A spokesman for Russia's Air Navigation Service, Andrei Pryanishnikov, said all three people onboard survived.
The Emergency Situations Ministry said the plane was a small executive jet and not an Airbus A-310 as it initially reported.
A ministry spokesman said the jet crashed upon take-off in a snow storm on a flight from Moscow to Berlin.
Svetlana Kryshtanovskaya, an aide to Russia's Transport Minister Igor Levitin, said the jet fell onto the runway after the area around the engine caught fire.
(compiled from agency reports)