Future heads of state photographed before they took to the world stage.
Nicholas Alexandrovich, later Nicholas II, the last tsar of Russia, on a trip to Japan in 1891. Soon after this picture was taken, the tsarevich was attacked by a sword-wielding policeman who slashed at his face before being tackled by two rickshaw drivers. No motive was ever established, and some historians believe the attack influenced Nicholas's later decision to launch a war against Japan in 1904.
Amos Chapple is a New Zealand photojournalist with a particular interest in the former U.S.S.R.