithium, a soft, silvery metal used in batteries for electric vehicles (EVs), and around 1,000 long-term jobs.

Vucic and successive SNS governments have spent years trying to open up paths to greater foreign investment for the EU candidate country of around 7 million people.

"We believe that the mine won’t endanger anyone or anything, but first we need to receive guarantees from Europe that the environment and the lives of ordinary citizens will be preserved and improved with new jobs and higher wages than today," Vucic said on July 15, four days after the court ruling set the stage for the resumption of the mining plans.

A sign saying "Access forbidden to unauthorized persons" in front of a house bought by Rio Tinto in Gornje Nedeljice to make way for the mine.
A sign saying "Access forbidden to unauthorized persons" in front of a house bought by Rio Tinto in Gornje Nedeljice to make way for the mine.

Rio Tinto reportedly welcomed last week’s Constitutional Court decision.

It has touted the Jadar lithium-borates project as “one of the largest greenfield projects for the exploitation of lithium in the world.”

It said it has “the potential to be a world-class asset that could act as a catalyst for the development of other industries and tens of thousands of jobs for current and future generations in Serbia, while sustainably producing battery-grade lithium carbonate, a material critical to the energy transition.”

Savo Manojlovic, campaign director of the Go-Change (Kreni-Promeni) movement that opposes the mine, said after the decision that the government had “trampled the constitution and occupied institutions.”

"For two years, the government was not allowed to return to the Jadar project until two cycles of early elections were completed,” Manojlovic said in a statement. “Instead of its own people, the government chose to serve a foreign company -- Rio Tinto.”

His group called the Constitutional Court’s decision “scandalous.”

Brnabic, a Vucic ally who was prime minister when the government rescinded Rio Tinto’s permits amid intense public opposition in 2022, said on July 16 that she was “obviously wrong” to have halted the project.

"You know how many laws there are that were adopted by the National Assembly of the Republic of Serbia, to which the Constitutional Court reacted and declared parts unconstitutional. It happens,” Brnabic, who is now the speaker of the Serbian National Assembly, said. “I was obviously wrong.”

One of the world's top three metals and mining companies, Rio Tinto has pledged to maintain local and EU environmental and industrial standards at Jadar.

Analysts have long cited democratic backsliding, state capture, corruption, and demographic decline among Serbia's biggest challenges.

The Podrinje Anti-Corruption Team (PAKT), which launched a challenge to the mine in 2020, has noted that Rio Tinto is now just one step away from being able to get its permit to exploit the Jadar Valley’s mineral deposits.

A lawyer for the We’re Not Giving Away Jadar (Ne Damo Jadar) association, Sreten Djordjevic, said the government’s latest decision to resume the project is hasty and illegal.

Djordjevic said the process should start again at the beginning with a strategic study of the mine’s potential environmental impact, especially since the nearby Cer Mountain has since been declared a protected area.

Romanian Court Reimposes Travel Ban On Andrew Tate, Brother As They Await Trial 

Andrew Tate (left) and his brother Tristan (file photo)
Andrew Tate (left) and his brother Tristan (file photo)

Internet influencer Andrew Tate and his brother Tristan will no longer be allowed to leave Romania as they await trial on charges of human trafficking, rape, and forming a criminal gang to sexually exploit women, following a July 16 court ruling. The Tates “will fully comply with the Court’s decision as well as the obligations included in the judicial control,” said the brothers’ lawyer, Eugen Vidineac. The ruling overturned a July 5 decision that the brothers could leave Romania if they remained within the European Union. The brothers were arrested in December 2022 along with two Romanian women on suspicion of human trafficking. All four deny the charges.

Russia Launches Probe Against Prominent Self-Exiled Environmentalist Yevgenia Chirikova

Yevgenia Chirikova (file poto)
Yevgenia Chirikova (file poto)

Russia's Investigative Committee said on July 16 it has launched a probe into self-exiled environmentalist Yevgenia Chirikova on a charge of distributing false information about Russia's military.

According to the committee, the charge against Chirikova stems from a video she placed online, which "contained knowingly false information about the activities of the Russian Federation's armed forces against civilians in Ukraine."

The statement added that Chirikova is also suspected of facilitating terrorism.

Chirikova is a leading Russian environmentalist who fled Russia in April 2015.

She has been known for her environment activities since 2010, when she led a campaign to prevent a highway to St. Petersburg from being built through part of the Moscow region's Khimki Forest.

Chirikova helped create the Defenders of Khimki Forest group in 2010 to work against the highway project and initially had success halting the project as the government promised to do environmental-impact studies.

In January, the Russian Justice Ministry added Chirikova to its list of "foreign agents."

In late April, a court in Russia's Komi Republic issued arrests warrants for Chirikova and several other self-exiled opposition politicians, including former world chess champion Garry Kasparov, former Russian lawmaker Gennady Gudkov, and Ivan Tyutrin.

The four politicians are members of the Council of the Free Russia Forum established in Lithuania in 2016.

In February last year, the Russian Prosecutor-General's Office recognized the Free Russia Forum as an "undesirable organization." The "undesirable organization" law, adopted in 2015, is a Kremlin-backed regulation on organizations that receive funding from foreign sources.

The label has been applied to more than 170 organizations -- including media outlets such as RFE/RL, religious organizations, and NGOs involved in political, cultural, and educational activities -- since Moscow began using the classification.

It effectively bans the organizations outright.

Chirikova was awarded the Woman of Courage Award in 2011 by then-U.S. Vice President Joe Biden and the Goldman Environmental Prize in San Francisco.

She was arrested several times for her activities while in Russia, while several Khimki activists and journalists were beaten and harassed for their efforts to stop development within the Khimki Forest.

Kaspersky To Shutter U.S. Operations After Its Software Is Banned By Commerce Department  

Russian cybersecurity firm Kaspersky on July 16 said it would shut down all of its operations in the United States after the Commerce Department banned the use of the company's software in the country. Kaspersky will “gradually wind down” its U.S. operations and eliminate positions based in the U.S. starting on July 20, according to a statement from the Moscow-based company. Last month, the Commerce Department announced a ban on sales of Kaspersky software, arguing the products can be exploited to identify sensitive data of U.S. citizens and make the data available to Russian government actors. Kaspersky has denied that it is a security threat.

'Overwhelming Sorrow': Imprisoned Iranian Nobel Laureate Marks 9 Years Since Seeing Her Children

Kiana (left) and Ali Rahmani accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of their imprisoned mother in December 2023.
Kiana (left) and Ali Rahmani accepted the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of their imprisoned mother in December 2023.

Kiana and Ali Rahmani were only 8 years old when they left Iran to reunite with their father, Taqi Rahmani, who had fled the country as the Iranian authorities sought to arrest him.

Their mother, activist Narges Mohammadi, could only imagine the scene from her jail cell as her children would be taken from her for an "unknown" period of time and endure a "separation that would make me a stranger to my children and them unfamiliar to me."

“I haven’t seen my mom in nine years. I have become used to growing up without a mother,” Kiana, now 17, told Roya Maleki of RFE/RL’s Radio Farda as she marked another anniversary of separation from her mother on July 16.

“My father is a good dad; he has been both a father and a mother,” she added.

In a statement posted on her website on July 16, Mohammadi recalled staying awake through the night in her prison cell on July 16, 2015, knowing her children would be on a plane to France soon.

The separation, she said, “felt like vanishing into a misty void of lost connections, tearing a mother and her children apart, leaving us in an indescribable abyss of heartache and longing.”

"A separation that would turn me into an unfamiliar woman to my children, bearing the name ‘mother’ in a ‘misplaced’ manner," she added.

Mohammadi, 52, has been campaigning for human rights in Iran for decades and has been in and out of prison in the last 20 years. She has been convicted five times since March 2021 and is currently serving a 12-year prison sentence.

She is currently in jail for “spreading propaganda” against the Islamic republic.

Kiana recalls that it was “difficult” going through adolescence as a young girl without her mother, forcing her to turn to her friends and other women for advice.

“I had to learn things that a mother should teach her daughter. I had to ask my friends or their mothers whenever I had a question because I did not have a mother,” she said.

Despite remaining behind bars for so long, Mohammadi has remained at the forefront of Iran's women's rights movement.

Her efforts were honored last October when she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Her children accepted the award on her behalf in December.

Kiana said the award raised her mother’s spirits but worsened her conditions in prison because it led to further restrictions, such as limited visiting privileges and phone calls.

Despite not seeing their mother for half of their lives, Ali said they had learned from their mother to “defend our brothers and sisters” from the Middle East.

“We come from a place where there is little freedom and war is constant,” he added.

In her statement, Mohammadi bemoaned that not seeing her children for so long would make her a “stranger” to them.

“I hope my children understand that I, like all imprisoned mothers…was a loving mother whose heart still aches with overwhelming sorrow for her children,” she wrote.

Written by Kian Sharifi based on an interview by Roya Maleki of RFE/RL’s Radio Farda.

EU Sends Aircraft To North Macedonia, Bulgaria To Help Fight Forest Fires

Serbia has sent helicopters to North Macedonia to help fight forest fires.
Serbia has sent helicopters to North Macedonia to help fight forest fires.

The European Commission has decided to help North Macedonia and Bulgaria fight forest fires, European Commission spokesman Balazs Ujvari said on July 16. Ujvari said four helicopters and three firefighting planes were sent to North Macedonia, which has been in a state of crisis for 30 days. He said two firefighting helicopters were sent to Bulgaria from the Czech Republic. A complete ban on movement in the forests has been announced in North Macedonia due to the increased danger of forest fires, which have threatened hundreds of hectares of land. Serbian Deputy Prime Minister Ivica Dacic emphasized that the helicopters provided by Belgrade are meant to extinguish the fire, not as a sign of military dominance. To read the original stories by RFE/RL’s North Macedonia Service, click here and here.

Ukraine, Czech Gunmaker To Build Ammunition Factory

Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal (center) is flanked by Ukraine's Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba (left) and Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala (right) in Prague on July 16.
Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal (center) is flanked by Ukraine's Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba (left) and Czech Prime Minister Petr Fiala (right) in Prague on July 16.

Ukrainian state company Ukroboronservice will work with Czech gunmaker Sellier & Bellot to build an ammunition factory in Ukraine, Ukrainian Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal said on July 16. He also said Prague will facilitate the production of Colt CZ Group assault rifles in Ukraine. Both agreements were signed during Shmyhal’s visit to Prague, which Shymhal wrote would focus on “the supply of ammunition, integration into the EU and NATO, joint projects and production, infrastructure, and energy.” Prague has previously donated supplies to Kyiv, including ammunition. On July 13, Czech President Petr Pavel announced that Ukraine will receive 50,000 artillery shells by the end of the summer. To read the original story by RFE/RL’s Ukrainian Service, click here.

Moscow Court Sentences Self-Exiled Kremlin Critic Mark Feigin To 11 Years In Prison

Mark Feigin in Kyiv in 2019
Mark Feigin in Kyiv in 2019

A Moscow court on July 16 sentenced self-exiled former lawyer Mark Feigin to 11 years in prison in absentia on a charge of distributing "false" information about Russia's military. Feigin is an outspoken Kremlin critic who has openly condemned Russia's ongoing invasion of Ukraine and talked about alleged atrocities committed against Ukrainian civilians by occupying Russian armed forces. Feigin defended noted Russian and Ukrainian activists, politicians, and journalists until the Moscow Chamber of Attorneys disbarred him in 2018, citing alleged unethical behavior. Feigin now resides in a European Union member state. His Feygin Live YouTube channel has more than 2 million subscribers. To read the original story by Current Time, click here.

Former UCK Commander Sentenced To 18 Years By Kosovar Tribunal

Former KLA commander Pjeter Shala attends his trial in The Hague on July 16.
Former KLA commander Pjeter Shala attends his trial in The Hague on July 16.

The Hague-based Kosovo tribunal has sentenced former Kosovo Liberation Army (UCK) commander Pjeter Shala to 18 years in prison for war crimes committed during Kosovo's war of independence from Serbia.

The tribunal handed down the sentence on July 16 after Shala, who has Belgian citizenship, was convicted of the murder of one person and the illegal captivity and torture of nearly 20 others in June 1999 at a metal factory in Kukes, Albania.

"Shala participated in the transfer under guard of one of the detainees in the factory, participated in the interrogation and mistreatment of the detainees, together with other members of the [UCK]," Judge Mappie Veldt-Foglia said.

"Shala was the first to hit some detainees. One of the detainees said that Shala hit him with a baseball bat and accused him of being a spy," she said in outlining the treatment of the captives, noting testimony from the victims was "vivid, detailed and convincing."

Shala, arrested two years ago in Belgium, had pleaded not guilty at the EU-backed Kosovo Specialist Chambers, which is based in the Netherlands but is part of Kosovo's legal system.

The U.S. attorney who heads the prosecutor's office argued to the three-judge panel that there was sufficient evidence to convict Shala despite what he called a climate of witness intimidation in Kosovo.

The Kosovo Specialist Chambers was established to investigate allegations that members of the UCK committed war crimes and crimes against humanity during the 1998-99 Kosovo War.

It operates under Kosovar law but is based in the Netherlands to shield witnesses from intimidation.

Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2008, a decade after a war between ethnic Albanian rebels and Serbian forces, which ended after a 78-day NATO air campaign drove Serbian troops out and an international peacekeeping force moved in.

The conflict left more than 10,000 people dead -- most of them ethnic Albanians from Kosovo. More than 1,600 people remain unaccounted for.

Kosovo, which has a largely ethnic Albanian population, is recognized by many Western states but not Serbia or its allies Russia and China.

Kazakh Government, Moldovan Businessman Settle Longtime Legal Battle

Moldovan businessman Anatol Stati (file photo)
Moldovan businessman Anatol Stati (file photo)

The government of Kazakhstan said on July 16 that it had settled a longtime legal battle with Moldovan businessman Anatol Stati over energy-related assets.

"The parties are pleased to have reached an agreement on favorable terms, which will bring an end to all legal proceedings and the suspension of any ongoing claims across all jurisdictions," a government statement said, adding that the terms and conditions of the deal were confidential.

Stati, his son Gabriel, and two family-controlled companies, Ascom Group and Terra Raf Trans Trading, have been involved in legal battles with the Kazakh government for years.

The Statis, who invested in Kazakhstan's oil and gas industry, claimed they were subjected to significant harassment from the state aimed at forcing them to sell their investments cheaply.

The Statis refused to sell the assets to the government and found an alternative buyer. However, they claimed, that deal fell through after the government seized the oil fields.

In 2013, Anatol and Gabriel Stati and the two companies won an international arbitration award of around $500 million against the Kazakh government.

The Kazakh government has denied the allegations, refused to pay, and filed a civil racketeering lawsuit in a federal U.S. court against the Statis and their two firms in October 2017.

In December 2017, Bank of New York Mellon in the United States froze for more than a month $22.6 billion in assets owned by Kazakhstan's National Fund after Stati filed a lawsuit against the Kazakh government.

Stati said in January 2018 that he will demand the sale of a $5.2 billion stake in the Kashagan oil field in Kazakhstan if the Kazakh government refuses to pay an arbitration award.

In 2016, a community of investigative reporters known as RISE Moldova issued a report, saying that the Statis had been involved in controversial deals over the years and established multiple offshore companies to hide and rechannel their assets.

Ukrainian Court Grants Bail To Senior Military Officer Who Reportedly 'Coordinated' Nord Stream Sabotage

Western officials initially blamed Russia for the blasts, which all but destroyed the two Nord Stream pipelines. (file photo)
Western officials initially blamed Russia for the blasts, which all but destroyed the two Nord Stream pipelines. (file photo)

The Ukrainian law firm Katerynchuk, Moor & Partners said on July 15 that a court of appeals in the Kirovohrad region had granted bail of 9 million hryvnyas ($218,000) to Special Forces Colonel Roman Chervinskiy, who was described by The Washington Post in November as a "coordinator" in the 2022 attack on the Nord Stream natural-gas pipelines.

Chervinskiy was arrested in April last year on a charge of abuse of power. The charge was linked to the failed hijacking of a Russian plane, which, according to the investigation, led to a Russian missile attack on the Kanatove airfield in the Kirovohrad region in July 2022 that killed one Ukrainian military serviceman and wounded 17 others.

Live Briefing: Russia's Invasion Of Ukraine

RFE/RL's Live Briefing gives you all of the latest developments on Russia's full-scale invasion, Kyiv's counteroffensive, Western military aid, global reaction, and the plight of civilians. For all of RFE/RL's coverage of the war in Ukraine, click here.

Chervinskiy is accused of planning and implementing the hijacking without the permission of his supervisors, which Chervinskiy denies. He calls the case against him "political retaliation" for criticizing Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskiy.

In November last year, The Washington Post described Chervinskiy as a decorated officer in the Ukrainian military with "deep ties" to the country's intelligence services, saying that he "played a central role" and was the "coordinator" of the attack on the Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2 natural-gas pipelines.

The report alleged that Chervinskiy "took orders from more senior Ukrainian officials, who ultimately reported to General Valeriy Zaluzhniy," who was Ukraine's top-ranking officer at the time.

It quoted Ukrainian and European officials and "other people knowledgeable about the details of the covert operation."

The Washington Post said that, through an attorney, Chervinskiy had rejected accusations that he was involved in sabotage.

The explosive charges that were detonated on the pipelines in September 2022 caused massive leaks and were seen as a dangerous attack on European infrastructure half a year into Russia's full-scale invasion.

Western officials initially blamed Russia for the blasts, which all but destroyed the twin pipelines. Moscow blamed the United States and its allies saying it had no reason for blowing up an energy link vital to bringing its supplies westward.

Nord Stream is majority-owned by Russia's Gazprom and had supplied millions of Europeans with gas.

It was seen as a major effort by Moscow to bypass Ukraine in the transit of Russian gas westward.

The United States had warned for years that the pipelines were a security risk for Germany and other European nations, making the countries’ beholden to Russian energy exports.

With reporting by The Washington Post

Kazakh Supreme Court Denies Retrial Of Activists Convicted For Almaty Airport Unrest

Kazakh activist Aigerim Tileuzhan talking to journalists in July 2023
Kazakh activist Aigerim Tileuzhan talking to journalists in July 2023

Kazakhstan's Supreme Court on July 15 has denied a retrial for five activists who were handed prison sentences in July 2023 for "organizing mass unrest" at the airport in Almaty during unprecedented anti-government protests in January 2022 that turned deadly. Noted civil rights activist Aigerim Tileuzhan was sentenced to four years in prison, while the other activists -- Qalas Nurpeiisov, Nurlan Dalibaev, Ermukhamet Shilibaev, and Zhan-Aidar Karmenov -- each received eight-year sentences. Some were also charged with storming a building, vehicle hijacking, and robbery. All have denied any wrongdoing while taking part in the demonstrations. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Kazakh Service, click here.

Uzbek Blogger Sherali Komilov Arrested On Fraud, Slander Charges

Uzbek blogger Sherali Komilov
Uzbek blogger Sherali Komilov

Uzbek rights defender Abdurahmon Tashanov said on July 15 that police in the Tashkent region have arrested noted blogger Sherali Komilov from the southeastern region of Qashqadaryo on charges of fraud, slander, and causing insult. The probe against Komilov was launched last year. The 45-year-old told RFE/RL earlier that, despite a search being launched to find him, he was freely traveling across the country. It remains unclear what exactly the charges against Komilov stem from. A former law enforcement officer himself, Komilov has been known for his blogs questioning the contents of materials distributed by religious figures. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Uzbek Service, click here.

Ethnic Tajik Journalist Arrested In Uzbekistan Over Posting Song Online

Salim Inomzoda is an ethnic Tajik journalist in Uzbekistan who has been arrested over a song he posted on social networks.
Salim Inomzoda is an ethnic Tajik journalist in Uzbekistan who has been arrested over a song he posted on social networks.

Sources close to Uzbek law enforcement told RFE/RL that noted ethnic Tajik journalist, Salim Inomzoda, was arrested on July 13 over a song he placed on social media. Inomzoda was charged with the distribution of "materials threatening public safety." Investigators say the song performed by Tajik singer Afzalshoh Shodiev about Uzbekistan's ancient cities of Samarkand and Bukhara, which have a significant Tajik diaspora, is of "a religious character, and contains elements of separatism." If convicted, Inomzoda, 58, faces up to eight years in prison. Civil rights activists in Uzbekistan said administrators of Inomzoda's Tajiks of Uzbekistan Facebook account were summoned for questioning. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Tajik Service, click here.

Trial Date Of U.S. Journalist Gershkovich Brought Forward To July 18

Evan Gershkovich in a courtroom in Yekaterinberg on June 26.
Evan Gershkovich in a courtroom in Yekaterinberg on June 26.

The Sverdlovsk regional court in Russia's Urals city of Yekaterinburg said on July 16 that it has moved forward the resumption of the trial of Wall Street Journal reporter Evan Gershkovich, who has been in Russian detention for more than a year on espionage charges that he, his employer, and the U.S. government have rejected as politically motivated.

According to the court, the date was moved up from August 13 to July 18 at the request of Gershkovich's defense team. Since the trial, which started on June 26 and is being held behind closed doors, defense team arguments for the move were not disclosed.

Gershkovich was arrested in Yekaterinburg on March 29, 2023, during a reporting trip. He has been charged with trying to obtain military secrets to pass on to the CIA.

The U.S. Embassy in Moscow said in a statement on June 26 after the opening hearing of the trial that Russian authorities failed to provide any evidence to back up the charges and called for Gershkovich's immediate release. It also demanded that Moscow stop using U.S. nationals as leverage for political ends.

Gershkovich, the American-born son of immigrants from the former Soviet Union, is the first U.S. journalist arrested on spying charges in Russia since the Cold War.

He faces up to 20 years in prison if found guilty, an outcome that is all but certain.

The Wall Street Journal and the U.S. government have firmly rejected the charges, saying Gershkovich, 32, was merely doing his job as an accredited reporter when he was arrested.

Gershkovich has been held in Moscow's infamous Lefortovo Prison ever since his arrest, and all his appeals for release have been rejected.

Gershkovich and another U.S. citizen, Paul Whelan, who is serving a 16-year sentence also on espionage charges, have been designated by the U.S. government as "wrongfully detained."

Such a designation ensures that the case is assigned to the office of the special envoy for hostage affairs in the U.S. State Department, raising the political profile of their situation and allowing the U.S. administration to allocate more resources to securing the prisoners' release.

Gershkovich is one of two American reporters currently being held by Russian authorities. The other is Alsu Kurmasheva, an RFE/RL journalist who holds dual U.S.-Russian citizenship.

Kurmasheva, 47, was arrested in Kazan in October and charged with failing to register as a "foreign agent" under a punitive Russian law that targets journalists, civil society activists, and others. She’s also been charged with spreading falsehoods about the Russian military and faces up to 10 years in prison if convicted.

RFE/RL and the U.S. government say the charges are reprisals for her work as a journalist for the broadcaster in Prague.

Minimal Health Care, No Room To Move: Jailed RFE/RL Journalist Describes Russian Prison
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Unlike Gershkovich and Whelan, Kurmasheva has not been designated as " wrongfully detained" despite repeated calls by her employer and family for this to happen.

Another U.S.-Russian citizen, Ksenia Karelina, went on trial in Yekaterinburg in June on a treason charge.

Karelina, 33, was arrested in February during a visit to her native Yekaterinburg after security officers accused her of sending $51.80 from her U.S.-based bank account to the Razom for Ukraine foundation, which helps Ukrainian civilians.

With reporting by TASS and Interfax

Death Toll After Afghan Floods Rises To At Least 45

Afghan villagers shovel mud on July 15 following flash floods after heavy rainfall in the Dara district of Panjshir Province.
Afghan villagers shovel mud on July 15 following flash floods after heavy rainfall in the Dara district of Panjshir Province.

The death toll from heavy rains and storms in Afghanistan's eastern Nangarhar province has risen to 40, with 347 people injured, Sharafat Zaman, a spokesperson for the de facto Taliban government's Health Ministry said on July 16. Zaman said the storms have destroyed numerous houses, without providing specific numbers. Zaman said aid and health workers had arrived in the region and were coordinating relief efforts with international organizations. However, locals speaking to RFE/RL's Radio Azadi voiced frustration over the lack of official assistance. Panjshir and Kunar provinces were also hit by floods on July 15, with at least five dead in Kunar. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Radio Azadi, click here.

Updated

Top EU Officials To Boycott Meetings Held By Hungary; Orban Says Trump Ready To Act

European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen (left) and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban
European Commission chief Ursula von der Leyen (left) and Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban

European commissioners will boycott informal meetings held by Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, and instead will be represented by lower-level bureaucrats for the duration of Budapest's six-month rotating presidency of the European Union, the European Commission announced, following Orban's unsanctioned meetings with Russian and Chinese leaders Vladimir Putin and Xi Jinping.

"In light of recent developments marking the start of the Hungarian Presidency, the [European Commission] President [Ursula von der Leyen] has decided that the Commission will be represented at senior civil servant level only during informal meetings of the Council," Eric Mamer, von der Leyen's chief spokesperson, announced on X.

Furthermore, "the College visit to the [Hungarian] Presidency will not take place." Mamer added. The College is the European Commission's leadership and consists of the 27 commissioners.

Hungary protested the announcement, with Minister for European Affairs Janos Boka, accusing the commission of "cherry-picking" institutions and members states that it wants to work with.

"The EU Commission cannot cherry pick institutions and member states it wants to cooperate with. Are all Commission decisions now based on political considerations?" Boka wrote on X.

The commission's move comes after an unconfirmed report in Politico that EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell plans to convene the bloc's foreign ministers for his own "formal" council meeting at the same time that Hungary has scheduled a similar gathering in August.

Live Briefing: Russia's Invasion Of Ukraine

RFE/RL's Live Briefing gives you all of the latest developments on Russia's full-scale invasion, Kyiv's counteroffensive, Western military aid, global reaction, and the plight of civilians. For all of RFE/RL's coverage of the war in Ukraine, click here.

Orban, whose country took over the EU presidency on July 1, flew to Moscow on July 5 and then to China, without informing the bloc ahead of time, purportedly to discuss an end to the war in Ukraine with Putin and Xi.

Orban, who has maintained friendly relations with Putin, has been at odds with the rest of the EU, voicing his opposition to sanctions against Moscow for its invasion of Ukraine.

Following his talks with Putin at the Kremlin, Orban told a news conference that his trip represented a "first step to restore dialogue" between the warring parties.

On July 16, Orban sent a letter to EU leaders, a copy of which was seen by RFE/RL, saying that while the United States is "at the moment heavily preoccupied with the presidential campaign," former U.S. President Donald Trump is ready to act "immediately" as a peace broker if he beats incumbent Joe Biden in the November 5 vote.

"I can...surely state that shortly after his election victory, he will not wait until his inauguration, (Trump) will be ready to act as a peace broker immediately. He has detailed and well-founded plans for this," Orban, a longtime Trump supporter, wrote.

Orban added that Biden was "making immense efforts" to remain in the race and suggested he was "not capable of modifying the current U.S. pro-war policy." Meanwhile, a Trump victory would shift the financial burden between Washington and Brussels when it comes to supporting Ukraine, with Europe coming out on the worse end of the deal.

"Our European strategy in the name of transatlantic unity has copied the pro-war policy of the U.S. We have not had a sovereign and independent European strategy or political action plan up to now. I propose discussing whether the continuation of this policy is rational in the future. In the current situation we can find a window of opportunity with a strong moral and rational basis to begin a new chapter in our policy," Orban said.

Orban ended the letter by proposing discussions to initiate talks with China on the next Ukraine peace conference, reopening "direct lines of diplomatic communication with Russia," and the launch of a "coordinated political offensive towards the Global South whose appreciation we have lost concerning our position on the war in Ukraine resulting in the global isolation of the transatlantic community."

Orban's self-styled peace mission has been harshly criticized by both the EU and the United States.

“Appeasement will not stop Putin. Only unity and determination will pave the path to a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in Ukraine,” von der Leyen wrote on X following Orban's trip to Moscow.

The White House joined in on the criticism, with press secretary Karine Jean-Pierre saying the visit "will not advance the cause of peace and is counterproductive to promoting Ukraine's sovereignty, territorial integrity, and independence.”

With additional reporting by Rikard Jozwiak
Updated

Russian Strikes, Heat Wave Force More Power Restrictions On Ukrainians

A Russian official said that a blaze at a low-voltage equipment plant in Korenovo was extinguished by fire crews.
A Russian official said that a blaze at a low-voltage equipment plant in Korenovo was extinguished by fire crews.

Ukraine's national electricity distributor Ukrenerho announced on July 16 that emergency shutdowns will continue in several regions amid difficulties caused by ongoing Russian attacks on power infrastructure and a spell of hot weather that has pushed consumption to record levels.

Live Briefing: Russia's Invasion Of Ukraine

RFE/RL's Live Briefing gives you all of the latest developments on Russia's full-scale invasion, Kyiv's counteroffensive, Western military aid, global reaction, and the plight of civilians. For all of RFE/RL's coverage of the war in Ukraine, click here.

Ukrenerho said that the equipment at one of its energy facilities failed overnight, further reducing production capacity.

Four rounds of electricity shutdowns are scheduled for July 16, with the first one starting at 10 a.m. local time, Ukrenerho said in a statement on Telegram.

"The emergency shutdowns are scheduled throughout the day in the Kharkiv, Sumy, Poltava, Zaporizhzhya, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, and Kirovohrad regions," Ukrenerho said, adding that work was already under way to repair the affected energy facility, without specifying its location.

Ukrenerho stepped up the use of rolling blackouts to consumers as recently as last month with Russia increasingly targeting infrastructure using missile and drone attacks.

A heat wave that has seen temperatures of up to 40 Celsius and above in many places on the European continent has also impacted consumption in Ukraine.

The latest round of rolling blackouts comes a day after 446 cities, towns, and villages in six Ukrainian regions were cut off due to weather conditions.

Amid stepped-up Russian air attacks on power and cities, Ukrainian drones have struck deeper inside Russia, damaging energy facilities critical for Moscow's military effort, mainly oil installations.

On July 16, the interim governor of Russia's Kursk region, which borders Ukraine, Aleksei Smirnov, said a Ukrainian drone strike had set an electric equipment plant on fire in the town of Korenevo, located some 25 kilometers from the Ukrainian border.

"None of the workers were injured," Smirnov said, adding, that the blaze at the low-voltage equipment plant was extinguished by fire crews.

Trump's Pick Of Vance For VP 'Worrying' For Ukraine, Scholar Says
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Meanwhile, the Russian Defense Ministry said its air defenses shot down 13 Ukrainian drones overnight, including one drone over the Kursk region. Ukraine has not commented on the Russian claims.

In a separate development, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania announced on July 16 that their power-grid operators have signed an agreement to separate from the Soviet-era joint power grid known as BRELL, which is controlled by its Russian operators.

The agreement was announced by Lithuania's Energy Minister Dainius Kreivys.

Russian City Refuses Protected Monument Status For Sculpture Made In 'Hostile' Germany

The Deer sculpture in a Smolensk park by German artist Richard Friese
The Deer sculpture in a Smolensk park by German artist Richard Friese

An expert panel in the Russian city of Smolensk has refused to recognize the sculpture of a deer in one of the city's parks as a protected monument on the grounds that it was created in 20th-century Germany, which is deemed to have been a "hostile" country. A decision signed by Vitaly Kazepin, the panel head, said that protecting "a sculpture created in a hostile country that destroyed some of Russia's historical monuments would be unfair to other monuments." The sculpture, titled Deer, was created in 1910 by German artist Richard Friese and was brought to Smolensk at the end of World War II. To read the original story by RFE/RL's Russian Service, click here.

Updated

Trump Chooses Ohio Senator J.D. Vance, Opponent Of Ukraine Aid, To Be His Running Mate

Senator J.D. Vance has been a vocal critic of U.S. aid to Ukraine (file photo)
Senator J.D. Vance has been a vocal critic of U.S. aid to Ukraine (file photo)

WASHINGTON -- Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has chosen Ohio Senator J.D. Vance, a vocal critic of U.S. aid to Ukraine, as his running mate, putting the 39-year-old political newcomer on the ticket for the November 5 U.S. election.

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RFE/RL's Live Briefing gives you all of the latest developments on Russia's full-scale invasion, Kyiv's counteroffensive, Western military aid, global reaction, and the plight of civilians. For all of RFE/RL's coverage of the war in Ukraine, click here.

Trump made the announcement on July 15 on his social media platform Truth Social as the Republican National Convention kicked off in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He had previously mentioned Vance, who has opposed aid to Ukraine, as a possible running mate.

“After lengthy deliberation and thought, and considering the tremendous talents of many others, I have decided that the person best suited to assume the position of Vice President of the United States is Senator J.D. Vance of the Great State of Ohio," Trump said.

Less than an hour after Trump announced his selection of Vance, Trump swept a majority of votes from national convention delegates, formally anointing him the party's nominee for the third consecutive election. He hit the necessary threshold with votes from his home state of Florida, announced by his son Eric.

Vance has been a vocal critic of U.S. aid to Ukraine and in April wrote an op-ed saying that Kyiv's challenge in passing a massive aid bill had more to do with mathematics than Republicans in the House of Representatives, who were resisting pressure from the White House to vote in favor of the aid.

"Ukraine needs more soldiers than it can field, even with draconian conscription policies. And it needs more materiel than the United States can provide," he wrote in The New York Times. "This reality must inform any future Ukraine policy, from further congressional aid to the diplomatic course set by the president."

He also wrote that the United States lacks the capacity to manufacture the amount of weapons Ukraine needs from the United States to win the war.

The convention in Milwaukee opened two days after a campaign rally shooting over the weekend that injured Trump and killed a supporter. Vance, a loyal Trump follower, stirred controversy after the shooting by posting a social media message saying that the shooting was not "just some isolated incident."

Vance's post on X said the Biden campaign's central premise "is that President Donald Trump is an authoritarian fascist who must be stopped at all costs" and the "rhetoric led directly to President Trump's attempted assassination."

He was heavily criticized for posting the message at a time when people from both parties were calling for unity and for the temperature of the campaign to come down.

Vance, 39, held no public office prior to being elected to the Senate in 2022. He is the author of the bestselling memoir Hillbilly Elegy in 2016 about his upbringing in a southwestern Ohio city whose factories were shuttered in the late 1980s and '90s, putting the region into an economic tailspin. The book, which also covered Vance’s military service and deployment to Iraq, was made into a movie in 2020.

After serving in the Marine Corps, Vance went on to graduate from The Ohio State University and Yale Law School. From there, he worked as a law clerk for a federal judge and then joined a Silicon Valley investment firm before returning to Ohio to enter into politics.

Vance’s story resonates with Republicans who believe the country has done too little to maintain its manufacturing base and perpetuated what Trump has called "endless wars." His background and positions could increase the odds of Trump supporters turning out for the November 5 election, including in the neighboring swing states of Pennsylvania and Michigan.

Trump's Pick Of Vance For VP 'Worrying' For Ukraine, Scholar Says
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The choice of Vance also increases the probability that "Trumpism...is extended into the next generation of the Republican Party," Chris Tuttle, a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations, told RFE/RL.

"J.D. Vance is a younger voice channeling increasing dissatisfaction in the United States that Trump has been a beneficiary of," Tuttle said.

Vance as an articulate amplifier of Trump's views and fulfills an "ideological consistency, which you always find in a vice presidential candidate," Tuttle added, saying the Vance's inexperience is an asset.

"In some ways, being in office for too long is a disadvantage. People view them as a creature of Washington, part of a sort of rotten game," he said.

Vance was not always a Trump disciple, however. He previously criticized Trump when the billionaire real estate mogul first ran for president in 2016, writing privately to an associate on Facebook that he alternates between "thinking Trump is a cynical asshole like [former U.S. President Richard] Nixon who wouldn't be that bad (and might even prove useful) or that he's America's Hitler."

When the comment was first reported in 2022, a spokesperson for Vance did not dispute it, but said it no longer represented Vance's views.

Trump likened the selection process to a "highly sophisticated version of The Apprentice," the TV reality show where contestants competed for a job at his company and helped turn Trump into a household name.

Trump suffered an injury to his right ear when a gunman identified by the FBI as 20-year-old Thomas Matthew Crooks fired at him and the crowd at a campaign rally from a nearby rooftop before he was killed by Secret Service officers on July 13. The FBI said it was still seeking a motive in the attack.

U.S. President Joe Biden, who is the presumptive candidate for the Democrats in the election, condemned the assassination attempt in a televised address to the nation from the White House late on July 14 and said he had ordered a review of how a man with an AR-15-style rifle got close enough to shoot at Trump despite U.S. Secret Service protection.

The FBI says it is not aware of any threats to the Republican convention and the Secret Service said it does not anticipate any changes to the security plan in Milwaukee.

With contributions from RFE/RL's Todd Prince in Washington and reporting by AP and Reuters

40 Dead, Hundreds Injured After Heavy Rain, Storms In Eastern Afghanistan

Heavy rains and storms have killed dozens in Nangarhar Province in eastern Afghanistan.
Heavy rains and storms have killed dozens in Nangarhar Province in eastern Afghanistan.

Thirty-five people have died and more than 230 others have been injured in heavy rains and storms in Nangarhar Province in eastern Afghanistan, the provincial administration of the Taliban-led government said on July 15 in a statement. Earlier on July 15, five people died in heavy rain and floods in the eastern province of Kunar. The statement on the situation in Nangarhar Province said that heavy rain and strong winds contributed to the deaths there and said the number of victims is expected to increase. Officials also said financial losses and telecommunication interruptions are expected. The Meteorological Department of Afghanistan's Taliban-led government predicted heavy rains and floods in 12 Afghan provinces. To read the full story by RFE/RL's Radio Azadi, click here.

Romania Doubles Quota For Legal Kills Of Brown Bears After Fatal Attack

Romania has an estimated 8,000 brown bears, the largest number in Europe outside of Russia.
Romania has an estimated 8,000 brown bears, the largest number in Europe outside of Russia.

The Romanian parliament on July 15 voted to more than double the quota of annual legal bear kills following a fatal bear attack on a 19-year-old woman in the Bucegi Mountains. The draft law provides a quota for the killing of 481 brown bears -- up from 220 in 2023 -- to prevent further attacks on people and property. The law relies on a 2021 ordinance that allows bears to be tranquilized, relocated, or shot when they endanger communities or come close to towns or villages. Romania has an estimated 8,000 brown bears, the largest number in Europe outside of Russia. To read the full story by RFE/RL's Romanian Service, click here.

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