For almost three decades, Nelson Mandela was one of the world's most famous prisoners of conscience. His long incarceration on South Africa's Robben Island on charges of sabotage ensured that he became one of the most potent symbols of the antiapartheid movement. After he was released in 1990, he went on to become South Africa's first president elected in a fully representative multiracial election. He served as president from 1994 to 1999, focusing mainly on dismantling apartheid's legacy. Such was his standing at home and abroad that he received over 250 awards and accolades in his lifetime, including the Nobel Peace Prize, the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the Soviet Order of Lenin. He died on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95.