Military exercises involving members of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) are taking place in Russia.
Units from the CSTO's Collective Rapid Reaction Force (CRRF) began joint tactical exercises in Russia’s Chelyabinsk region on July 15.
The maneuvers -- called Rubezh-2014 (Frontier-2014) -- include units from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan.
The press service of Russia's Central Military District said the exercises also involve representatives of the Joint Staff and Secretariat of the CSTO, which also includes Armenia and Belarus.
The exercises, which end on July 18, are aimed at improving a single protocol of operation for military commands, planning joint operations, arranging troop support, and practicing crisis-settlement methods.