Russian President Vladimir Putin has signed an amended law that bans nighttime demonstrations and meetings.
The amended law on meetings, rallies, demonstrations, processions and pickets was posted on Russia's official legal portal on October 6.
The new amendments make it illegal to conduct a public event before 7:00 and specifies that such events must end before 22:00 local time.
There are exceptions for events marking historical dates or cultural events.
The State Duma, the lower house of parliament, passed the bill on September 19 and the Federation Council passed it on October 1.