A gunman shot Russia's ambassador to Turkey as he was giving a speech at an art gallery in Ankara, yelling "Don't forget Aleppo!" Russia's Foreign Ministry said the diplomat later died of his wounds.
Ambassador Andrei Karlov was speaking at the Center for Modern Art, at an opening of an exhibit featuring Turkish photographs of Russia, when the man -- identified as 22-year-old Mevlut Mert Altintas, a member of Ankara's riot police -- opened fire with a handgun on December 19.
Turkish authorities said had detained four people related to Altintas in connection with the killing.
Video of the incident showed the gunman, dressed in a suit and tie, yelling that the shooting was "payback for Aleppo" -- a reference to the Syrian city where hundreds of thousands have been under bombardment by Russian and Syrian forces.
Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova told reporters in Moscow that Andrei Karlov died not long after the shooting.
"We regard this as a terrorist act," Zakharova said. "Terrorism will not win and we will fight against it decisively."
NTV said three other people were wounded and that Turkish police fatally shot the gunman, who appeared to be the sole attacker.
Kyrgyzstan's ambassador to Turkey, Ibragim Zhunusov, told RFE/RL's Kyrgyz Service he was standing near Karlov when the shooting began.
"There was a guy standing there. I thought he was a security officer. Less than two minutes after Karlov started his speech, shooting started," Zhunusov said. "We were just 3 to 4 meters from the [Russian] ambassador. We all lay on the floor with our faces down. People started to run. The attacker shouted that we shouldn’t move and remain in our places. Then the shooting started again. We managed to escape to the street."
Turkey's Anadolu news agency reported that after shooting the ambassador and yelling at guests cowering in the gallery's corners, the gunman went to the building's second floor and exchanged gunfire with police for 15 minutes before being killed.
Karlov was speaking at the Center for Modern Art, at an opening of an exhibit featuring Turkish photographs of Russia.
Video shot by audience members during the attack showed a man wearing a suit and tie and brandishing a gun, yelling first in Arabic and then in Turkish as he stood by a microphone in the gallery.
"Allahu akbar! We are those who have promised [the Prophet] Muhammad to wage jihad. Allahu akbar! [This] payback is for Aleppo. [This] payback is for Syria. [This] payback is for Aleppo. [This] payback is for Syria," he said in Arabic.
"Allahu akbar" is a commonly heard Arabic phrase meaning "God is great."
"Don't forget Aleppo! Don't forget Syria! Until our towns are safe, you will not taste safety!" the man then added in Turkish. "Go back, go back, only death will take me from here. Whoever has part in this cruelty, everyone of them will pay for this one by one!"
WATCH: The Russian ambassador to Ankara was shot dead in an attack at an art gallery in the Turkish capital. (AP still photo/Reuters video)
In a video message broadcast on several TV channels, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said he had spoken by telephone with his Russian counterpart.
"This is a provocation to damage the process of normalizing Turkish-Russian relations. But both the Russian and Turkish administrations have determined not to fall for this provocation," Erdogan said.
According to his official biography, Karlov was born in 1954 and joined the Russian foreign service in 1976. He became Moscow’s chief diplomat in Turkey in July 2013.
The attack came a day before defense and foreign ministers from Russia, Turkey, and Iran were to meet in Moscow to discuss the conflict ongoing in neighboring Syria.
Since September 2015, Russia has waged a potent air campaign in Syria, seeking to bolster the regime of President Bashar al-Assad and defeat the myriad rebel groups seeking to overthrow him.
Iran, which has amicable ties with Russia, has also backed Assad, while Turkey has supported Assad's foes.
Ties between Moscow and Ankara have ebbed and flowed in recent years. Russia had sought to deepen economic relations with Moscow, including building ambitious undersea natural gas pipelines.
But Erdogan has also pushed back against Russian President Vladimir Putin and has viewed the Russian air campaign in Syria with suspicion.
At a late-night Kremlin meeting shown on state TV, Putin said he had ordered security tightened at Russian embassies around the world and vowed to step up the fight against "bandits."
He also said the killing was intended to disrupt ties between Moscow and Ankara.
In Washington, Secretary of State John Kerry condemned the attack and offered condolences to Moscow.
"We stand ready to offer assistance to Russia and Turkey as they investigate this despicable attack, which was also an assault on the right of all diplomats to safely and securely advance and represent their nations around the world," Kerry said in a statement.