Gazprom CEO Aleksei Miller (right) shakes hands with Naftohaz Ukrayiny CEO Oleksiy Ivchenko on 4 January after the gas dispute was resolved (epa)
15 February 2006 -- Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko says he wants more information about a firm playing an intermediary role in a gas deal worked out with Russia.
In a statement late on 14 February, Yushchenko said he shared the concerns of the European Union and others about the company, RusUkrEnergo.
RusUkrEnergo is key to a deal between Russia and Ukraine ending a brief cut-off of Russian gas at the beginning of the year. However, Ukrainian lawmakers have criticized the deal and the role of RusUkrEnergo, whose ownership is unclear.
Earlier on 14 February, Ukrainian Prime Minister Yuriy Yekhanurov said Ukraine needed no intermediaries to fulfill the gas agreement.
Ukrainian Finance Minister Viktor Pynzenyk told parliament the gas deal would mean $600 million in new spending to offset higher costs for consumers.
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- Ukraine consumes 70 billion cubic meters (bcm) of gas per year. It produces 20 bcm of its own gas, has a signed contract to import 40 bcm from Turkmenistan, and in 2005 was getting 29 bcm from Russia as payment for transit of Russian gas.
- Ukraine sells some 7 bcm of gas a year to the West and places some in underground storage facilities. These facilities can hold 34.5 bcm.
Ukraine is the sixth-largest consumer of gas
in the world and uses more gas than Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia combined.
- Russia has proven gas reserves of 47 trillion cubic meters (tcm) -- the largest in the world ahead of Iran and Qatar.
Russia sells approximately 160 bcm to Europe each year.
By 2015, Europe is expected to import 300 bcm, or 40 percent of its projected needs from Russia.
Russia's Gazprom is the world's largest gas company.
It is the only company allowed by Russian law to export gas outside the borders of the CIS. It also owns the gas-transportation system and most of the gas fields in Russia.
The Russian state is Gazprom's majority shareholder
, with a 51 percent share. The company's ownership rights changed as of the beginning of 2006, with Gazprom stock being sold on the open market. The Russian state, however, will continue to hold the majority stake.