A Russian court has sentenced a poet to one year of community service on ethnic hatred charges.
The court in Moscow also ruled on April 18 that Nikolai Bogolyubov must pay 200,000 rubles ($3,000).
Bogolyubov, 42, was found guilty of inciting hatred toward people of Jewish background.
Bogolyubov, who positions himself as an Orthodox Christian poet, pleaded not guilty.
The case against him was launched after he distributed his four books at a public event in Moscow in November 2014.
Investigators have concluded that in his literary works Bogolyubov "expressed a hostile attitude to individuals of Jewish origin, suggesting that this group of people deserve to be treated with contempt."